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The network rewrites the catalog Lorcan Dempsey University of Virginia Libraries April 26 2007
Overview Part 1  Part 2  Part 3
1 The  network  rewrites  behaviors
<ul><li>Workflow </li></ul><ul><li>Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity: the long tail </li></ul>
~18 months old No FaceBook, MySpace Library?
University of Minnesota http://www.lib.umn.edu/about/mellon/KM%20JStor%20Presentation.pps
Chris Beckett  http://www.scholinfo.com/presentations/2006/8/10/the-new-world-order-in-collection-development-the-commerci...
Database >  website >  workflow
Prefabricated  (e.g. CMS) Self assembled  digital identity
<ul><li>Get into the flow </li></ul><ul><li>Disclose into other environments </li></ul>Now : The library must build its se...
<ul><li>Competition for attention </li></ul>Now : Attention scarce, resources abundant Then :   Resources scarce, attentio...
The long tail: manage attention?  Systemwide  efficiences <ul><li>Aggregation of supply </li></ul><ul><li>Unified discover...
2 A  webscale  library  experience
A library experience which matches the experience of the web?
? <ul><li>Comprehensive:  unified discovery: its all there  (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow:  disclose...
? <ul><li>Comprehensive:  unified discovery: its all there  (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow: disclosed...
high low low high stewardship uniqueness Books Journals Newspapers Gov. docs CD, DVD Maps Scores Special  collections Rare...
Print Licensed Digital Research & learning outputs … Catalog Metasearch Resolver Repositories … Repositories … ILS ERM Kno...
… Management environment User environment Switch: delivery, routing, resolution
? <ul><li>Primo, Encore, …. </li></ul><ul><li>Metasearch? </li></ul><ul><li>Local loading </li></ul><ul><li>Google scholar...
? <ul><li>Comprehensive: unified discovery: its all there  (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow:  disclosed...
library Consumer environments Management environment Licensed Bought Faculty& students Digitized Aggregations Resource sha...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
? <ul><li>Comprehensive: unified discovery: its all there  (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow: disclosed ...
University of Washington on WorldCat.org (screen shot)
Holdings:  Local, Group, Global Summit collections Univ Washington collections WorldCat
Detailed record – item held by UW
Personal and social
? <ul><li>Comprehensive: unified discovery: its all there  (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow: disclosed ...
 
 
Detailed record – request item
Request handled locally
Item not held by UW or Summit
Article citations
Article citations
? <ul><li>Comprehensive: unified discovery: its all there  (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow: disclosed ...
<ul><li>‘ Expert’ </li></ul><ul><li>Programmatic </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Crowdsourced’ </li></ul><ul><li>Use (intention/attent...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
? <ul><li>Comprehensive: unified discovery: its all there  (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow: disclosed ...
3 Some  current  catalog responses
<ul><li>Local Discovery Environments </li></ul><ul><li>Shared Discovery Environments </li></ul><ul><li>Syndicated Discover...
Local Discovery environment <ul><li>Some (not necessarily aligned) motivations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make data work harder...
Shared discovery environment <ul><li>Increase impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create gravitational pull </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Some comments <ul><li>Integration of  discovery to delivery  becoming essential </li></ul><ul><li>A move to shared environ...
Syndicated discovery experience  <ul><li>Syndicate  data  or  service  or  links </li></ul>
Some remarks <ul><li>Syndication of data now common among data providers  </li></ul><ul><li>Routing issue for non-unique m...
<ul><li>Service disclosure of growing importance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>APIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web services </li><...
The Leveraged discovery experience <ul><li>In some ways the most interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Use another discovery servi...
 
 
Some remarks <ul><li>Some of these are toy-like now, but indicate a direction </li></ul><ul><li>Increased capacity to ‘sen...
 
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The network reconfigures the catalog

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An overview of some issues around the design and future of library catalogs in a network environment.

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The network reconfigures the catalog

  1. 1. The network rewrites the catalog Lorcan Dempsey University of Virginia Libraries April 26 2007
  2. 2. Overview Part 1 Part 2 Part 3
  3. 3. 1 The network rewrites behaviors
  4. 4. <ul><li>Workflow </li></ul><ul><li>Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity: the long tail </li></ul>
  5. 5. ~18 months old No FaceBook, MySpace Library?
  6. 6. University of Minnesota http://www.lib.umn.edu/about/mellon/KM%20JStor%20Presentation.pps
  7. 7. Chris Beckett http://www.scholinfo.com/presentations/2006/8/10/the-new-world-order-in-collection-development-the-commercial-perspective.html
  8. 8. Database > website > workflow
  9. 9. Prefabricated (e.g. CMS) Self assembled digital identity
  10. 10. <ul><li>Get into the flow </li></ul><ul><li>Disclose into other environments </li></ul>Now : The library must build its services around user workflow Then : The user built workflow around the library
  11. 11. <ul><li>Competition for attention </li></ul>Now : Attention scarce, resources abundant Then : Resources scarce, attention abundant
  12. 12. The long tail: manage attention? Systemwide efficiences <ul><li>Aggregation of supply </li></ul><ul><li>Unified discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Low transaction costs </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregation of demand </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize users </li></ul><ul><li>Brand </li></ul>Impact?
  13. 13. 2 A webscale library experience
  14. 14. A library experience which matches the experience of the web?
  15. 15. ? <ul><li>Comprehensive: unified discovery: its all there (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow: disclosed into research and learning workflows (toolbars, apis, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Telescopic: a personal to global traverse (e.g. delicious) </li></ul><ul><li>Low transaction costs: A short path between discovery and fulfilment (e.g iTunes, Google, Amazon, ..) </li></ul><ul><li>Network: navigable knowledge patterns: a rich texture of suggestion (e.g. ….) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexive: adapt based on aggregate intention/attention (e.g. page rank, people who read this, personalize, ..) </li></ul>
  16. 16. ? <ul><li>Comprehensive: unified discovery: its all there (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow: disclosed into research and learning workflows (toolbars, apis, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Telescopic: a personal to global traverse (e.g. delicious) </li></ul><ul><li>Low transaction costs: A short path between discovery and fulfilment (e.g iTunes, Google, Amazon, ..) </li></ul><ul><li>Network: navigable knowledge patterns (e.g. ….) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexive: adapt based on aggregate intention/attention (e.g. page rank, people who read this, personalize, ..) </li></ul>
  17. 17. high low low high stewardship uniqueness Books Journals Newspapers Gov. docs CD, DVD Maps Scores Special collections Rare books Local/Historical newspapers Local history materials Archives & Manuscripts, Theses & dissertations <ul><li>Research and learning materials </li></ul><ul><li>ePrints/tech reports </li></ul><ul><li>Learning objects </li></ul><ul><li>Courseware </li></ul><ul><li>E-portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Research data </li></ul>Freely-accessible web resources Open source software Newsgroup archives
  18. 18. Print Licensed Digital Research & learning outputs … Catalog Metasearch Resolver Repositories … Repositories … ILS ERM Knowledgebase
  19. 19. … Management environment User environment Switch: delivery, routing, resolution
  20. 20. ? <ul><li>Primo, Encore, …. </li></ul><ul><li>Metasearch? </li></ul><ul><li>Local loading </li></ul><ul><li>Google scholar, Scopus, Worldcat, …. </li></ul>
  21. 21. ? <ul><li>Comprehensive: unified discovery: its all there (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow: disclosed into research and learning workflows (toolbars, apis, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Telescopic: a personal to global traverse (e.g. delicious) </li></ul><ul><li>Low transaction costs: A short path between discovery and fulfilment (e.g iTunes, Google, Amazon, ..) </li></ul><ul><li>Network: navigable knowledge patterns (e.g. ….) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexive: adapt based on aggregate intention/attention (e.g. page rank, people who read this, personalize, ..) </li></ul>
  22. 22. library Consumer environments Management environment Licensed Bought Faculty& students Digitized Aggregations Resource sharing Integrated local user environment? Library web presence Resource sharing, … … Institutional Workflow Portals, CMS, IR, … Personal Workflow RSS, toolbars, .. Network level workflow Google, …
  23. 31. ? <ul><li>Comprehensive: unified discovery: its all there (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow: disclosed into research and learning workflows (toolbars, apis, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Telescopic: a personal to global traverse (e.g. delicious) </li></ul><ul><li>Low transaction costs: A short path between discovery and fulfilment (e.g iTunes, Google, Amazon, ..) </li></ul><ul><li>Network: navigable knowledge patterns (e.g. ….) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexive: adapt based on aggregate intention/attention (e.g. page rank, people who read this, personalize, ..) </li></ul>
  24. 32. University of Washington on WorldCat.org (screen shot)
  25. 33. Holdings: Local, Group, Global Summit collections Univ Washington collections WorldCat
  26. 34. Detailed record – item held by UW
  27. 35. Personal and social
  28. 36. ? <ul><li>Comprehensive: unified discovery: its all there (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow: disclosed into research and learning workflows (toolbars, apis, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Telescopic: a personal to global traverse (e.g. delicious) </li></ul><ul><li>Low transaction costs: A short path between discovery and fulfilment (e.g iTunes, Google, Amazon, ..) </li></ul><ul><li>Network: navigable knowledge patterns (e.g. ….) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexive: adapt based on aggregate intention/attention (e.g. page rank, people who read this, personalize, ..) </li></ul>
  29. 39. Detailed record – request item
  30. 40. Request handled locally
  31. 41. Item not held by UW or Summit
  32. 42. Article citations
  33. 43. Article citations
  34. 44. ? <ul><li>Comprehensive: unified discovery: its all there (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow: disclosed into research and learning workflows (toolbars, apis, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Telescopic: a personal to global traverse (e.g. delicious) </li></ul><ul><li>Low transaction costs: A short path between discovery and fulfilment (e.g iTunes, Google, Amazon, ..) </li></ul><ul><li>Network: navigable knowledge patterns: a texture of suggestion (e.g. ….) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexive: adapt based on aggregate intention/attention (e.g. page rank, people who read this, personalize, ..) </li></ul>
  35. 45. <ul><li>‘ Expert’ </li></ul><ul><li>Programmatic </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Crowdsourced’ </li></ul><ul><li>Use (intention/attention) </li></ul>Social network?
  36. 58. ? <ul><li>Comprehensive: unified discovery: its all there (e.g. Google, Amazon) </li></ul><ul><li>In the flow: disclosed into research and learning workflows (toolbars, apis, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Telescopic: a personal to global traverse (e.g. delicious) </li></ul><ul><li>Low transaction costs: A short path between discovery and fulfilment (e.g iTunes, Google, Amazon, ..) </li></ul><ul><li>Network: navigable knowledge patterns (e.g. ….) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexive: adapt based on aggregate intention/attention (e.g. page rank, people who read this, personalize, ..) </li></ul>
  37. 59. 3 Some current catalog responses
  38. 60. <ul><li>Local Discovery Environments </li></ul><ul><li>Shared Discovery Environments </li></ul><ul><li>Syndicated Discovery Environments </li></ul><ul><li>Leveraged Discovery Environments </li></ul>
  39. 61. Local Discovery environment <ul><li>Some (not necessarily aligned) motivations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make data work harder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate access to locally managed resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Escape from ILS limitations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NCSU </li></ul><ul><li>Rochester </li></ul><ul><li>SOLR </li></ul><ul><li>Worldcat 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Primo </li></ul><ul><li>Encore … </li></ul>
  40. 62. Shared discovery environment <ul><li>Increase impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create gravitational pull </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggregate demand and supply </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduce costs </li></ul><ul><li>Summit </li></ul><ul><li>OhioLink </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries Australia </li></ul><ul><li>… . </li></ul>
  41. 63. Some comments <ul><li>Integration of discovery to delivery becoming essential </li></ul><ul><li>A move to shared environments seems more likely with increased ability to ‘view’ different levels </li></ul><ul><li>Increased gravitational pull: greater use of collections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing evidence </li></ul></ul>
  42. 64. Syndicated discovery experience <ul><li>Syndicate data or service or links </li></ul>
  43. 65. Some remarks <ul><li>Syndication of data now common among data providers </li></ul><ul><li>Routing issue for non-unique materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resolution services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worldcat and other union catalogs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Libraries exposing licensed content holdings interesting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Scholar </li></ul></ul>
  44. 66. <ul><li>Service disclosure of growing importance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>APIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portlets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HTML fragments – ‘search boxes’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toolbars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Widgets, extensions, … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting project: Sakaibrary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Slower to develop than expected? </li></ul>
  45. 67. The Leveraged discovery experience <ul><li>In some ways the most interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Use another discovery service to connect back to your resources </li></ul><ul><li>Compare to the situation with article databases and resolvers </li></ul>
  46. 70. Some remarks <ul><li>Some of these are toy-like now, but indicate a direction </li></ul><ul><li>Increased capacity to ‘sense’ structure (microformats) will improve ability. </li></ul>

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