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Elementary Education: Introduction to Maps


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Learning is fun! Integrating technology into the classroom is one way to add excitement to the learning.

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Elementary Education: Introduction to Maps

  1. 1. The direction of the Earth’s rotation, as it revolves (travels) around the Sun.
  2. 2. How do we use a Globe? North Equator West East South First, we have to learn how to tell directions.
  3. 3. Understanding the Globe North West East 0, 0 South
  4. 4. L Latitude o n g i t u d Larry the long legged Giraffe hiked up and down the trails. While Dominic the Donkey with the attitude walked around in circles. e
  5. 5. Compass Rose A compass rose is a design on a map that shows directions. It shows north, south, east, west, northeast, northwest, southeast, and southwest. NW NE On the compass rose, only north is filled in. Fill in the rest of the directions on the compass rose, using the standard abbreviations: •N=North, •S=South, •E=East, W E •W=West, •NE=Northeast, •NW=Northwest, •SE=Southeast, •SW=Southwest. SW SE When north is at the top of the compass rose (as it often is), south is at the bottom, east is on the right, and west is on the left. Northeast is between north and east, S northwest is between north and west, southeast is between south and east, and southwest is between south and west.
  6. 6. The Compass Rose has many different designs, below are a few. It should always put on the map with the North pointing Northward.
  7. 7. Most historians agree that the magnetic compass originated in China. A Chinese scholar described a magnetic compass in a text dated about 83 AD. The first magnetic compasses designed for navigation were probably developed in the 11th century by navigators in China and Europe. National Maritime Museum/Dorling Kindersley
  8. 8. Magnetic North attracts the needle in the compass to ALWAYS point towards the North Pole.
  9. 9. 1. Africa 2. Antarctica 3. Asia 4. Australia 5. Europe 6. North America 7. South America
  10. 10. ? 1. Africa 1. Africa 2. Antarctica 2. Antarctica 3. Asia 3. Asia 4. Australia ? 4. Australia 5. Europe (Greenland which is part of Demark) 5. Europe 6. North America 6. North America 7. South America 7. South America ?
  11. 11. How do they make a map from the globe?
  12. 12. Werner projection Goode homolosine projection Mollweide projection
  13. 13. Map from C.I.A. website:
  14. 14. 0 50 100 Distance Scale National Legend / Map Key Capital National Border State Border State Border State Capital Railroad Track Compass Rose Trail Airport Mountains Bus Depot River Police Hospital
  15. 15. Sources: Central Intelligence Agency: National Created By Lisa M. Juliano-Coudriet