National Gap Analysis Program


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An overview of the U.S. national Gap Analysis Program, including the terrestrial GAP (state GAPs, regional gap analyses) and aquatic GAP. Addresses tools, services, status of efforts, and use of GAP data in state wildlife action plans.

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  • National Gap Analysis Program

    1. 1. National Gap Analysis Program Reston, Virginia June 14, 2007
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>GAP current status </li></ul><ul><li>GAP strategic direction </li></ul><ul><li>New approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GAP and Landfire partnership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southeast GAP partnerships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hierarchical species modeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leadership in Protected Areas data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GAP & State Wildlife Action Plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GAPServe </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Terrestrial GAP projects
    4. 4. Terrestrial GAP projects
    5. 5. Completed Aquatic GAP Projects
    6. 6. Ongoing Aquatic GAP Projects
    7. 7. State Southeast Mississippi River Basin Potential Aquatic GAP Projects
    8. 8. Aquatic GAP Strategic Plan <ul><li>Completed in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USGS Science (BRD, WRD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Federal agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Aquatic GAP Strategic Plan: Research and Modeling <ul><li>Science working group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USGS Science and Coop Units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First meeting, January 2006 </li></ul>
    10. 10. Aquatic GAP Strategic Plan: Highlights <ul><li>Program management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continued stakeholder involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong partnerships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integrate terrestrial and aquatic </li></ul><ul><li>National scale, by watershed </li></ul><ul><li>Disseminate data and methodologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GapServe </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. How do we set a direction? <ul><li>Strategic plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requesting input </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feedback from GAPServe </li></ul><ul><li>Develop guidance team recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Anecdotal information from partners </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GAP collaboration with USFWS in NW, SE & NE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southwest GAP data applications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of GAP data and information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SWAPs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online GAP decision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>support tool </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Terrestrial GAP guiding principles <ul><li>Maintain formal GAP mission objectives </li></ul><ul><li>GAP’s primary role is viewed as data provider </li></ul><ul><ul><li>vegetation, species models, stewardship </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GAP must provide some assistance with applications </li></ul><ul><li>GAP’s focus is on biodiversity assessment </li></ul><ul><li>GAP giving high priority to national coverages </li></ul><ul><li>Terrestrial and Aquatic GAP collaborate closely </li></ul>
    13. 13. Spatial Extent: Nationwide Spatial Resolution (size of MMU) Thematic Resolution (number and accuracy of Ecological Systems) Land Cover Tradeoffs Spatial Extent Spatial Resolution Spatial Extent Thematic Resolution
    14. 14. Spatial Extent (size of area to map) Spatial Resolution (pixel size or MMU) Thematic Resolution (level of thematic detail) Evaluating New Approaches Spatial Extent Thematic Resolution Spatial Extent Spatial Resolution
    15. 15. GAP Land Cover Timeline
    16. 16. National Mapping Programs National Land Cover Dataset USGS Landfire Interagency Partnership Forest service & USGS Coastal Change Analysis Program NOAA Gap Analysis Program USGS
    17. 17. Ecological Systems & NVCS Too complex Too coarse Meaningful to Biologists & Mappable by Remote Sensors US NVC Association US NVC Alliance US NVC Formation Ecological System
    18. 18. GAP & LANDFIRE comparison Example from Southwestern, US LANDFIRE GAP
    19. 19. Eastern Partnerships <ul><li>Atlantic Coast JV co-wrote proposal for AFWA Multistate Conservation Funding Program </li></ul><ul><li>3 years, $500k </li></ul><ul><li>“ Designing Sustainable Landscapes for Bird Populations in the Eastern United States” </li></ul>
    20. 20. Eastern Partnerships Proposal Objectives <ul><li>Assess the current capability of habitats in ecoregions in the eastern United States to support sustainable bird populations </li></ul><ul><li>Predict the impacts of landscape-level changes (e.g., from urban growth, conservation programs, climate change) on the future capability of these habitats to support bird populations </li></ul><ul><li>Target conservation programs to effectively and efficiently achieve objectives in State Wildlife Action Plans and bird conservation plans and evaluate progress under these plans; and </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance coordination among partners during the planning, implementation and evaluation of habitat conservation through conservation design </li></ul>
    21. 21. Eastern Partnerships Proposal Objectives <ul><li>Assess current capability of habitats to support sustainable bird populations </li></ul><ul><li>Predict impacts of landscape-level changes (e.g., urban growth, conservation programs, climate change) on these habitats </li></ul><ul><li>Target conservation programs to effectively and efficiently achieve </li></ul><ul><ul><li>objectives in SWAP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bird conservation plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>evaluate progress under these plans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enhance coordination among partners </li></ul>
    22. 22. Species modeling: Reduce number of species <ul><li>Hierarchical approach </li></ul><ul><li>Provide biological context </li></ul><ul><li>Continue with biodiversity assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on species we can model well and are important to partners (i.e., PIF) </li></ul>
    23. 23. Species modeling: Innovative approaches <ul><li>Building partnerships from beginning with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Heritage Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partners in Flight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint Ventures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creating a dynamic modeling database </li></ul><ul><li>Using current modeling approaches </li></ul>
    24. 24. Pygmy rabbit predictive distribution maps for WY No pygmy rabbits found No pygmy rabbits found Pygmy rabbits present
    25. 25. GAP Stewardship status
    26. 26. Stewardship/Protected areas <ul><li>Future of protected areas database </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consortium of key partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finer resolution data (i.e., land trusts) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GAP status code/IUCN category crosswalk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ speak a common language’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present results to WCPA in Sept. 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benefit Aquatic GAP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify aquatic protected areas </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. State Wildlife Action Plans <ul><li>University of Idaho survey of SWAP coordinators regarding GAP data use </li></ul><ul><li>Publications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulletin articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fact sheet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Workshops in SW </li></ul><ul><li>Professional meetings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2005 and 2007 National Gap Analysis conference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2007 ESA/SER meeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AFWA ‘One year later’ meeting </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. 2005 Survey GAP data use in State Wildlife Action Plans Species list (n=2) Report narrative (n=1) Stewardship (n=6) Species richness (n=1) Aquatic data (n=2) Land cover (n=22) Species distributions (n=10) Habitat models (n=12)
    29. 29. GAP data use in development of SWAPs
    30. 30. Components of SWAP plans addressed with GAP data
    31. 31. Desired modifications to GAP data from SWAP coordinators <ul><li>More regional data </li></ul><ul><li>More aquatic data </li></ul><ul><li>More information on habitat change </li></ul><ul><li>More information on habitat condition </li></ul><ul><li>More information on invasive species </li></ul><ul><li>Better delineation between forest types </li></ul><ul><li>Better mapping of linear corridors </li></ul><ul><li>More informative mapping for select species </li></ul>
    32. 32. Southwest GAP & SWAPs <ul><li>Analyze regional data in context of Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also will include GAP species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides regional context to SWAPs and SGCN status </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regional conservation focal areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed by New Mexico SWAP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes ranking of cumulative threats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GAP provides consistent base layers for analysis </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. Aquatic GAP and SWAP’s <ul><li>Missouri Aquatic Ecological Classification Hierarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>used to select conservation areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Upper Tennessee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>advised on priority Virginia fishes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New York and Alabama </li></ul><ul><ul><li>using data and models to support implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>using data and classifications for invertebrate assessments and online SGCN fish mapper </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Iowa Department of Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>used data in the IA River Information System </li></ul></ul>
    34. 34. Aquatic GAP collaboration with NFHAP <ul><li>Support the national habitat assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Provide data on fish habitats and threats </li></ul><ul><li>Develop map-based information system </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory restoration activities </li></ul><ul><li>Provide data and information through NBII </li></ul>
    35. 35. Additional information <ul><li>National Gap Analysis Conference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>September 10-14, 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asheville, North Carolina </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web site: </li></ul>
    36. 36. GAP Contacts <ul><li>Gap Analysis Program Manager, Reston, VA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Mosesso ( [email_address] ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>703-648-4079 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Gap Analysis Operations Manager, Moscow, ID </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kevin Gergely ( [email_address] ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>208-885-3555 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Aquatic Gap Analysis Program, Reston, VA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gabrielle Canonico ( [email_address] ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>703-648-4073 </li></ul></ul></ul>