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Lisa Rosa
Lisa Rosa Die Gegenwart der Vergangenheit „ Richtiges“ Erinnern? NS und Holocaust  im kompetenzorientierten Geschichtsunte...
Inhalt der Präsentation <ul><li>Schwierigkeiten des (Geschichts-) Unterrichts </li></ul><ul><li>Wie erklären sie sich? </l...
Ihre Problembeschreibungen <ul><li>ich denke, „dass der abstrakte Wissenserwerb ohne Bezug zum Erfahrungsraum der SchülerI...
Wie Schüler reagieren <ul><li>„ gefühltes Zuviel“ </li></ul><ul><li>Desinteresse </li></ul><ul><li>großes Interesse  </li>...
Schüler – aus Sicht der Lehrer <ul><li>viele Schüler glauben, alles darüber zu wissen </li></ul><ul><li>Vorurteile, falsch...
Rahmenbedingungen <ul><li>Zeitdruck im Regelunterricht – Gefahr des bloß Formelhaften </li></ul>
<ul><li>unvermeidliche Sachprobleme? </li></ul><ul><li>Vermittlungsprobleme? </li></ul><ul><li>Disziplinprobleme? </li></u...
Motivationsprobleme sind Sinnprobleme <ul><li>Sinn ist immer persönlicher Sinn (individuell spezifisch). </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Bedeutungen sind kulturhistorisch entstandene, gesellschaftlich ausgehandelte Deutungen. </li></ul><ul><li>Persönl...
Zunahme der Sinnbildungs-Probleme im traditionellen Unterricht Grafik: A-Digit / istockphoto
Was tun?  <ul><li>Unterrichtsverständnis traditionell: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>„ Stoff didaktisch aufbereiten“ = (Lehrgangs-...
http://www.marxists.org/archive/leontev/index.htm „ Der Sinn wird nicht durch die Bedeutung erzeugt, sondern durch  das Le...
http://www.marxists.org/archive/leontev/index.htm „ Der Sinn wird nicht durch die Bedeutung erzeugt, sondern durch  das Le...
http://farm6.static.flickr.com/5183/5660961736_9724d6af8a.jpg
http://farm6.static.flickr.com/5183/5660961736_9724d6af8a.jpg <ul><li>John Dewey, „Demokratie und Erziehung.“  </li></ul><...
Lernen I „WAS“ Gegenstand, hier: NS-Holocaust Lernen II „WIE“  Methoden und Instrumente („Lernen lernen“) Lernen III „WARU...
Lernen I „Was“ Gegenstand hier: NS-Holocaust Sekundäre  Gegenstandsebene : Deutungen, Die Geschichte, gesellschaftliche Be...
Lernen I „WAS“ Gegenstand, hier: NS-Holocaust Lernen II „WIE“  Methoden und Instrumente („Lernen lernen“) Lernen III „WARU...
Lernarrangement zur Sinnbildung <ul><li>Setting : Projektlernen statt Lehrgangsunterricht </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalte : Indi...
Prinzipien <ul><li>vorgeben </li></ul><ul><li>Strukturen, Prozessorganisation </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumente </li></ul><ul>...
Projektspirale
Was gibt es im Projektseminar? <ul><li>Teil 1: </li></ul><ul><li>„ Selbsterkundung“ = </li></ul><ul><li>Lernen I, II, III ...
<ul><li>Kompetenzorientierung? </li></ul>
Kompetenzen  sind nach  Franz E. Weinert  <ul><li>„ die bei Individuen verfügbaren oder durch sie erlernbaren kognitiven F...
 
Historisch Denken lernen anleiten können
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Die Gegenwart der Vergangenheit. "Richtiges" Erinnern? NS und Holocaust im kompetenzorientierten Geschichtsunterricht

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Zur Einleitung in das Projektseminar 2011 für Lehrer, Referendare und Lehramtsstudenten an der KZ-Gedenkstätte Neuengamme

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy &amp; Proven Way to Build Good Habits &amp; Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy &amp; Proven Way to Build Good Habits &amp; Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Die Gegenwart der Vergangenheit. "Richtiges" Erinnern? NS und Holocaust im kompetenzorientierten Geschichtsunterricht

  1. 1. Lisa Rosa
  2. 2. Lisa Rosa Die Gegenwart der Vergangenheit „ Richtiges“ Erinnern? NS und Holocaust im kompetenzorientierten Geschichtsunterricht Lisa Rosa, LI
  3. 3. Inhalt der Präsentation <ul><li>Schwierigkeiten des (Geschichts-) Unterrichts </li></ul><ul><li>Wie erklären sie sich? </li></ul><ul><li>Wie kann man sie beheben? </li></ul><ul><li>Wie gehen wir in unserem Projektseminar vor? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ihre Problembeschreibungen <ul><li>ich denke, „dass der abstrakte Wissenserwerb ohne Bezug zum Erfahrungsraum der SchülerInnen sie nicht zum Fragen und Verstehen/Lernen im weitesten Sinne bringt. Oft höre ich zudem von SchülerInnen, dass sie von den Themen ‚übersättigt‘ sind, wobei es meiner Einschätzung nach nicht an der reinen ‚Menge‘, sondern an der oft als moralisch empfundenen Art der Vermittlung liegt.“ </li></ul>
  5. 5. Wie Schüler reagieren <ul><li>„ gefühltes Zuviel“ </li></ul><ul><li>Desinteresse </li></ul><ul><li>großes Interesse </li></ul><ul><li>fehlender persönlicher Bezug </li></ul><ul><li>Abwehr </li></ul><ul><ul><li>nicht aktuell, keine Relevanz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bedrückend, moralisch, beschuldigend </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Schüler – aus Sicht der Lehrer <ul><li>viele Schüler glauben, alles darüber zu wissen </li></ul><ul><li>Vorurteile, falsche Vorstellungen </li></ul><ul><li>8. Klasse (13 Jahre) - zu jung? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rahmenbedingungen <ul><li>Zeitdruck im Regelunterricht – Gefahr des bloß Formelhaften </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>unvermeidliche Sachprobleme? </li></ul><ul><li>Vermittlungsprobleme? </li></ul><ul><li>Disziplinprobleme? </li></ul><ul><li>Motivationsprobleme? </li></ul>Ursachen wo suchen?
  9. 9. Motivationsprobleme sind Sinnprobleme <ul><li>Sinn ist immer persönlicher Sinn (individuell spezifisch). </li></ul><ul><li>Sinn kann nicht „vermittelt“, „gelehrt“, „gestiftet“ werden. </li></ul><ul><li>Gelehrt werden können nur gesellschaftliche Bedeutungen. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Bedeutungen sind kulturhistorisch entstandene, gesellschaftlich ausgehandelte Deutungen. </li></ul><ul><li>Persönlicher Sinn betrifft das Verhältnis des Individuums zum Gegenstand und zu dessen gesellschaftlichen Bedeutungen. </li></ul><ul><li>Sinn wird vom Lernenden gefunden/gebildet. </li></ul><ul><li>Lernen ohne persönlichen Sinn ist nicht möglich. </li></ul><ul><li>Persönlicher Sinn kann gebildet / entdeckt werden durch die Frage: „Was hat der Gegenstand mit mir zu tun?“ </li></ul>
  11. 11. Zunahme der Sinnbildungs-Probleme im traditionellen Unterricht Grafik: A-Digit / istockphoto
  12. 12. Was tun? <ul><li>Unterrichtsverständnis traditionell: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>„ Stoff didaktisch aufbereiten“ = (Lehrgangs-) Unterricht planen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unterricht durchführen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>„ Schüler haben gelernt“ (wenn nicht, dann haben sie nicht „aufgepasst“ oder sind IQ-mäßig „überfordert“) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unterrichten neu gedacht: </li></ul><ul><li>Lernprozesse organisieren </li></ul><ul><li>Lernen geht (heute) wie? </li></ul>
  13. 13. http://www.marxists.org/archive/leontev/index.htm „ Der Sinn wird nicht durch die Bedeutung erzeugt, sondern durch das Leben.“ Alexej N. Leont‘ev
  14. 14. http://www.marxists.org/archive/leontev/index.htm „ Der Sinn wird nicht durch die Bedeutung erzeugt, sondern durch das Leben.“ Alexej N. Leont‘ev <ul><li>A. N. Leont‘ev, „Tätigkeit, Bewußtsein, Persönlichkeit.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Kulturhistorische Schule der Psychologie (Vygotskij) </li></ul><ul><li>Tätigkeitstheorie, Activity Theory </li></ul>
  15. 15. http://farm6.static.flickr.com/5183/5660961736_9724d6af8a.jpg
  16. 16. http://farm6.static.flickr.com/5183/5660961736_9724d6af8a.jpg <ul><li>John Dewey, „Demokratie und Erziehung.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Projektlernen </li></ul>
  17. 17. Lernen I „WAS“ Gegenstand, hier: NS-Holocaust Lernen II „WIE“ Methoden und Instrumente („Lernen lernen“) Lernen III „WARUM“ Sinnbildung lernen (Lernmotive bilden) Lernen heute
  18. 18. Lernen I „Was“ Gegenstand hier: NS-Holocaust Sekundäre Gegenstandsebene : Deutungen, Die Geschichte, gesellschaftliche Bedeutung, Geschichte der Deutungen … Primäre Gegenstandsebene : Die Fakten, Die Vergangenheit, „ NS“ „Holocaust“
  19. 19. Lernen I „WAS“ Gegenstand, hier: NS-Holocaust Lernen II „WIE“ Methoden und Instrumente („Lernen lernen“) Lernen III „WARUM“ Sinnbildung lernen (Lernmotive bilden) Hohe Komplexität
  20. 20. Lernarrangement zur Sinnbildung <ul><li>Setting : Projektlernen statt Lehrgangsunterricht </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalte : Individualisierung des Themas: Komplexe Aufgabe, individuelle Fragen der SuS </li></ul><ul><li>Lernformen : Kollaboratives Lernen statt Vereinzelung (Ideen u. Perspektiven teilen, nicht “Thema aufteilen“) </li></ul><ul><li>Steuerung : Selbstbestimmtes Lernen nach persönlichem Sinn statt Belehrung mit vorgegebenen Urteilen: Ergebnisoffenheit, Prozesssteuerung statt Ergebnissteuerung </li></ul>
  21. 21. Prinzipien <ul><li>vorgeben </li></ul><ul><li>Strukturen, Prozessorganisation </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumente </li></ul><ul><li>großes (Über-) Angebot an Informations- und Kommunikations-möglichkeiten </li></ul><ul><li>nicht vorgeben </li></ul><ul><li>Stoff, Inhalte </li></ul><ul><li>Fragen </li></ul><ul><li>Lernziele </li></ul><ul><li>Ergebnisse </li></ul>
  22. 22. Projektspirale
  23. 23. Was gibt es im Projektseminar? <ul><li>Teil 1: </li></ul><ul><li>„ Selbsterkundung“ = </li></ul><ul><li>Lernen I, II, III mit Projektmethode am Gegenstand selbst erleben und reflektieren </li></ul><ul><li>Teil 2: </li></ul><ul><li>„ Didaktische Erschließung“ = </li></ul><ul><li> Lernprozesse für andere auf neue Weise gestalten </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Kompetenzorientierung? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Kompetenzen sind nach Franz E. Weinert <ul><li>„ die bei Individuen verfügbaren oder durch sie erlernbaren kognitiven Fähigkeiten und Fertigkeiten, um bestimmte Probleme zu lösen, sowie die damit verbundenen motivationalen, volitionalen und sozialen Bereitschaften und Fähigkeiten , um die Problemlösungen in variablen Situationen erfolgreich und verantwortungsvoll nutzen zu können.“ </li></ul>
  26. 27. Historisch Denken lernen anleiten können
  27. 28. Fachkompetenzen Geschichte

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