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Libraries, collections, technology: presented at Pennylvania State University, March 3 2016.

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Library collections are changing in a network environment. This presentation considers how collections are being reconfigured, it looks at research support services, and it explores the shift from the purchased/licensed collection to the facilitated collection.

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Libraries, collections, technology: presented at Pennylvania State University, March 3 2016.

  1. 1. Libraries, collections, technology Lorcan Dempsey & Constance Malpas, OCLC Research @LorcanD Penn State University Library, State College, PA March 3 2016 https://collection1.libraries.psu.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/rabin/id/2363/
  2. 2. Complementary!
  3. 3. PSU Collections Technology reshapes practice; practice reshapes technology Web sightings Collections and service reconfiguration The facilitated collection Collection environment Some notes about assessment 1 52 4 63
  4. 4. PSU collections 4 1
  5. 5. Penn State in WorldCat UPM – Penn State, University Park MHY – Penn State, Hershey GH4 – Penn State, Erie UVC – Penn State, Harrisburg PU9 – Penn State, Harrisburg - Marshall Collection UPC – Penn State, Commonwealth XO4 – Penn State, Berks TODAY’S FOCUS
  6. 6. http://chronicle.com/interactives/peers-network Penn State mostly compares itself to other public doctoral universities (in the mid-west)
  7. 7. 3,603,061 0 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 Purdue U U of Pittsburgh Michigan State U U of Iowa Penn State U, University Park Ohio State U U of Minnesota-Twin Cities U of Wisconsin, Madison U of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign U of Michigan, Ann Arbor Holdings in WorldCat Penn State Peers - Holdings in WorldCat OCLC Research, data current as of February 2016
  8. 8. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Purdue U U of Pittsburgh Michigan State U U of Iowa Penn State U, University Park Ohio State U U of Minnesota-Twin Cities U of Wisconsin, Madison U of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign U of Michigan, Ann Arbor Penn State Peers - Duplication in WorldCat <5 libraries 5 to 9 10 to 24 25 to 99 >99 libraries OCLC Research, data current as of February 2016 More distinctive More common or ‘core’
  9. 9. Median overlap = 34% Penn State overlap = 35% ARL HathiTrust Duplication October 2015 TitlesOCLC Research, data current as of October 2015
  10. 10. 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 20% 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Percentchange Change in Number of ARL Titles Duplicated in HathiTrust Oct 2014 to Oct 2015 Avg. increase of 5% YOY in number of titles duplicated in HathiTrust OCLC Research, data current as of October 2015 Penn State saw the greatest increase 1,244,988
  11. 11. “Centers” OCLC Research, based on analysis of FAST headings and WorldCat holdings as of March 2013 Penn State holds more titles related to these topics than any other library in WorldCat … but holding ‘many titles’ does not necessarily equate to complete coverage of a topic PSU holds more than 4,500 titles related to civil rights of African Americans
  12. 12. “Coverage” OCLC Research, based on analysis of FAST headings and WorldCat holdings as of March 2013 Subject areas for which Penn State’s collection is most comprehensive relative to other topics in the collection Coverage is generally inversely proportional to the size of the global corpus Despite holding more titles about the civil rights of African Americans, PSU is more comprehensive with respect to Civil rights movements in general
  13. 13. 31% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV CLEVELAND PUB LIBR UNIV OF S CAROLINA BOSTON PUB LIBR UNIV OF SOUTHERN MISSISSIPPI GEORGETOWN UNIV, LAW LIBR AUBURN UNIV UNIV OF WASHINGTON LIBR PAPERS OF THE NAACP JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV DUKE UNIV LIBR LIBRARY OF CONGRESS UNIV OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN PRINCETON UNIV WASEDA UNIV LIBR Civil Rights Movements total related works = 7,226 OCLC Research, based on analysis of FAST headings and WorldCat holdings as of March 2013 Top 15 most comprehensive collections related to: “Coverage requires collaboration” – local excellence can be enhanced through partnerships
  14. 14. Technology reshapes practice; practice reshapes technology Citation management Institutional repository 2
  15. 15. Citation management
  16. 16. So in a relatively short time, a solitary and manual function has evolved into a workflow enacted in a social and digital environment. In addition to functional value, this change has added network value, as individual users benefit from the community of use. People can make connections and find new work, and the network generates analytics which may be used for recommendations or scholarly metrics. In this way, for some people, citation management has evolved from being a single function in a broader workflow into a workflow manager, discovery engine, and social network. Dempsey & Walter, 2014 http://crl.acrl.org/content/75/6/760.full.pdf+html
  17. 17. Identity > workflow > content
  18. 18. Provide and promote reference manager products. Support – and help shape - emerging practices around citation management, research networking and profiles. This: And this:
  19. 19. Institutional repository > workflow is the new content
  20. 20. In a well-known article, Salo (2008) offers a variety of reasons as to why they have not been as heavily used as anticipated. These include a lack of attention to faculty incentives (‘prestige’) and to campus workflows. She concludes that IRs will not be successful unless developed as a part of “systematic, broad-based, well-supported data-stewardship, scholarly-communication, or digital-preservation program”. Providing technology as artifact > Supporting emerging practices http://minds.wisconsin.edu/handle/1793/22088
  21. 21. http://www.slideshare.net/repofringe/e-prints42y EPrints Update, Les Carr, University of Southampton, Repository Fringe, 2014 1 2 3 2 3 1
  22. 22. Framing the Scholarly Record …
  23. 23. In practice …
  24. 24. Scholarly publishing Expertise profiling Research data management CRIS/Research information management Institutional repository
  25. 25. 26
  26. 26. Support - and help shape - emerging practices around the complete research life cycle. Provide system to manage documentary research outputs. This: And this:
  27. 27. Her view is that publishers are here to make the scientific research process more effective by helping them keep up to date, find colleagues, plan experiments, and then share their results. After they have published, the processes continues with gaining a reputation, obtaining funds, finding collaborators, and even finding a new job. What can we as publishers do to address some of scientists’ pain points? Annette Thomas, CEO of Macmillan Publishers (now Chief Scientific Officer Springer Nature) A publisher’s new job description http://www.against-the-grain.com/2012/11/a-publishers-new-job-description/
  28. 28. Web sightings: Collections in a new service configuration 3
  29. 29. Discovery at network level Support for research/creation Local collectionsPlace
  30. 30. Place Support for research/creationLocal collections Student success
  31. 31. Collection environment 4
  32. 32. The logic of print distribution influenced library development: • Close to user – multiple library collections. • Big = good. • Just in case. 1
  33. 33. The bubble of growth in twentieth-century printed collections has left … librarians with a tricky problem. Barbara Fister New Roles for the Road Ahead: Essays commissioned for ACRL’s 75th Birthday
  34. 34. An abundance of resources in the network world 2
  35. 35. Discovery moved to the network level • Peeled away from local collection • “Discovery happens elsewhere” • Discoverability very important (WorldCat syndication) 3
  36. 36. From consumption to creation: • Support process as well as product, making as well as taking • Workflow is the new content.. • Support for publishing and digital scholarship. • An inside out perspective increasingly important. 4
  37. 37. A PRINT LOGIC A NETWORK LOGIC The user in the life of the library The library in the life of the user Manage the products of research (books, articles, …) Make the whole life cycle of process of research and learning more productive. Value relates to locally assembled collection. Value relates to ability to efficiently meet a variety of research and learning needs. http://www.xkcd.com/917/ Product Process Owned Facilitated Outside in Inside out
  38. 38. Towards the facilitated collection 5
  39. 39. The ‘owned’ collection The ‘facilitated’ collection A collections spectrum Purchased and physically stored Meet research and learning needs in best way A network logic: a coordinated mix of local, external and collaborative services are assembled around user needs A print logic: the distribution of print copies to multiple local destinations
  40. 40. The ‘external’ collection: Pointing researchers at Google Scholar; Including freely available ebooks in the catalog; Creating resource guides for web resources. The ‘owned’ collection The ‘facilitated’ collection The ‘borrowed’ collection A collections spectrum The ‘shared print’ collection The ‘shared digital’ collection The evolving scholarly record Purchased and physically stored Meet research and learning needs in best way The ‘licensed’ collection The ‘demand- driven’ collection
  41. 41. Collaboration requires ‘conscious coordination’ Rightscaling – optimum scale? The ‘borrowed’ collection The ‘shared print’ collection The ‘shared digital’ collection The evolving scholarly record
  42. 42. Assessment questions 6
  43. 43. “Rather than constructing archipelagoes of isolated collections, increasingly libraries are seeking to create ecosystems of shared collections.” Karla Strieb “Collaboration: The Master Key to Unlocking Twenty-First-Century Library Collections” in Shared Collections: Collaborative Stewardship (ALCTS, 2016)
  44. 44. Collections Assessment -- Issues • Value closely associated with size, scope of local inventory • Just-in-case acquisitions model favors volume counts over use or utility metrics • Purchased/owned = institutional assets • Collection excellence relies on partnerships (licensed, DDA, shared print, shared digital) • Continuous de-selection and “re-selection” maintains collection value • Curation of locally created content is growing in importance THEN: NOW: PRINT LOGIC NETWORK LOGIC
  45. 45. Collections Assessment -- Scale • How can patterns in the system-wide collection inform local decision-making? LOCAL: GLOBAL: • Are we maximizing the value of existing partnerships? EZ-Borrow, CIC, HathiTrust etc. GROUP: • Do we have the right balance of ‘outside-in’ and ‘inside-out’ attention and investment?
  46. 46. Conclusion
  47. 47. The practices of research and learning are changing. Research and learning outputs are diversifying. Some emerging themes: Creation and Curation • Libraries are supporting the process as well as the products of research. Inside out • Management and disclosure of institutional materials. Facilitated collection • Coordinated mix of local, external and collaborative services are assembled around user needs Conscious coordination • The print and digital scholarly record needs conscious coordination at the network level.
  48. 48. @LorcanD @ConstanceM http://www.oclc.org/research
  49. 49. Credits This presentation reflects ongoing shared work with our colleague Brian Lavoie. Thanks to our colleague JD Shipengrover for graphics. • The Evolving Scholarly Record http://oclc.org/content/dam/research/publications/library/2014/oclcresearch-evolving-scholarly-record-2014.pdf • Understanding the Collective Collection http://oclc.org/research/publications/library/2013/2013-09r.html • Collection Directions http://www.oclc.org/content/dam/research/publications/library/2014/oclcresearch-collection-directions-preprint- 2014.pdf • Stewardship of the Evolving Scholarly Record http://www.oclc.org/research/publications/2015/oclcresearch-esr-stewardship-2015.html 53

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