Development of a PAL Training Video to Support PAL Leadership Training Trainee Leaders could see the sessions in action Were taken through the steps of planning and running sessions GMIT leaders advising future GMIT leaders on best practice etc..
Creative Peer and Teacher Led Strategies that Promote Active Learning and Enhance the First Year Experience
Creative peer and teacher ledstrategies that promote activelearning and enhance the first yearexperience.Dr Carina Ginty & Evelyn Moylan,GMIT, Galway, Ireland.
Agenda• Background to FYE Initiatives Development• Literature Review• The Peer Assisted Learning Programme – PAL/PASS - Student Led Creative Learning Strategies• Learning to Learn Module - Teacher Led Creative Learning Strategies
FYE Initiatives Development BackgroundStrategic Innovation Funding (SIFII) from HEA Project Themes: • Student Led Learning • Curriculum Reform Project Outputs: • Peer Assisted Learning Programme – Study Sessions for First Years led by Student Leaders from Senior Years • Learning to Learn (L2L) module – personal development and study skills module led by lecturers.
Literature Review - Transition to Higher Education - Moving to a New Community“College students are, after all, moving from one community or set of communities (mostcommonly those of the high school and the family) to another. Like other persons in thewider society, they must separate themselves, to some degree, from past associations inorder to make the transition to eventual incorporation in the life of the college. Inattempting to make such transitions, they too are likely to encounter difficulties that areas much a reflection of the problems inherent in shifts of community membership as theyare either of the personality of individuals or of the institution in which membership issought.” (Tinto 1988) - Student Engagement – Student Experience“Most of these studies of the student experience are driven by the need to improvestudent learning in the face of declining levels of student involvement with university.” (McInnis 2004)
- New way of learning driving adaption of active learning teaching techniques“Active learning practice focuses on a variety of tools used to cognitively engagelearners with exploring ideas, accumulating knowledge, and developing schema in away they, to some extent, decide. This has several proven advantages, includingincreased personal motivation, reduction of strategic learning behaviour, improvingdeep understanding, development of critical thinking and development of reflexiveabilities that support life-long learning. These have become part of the articulatedoutcomes for higher education worldwide” (MacVaugh & Norton 2011)There are many approaches to active learning and these include:Action learning (Revans, 1998)Experiential learning (Kolb, 1984)Work-based learning (Gibbs, 1988)Inquiry-based learning (Healey, 2005) and PBL (Savin-Baden, 2003)In the classroom these are manifested in the techniques of: group work, case studies,worked examples, field research, peer teaching, project work, debate and the use of
Creative Peer and Teacher Led Strategies PAL/PASS Programmethat Promote Active Learning and Enhancethe First Year Experience, from DifferentPerspectives Student LedDr Carina Ginty & Evelyn Moylan, Creative LearningGMIT, Galway, Ireland. Strategies
PAL/PASS – Peer Assisted Study Sessions at GMIT is a studysession scheme that offers cross-year support betweenstudents on the same programme.It encourages first year students to support each other andlearn co-operatively under the guidance of a trained student(a Leader) from the 2nd, 3rd or 4th years of the programmeA PASS session is not a Lecture/Tutorial however, it supportsLecturers• Our PAL Model adopted in GMIT was informed by Bournemouth University and University of Manchester and International Centre for Supplemental Instruction.
Rationale and KeyObjectivesTo assist First Years to:Integrate more quickly into collegelifeGet a better understanding of theexpectations of lecturersDevelop learning and study skillsto meet the requirements of theirchosen programmeImprove their understanding of thesubject matter of their programmePrepare better for assessments
Training of Leaders (Module -5 ECTS):Intensive 2 day training – activelearning Leaders trained as facilitatorsPaired usually with someone from theirown yearGiven a training manual and tools – to help them create learningenvironment for FY’sMeet with course co-ordinators to discuss issues on a regular basisObservation sessionLeader Journal – session plan and review forms, reflections,technique analysis.
Example 1 Creative OutputStudent Stars - Development of a PAL TrainingVideo to Support PAL Leadership Training
Example 2 CreativeOutput:PAL LeadersCreative Learning &Promotion Strategies+ UK & IRELEADER CONFERENCEPOSTER AWARD 2012
PAL LeaderPromoting active learningand programmeinvolvement
Example 3: Leader Classroom Strategies•Adapted Strategy cards to suit the requirements of theirown groups•Formed groups from within their disciplines to supporteach other.•Changed sessions from classrooms to Labs to facilitatelearning•Developed list of engaging activities to encourageparticipation•Organised social activities with 1 st years•Developed Facebook sites to share information withstudents•Use of Moodle to chat/forum with Leaders in otherschools and campuses
Example PAL Leader Classroom Strategies‘Icebreakers… we had the opportunity to learn a number of new ice-breakers to learn in PAL sessions. Ice breakers helped to set theatmosphere and provided an opportunity for individuals to bond. Itook it upon myself to research Icebreakers that related well to theoutdoor course and were age appropriate for the group’‘3:2:1…. I often used this strategy as it got the participant thinking ofall the elements within the topic – 3 items they know very well; 2 itemsthey wanted to learn more about , we worked in pairs for these andpresented in pairs, and then 1 thing they were confused about…as agroup we researched and cleared any confusion successfully’Jeopardy – I made this game visual and it helped a lot to get the groupenthusiastic before an exam, questions were rated with differentscores in order of difficulty and it added an element of fun to studey.Qeustios the group didn’t know , they were given bonus points to findthe answers.
Changes Led by Leaders• New PAL Leader and PASS Session Mid Term Networking Events • Hotel School, Galway – Cooking Workshops • Art & Design Workshops • Outdoor Education Programme, Castlebar - Outdoor Pursuits Workshops• Sessions Name Change on timetable to – PASS Peer Assisted Study Sessions • New slogan …Pass the class? The class is PASS!• Ongoing Creativity in Classroom Techniques
Creative Peer and Teacher Led Strategies Learning to Learn Module (L2L)that Promote Active Learning and Enhance the First Year Experience, from Different Teacher Led Creative LearningPerspectivesDr Carina Ginty StrategiesMoylan, & EvelynGMIT, Galway, Ireland.
Rationale for ‘Learning to Learn’ Module• Help students adjust to 3rd level learning demands.• Excite the learner about his/her chosen field of study.• Foster an independent learning mindset at an early stage inthe programme.• Reinforce and develop key academic skills such as ICT,creativity, innovation and teamwork.• Facilitate a students’ transition into third level throughreflection and investigations of learning methodologies.• Prepare and motivate a student for a lifetime of independentand reflective learning.
Most popular Most popular(individual) (group)Essay (88%) Presentation – Poster/PPT. (67%)Reflective Journal (85%) Class discussion participation (63%)Open book test (80%) A Photography Project (64%)Log Book (79%) ‘A Treasure Hunt’ (62%)Paper/book/ webpage Role Playing (55%) & Making review (78%) Models (54%)
Example 1 Teacher Led Creative Strategies PromotingActive Learning and Enhancing FYESample 1 ‘A Piece of Me’ Active Learning ProjectGMIT Humanities LecturerPaul Gosling-Idea came from the populartwo page spread in‘The Guardian’ Newspaper-Select 10 objects which areimportant to you in terms ofFamily history, personaldevelopment, identity etc.
Teacher Led Creative Strategies Promoting ActiveLearning and Enhancing FYEPlay Teacher Experience Video
Example 2 Teacher Led Strategies Promoting ActiveLearning and Enhancing FYESample 2 Active Learning ProjectDeclan SheridanLecturer in Film & DocumentaryGet to Know Galway &Classmates - Photo Hunt Project “The students were given two weeks to do the project and had to meetup and organise a time which suited everyone. The feedback from theproject was very positive and they all saw it as a great ice-breaker. Itreally promoted a team building and problem solving environment whichthey really enjoyed exploring.”
Photo Hunt Project InstructionsBe creative and use the following list as a guide to capture interesting places, people orcircumstances with your cameras:A red carA green bicycleThe biggest treeA group photo with someone wearing a hatA fast food employeeThe most relaxing place you can findThe funniest thing you can findA group picture in a parkThe best graffiti you can find1.A picture of all of your group members together next to the group name, only using objects to writeout the letters in the word. (* use your imagination here, don’t just write it on paper)2.Each group will have to present their selection of 10 digital photos in class.3.All team members must participate in the project, so organise a time that suits you all to meet upand plan your strategies.4.One point will be awarded for each successful photo item on the list and bonus points for use ofcreativity and effort.5.Each group member must submit a 1 page account
• Suggestions to change L2L module name in future should include Creativity in the title• Ongoing Teacher Training Development – (L9) Post Graduate Modules in Learning & Teaching (LIN)• Current Research (CGinty, M.Litt. Education, NUIG) Supporting the first year experience in higher education; impact on student engagement and on academic practice.
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