Insuffisance cardiaque and Heart Murmur


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Heart problems may occur any time and may affect people of all age groups. Some heart problems are inherited while others are developed. Coronary heart disease refers to the failure of blood to reach the heart and surrounding tissue.

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Insuffisance cardiaque and Heart Murmur

  1. 1. By: Lisa BrunHeart problems may occur any time and may affect people of all agegroups. Some heart problems are inherited while others aredeveloped. Coronary heart disease refers to the failure of blood toreach the heart and surrounding tissue. Cardiomyopathy is the heartmuscle disease. It refers to the malfunction of the heart muscle calledthe ‘myocardium’. There can also be cardio vascular diseaseparticularly affects the veins and arteries supplying blood to the heart.Ischaemic heart disease is the decreased flow of blood to the heartand its surrounding tissues. Heart failure can result from the inabilityof the heart to supply enough blood to the rest of the body. This leadsto death. Hypertensive heart disease is caused by high bloodpressure. Inflammatory heart disease is caused due to theinflammation of the heart muscle. Valvular heart disease affects thevalves of the heart.Maladie cardio- A syptom that can occur to AnyoneMurmur is the sound that the heart produces due to the noise theblood makes as it flows through. Most murmurs cannot be heardunless a stethoscope is used. Heart murmur may be the result ofmany different problems. Narrowing or leaking of valves is one suchproblem. Sometimes there may be abnormal passages that allow theblood to flow near the heart(In French maladie cardio). These arepathologic murmurs and should be checked by an expert. On theother hand, functional murmurs are benign. These are due tophysiological conditions outside the heart and are not related directlyto problems with the function of the heart.cardiaque symptome can be Diagonozed
  2. 2. Murmurs can be systolic kind or diastolic kind, depending on thetimings. According to the intensity of the heart murmur over time,they can be classified as crescendo or decrescendo. There are sixplaces on the anterior side of the chest where heart murmurs can beheard. The cardiologist will also check the radiation of the murmur.Radiation refers to the direction of the blood flow. He will also checkthe intensity of the murmur which refers to the intensity of sound ona particular scale. The pitch and quality of the murmur is alsoevaluated.Murmur sounds may change due to certain factors. These includeabrupt standing, squatting, hand grip, positioning of the patient, etc.Heart disease (In French cardiaque symptome) can lead to deathbut does not have to. Live a healthy lifestyle to improve your lifespan.Don’t smoke or use tobacco. Include at least 30 minutes of exerciseon most days of the week. Get enough rest and eat a balanced diet.Insuffisance cardiaque- What is cardiomyopathy?Cardiomyopathy is heart muscle disease. It is basically a disease ofthe ‘myocardium’. It can occur for any reason. This results in death.The dangerous part is that the disease can go undetected.Cardiomyopathy is one of those heart dysfunctions that are dangerousto the person affected by it. There can be two types ofcardiomyopathy. The two types are intrinsic and extrinsic. Extrinsiccardiomyopathy occurs outside the myocardium. Intrinsiccardiomyopathy occurs inside the myocardium. Most of these heartdysfunctions are extrinsic and the most common one is ‘Ischemia’.Intrinsic cardiomyopathy is the weakness of the heart muscle and isnot due to any identifiable external cause. Alcoholism can causedilated cardiomyopathy.
  3. 3. Cardiaque symptome- How do you know if you have cardiomyopathy?Chest pain is the most common symptom. Manifestations ofunderlying disease may occur. ECG abnormalities are easily detected.Flat or inverted T rays are the most common. An echocardiogram caneasily detect wall motion abnormalities. Chest radiograms may benormal or they may show congestive heart failure (In French maladiecardio).What are the types of cardiomyopathy? • Dilated cardiomyopathy- The heart becomes weak and large and cannot pump enough blood. • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy- The heart muscle becomes thick and it is harder for blood to leave the heart. • Ischemic cardiomyopathy- The arteries that supply the heart with blood become narrow. • Restrictive cardiomyopathy- The heart chambers are unable to fill with enough blood because the heart muscle is stiff. • Peripartum cardiomyopathy- This occurs during pregnancy or in the next five months.What are the causes of cardiomyopathy? • The excess use of alcohol and cocaine • Chemotherapy drugs • End-stage kidney disease. • High blood pressure • Infections due to viruses like HIV • Nutritional deficiencies like those of calcium and thiamine • Pregnancy • Genetic defects • Coronary artery disease.Antioxydants can help for the treatment of cardiomyopathyTreatment depends on the type of cardiomyopathy you have. Itdefinitely includes medication. Pacemakers may be implanted.
  4. 4. Treatment offers heart symptom (In French insuffisancecardiaque ) relief until the patient can have a heart transplant.Stem cell therapy is also commercially available but is not yetsupported by enough evidence. Due to the fact that this is a severeproblem, the patient may be required to be on chemicals and drugsfor the rest of his life.Heart failure may suddenly become worse due to angina, eating foodsthat are too salty, infections and other diseases or not takingmedication properly. For more information visit