Week 11 english 145


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  • It’s easier for researchers to work from written data. Therefore, transcribing is an important part of your data collection and data analysis. It will be easier for you to scan your data this way.
  • Accent is part of one’s language…many researchers are unsure about what to do with slangs, accent, ungramatical forms of speech…or non-standard features of English. You should know that such errors always exists in spoken language…even with well-educated interviewees who speak English fluently.
  • The use of direct quotes are not existent in Samanta’s essay. It involves chunk of data instead of small pieces of interviews data..She uses oral histories instead of interviews……p[ersp[ectives of survivors
  • Week 11 english 145

    2. 2. EXTRA CREDIT/BONUS POINTS FOR NOVEMBER  11/2: Awareness Movie Series: "Into Iraq" is a documentary being presented by the University Program Board free for students. Bone Student Center, 138. 7:00 to 9:00 p.m  11/5: Safe Zone Brown Bag, "I Am A Person of Color and I Am LGBT" Student Panel will have students sharing their stories and experiences about their lives at home and at ISU. Lunch will be provided. Student Services Building, 375. 12:00 to 2:00 p.m.  11/10: "A Family Is A Family Is A Family: A Rosie O'Donnell Celebration" is a documentary that highlights mainly LGBT families but all diverse family make ups in general. The film offers profound and funny insights from children on what family means to them. Schroeder Hall, 130. 7:00 to 9:00 p.m.
    3. 3. Extra credits cont.  11/12: "The Many Faces of Poverty," is a poverty simulation that will immerse participants in a 'day in the life' of a typical low income family trying to survive from month to month. Dinner will be provided. Pre-registration is required to attend. Sign up at www.DeanOfStudents.ilstu.edu. Student Services Building, BBC Activity Room. 4:00 to 7:30 p.m.
    4. 4. AGENDA  Data Analysis: Analysis of Interviews  Data Analysis: Analysis of Surveys  Looking at Interview Data and a data analysis paper.  Individual Work on SAPs
    5. 5. STAGES OF DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS  STAGE 1: Soliciting participants: Sending our invitation letters  STAGE 2: Asking permission  STAGE 3: Setting up interview dates and locations  STAGE 4: Conducting your interviews (with an audio-tape!)  STAGE 5: Transcribing (writing our what is spoken in the interview)  STAGE 6: Sending our thank you emails  STAGE 7: Analyzing and Paying critical attention to the data
    6. 6. A FEW TIPS FOR TRANSCRIPTIONS  Difference between oral speech and written  Aim for a transcription that’s as close to spoken words as possible.  Minor grammatical corrections is okay. Most scholars agree that whenever possible, you should do minor grammatical corrections.
    7. 7. During the interview process, what you you do if?  …your participant responds with one-word answer?  ….your participants strays completely from the topic?  …..your interviewer does not directly answer your questions?  ……you are out of batteries?!
    8. 8. Post-Transcription: Evaluating findings  After transcribing, read your data very carefully.  Look for passages, key words, different intonations, repeated words.  Think about which quotes stand out and why.  What do the quotes suggest in relation to your main research question (e.g. bullying in elementary school)?
    9. 9. Moving from Transcript to Analysis  Analyzing your interview will require you to think about your “data” in relation to your research question (what were you trying to find out?)  It also means that you are moving from summary to a point of significance.  Think about the parts in relation to the whole.  What generalizations can you make based on your findings? Do you have sufficient data to make generalizations?
    10. 10. Emerging categories  Rather than bringing your own assumptions or preconceived categories and themes, you need to reread your data and find themes that recur in your data.  So, categories of findings are defined AFTER you worked on your data (e.g. interview transcriptions or surveys) Example # 1: What is the benefit of youth mentoring program? Responses to this question were sorted out: Benefits to youth, benefits to family, benefits to community. Example # 2: What makes a quality education program? Responses to this question were sorted out: Staff, relevance, participation, time , content
    11. 11. SAMPLE DATA ANALYSIS:BRYAN’S CONVERSATIONAL INTERVIEW RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the relationship between “people’s attitudes toward the language use in African American community” and their “prior experiences and current behavior”? BRYAN’S INTERVIEW QUESTIONS: 1) How did you learn AAE (African American English)? 2) Have you had any difficulties or confrontations because of language? 3) What dialect did you speak at home with your family? With guests and other relatives?
    12. 12. Your Turn to create Conversational Questions  Write down your main research questions  Turn your research questions into three clear conversational questions you would ask someone you will interview.
    13. 13. CLASS ACTIVITY: Looking at an interview transcript  Skim through the interview transcript.  What are the strengths of the interviewer and the interviewee?  Jot down/underline questions that you liked. What are some of the data you think the author can use from this interview?
    14. 14. Analyzing and writing-up your interview data  Now, read the data analysis and results.  What are some of the rhetorical moves the writer made in the introduction?  What are the purposes of direct and indirect quotes in this interview?  Underline the parts where the writer used direct quotes of her participant. With another color or pen, underline her use of indirect quote/her interpretation of the participants’ words. Next, identify the analysis she has done overall.  How has Bryan analyzed the text? How did Bryan introduce the participant?
    15. 15. Representation of your participants  Read the essay Bryan wrote after interviewing Irving. Looking at the exact quotations he selected, discuss how he represents Irving’s voice. What is your impression of Irving based on the quotes Bryan has used?  What can you as an interviewer ensure you represent your subject in an honest, objective way?
    16. 16. Agenda for 11/4  Reading and commenting on Samantha Sanderson’s Columbine: A day to remember  Looking at sample research paper’s DATA ANALYSIS/RESULTS sections in groups.  Individual Work: Find an empirical article that is relevant to your research topic and analyze it carefully in your blogs.
    17. 17. More immersion to data analysis  What are the differences you have seen between Byran’s analysis and Samantha’s analysis? What rhetorical features makes Samantha’s analysis different than Byran’s analysis and results?  Fill out the chart in your groups.
    18. 18. Comparative data analysis Bryan’s Data Analysis in AAV Samantha’s Data Analysis on Columbine What’s the focus of his research? Who is his participant? How is the data collected? Comment on his use of “data” in his analysis What’s the focus of her research? Who’s her participant? How’s the data collected? Comment on her use of “data”
    19. 19. Critiquing the Results and Discussion Section of Sample Articles  Let’s get into five groups  Read the section on Data analysis and Results  Who are the participants of this study?  How does this section begin?  How is it organized?  What are the themes that emerged in this research?  What’s the evidence they use to support the claims?  What stands out the most for you?  In what ways can this be improved? What grade would you give this person? (if you have a student paper) 19
    20. 20. Individual work Let’s find one article related to your social action that include interview or survey data analysis (Go to ERIC or EBSCO host, or RETRIEVE one of the articles you discussed in your literature reviews) Go back to the questions in the previous slide to blog about your selected article
    21. 21. 10-15 MINUTES INDIVIDUAL WORK AND ASSISTANCE If you have not started the interviews or survey questions, please take the time now to draft them. If you have collected some data, reflect on the data collected and write down in your blogs what they may mean to you (this will be the beginning of your preliminary analysis) If you have done some data collection, what are your next steps? If you have done all your data collection, what are some strategies you can use to connect the data collection (i.e., interviews, surveys, documentaries, media, etc) to writing up results (i.e., ways to organize your results from the interviews, surveys, etc)?
    22. 22. Going over parts of your SAPs  Reading the handout
    23. 23. Assignments  Continue your data collection. We will do some preliminary analysis next THURSDAY. So, you will need some kind of data even if it means only one interview transcript.  Read for Discussion # 6: On Social Class (will be presented by Matt and Derek)