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Legalising prostitution

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LEGALISING PROSTITUTION IN INDIA PRESENTATION

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Legalising prostitution

  1. 1. LEGALISINGPROSTITUTIONIN INDIA Presented By, Lirin Baby Nehru School Of Management
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION 'Prostitution forms an age-worn but interesting chapter in the history of civilization and presents an important problem for modern society. All civilized countries have offered solutions, none of which are satisfactory, and only a few of them have even modified its baneful influence' --Arnold Clarkson1
  3. 3. PROSTITUTION  Prostitution is commonly referred to as "the oldest profession", which is ,unfortunately, far from an exaggeration.  Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual relation in exchange for payment or some other benefit.  Prostitution is sometimes described as commercial sex.A person who works in this field is called prostitute  Prostitution is a branch of sex industry.  Status of prostitution varies from country to country, some country said it as a crime while in the other hand there are country regulated that as profession
  4. 4. HISTORY OF PROSTITUTION IN INDIA Oldest Profession... Nagarvadhus-"brides of the town". Devadasis-"temple prostitutes" Binodini Dasi-courtesan and later a Bengali theatre actress. Mujra dancers during the Mughal period.
  5. 5. TYPES OF PROSTITUTION • Street • Brothels • Escorts • Sex tourism • Virtual sex • Gigolo
  6. 6. CONTINUE…  Street :  In street prostitution, the prostitute solicits customers while waiting at street corners, sometimes called "the track" by pimps and prostitutes alike. They usually dress in skimpy, provocative clothing, regardless of the weather.  Brothels:  Brothels are establishments specifically dedicated to prostitution, often confined to special red-light districts in big cities. Other names for brothels include bordello, whorehouse, cathouse, knocking shop, and general houses.  Escorts:  In escort prostitution, the act takes place at the customer's residence or hotel room (referred to as out-call), or at the escort's residence or in a hotel room rented for the occasion by the escort (called in-call).
  7. 7.  Sex tourism:  Sex tourism is travel for sexual intercourse with prostitutes or to engage in other sexual activity.  Virtual sex:  Virtual sex, that is, sexual acts conveyed by messages rather than physically, is also the subject of commercial transactions.  Gigolo:  A man who has a continuing sexual relationship with and receives financial support from a woman. A man who is hired as an escort or a dancing partner for a woman.
  8. 8. RED LIGHT AREAS IN INDIA… Kamathipura in Mumbai Sonagachi in Kolkata G.B. Road in New Delhi Malisahi in Bhubaneshwar Budhwar Peth in Pune Kabadi Bazar in Meerut Manota in Kasganj
  9. 9. FACTS ABOUT PROSTITUTION  In India close to three million women work as prostitutes, of which 1.2 million are below 18. The number of prostitutes rose by 50% between 1997 and 2004.  The red light district in Bombay generates at least $400 million a year in revenue, with 1,00,000 prostitutes servicing men 365 days a year , averaging 6 customers a day, at $2 each.  About 5,000-7,000 Nepalese girls are trafficked to India every day. 1,00,000-1,60,000Nepalese girls are prostituted in brothels in India. About 45,000 Nepalese girls are in the brothels of Bombay and 40, 000 in Calcutta  Sonagachi in Kolkata, Kamathipura in Mumbai, G.B. Road in New Delhi, Reshampura in Gwalior, Budhwar Peth in Pune , host thousands of sex workers & are the famous red light centers in India.
  10. 10. CONTINUE…  There are more than 1,00,000 women in prostitution in Bombay, Asia’s largest sex industry center. 90% of the 1,00,000 women in prostitution in Bombay are indentured slaves.  In Bombay, children as young as 9 are bought for up to 60,000 rupees, orUS$2,000, at auctions where Arabs bid against Indian men who believe that sleeping with a virgin cures gonorrhea and syphilis.  Mumbai and Kolkata(Calcutta) have the country's largest brothel based sex industry, with over 1,00,000 sex workers in Mumbai. It is estimated that more than 50% of the sex workers in Mumbai are HIV-positive. In Surat, a study discovered that HIV prevalence among sex workers had increased from 17% in 1992 to 43% in 2000.  A major part of this industry is controlled by underworld mafias, Pimps (Bharwas, Dalaal), Middle man, Agent, corrupted police etc. this is because of no legal acceptance of this profession.
  11. 11. CAUSES OF PROSTITUTION  Rape victims  Psychological  Lack of recreational facilities  Poverty  Ignorance by the society  Lack of sex education
  12. 12. IMPACT OF PROSTITUTION  Social isolated  Violence from the side who are against the prostitution  It increases :-  child trafficking  STD/HIV diseases  women harassment  sexual violence  Drug addiction
  13. 13. USE OF CHILDREN FOR PROSTITUTION Regarding the prostitution of children the laws on prostitution as well as those on sex with a child apply. If prostitution in general is legal there is usually a minimum age requirement for legal prostitution that is higher than the general age of consent. Although some countries do not single out patronage of child prostitution as a separate crime, the same act is punishable as sex with an underage person.
  14. 14. PROSTITUTION LEGAL STATUS IN INDIA  In India It is a “ Sexual Intercourse between socially inacceptable unions, and is punishable for 3 years / 2000 ` fine under “Immoral Traffic Prevention Act which is a 1986 amendment to the primary law passed in 1950 {known as the Immoral Traffic (Suppression) Act}. If a woman uses attributes of her body voluntarily then it’s legal and allowed. But the law prohibits/criminalize-  Prostitution anywhere near a public place  Publication of phone number of call girls  Organized form of prostitution i.e. a brothel, pimps, Prostitution rings etc.  A sex worker being below 18 years of age  Procurement and trafficking of women, children
  15. 15.  How many of you think Prostitution Should NOT be legalized ?
  16. 16. WHY SHOULD WE LEGALIZE & REGULATE IT?  By legalizing, government can earn a decent tax on this revenue, which will be beneficial to the country’s economy  Legalizing will ensure a secure & safe future for sex-workers, their children and those who’re involved in this.  Government can implement some rules which may include:  Registration of each sex-worker  Licensing of brothels, Dalals, removal of middle-man  Mandatory checks in order to ensure safety for the sex-workers  Girl/child less than 18 years can be prevented from entering into this profession.  These measures will lead to decrease in:  STD/HIV Disease spread  Child trafficking,  women harassment, sexual violence, rape etc
  17. 17. WHY SHOULDN’T WE LEGALIZE IT?  To legalize prostitution would lead to gender inequality.  Also it’s not a profession that should be promoted in India. Because many of the sex-workers choose this as an ‘Absence of choice’. Due to drug addiction, economical problems etc.  By legalizing we would be declaring this as a profession to earn that is hazardous to higher educational goals of young generation.  If we consider the handsome amount of tax that government will get after legalizing it, one question opposes this source of income: “Will ‘they’ pay tax after the legalization?”  Spread of contagious diseases, High risk of exposure to street crimes, unsafe sex, and unemployment.  Many legally young women would see this as a fast way to earn money .  Increase in Divorce rates, hidden-illegal street prostitution.  It will be like putting a band-aid on a wound which will further expand this industry instead of curbing it.  Legalizing prostitution will provoke the religious sentiments of Indian culture.
  18. 18. CONCLUSION  For every argument insisting that legalizing prostitution is the better choice, there is a stronger counter argument. Not only is there a stronger counter argument, but there are clear examples in the countries and places that have legalized prostitution showing that legalization is not the solution .. Legalizing prostitution in these areas has led to more problems than had the matter been left alone and kept illegal. Legalization of prostitution is undoubtedly the wrong decision.

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