It’s easier for researchers to work from written data. Therefore, transcribing is an important part of your data collection and data analysis. It will be easier for you to scan your data this way.
Accent is part of one’s language…many researchers are unsure about what to do with slangs, accent, ungramatical forms of speech…or non-standard features of English. You should know that such errors always exists in spoken language…even with well-educated interviewees who speak English fluently.
Straightforward and very CONVERSATIONAL—THEY ARE ALL IN ALIGNMENTS WITH HIS THEROATICAL RESEARCH QUESTION THE QUESTIONS ARE NOT FULL OF ASSUMPTION AND DO NOT LEAD THE INTERVIEWEEE TO A SPECIFIC ANSWER
The use of direct quotes are not existent in Samanta’s essay. It involves chunk of data instead of small pieces of interviews data..She uses oral histories instead of interviews……p[ersp[ectives of survivors
Week 11 english 145
DISCUSSION ON DATA ANALYSIS
POINTS FOR NOVEMBER
11/2: Awareness Movie Series: "Into Iraq" is a documentary
being presented by the University Program Board free for
students. Bone Student Center, 138. 7:00 to 9:00 p.m
11/5: Safe Zone Brown Bag, "I Am A Person of Color and I Am
LGBT" Student Panel will have students sharing their stories
and experiences about their lives at home and at ISU. Lunch
will be provided. Student Services Building, 375. 12:00 to 2:00
11/10: "A Family Is A Family Is A Family: A Rosie O'Donnell
Celebration" is a documentary that highlights mainly LGBT
families but all diverse family make ups in general. The film
offers profound and funny insights from children on what
family means to them. Schroeder Hall, 130. 7:00 to 9:00 p.m.
Extra credits cont.
11/12: "The Many Faces of Poverty," is a poverty
simulation that will immerse participants in a 'day
in the life' of a typical low income family trying to
survive from month to month. Dinner will be
provided. Pre-registration is required to attend. Sign
up at www.DeanOfStudents.ilstu.edu. Student
Services Building, BBC Activity Room. 4:00 to 7:30
Data Analysis: Analysis of Interviews
Data Analysis: Analysis of Surveys
Looking at Interview Data and a data analysis
Individual Work on SAPs
STAGES OF DATA
STAGE 1: Soliciting participants: Sending our invitation letters
STAGE 2: Asking permission
STAGE 3: Setting up interview dates and locations
STAGE 4: Conducting your interviews (with an audio-tape!)
STAGE 5: Transcribing (writing our what is spoken in the
STAGE 6: Sending our thank you emails
STAGE 7: Analyzing and Paying critical attention to the data
A FEW TIPS FOR
Difference between oral speech and written
Aim for a transcription that’s as close to spoken
words as possible.
Minor grammatical corrections is okay. Most
scholars agree that whenever possible, you should
do minor grammatical corrections.
During the interview
process, what you you do
…your participant responds with one-word
….your participants strays completely from the
…..your interviewer does not directly answer your
……you are out of batteries?!
After transcribing, read your data very carefully.
Look for passages, key words, different intonations,
Think about which quotes stand out and why.
What do the quotes suggest in relation to your main
research question (e.g. bullying in elementary
Moving from Transcript to
Analyzing your interview will require you to think
about your “data” in relation to your research
question (what were you trying to find out?)
It also means that you are moving from summary to
a point of significance.
Think about the parts in relation to the whole.
What generalizations can you make based on your
findings? Do you have sufficient data to make
Rather than bringing your own assumptions or
preconceived categories and themes, you need to reread
your data and find themes that recur in your data.
So, categories of findings are defined AFTER you worked
on your data (e.g. interview transcriptions or surveys)
Example # 1: What is the benefit of youth mentoring
Responses to this question were sorted out: Benefits to
youth, benefits to family, benefits to community.
Example # 2: What makes a quality education program?
Responses to this question were sorted out: Staff, relevance,
participation, time , content
SAMPLE DATA ANALYSIS:BRYAN’S
RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the relationship between
“people’s attitudes toward the language use in African
American community” and their “prior experiences and
BRYAN’S INTERVIEW QUESTIONS:
1) How did you learn AAE (African American English)?
2) Have you had any difficulties or confrontations because
3) What dialect did you speak at home with your family?
With guests and other relatives?
Your Turn to create
Write down your main research questions
Turn your research questions into three clear
conversational questions you would ask someone
you will interview.
Looking at an interview
Skim through the interview transcript.
What are the strengths of the interviewer and the
Jot down/underline questions that you liked. What
are some of the data you think the author can use
from this interview?
Analyzing and writing-up
your interview data
Now, read the data analysis and results.
What are some of the rhetorical moves the writer made in the
What are the purposes of direct and indirect quotes in this
Underline the parts where the writer used direct quotes of her
participant. With another color or pen, underline her use of
indirect quote/her interpretation of the participants’ words.
Next, identify the analysis she has done overall.
How has Bryan analyzed the text? How did Bryan introduce
Representation of your
Read the essay Bryan wrote after interviewing
Irving. Looking at the exact quotations he selected,
discuss how he represents Irving’s voice. What is
your impression of Irving based on the quotes
Bryan has used?
What can you as an interviewer ensure you
represent your subject in an honest, objective way?
Agenda for 11/4
Reading and commenting on Samantha Sanderson’s
Columbine: A day to remember
Looking at sample research paper’s DATA
ANALYSIS/RESULTS sections in groups.
Individual Work: Find an empirical article that is
relevant to your research topic and analyze it
carefully in your blogs.
More immersion to data
What are the differences you have seen between
Byran’s analysis and Samantha’s analysis? What
rhetorical features makes Samantha’s analysis
different than Byran’s analysis and results?
Fill out the chart in your groups.
Comparative data analysis
Bryan’s Data Analysis in AAV Samantha’s Data Analysis on
What’s the focus of his research?
Who is his participant?
How is the data collected?
Comment on his use of “data” in his
What’s the focus of her research?
Who’s her participant?
How’s the data collected?
Comment on her use of “data”
Critiquing the Results and Discussion
Section of Sample Articles
Let’s get into five groups
Read the section on Data analysis and Results
Who are the participants of this study?
How does this section begin?
How is it organized?
What are the themes that emerged in this research?
What’s the evidence they use to support the claims?
What stands out the most for you?
In what ways can this be improved? What grade
would you give this person? (if you have a student
Let’s find one article related to your social action that
include interview or survey data analysis
(Go to ERIC or EBSCO host, or RETRIEVE one of the
articles you discussed in your literature reviews)
Go back to the questions in the previous slide to blog
about your selected article
10-15 MINUTES INDIVIDUAL WORK AND
If you have not started the interviews or survey
questions, please take the time now to draft them.
If you have collected some data, reflect on the data
collected and write down in your blogs what they may
mean to you (this will be the beginning of your
If you have done some data collection, what are your next
If you have done all your data collection, what are some
strategies you can use to connect the data collection
(i.e., interviews, surveys, documentaries, media, etc)
to writing up results (i.e., ways to organize your
results from the interviews, surveys, etc)?
Going over parts of your
Reading the handout
Continue your data collection. We will do some
preliminary analysis next THURSDAY. So, you will
need some kind of data even if it means only one
Read for Discussion # 6: On Social Class (will be
presented by Matt and Derek)