Word learning strategies mana tv

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a short presentation for graduate students on word learning strategies and effective vocabulary.

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Word learning strategies mana tv

  1. 1. m n RAJU words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words words
  2. 2. You will learn . . . <ul><li>What is effective vocabulary? </li></ul><ul><li>Why learn more words? </li></ul><ul><li>How many words to learn? </li></ul><ul><li>Which words to learn? </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Knowing a word’ means? </li></ul><ul><li>How to learn words? </li></ul>m n RAJU
  3. 3. Effective Vocabulary <ul><li>The right word </li></ul><ul><li>in the right form </li></ul><ul><li>in the right place. </li></ul>m n RAJU
  4. 4. What is a Word? <ul><ul><ul><li>one or more letters or sounds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>smallest unit for independent use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>separated by spaces in writing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>chief carrier of meaning </li></ul></ul></ul>m n RAJU
  5. 5. Why learn more words? <ul><li>to speak & write better </li></ul><ul><li>to listen & read better </li></ul><ul><li>to think clearly & powerfully </li></ul><ul><li>to invite more ideas </li></ul><ul><li>to communicate effectively </li></ul>m n RAJU
  6. 6. How many words to learn? <ul><li>1,000 words for a basic conversation </li></ul><ul><li>2,000 words to survive through the day </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 words for university education </li></ul><ul><li>Word frequency studies prove </li></ul><ul><li>20% words serve 80% needs </li></ul>m n RAJU
  7. 7. Which words to learn? <ul><li>New vs known </li></ul><ul><li>Important vs not-so-important </li></ul><ul><li>Expressive vs receptive </li></ul>m n RAJU
  8. 8. Knowing a word means . . . m n RAJU
  9. 9. How to Learn Words - 1 <ul><li>Discovery Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incidental learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guess from context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use dictionary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask someone </li></ul></ul>m n RAJU
  10. 10. Guessing Meaning <ul><li>It was at the water queue that Perumayee learnt to fight, push and shove. “If you stand there like a dumb idiot, you will come home with an empty bucket”, screamed Amma. </li></ul>m n RAJU
  11. 11. Use Dictionary m n RAJU
  12. 12. Use a Thesaurus m n RAJU The little boy slipped, tripped, stumbled, tumbled, dropped and fell, but continued his journey till he was ankle-deep in the cold, blue, white and wonderful water in the river.
  13. 13. Learn to Ask <ul><li>“ What’s the word for ___ in English?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ How do you say____ in English?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ What does ____ mean?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ It’s a kind of _____ .” </li></ul><ul><li>“ It’s like a _____ .” </li></ul>m n RAJU
  14. 14. How to Learn Words - 2 <ul><li>Memory Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Memorize </li></ul><ul><li>Use meaning relations </li></ul><ul><li>Use word parts </li></ul><ul><li>Use imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Mnemonics </li></ul>m n RAJU
  15. 15. Spelling <ul><li>Spell these words right? </li></ul><ul><li>apparant, wisper, facinate, conjuror, conseal, savege, guinia-pig, orkestra </li></ul>m n RAJU apparent, whisper, fascinate, conjurer, conceal, savage, guinea-pig, orchestra
  16. 16. Learning Spelling m n RAJU rrpaey eitskr ypnrue ghtrsent deenrrrsu filters
  17. 17. Learning Spelling m n RAJU
  18. 18. Pronunciation <ul><li>coup, diaphragm, bomb, pseudonym, thumb, corps, pneumonia, reign, psalm </li></ul>m n RAJU /kuː/,  /ˈdaɪəfræm/, /bɑm/, /ˈsjuːdənɪm/,   /θ ʌm/, /kɔː(r)/, /njuːˈməʊniə/, /reɪn/, /sɑːm/
  19. 19. Learning Pronunciation <ul><li>Use a dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to newscasts </li></ul><ul><li>Listen carefully </li></ul>m n RAJU
  20. 20. Synonyms m n RAJU Thin Slim Slender Skinny Lean
  21. 21. Antonyms m n RAJU Was he _______ (slavish)? Was he _______ (sad)? The question is _______ (meaningless). Had anything been _______ (right), we should _______ (doubtfully) have heard.
  22. 22. Homophones m n RAJU Aloud – allowed Peace – piece Hire – higher Root – route Might – mite
  23. 23. Homonyms m n RAJU Rise – raise Book – book Bank – bank Story – storey Knees – niece
  24. 24. Collocation m n RAJU Heavy rain Strong wind Mobile phone A quick meal
  25. 25. Collocation m n RAJU homework, effort, mistakes, something, copies, a job Make Do effort mistakes copies money judgments sure a difference sense a decision homework a job something whatever gardening work anything things nothing well Make Do
  26. 26. Lexical Web m n RAJU <ul><li>Liner </li></ul><ul><li>Cabin </li></ul><ul><li>Berth </li></ul><ul><li>Deck </li></ul><ul><li>Port-hole </li></ul><ul><li>On board </li></ul><ul><li>Steward </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking room </li></ul>
  27. 27. Root Words <ul><li>Match the root words on the left with their meanings: </li></ul>m n RAJU Root Meaning chrono year bell short arthro color chrom war vit believe cred joint brev life ann time
  28. 28. Grammar <ul><li>The studiousness of the studious student who studied studiously at the students hostel during the study hours was appreciated. </li></ul>m n RAJU
  29. 29. Using Images m n RAJU Sunshine Lightning Puddles Raindrops Hailstorm Snowflakes Frost Weather Forecast Flood Drought Tidal wave Tornado
  30. 30. Mnemonics m n RAJU <ul><li>Stop Fooling Around, Now Delightful Music </li></ul><ul><li>Abscond – absent in a second </li></ul><ul><li>My very easy method: just set up nine planets </li></ul>
  31. 31. How to Learn Words -3 <ul><li>Metacognitive Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set learning goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conscious effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test yourself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review repeatedly </li></ul></ul>m n RAJU
  32. 32. Practice, more practice m n RAJU <ul><ul><li>Written repetition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spoken repetition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word lists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary notebooks </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. m n RAJU Send your comments to [email_address] This slideshow is available at www.slideshare.net/lionnagaraju www.authorstream.com/tag/lionnagaraju

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