Insuffisance cardiaque

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The leading causes for a heart failure can be the high blood pressure [which is left uncontrolled over a long period of time], the Diabetes, the Cardiac valve disease which is caused by the rheumatic fever or any other hazardous infections on a body. Coronary artery disease is a condition in which the walls of the artery are blocked due to the deposition the fatty substances on the internals of the arterial walls. This condition is termed as coronary artery disease and this is also one of the causes of heart failure.

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Insuffisance cardiaque

  1. 1. THE CAUSES OF CARDIAC SURGERYCongestive cardiac failure also known as the heart failure can be defined as a condition in which the heartis not able to pump enough blood as the way it should. pump for the proper functioning of the body. Thereare some cases where in the heart cannot be filled with enough pure blood and thatis due to the blocks inthe heart values. In some cases there is the condition that the heart cannot pump enough blood to all thebody organs with enough force. Some people have got either one problem of blockage or both theproblems of blockage and malfunctioning of the heart’s pumping method.It must not be considered that heart failure (In French insuffisance cardiaque) refers directly to thesudden stop of the heart’s functions but it refers to the weak pumping power of the heart. This can affecteither the right side of the heart or the left side of the heart or both sides of the heart.The leading causes for a heart failure can be the high blood pressure [which is left uncontrolled over a longperiod of time], the Diabetes, the Cardiac valve disease which is caused by the rheumatic fever or anyother hazardous infections on a body. Coronary artery disease is a condition in which the walls of the arteryare blocked due to the deposition the fatty substances on the internals of the arterial walls. This condition istermed as coronary artery disease and this is also one of the causes of heart failure.The cardiac surgery (In French chirurgie cardiaque ) takes many forms and the condition of the heartdetermines the surgeon’s approach to perform the cardiac surgery. A heart is composed of tricuspid,pulmonic, mitral, aortic valves, when the chambers contract the valves open to allow blood to flow throughand later they close and avoid blood from flowing in the opposite direction.When these valves become diseased the flow of blood is affected. This causes chest pain and alsoshortness of breath and the required cardiac surgery is made to repair the affected valve. There are fewpersons who are born with sepal defect and this in turn might be causing problems like acute chest pain.In such cases the surgeon does either the by-pass surgery or tries to install the pace maker for effectivefunctioning of the heart. In severe cases even a new heart is required to save the life of an individualaffected by heart failure.Regular exercise and healthy life style should be followed to enable one to lead a stress free long life.
  2. 2. HAVE A HEART AND CARE FOR IT TOO !!How often do you hear about some relative or a friend rushed to the hospital in the middle-of-the-night, dueto heart failure? Surely the news makes you almost miss a heart beat, right? How do you perceive thiscondition of the failure of one of the most important organs of the human body?Normally a condition in which a weakened heart is not capable of pumping enough blood throughout thebody, this leading to the feeling of a reduction of that blessing called life! Similar to other heart ailments,the heart failure has been acquiring epidemic proportions in India in the recent past, but has not receivedadequate public attention. Usually not completely curable, heart failure (In French insuffisancecardiaque) can at least be managed and an attempt can be made to improve the patients quality of life.There can also be certain changes, imperative in the persons life style, also being grateful to theadvancement in technology and the discovery in the various drugs made available, the progression of thedisease can be avoided today. Of course, the treatment can be geared provided the detection is done atthe required stage.What does heart failure imply ?Not literally as the word suggests, does the heart cease to function, nor does it indicate that the heart isgoing to stop functioning. Actually, it refers to the condition of the heart in which the heart becomes soweak that it is unable to pump the required amount of blood carrying enough oxygen and nutrients to meetthe bodys needs. Where the word failure raises the alarm, medically it only refers to a chronic syndrome,that typically develops slowly, also at times referred to as the main reason behind long years of untreateddamage of the heart muscles, when too much strain is caused to the heart all because of the number ofyears multiplied on untreated blood pressure and an abnormal valve.What are the underlying symptoms of heart failure ?Generally heart failure may no have well-defined symptoms as such,but surely results in further damagingthe heart, worsening the health of the concerned person. Most commonly, the person is unable to breathenormally, experiencing a shortness of breath.The number of heart beats per unit of time, often expressed as the beats per minute define the heart rate
  3. 3. (In French frequence cardiaque ) of the person. Used by medical professionals, the heart rate can vary,since the human body needs to absorb oxygen and excrete carbon dioxide changes, such as duringexercise or sleep. When the heart rate gets high, a condition in which the heart beats at an abnormallyfaster rate, it need not be life threatening in all its cases, though it may certainly lead to certain severeconditions, that positively refers to some or the other ailment related to the heart n the person concerned,for those related to the coronary heart diseases, high blood pressure, etc are generally the ones that mayelevate the pulse rate for a longer time. Enable a longer beat , make it stronger !!!There are several reasons for heart failure differing from person to person. The condition in which the heartmuscle is damaged, including several other factors as the Coronary Artery disease, in which the arteriessupplying blood and oxygen to the heart, causes decreased blood flow to the heart muscle. If the arteriesget blocked, the heart becomes starved of oxygen and other nutrients. In other situations, there is thepossibility of a heart attack, when the persons coronary artery suddenly gets blocked, ceasing the flow ofthe blood to the heart muscle, further damaging it, proving detrimental for its functioning. Not only this theheart failure (In French insuffisance cardiaque) may result in Cardiomyopathy, damage caused to theheart muscle may be as a result of the infections caused or by alcoholism, drug abuse, pregnancy or attimes there may be no apparent cause. Many a times, the strain on the persons heart, may be the cause,associated with a high blood pressure, valve disease, thyroid disease, kidney disease, diabetes or otherheart defects present at birth. High blood pressure has always been associated as one of the crucial factorspromoting heart failure.How can heart failure be treated ?The most crucial task is of taking the right kind of precautions in order to promote its longevity, reducing thechances of hospitalization and thereby the risk of death. The symptoms of water retention and shortness ofbreath need to be reduced, and most importantly the factor that is often ignored in the long run-change inthe lifestyle.In case, the heart failure has been diagnosed as mild, the first step towards the path of recovery andprogress can be taken in treading the path steadily and carefully. A healthy diet is the most important factoras eating the right foods high in fiber and less in fat, cholesterol and sugar. The total number of caloriesneed to be reduced in the intake, very obvious if the patient requires to lose weight. Getting rid of the
  4. 4. addiction of smoking, chewing of tobacco or the consumption of alcohol; followed by a regular exerciseregime prescribed by the doctor, encourages the improvement in the heart, working towards the reduction ofHeart Failure progression.In extreme cases, however, the need arises as a wake-up call that cannot be ignored, the need for asurgical procedure. Cardiac surgery (In French chirurgie cardiaque) includes various forms, aimed atsolely stopping further damage to the heart, improving its functioning, including the procedures of implantingdevices such as the heart pumps, implanted into the abdomen, pacemakers, ICDs, coronarystenting,coronary artery bypass grafting as a part of cardiac surgery.

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