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The facilitated collection: collections and collecting in a network environment


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We often think of collections as local – whether owned or licensed. Increasingly this picture is changing in several ways. Libraries are sharing responsibility for collections. Libraries are providing access to materials they do not own, but which are available to their users (freely available digital book collections for example). Demand driven acquisitions changes the view of local collections. Institutions are also thinking about how to manage locally produced materials (research data for example) and support access across institutions. This trend is supported by changes as discovery is peeled away from local collections. This presentation discusses these trends, and collections and discovery change in a network environment.

This was a presentation at the Libraries Australia Forum, Melbourne, 2015

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The facilitated collection: collections and collecting in a network environment

  1. 1. Lorcan Dempsey OCLC Research Libraries Australia Forum 2015 Unique to ubiquitous: Library resources in a linked data world State Library of Victoria, Melbourne, 1 December 2015 @LorcanD The facilitated collection: collections and collecting in a network environment
  2. 2. The new context of collections
  3. 3. Shared Engagement with research practices
  4. 4. Shared Engagement with research practices
  5. 5. The evolving scholarly record
  6. 6. Framing the Scholarly Record …
  7. 7. Grid: collection attention
  8. 8. Low Stewardship Institutional In few collections In many collections Research & Learning Materials Open Web Resources ‘Published’ materials Special Collections Local Digitization Licensed Purchased High Stewardship
  9. 9. Journals 1. Licensed materials are now the larger part of academic library budgets 2. Publishers looking to research workflow (Elsevier – Mendeley, Pure) 3. National science/research policy and open access 4. A part only of the scholarly record. Monographs 1. Emergence of ‘e’ (platform) 2. Shift to demand driven acquisition 3. Digital corpora 4. Disciplinary differences 5. Growing difference beween market and distinctive (e.g. area studies) 6. Managing down print - shared print
  10. 10. Special collections, archives, … 1. Release more value through digitization, exhibitions, … 2. Streamlining processing, production, … 3. Network level aggregation for scale and utility – DPLA, Europeana, Pacific rim digital library, Research and learning material 1. Evolving scholarly record: research data, eprints, .. 2. IR – role and content? 3. Research information management (profiles, outputs, …) 4. Support for digital scholarship 5. Support for open access publishing
  11. 11. Workflow is the new content?
  12. 12. Workflow is the new content supply chain • In a print world, researchers and learners organized their workflow around the library. • The library had limited interaction with the full process. • In a digital world, the library needs to organize itself around the workflows of research and learners. • Workflows generate and consume information resources.
  13. 13. The inside out collection
  14. 14. Market In few collections In many collections A Licensed Purchased Outside, in OCLC Collections Grid Distinctive Library as broker Maximise efficiency Then Low Stewardship High Stewardship Inside, out Library as provider Maximise discoverability Now Figure: OCLC Collections Grid, shift in emphasis. OCLC Research, 2014.
  15. 15. Outside-in Bought & Licensed Borrowed Inside-out Institutional Resources Facilitated
  16. 16. From curation to creation
  17. 17. 21 Transformation of the academic library Kurt de Belder
  18. 18. Towards the collective (print) collection Collection directions
  19. 19. The bubble of growth in twentieth- century printed collections has left … librarians with a tricky problem. Barbara Fister New Roles for the Road Ahead: Essays commissioned for ACRL’s 75th Birthday
  20. 20. Infrastructure <> engagement
  21. 21. Mal Booth, UTS Library
  22. 22. Shared print- collective collection Then: Value relates to depth and breadth of local collection. Now: Value relates to systemwide curation of and access to print collections – ‘rightscaling’. 28 Decision support through shared data.
  23. 23. OCLC Research, 2013 North American print book resource: 45.7 million distinct publications 889.5 million total library holdings
  24. 24. The facilitated collection (collections as a service)
  25. 25. Owned Catalog Available LibGuides, etc Licensed KB/Discovery Global Google, ResearchGate, etc … Separation of discovery and collection?: • Focus shifts from owned to facilitated (available)? • Focus shifts from collection to other services (creation, …)? • Systemwide thinking becomes stronger? OCLC Research, 2015.Figure: Discoverability redefines collection boundaries.
  26. 26. The ‘owned’ collection The ‘facilitated’ collection The ‘licensed’ collection The ‘borrowed’ collection • Pointing people at Google Scholar • Including freely available ebooks in the catalog • Creating resource guides for web resources • Purchased and physically stored A collections spectrum The ‘demand- driven’ collection The ‘shared print’ collection The ‘shared digital’ collection The evolving scholarly record Requires greater ‘conscious coordination’ at network level
  27. 27. In conclusion
  28. 28. Then: the user in the life of the library Now: the library in the life of the user The practice of research and learning is changing. Research and learning outputs are diversifying. Research outputs are the subject of policy attention Publishers supporting workflow and reputation. Move to facilitated access to materials – collection as a service. Move to management and disclosure of institutional materials – inside out. Move to collaborative attention to collections – collective collection. Move to deeper engagement with research and learning – creation. Effective stewardship of the print and digital scholarly record needs conscious coordination at the network level.
  29. 29. @LorcanD
  30. 30. Credits This presentation reflects ongoing shared work with Constance Malpas and Brian Lavoie. Thanks to our colleague JD Shipengrover for graphics. • The Evolving Scholarly Record record-2014.pdf • Understanding the Collective Collection • Collection Directions directions-preprint-2014.pdf 36