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Open Knowledge: Wikipedia and Beyond

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Slides for a workshop session on "Open Knowledge: Wikipedia and Beyond" facilitated by Brian Kelly and Simon Grant, Cetis at the Cetis 2014 conference at the University of Bolton on 17-18 June 2014.

See http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/cetis-2014-open-knowledge-wikipedia-and-beyond/

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Open Knowledge: Wikipedia and Beyond

  1. 1. Presentation by Brian Kelly, UKOLN on 25 October 2012 for an Open Access Week event at the University of Exeter 1 Session facilitated by Brian Kelly and Simon Grant, Cetis at the Cetis 2014 conference: Building the Digital Institution Open Knowledge: Wikipedia and Beyond Event hashtag: #cetis14
  2. 2. Open Knowledge: Wikipedia and Beyond Brian Kelly Innovation Advocate Cetis University of Bolton Bolton, UK Contact Details Email: ukwebfocus@gmail.com Twitter: @briankelly Blog: http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/ Cetis Web site: http://www.cetis.ac.uk/ Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/ events/cetis-2014-open-knowledge-wikipedia-and-beyond/ Event hashtag: #cetis14 Simon Grant Cetis University of Bolton Bolton, UK Contact Details Email: asimong@gmail.com Twitter: @asimong Blog: http://blogs.cetis.ac.uk/asimong/ Cetis Web site: http://www.cetis.ac.uk/
  3. 3. About the Facilitators (1) Brian Kelly: • Innovation Advocate, Cetis, University of Bolton Involvement in Wikipedia and Wikimedia UK: • Created first article in 2004 • Wikipedia training / edit-a-thons since 2013 • Accredited Wikipedia trainer • Member of Wikimedia UK • Recent talks & workshops on:  Wikipedia in UK HE at EduWiki Serbia 2014  Wikipedia for librarians, Cilip Wales  Wikipedia for researchers, SpotOn 2013 Introduction 3
  4. 4. About the Facilitators (2) Simon Grant: • Senior Researcher and Learning Technology Advisor, Cetis, University of Bolton (0.5) • http://www.simongrant.org/home.html Involvement, not in Wikipedia, but “beyond”: • E-portfolio-related since 1995 – book 2009 • Standardization (& Cetis) since 2002 • Skills (and values) since 2004 • InLOC (skill etc. frameworks) 2011 – 2013 • Extensive experience of consensus working in many contexts 4 Introduction
  5. 5. About the Session Wikipedia is great resource for open education, but what challenges need to be faced to make it into an even more valuable educational resource? It remains the most significant encyclopaedic reference based in user generated content which seeks to develop an “open commons” based on consensus approaches and use of Wikipedia’s “Five pillars” principles which includes content being provided from a neutral point of view. Participants with no experience of Wikipedia editing will be invited to create a Wikipedia user profile, and to understand the basics of creating and editing Wikipedia content. Experienced Wikipedia editors will have the option of sharing a lightning talk on what they consider to be its most significant challenges. The session presenters’ view of the challenges includes a skewed demographic of editors, and a culture that can too easily descend into edit wars, and conflict between “inclusionists” and “deletionists”. Can we envisage changes to make Wikipedia better, or that could seed a better alternative? Could aspiring editors be required to learn and prove their understanding of the governance principles before being allowed to edit? Can consensus process be trained? And would different approaches such as those taken by GitHub, the P2P Foundation, etc. help to improve the culture? The session will raise awareness of the key issues with Wikipedia, and prepare participants for more effective use of Wikipedia as consumer and author, and perhaps even as reformer. 5
  6. 6. About You In brief: • Give your name, institution and area of work • Summarise what you’d like to gain from the session 6 Anyone interested in giving a brief talk today? Introduction
  7. 7. Draft Timetable Subject to change 7 Time Session Wikipedia: Opportunities and Challenges 13.30 Introduction 13.40 About you 14.00 Opportunities provided by Wikipedia 14.30 Identifying and addressing the challenges 15.00 Coffee break Beyond Wikipedia 15.45 Introduction 16.00 Open knowledge & open governance 16.45 Review 17.00 Session finishes Introduction
  8. 8. About You Who: • Has a Wikipedia account? • Created a user profile? • Updated an article? • Created an article? 8 UseofWikipedia
  9. 9. A Wikipedia Account in 30 Seconds 9 Click here from any Wikipedia page Creating a Wikipedia account: • It can be done in 30 seconds Feel free to create an account and profile this during this session UseofWikipedia
  10. 10. Create a User Profile (in a minute) Nancy Graham’s user profile 10 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Msnancygraham User: msnancygraham Use search box as a quick way to find user profiles
  11. 11. Create a User Profile Nancy Graham’s user profile 11 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Msnancygraham User: msnancygraham
  12. 12. Today’s Goal : Create a User Profile http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/User:Lawsonstu 12 UseofWikipedia
  13. 13. About You Who: • Has looked at the history of Wikipedia articles? • Has contributed to a talk page? • Has addressed cleanup requests? 13 UseofWikipedia
  14. 14. Is Wikipedia Relevant in HE? The problem we’re facing: 14 Wikipedia in the library - the elephant in the (reading) room? Nancy Graham and Andrew Gray, LILAC 2014 RelevanceofWikipedia
  15. 15. Is Wikipedia Relevant in HE? The opportunity we have: 15 Wikipedia in the library - the elephant in the (reading) room? Nancy Graham and Andrew Gray, LILAC 2014 RelevanceofWikipedia
  16. 16. Why Wikipedia is Important From Wikimedia UK https://wiki.wikimedia.org.uk/wiki/Expert_outreach RelevanceofWikipedia
  17. 17. Eduwiki (UK) 2013 Eduwiki conference: • Held in Cardiff on 1-2 Dec 2013 • Second EduWiki UK conference Covered: • Case studies from higher education and schools • Broader considerations 17
  18. 18. Wikipedia: the Opportunities Group discussion 1 • What opportunities can Wikipedia provide:  For learners?  For academics and learning support staff?  For the institution?  For others? • How should we go about ensuring that such opportunities are achieved? 18 Groupdiscussion
  19. 19. Wikipedia: the Challenges Group discussion 2 • What barriers to effective use of Wikipedia can we expect:  For learners?  For academics and learning support staff?  For the institution?  For others? • How should we go about addressing these barriers? 19 Groupdiscussion
  20. 20. Wikipedia: Challenges in Editing Group discussion 3 • What challenges can we expect in updating existing articles? • How would we address these barriers? 20
  21. 21. Wikipedia: our Conclusions Group discussion 4 • What conclusions regarding use of Wikipedia in learning have we reached? 21 Groupdiscussion
  22. 22. Additional Slides Additional slides on • Two case studies from EduWiki 2013 • Wikimania 2014 • Wikipedia principles 22
  23. 23. Two Case Studies Summary of two case studies presented at EduWiki 2013: • Safe Use of Wikipedia in the Transition from School to University, Lisa Anderson and Nancy Graham, University of Birmingham (now Roehampton) • Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages, Humphrey Southall, University of Portsmouth 23 EduWiki2013
  24. 24. Outreach work by University of Birmingham Library • Demonstrate information literacy approaches to school pupils • Students surprised that Wikipedia was shown 24
  25. 25. Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages This was the assignment (see “Telling the stories of rural England with Wikipedia” ) 25 Humphrey Southall at EduWiki conference EduWiki2013
  26. 26. Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages 26 Notice how: • Neutral Point of View principle was addressed • Students introduced to concept of citations EduWiki2013
  27. 27. Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Example of article chosen for updating by student 27 EduWiki2013
  28. 28. Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Article after updating 28 EduWiki2013
  29. 29. Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Students learn about researching and citations 29 EduWiki2013
  30. 30. Wikimania 2014 Wikimania 2014 will be held in London in August 2014 30 Wikimania 2014, annual international conference, London 8-10 August 2014.
  31. 31. The Five Pillars Fundamental principles by which the Wikimedia community operates... Wikipedia: 1. is an encyclopedia 2. is written from a neutral point of view 3. is free content that anyone can edit / use/ modify / share 4. editors should respect each other 5. does not have any firm rules 31 FivePillars
  32. 32. Key Principles for Content (1) No original research All research must come from published sources e.g. • Peer-reviewed journals • Peer-reviewed books • University-level textbooks • Magazines, journals and books published by respected publishing houses • Mainstream newspapers 32 FivePillars
  33. 33. Key Principles for Content (2) Neutral Point of View Content should be provided from a neutral point of view: • If your viewpoint is in the majority, then it should be easy to substantiate it with reference to commonly accepted reference texts; • If your viewpoint is held by a significant minority, then it should be easy to name prominent adherents; • If your viewpoint is held by an extremely small minority, then — whether it's true or not, whether you can prove it or not — it doesn't belong in Wikipedia, except perhaps in some ancillary article. 33 FivePillars
  34. 34. ANY QUESTIONS? Cartoon 34
  35. 35. Questions? Any questions, comments, …? 35
  36. 36. This presentation, “Open Knowledge: Wikipedia and Beyond” by Brian Kelly, Cetis is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence Note the licence covers most of the text in this presentation. Quotations may have other licence conditions. Images may have other licence conditions. Where possible links are provided to the source of images so that licence conditions can be found. 36 Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/cetis-2014-open-knowledge- wikipedia-and-beyond/ Licence and Additional Resources

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