Caesarea Power Point


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  • View of the entire city of Caesarea. The harbor could accommodate 300 ships
  • Caesarea Power Point

    1. 1. Caesarea Roman City built by Herod the Great in 22 BCE. Every five years the city hosted sports competitions, gladiator games and theatrical productions
    2. 2. Amphitheatre and Pontius Pilate <ul><li>A View of the Amphitheatre which was twice as high in Roman times. </li></ul><ul><li>Pontius Pilate was in power during the trial of Jesus. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Herod’s Palace <ul><li>The Palace was built in what is now under the sea in 28 BCE. Josephus called this “a most magnificent palace.” The pool that was in the center of the place was Olympic sized and filled with fresh water. St. Paul may have been imprisoned on the grounds. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Marble Columns <ul><li>These are the actual marble columns imported from Rome and found on this site. It will take hundreds of years to unearth all of Caesarea which is abut ten feet down from the present ground height. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Caesarea from outside the archaeological ruins <ul><li>You are seeing an overview of the city which Herod started to build in 22 BCE. The city included aqueducts, storerooms, baths, an amphitheatre, and temples to Rome and Augustus. What you see here are the ruins of an entire Roman city. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Mosaics <ul><li>Mosaics uncovered inside the amphitheatre. The archaeologists are also uncovering mosaic floors with intricate designs. Just think this was all how many years ago? </li></ul>
    7. 7. Aqueducts, baths and toilets <ul><li>These are remnants of the baths. The Romans had an intricate system to provide hot and cold baths and stone toilets that had irrigation to take care of the waste. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Stone tomb <ul><li>No remains are found inside but much can be discovered from burial chambers and from designs. The Romans converted to Christianity and the period after the Roman one is called the Byzantine period because the Roman Emperor ruled from Byzantium . This tomb, however, seems to be pagan. Why? </li></ul>
    9. 9. The Amphitheatre <ul><li>The seats actually went up much higher than you are seeing. All games would occur here. Can you name some? </li></ul>
    10. 10. Roman Bureaucracy <ul><li>Romans were very organized and the city had many buildings to take care of things like taxes, business, health, entertainment. What you are seeing here are the walls of those former offices. Notice that all face the Mediterranean. </li></ul>