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Anthropometric tests blood pressure session 5


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Anthropometric tests blood pressure session 5

  1. 1. Anthropometric Tests 3 Resting Heart Rates & Blood Pressure Session 5
  2. 2. <ul><li>Aim – To be able to carry out precise health related anthropometric tests on a client and give appropriate feedback.(Assessment 1) </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives – </li></ul><ul><li>To demonstrate the ability to locate pulse sites & identify resting heart rates in relation to fitness levels. </li></ul><ul><li>To demonstrate the ability to use blood pressure machines take readings and identify results with any health risks. </li></ul><ul><li>Please Note - If necessary the last objective will be continued in the next session to ensure the tests are completed accurately. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Last Session you: </li></ul><ul><li>Took body fat measurements using fat calipers on 4 different sites. </li></ul><ul><li>Used the figures to work out, body fat %, lean body weight & Fat body weight. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Recap worksheet (5 minutes) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>It is important that as a PT you are competent able to take pulse rates quickly and accurately for a number of reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Pulse rate is an indicator of fitness. </li></ul><ul><li>Pulse rates identify intensity of activities. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The pulse can be taken in a number of locations. </li></ul><ul><li>The 2 sites you need to be able to locate are: </li></ul><ul><li>The Brachial Artery (wrist) </li></ul><ul><li>The Carotid Artery (throat) </li></ul><ul><li>Take the pulse count the beats for 15 seconds and times by 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. 23 x 4 = 92 beats per minute </li></ul>
  6. 6. Locate the Brachial artery by placing pressure with the first 2 fingers on the THUMB side of the wrist.
  7. 8. <ul><li>Locate your brachial artery. </li></ul><ul><li>Rest your arm comfortably on the table. </li></ul><ul><li>Uncross your legs. </li></ul><ul><li>Record result! </li></ul><ul><li>Locate your caratid artery. </li></ul><ul><li>Uncross your legs. </li></ul><ul><li>Record result! </li></ul><ul><li>COMPLETE WORKSHEET 1 (5 MINUTE TASK) </li></ul>
  8. 9. MEN AGE 18-25 26-35 36-45 46-55 56-65 65+ ATHLETE 49-55 49-54 50-56 50-57 51-56 50-55 EXCE’T 56-61 55-61 57-62 58-63 57-61 56-61 GOOD 62-65 62-65 63-66 64-67 62-67 62-65 ABOVE AVERAGE 66-69 66-70 67-70 68-71 68-71 66-69 AVERAGE 70-73 71-74 71-75 72-76 72-75 70-73 BELOW AVERAGE 74-81 75-81 76-82 77-83 76-81 74-79 POOR 82+ 82+ 83+ 84+ 82+ 80+
  9. 10. WOMEN AGE 18-25 26-35 36-45 46-55 56-65 65+ ATHLETE 54-60 54-59 54-59 54-60 54-59 54-59 EXCE’T 61-65 60-64 60-64 61-65 60-64 60-64 GOOD 66-69 65-68 65-69 66-69 65-68 65-68 ABOVE AVERAGE 70-73 69-72 70-73 70-73 69-73 69-72 AVERAGE 74-78 73-76 74-78 74-77 74-77 73-76 BELOW AVERAGE 79-84 77-82 79-84 78-83 78-83 77-84 POOR 85+ 83+ 85+ 84+ 84+ 84+
  10. 11. <ul><li>What different factors could affect this test? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you need to consider each time you do this test on a client? </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Purpose- </li></ul><ul><li>To measure resting blood pressure at systole (heart contraction) and diastole (heart relaxation) as recorded in the arm. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood pressures outside the normal range are indicators of poor health and can represent a significantly higher chance of cardiovascular disease. </li></ul><ul><li>The measurement is part of the screening process prior to exercise prescription and an indicator of any changes needed in lifestyle. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Systole, The highest pressures occur during systole as blood is ejected into the  aorta  and subsequent arteries of the body.  </li></ul><ul><li>Diastole , the heart's resting phase, follows systole. During diastole the ventricles fill with more blood. Systemic pressures fall until more blood is ejected during systole. </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>1. Take blood pressure in a quiet room where there are no distractions. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The client should be relaxed and rested. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The client should be seated, legs uncrossed, arm extended at the elbow, and supported at the heart level with palm facing up (supine) </li></ul><ul><li>4. The cuff is placed around the bare upper arm. </li></ul><ul><li>5. The cuff stethoscope should be placed on the brachial artery just above the elbow joint. </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>In groups of 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Your are to take turns in taking each others blood pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>1 person to be the client </li></ul><ul><li>1 person to administer test & take readings </li></ul><ul><li>1 person to assess using the worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the worksheet for group rotation. </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>Normal blood pressure is: </li></ul><ul><li>(Systole)120 (Diastole) 80 </li></ul><ul><li>Results should be recorded as 120/80 </li></ul><ul><li>Low blood pressure in young athletic people is common eg as low as 90/70 </li></ul><ul><li>A low risk associated with elevated blood pressures (hypertension) at or above 140/90 </li></ul><ul><li>A high risk and indicative of medical intervention before strenuous exercise is a resting systolic measurement of over 160 </li></ul>
  16. 20. <ul><li>You now know how to locate and take resting pulse in 2 locations. You can then describe fitness levels using the charts you have been given. </li></ul><ul><li>You can demonstrate the ability to correctly administer blood pressure tests, using verbal explanations throughout. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of you can analyse the blood pressure readings and give advice on health dangers associated with hypertension and ways to reduce blood pressure. </li></ul>
  17. 21. <ul><li>Blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>(continued from last session if needed) </li></ul><ul><li>Bioimpedance (electrical body fat) </li></ul><ul><li>Correct use of electrical equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Postural analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Essential test for overall health & prevention of injury. </li></ul>