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Research 2.0
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                                      Yuwei Lin

                                                         National Centre for e-Social Science
                                                              University of Manchester
                                                               http://www.ncess.ac.uk
In the next 20 minutes, I will...
                                                          Introduce Web 2.0 briefly
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                          Provide an overview of Research 2.0 and
                                                           some examples
                                                          Challenges emerging in the development of
                                                           Research 2.0 and possible socio-technical
                                                           solutions
Web 2.0
                                                                                     Blogging
                                                                                     Bookmarking
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                                                     File sharing (slides,
                                                                                      photos, videos, tags)
                                                                                     Podcasting
                                                                                     Social networking
                                                                                     Co-authoring (wiki)

                                                         http://web2logo.com/
The World of the Web 2
                                                                         Communities
                                                                         Shared
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                                          resources
                                                                         Connected
                                                                          and networked
                                                                         Diversity
                                                                         A socio-
                                                                          technical world
Research 2.0
                                                          Research powered by Web 2.0 technologies
                                                          Multidisciplinary collaboration
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                          Maintaining relationships
                                                          Sharing resources (e.g., data, tools,
                                                           publications, experiences)
                                                          Store, Browse, Organise, Annotate, Reuse,
                                                           Recreate resources
Powered by the semantic web +
                Folksonomy
OurSpaces.net
                                                Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008
myExperiment.org
                   Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008
SciVee.tv
            Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008
VERA
                                                                        http://vera.rdg.ac.uk/

                                                         - On-site data gathering
                                                         - Integrated Archaeological Database
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                         - VRE Portal
VRE-SDM
                                                         VRE for Studying Documents and Manuscripts
                                                                       http://www.vre.ox.ac.uk
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008
Science 2.0 / Academia 2.0
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                         Nature
                                                         Publishing              Elsevier B.V.
                                                         Group

                                                                            DELL & COLLEXIS
                                                                            (LinkedIn-like)
Socio-technical Issues
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008
Privacy and Confidentiality
                                                          Social networking websites usually offer the
                                                           features of personal profiles and online logs
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                           of personal activities online.
                                                          Fear of being watched and monitored and
                                                           screened.
                                                          Socio-technical solutions: security
                                                           technology + awareness raising
Intellectual Property Rights
                                                                   “Release early, release often”
                                                                    (mantra of the open source
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                                    software community)? ->
                                                                    Concerned over being copied
                                                                    or scooped
                                                                   Contradicting commercial
                                                                    interests if data is provided by
                                                                    private firms
                                                                   Socio-technical solutions e.g.,
                                                                    MyExperiment
Communication
                                                          VRE cf. Face-to-face meetings
                                                          Behavioural change in a Web 2.0
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                           environment
                                                          Languages
                                                          Socio-technical solutions: a better
                                                           Graphical User Interface, Ajax, and
                                                           Communication Space for improving
                                                           human-computer interaction
Multi-disciplinarity
                                                          How to improve mutual understandings in a
                                                           distributed and multidisciplinary environment?
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                          Different terminologies and epistemological
                                                           understandings
                                                          Socio-technical solutions: Semantic web
                                                           (metadata and possibly ontology) + social
                                                           tagging
Data Integration
                                                            Data 2.0
                                                            Open Access
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                            Data in different and incompatible formats
                                                            Context and provenance
                                                            Socio-technical solutions: Semantic Web
                                                             technology + a collective effort of
                                                             conforming to standard data formats and
                                                             better annotations
Organisational Issues
                                                          Community building – who should be
                                                           included/trusted (domain expertise) and who
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                           should be responsible (facilitators)?
                                                          Altruistic or other incentives (e.g.,
                                                           institutional support, monetary reward,
                                                           reputation)?
                                                          Sustainability
                                                          Socio-technical solutions: based on existing
                                                           academic community + open source models
Methodological Innovation
                                                          Collaborative and distributed ways of
                                                           conducting research
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                          To reuse or not to reuse? - Trust building +
                                                           Decision making + Social networking
                                                          Mutual shaping between technology and
                                                           academia
                                                          A paradigm shift?
Acknowledgement
                                                          The NCeSS hub team, particularly Peter
                                                           Halfpenny, Rob Procter, Kenny Baird, Meik
Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008




                                                           Poschen
                                                          Materials from the VERA project
                                                          Materials from the VRE-SDM project
                                                          Various components borrowed/recycled from
                                                           the Web
http://blog.ncess.ac.uk
                          Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008

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Research 2.0 Challenges and Socio-Technical Solutions

  • 1. Research 2.0 Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008 Yuwei Lin National Centre for e-Social Science University of Manchester http://www.ncess.ac.uk
  • 2. In the next 20 minutes, I will...  Introduce Web 2.0 briefly Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008  Provide an overview of Research 2.0 and some examples  Challenges emerging in the development of Research 2.0 and possible socio-technical solutions
  • 3. Web 2.0  Blogging  Bookmarking Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008  File sharing (slides, photos, videos, tags)  Podcasting  Social networking  Co-authoring (wiki) http://web2logo.com/
  • 4. The World of the Web 2  Communities  Shared Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008 resources  Connected and networked  Diversity  A socio- technical world
  • 5. Research 2.0  Research powered by Web 2.0 technologies  Multidisciplinary collaboration Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008  Maintaining relationships  Sharing resources (e.g., data, tools, publications, experiences)  Store, Browse, Organise, Annotate, Reuse, Recreate resources
  • 6. Powered by the semantic web + Folksonomy OurSpaces.net Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008
  • 7. myExperiment.org Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008
  • 8. SciVee.tv Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008
  • 9. VERA http://vera.rdg.ac.uk/ - On-site data gathering - Integrated Archaeological Database Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008 - VRE Portal
  • 10. VRE-SDM VRE for Studying Documents and Manuscripts http://www.vre.ox.ac.uk Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008
  • 11. Science 2.0 / Academia 2.0 Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008 Nature Publishing Elsevier B.V. Group DELL & COLLEXIS (LinkedIn-like)
  • 12. Socio-technical Issues Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008
  • 13. Privacy and Confidentiality  Social networking websites usually offer the features of personal profiles and online logs Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008 of personal activities online.  Fear of being watched and monitored and screened.  Socio-technical solutions: security technology + awareness raising
  • 14. Intellectual Property Rights  “Release early, release often” (mantra of the open source Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008 software community)? -> Concerned over being copied or scooped  Contradicting commercial interests if data is provided by private firms  Socio-technical solutions e.g., MyExperiment
  • 15. Communication  VRE cf. Face-to-face meetings  Behavioural change in a Web 2.0 Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008 environment  Languages  Socio-technical solutions: a better Graphical User Interface, Ajax, and Communication Space for improving human-computer interaction
  • 16. Multi-disciplinarity  How to improve mutual understandings in a distributed and multidisciplinary environment? Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008  Different terminologies and epistemological understandings  Socio-technical solutions: Semantic web (metadata and possibly ontology) + social tagging
  • 17. Data Integration  Data 2.0  Open Access Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008  Data in different and incompatible formats  Context and provenance  Socio-technical solutions: Semantic Web technology + a collective effort of conforming to standard data formats and better annotations
  • 18. Organisational Issues  Community building – who should be included/trusted (domain expertise) and who Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008 should be responsible (facilitators)?  Altruistic or other incentives (e.g., institutional support, monetary reward, reputation)?  Sustainability  Socio-technical solutions: based on existing academic community + open source models
  • 19. Methodological Innovation  Collaborative and distributed ways of conducting research Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008  To reuse or not to reuse? - Trust building + Decision making + Social networking  Mutual shaping between technology and academia  A paradigm shift?
  • 20. Acknowledgement  The NCeSS hub team, particularly Peter Halfpenny, Rob Procter, Kenny Baird, Meik Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008 Poschen  Materials from the VERA project  Materials from the VRE-SDM project  Various components borrowed/recycled from the Web
  • 21. http://blog.ncess.ac.uk Yuwei Lin | Surveying 2.0 | Manchester | 12 March 2008