Open Educational Resources and Practices for Higher Education


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Presentation delivered by Lis Parcell (Jisc RSC Wales) and Julia Ault (University of Wales: Trinity Saint David) at the Coleg Sir Gar HE Conference 1 July 2013. It included Ope

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  • Who we are and why we are working togetherLook at some developments in scholarly practice which are affecting higher educationLook at what open practice means – bust some jargon and mythsJulia will look at how digital developments are influencing her practice as an HE tutorThen there will be some time for you to have a brief go with one or two of the resources and techniques mentionedAnd give us your comments and suggestions using some collaborative toolsWho has a wifi enabled device with them?Hashtag?Twitter IDs – add JuliaPoint out slideshareetc
  • Ideas of open/distance learning and resource sharing are not new. 19thc - correspondence courses eg Pitman shorthand, miners in Pennsylvania1890s first interlibrary loans - UC Berkeley – California State Library1926 – idea of the ‘wireless university’ first mooted > 1969 Open University1990s – internet - idea of a reusable learning object - could be repurposed & reused – NLN materials1998 - Open Source Initiative – who uses Moodle? Moodle is an example of open source2002 – MIT Open Courseware“Open education is about sharing, reducing barriers & increasing access in education.” It includes free & open access to platforms, tools & resources in education (learning materials, course materials, lecture videos, assessment tools, research, study groups, textbooks, etc.).http://www.openeducationweek.orgSo OEP are practices that contribute to open educationThe International Council for Open and Distance Education defines open educational practices, quite simply, as 'practices which support the production, use and reuse of high quality open educational resources (OER)'. However, this implies a narrow view of educational practice which centres on the production of content. A broader definition would encompass all activities that open up access to educational opportunity, in a context where freely available online content and services (whether 'open', 'educational' or not) are taken as the norm.
  • Many definitions of OER.Internationalsymbol created for: this case CC – free to share, remix, make commercial use of – with attributionflying bird - freedom, no borders, progress and diffusionpages of a book - a traditional resource of educationhands - collaboration and collective knowledge involved in OER practices - the main purpose of OER: human education.OER movement has many drivers e.g. political, economic, digital inclusion, reputation, marketing etc.Where do OER come from? Generated by individuals, institutional efforts, projects at local, national and international level.
  • But it’s not so much OER that have dominated the headlines in the UK and America recently – it’s open courses and in particular MOOCs. Anyone studied on a MOOC? Taught on one?“There are a range of different models for open courses, and they are not all Massive (in a student numbers sense). Structure may be imposed or not, assessment may be included or not, learners can be fully open or registered paying students.” courses started with 2002 – MIT Open Courseware, many more open courses and MOOCs set up since. Could we be seeing the end of the hype?MOOCs are often equated with OER, but MOOCs don’t necessarily distribute resources as OER.Developments in Welsh education encouraging thinking about open-ness:Online Digital Learning Working GroupHwbCollegesWalesiTunesU and other similarinitiativesOpenLearnFuturelearnHE policy statementOften there’s a focus on content but it’s important to think about wider issues: the relationship of teacher and students/learner, support issues.. ideas about flipped classroom, co-creation, peer assessment, students as partners. Flexible learning: choice.
  • Academic driversJorum has been around for about 10 years but is being invigorated by influx of resources from UKOER and newly simplified interface.Other discovery tools and platforms are available…
  • Jorum is specifically designed to help HE and FE in the UK find OERsOther collections and tools available
  • Scholarship is evolvingAmber Thomas article1) Many eyes – participatory/collaborative approach to research2) The wiki way – perpetual development – fast, visible, sociable3) Public accessPersonal example of the balance between control and trustRole of social media
  • Picture is not very clearStudents are not homogenous or static in their ideasNUS response to HE strategy?Some insights picked up from OER13:Right to Research – US lobbyNUS HEA study due 2013 - 185 students in 22 focus groupsOER4Adults – EU funded research – ongoingData can be contradictory but what comes out constantly is need for staff and students to develop digital literacies.That includes all of us:Locate and evaluate materials for our needsUse other people’s work responsiblyLicense our own work appropriatelyEnable our students to acquire skills for lifelong learning and employmentThe step up to HE poses particular dig lit challenges (dispelling natives/immigrants notion)Not only about digital – print/physical space still valued – students always want stuff to get them through assignments, free/cheap, fastVariety of student experiencesReference #jiscdiglit – e.g. PADDLE?
  • Quote from Amber Thomas from Jisc report 2010 strategies for sourcing scholarly information, and identifying sources, can be a very individual processVariations between disciplines, theoretical and applied studyResources (including time) a factorBut there are some basic strategies and tools – this is where the support of your librarian/learning resource centre staff come inProfessional communities also important – face to face as we are here today - the rise of the virtual professional networkInformation seeking is becoming much more a matter of following connections from one source to another.Connections between people has always been part of good research. Digital is opening up more connections.Social media is an important factor in this.I believe that social media have an important role in encouraging and enabling open practice. Julia is an HE practitioner who uses social media both in her teaching and in her professional practice as a learning technologist.
  • Add additional resources for college HEDiigoNew Jisc website
  • Open Educational Resources and Practices for Higher Education

    1. 1. Open Educational Resources and Practices for Higher Education • Lis Parcell (Jisc RSC Wales) • Julia Ault (University of Wales: Trinity St David) Coleg Sir Gar, 1 July 2013 @lisparcell @juliadesigns @ffynnonweb
    2. 2. Open educational practices: sharing, reducing barriers, increasing access “all activities that open up access to educational opportunity, in a context where freely available online content and services […] are taken as the norm.“
    3. 3. • “teaching and learning materials that are freely available online for everyone to use […] Examples of OER include: full courses, course modules, syllabi, lectures, homework assignments, quizzes, lab and classroom activities, pedagogical materials, games, simulations, and many more resources contained in digital media collections from around the world.” • “Resources that are specifically licenced to be used and re-used in an educational context” Open educational resources: OER
    4. 4. Open courses and MOOCs
    5. 5. Where are we on the open path? • [image withheld for copyright reasons] Image from Lou McGill
    6. 6. Learning to share, sharing to learn
    7. 7. Finding examples of OERs
    8. 8. Avoiding Plagiarism tutorial - Cardiff University Information Services Found by searching on for ‘Plagiarism’
    9. 9. Some sources of open educational resources and open courses • Jorum • Humbox • Languagebox • Xpert • Openlearn • Itunes U • OER Commons • MERLOT • MIT • Institutional repositories • Sources of open courses and OERs included in this Diigo collection: •
    10. 10. 21st century scholarship: “many eyes”
    11. 11. What are students saying? “Sharing is a relationship for cyclical advantage, not altruism, and students will keep resources to themselves in order to gain competitive advantage.” Lorna Campbell reporting on OER13 “…little is known about what lifelong learners are doing with OER resources” Allison Littlejohn, OER4Adults “While many students made use of OER, it was much more common for them to be used when they were endorsed or required by their teachers.” Toni Pearce, OER13 keynote
    12. 12. “Whirling and bouncing”
    13. 13. Over to Julia • CertHE Skills for the Workplace Program uses LinkedIn as major communication tool. • Main Group for all learners and to promote the course
    14. 14. This main group is used to share resources with all our learners, regardless of cohort and place of study
    15. 15. Each cohort has their own private ‘sub-group’ for discussion and resource-sharing.
    16. 16. Example of some recent discussions in the Carmarthen sub-group
    17. 17. CertHE Skills for the Workplace also has a presence on Twitter and Facebook.
    18. 18. Creating a Facebook page is a really good way to separate your personal Facebook presence from your professional one without the hassle of managing two separate Fb accounts.
    19. 19. A Facebook page is similar to your Facebook wall and your Twitter stream
    20. 20. You can link your professional LinkedIn and Twitter accounts to your Facebook Page so that you can share resources with all your social media contacts.
    21. 21. Julia Ault contact details • University of Wales: Trinity Saint David • Tutor + Digital Skills Adviser: CertHE Skills for the Workplace • Technology Enhanced Learning Officer (Wed pm – Friday only) • Email: Mobile: 07977 481 608 • LinkedIn
    22. 22. Find out more, stay in touch • Contact info for Lis/Jisc RSC: • Lis Parcell (Jisc RSC Wales HE Coordinator) • @lisparcell • Jisc RSC Wales • Jisc
    23. 23. Hands-on time • Choice of: – Look at Julia’s examples of practice and ask her about social media – Sample some of the tools mentioned by Lis and talk to her/Elaine about strategies for resource discovery: – – Discuss with colleagues any issues raised for your HE practice by • Open practice/OER and/or • Social media • Could any of these resources/tools support your scholarly practice and HE teaching)? • Share any resources/ideas via – [we used] – These will be shared online