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10135 a 02

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10135 a 02

  1. 1. Module 2 Configuring Mailbox Servers
  2. 2. Module Overview <ul><li>Overview of Exchange Server 2010 Administrative Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Configuring Mailbox Server Roles </li></ul><ul><li>Configuring Public Folders </li></ul>
  3. 3. Lesson 1: Overview of Exchange Server 2010 Administrative Tools <ul><li>Demonstration: What Is the Exchange Management Console? </li></ul><ul><li>What Are the Exchange Management Shell and Windows PowerShell? </li></ul><ul><li>The Benefits of Remote Windows PowerShell </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange Management Shell Cmdlets </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration: Working with the Exchange Management Shell </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange Management Shell Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Introducing the Exchange Control Panel </li></ul>
  4. 4. Demonstration: What Is the Exchange Management Console? <ul><li>In this demonstration, you will see how to use the Exchange Management Console </li></ul>
  5. 5. Notes Page Over-flow Slide. Do Not Print Slide. See Notes pane.
  6. 6. What Are the Exchange Management Shell and Windows PowerShell? <ul><li>The Exchange Management Shell is a command-line interface used for administering Exchange Server 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>The Exchange Management Shell is built on Windows PowerShell 2.0 remoting </li></ul><ul><li>Windows PowerShell is an extensible scripting and command-line technology that developers and administrators can use to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perform a specific task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combine cmdlets to perform complex administrative tasks </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Benefits of Remote Windows PowerShell Remote Windows PowerShell 2.0 enables: <ul><li>Role Based Access Control </li></ul><ul><li>Client/server management model </li></ul><ul><li>Standard protocols allow easier management through firewalls </li></ul>
  8. 8. Exchange Management Shell Cmdlets All Exchange Management Shell cmdlets use the same syntax Cmdlets can be pipelined to other cmdlets: <ul><li>get-user | sort-object name </li></ul><ul><li>get-user | where-object {$_.name -ilike &quot;a*&quot; } | sort-object name </li></ul>Verb Noun Parameters Example Get User Get-User Get User -Identify -ExternalEmailAddress Enable-Mailuser –Identify Tom – ExternalEmailAddress [email_address]
  9. 9. Demonstration: Working with the Exchange Management Shell <ul><li>In this demonstration, you will see how to: </li></ul><ul><li>Use a simple cmdlet and cmdlet aliases </li></ul><ul><li>Create a mailbox </li></ul><ul><li>Use PowerShell scripting and pipelining </li></ul>
  10. 10. Notes Page Over-flow Slide. Do Not Print Slide. See Notes pane.
  11. 11. Exchange Management Shell Examples Get-User | Where-Object {$_.distinguishedname –ilike &quot;*ou=sales,dc=contoso,dc=com&quot;} | Enable-Mailbox –database “Mailbox Database 1&quot; Get-DistributionGroup &quot;RemoteUsers&quot; | Get-DistributionGroupMember | Set-Mailbox –MaxReceiveSize 10MB Get-Mailbox –server NYC-EX1 | New-MoveRequest –Local –targetDatabase “Mailbox Database 2&quot; Get-Message -Filter {FromAddress -like &quot;Tom*&quot;} | Remove-Message Get-MailboxDatabaseCopyStatus
  12. 12. Introducing the Exchange Control Panel ECP provides Web-based user access to self-manage: <ul><li>Deleted item recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Public groups </li></ul><ul><li>ActiveSync (report wipes, logs) </li></ul><ul><li>Text message configuration </li></ul><ul><li>Account information (location, phone numbers, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Outlook Web App features (signature, message options, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Inbox rules </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic replies </li></ul><ul><li>Report delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Call Answering Rules </li></ul>
  13. 13. Lesson 2: Configuring Mailbox Server Roles <ul><li>Initial Mailbox Configuration Tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration: How to Configure Mailbox Server Role Configuration Options </li></ul><ul><li>What Are Mailbox and Public Folder Databases? </li></ul><ul><li>What Are the Database File Types? </li></ul><ul><li>Mailbox Database Update Process </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration: Configuring Database Options </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange Server 2010 Storage Improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Options for Database Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Data Storage Options: Direct Attached Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Data Storage Options: Storage Area Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration: How to Manage Mailbox Size Limits </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion: Considerations for Implementing Databases </li></ul>
  14. 14. Initial Mailbox Configuration Tasks The initial Mailbox server role tasks are: Secure the server  Configure public folders  Create and configure databases  Configure the offline address book  Configure recipients 
  15. 15. Demonstration: How to Configure Mailbox Server Role Configuration Options <ul><li>In this demonstration, you will see how to configure the Mailbox server role with the Exchange Management Console </li></ul>
  16. 16. What Are Mailbox and Public Folder Databases? <ul><li>Mailbox databases store messages for mailbox-enabled users </li></ul><ul><li>Public folder databases store contents of public folders </li></ul><ul><li>Transaction logs store data changes for databases </li></ul><ul><li>Each database has one set of transaction logs </li></ul><ul><li>Each set of transaction logs has only one database </li></ul><ul><li>Locations of databases and transaction log files should be configured to provide reliability and performance </li></ul><ul><li>Databases no longer use single-instance storage </li></ul>
  17. 17. What Are the Database File Types? A database consists of a collection of file types, each of which performs a different function File Type Purpose <Log Prefix>.chk Checkpoint file <Log Prefix>.log Current transaction log file <Log Prefix>xxxxxxxx.log Transaction log file that was already renamed and filed <Log Prefix>res00001.jrs Reserved transaction logs <Log Prefix>res00002.jrs Reserved transaction logs Tmp.edb Temporary workspace for processing transactions <Log Prefix>tmp.log Transaction log file for the temporary workspace <File Name>.edb Rich text database files that stores content for mailbox and public folder databases
  18. 18. Mailbox Database Update Process Receive message 1 Write message 2 3 Write to DB 4 Update 5 Client access
  19. 19. Demonstration: Configuring Database Options <ul><li>In this demonstration, you will see how to: </li></ul><ul><li>Move database files </li></ul><ul><li>Move transaction log files </li></ul><ul><li>Configure database options </li></ul>
  20. 20. Notes Page Over-flow Slide. Do Not Print Slide. See Notes pane.
  21. 21. Exchange Server 2010 Storage Improvements <ul><li>Improvements have been made in Exchange 2010 to reduce storage costs: </li></ul>Make sure your storage solution meets: <ul><li>Disk I/O requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Redundancy requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced random disk I/O </li></ul><ul><li>Support for larger mailboxes and storing archived data </li></ul><ul><li>Support for lower performance disks and RAID-less (JBOD) deployments </li></ul><ul><li>New mailbox database schema </li></ul><ul><li>Database compaction (defragmentation) runs continuously </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced database size with database compression </li></ul>
  22. 22. Options for Database Storage RAID options: <ul><li>JBOD ― No RAID </li></ul><ul><li>RAID 0 ― Striping </li></ul><ul><li>RAID 1 ― Mirroring </li></ul><ul><li>RAID 5 ― Striping with parity </li></ul><ul><li>RAID 0+1 ― Mirrored striped sets </li></ul><ul><li>RAID 6 ― Striping with double parity </li></ul><ul><li>RAID 1+0 or RAID 10 ― Mirrored sets in a striped set </li></ul>Disk storage options: <ul><li>Serial Advanced Technology Attachment ( SATA) </li></ul><ul><li>Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) </li></ul><ul><li>Solid-state disk (SSD) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Data Storage Options: Direct Attached Storage <ul><li>Benefits of direct attached storage are: </li></ul>Direct Attached Storage <ul><li>Lower cost Exchange Server solution </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to implement </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed failure points </li></ul>
  24. 24. Data Storage Options: Storage Area Networks Storage Area Network Benefits of storage area networks are: <ul><li>Large RAM cache to minimize bottlenecks </li></ul><ul><li>Scalable storage solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple servers can leverage a single SAN </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced backup, recovery, and availability </li></ul>SAN
  25. 25. Demonstration: How to Manage Mailbox Size Limits <ul><li>In this demonstration, you will see how to: </li></ul><ul><li>Create storage limits on mailbox databases </li></ul><ul><li>Use Exchange Management Shell to apply a storage limit to multiple databases </li></ul><ul><li>Override database mailbox storage limits for exceptions </li></ul>
  26. 26. Notes Page Over-flow Slide. Do Not Print Slide. See Notes pane.
  27. 27. Discussion: Considerations for Implementing Databases <ul><li>Discuss the considerations for naming databases </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the considerations for implementing databases </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the considerations for implementing additional Mailbox server roles </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the considerations for choosing appropriate storage </li></ul>
  28. 28. Notes Page Over-flow Slide. Do Not Print Slide. See Notes pane.
  29. 29. Lesson 3: Configuring Public Folders <ul><li>What Are Public Folders? </li></ul><ul><li>Configuring Public Folder Replication </li></ul><ul><li>How Clients Access Public Folders </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration: How to Configure Public Folders </li></ul><ul><li>When to Use SharePoint Instead of Public Folders </li></ul>
  30. 30. What Are Public Folders? A public folder is a repository for different information types All Public Folders Public Folders Internet Newsgroups HR Business Handbook Personnel Forms Marketing Products Public folder tree
  31. 31. Notes Page Over-flow Slide. Do Not Print Slide. See Notes pane.
  32. 32. Configuring Public Folder Replication The messaging administrator controls the destination frequency of the folder Service Replication Component AD DS and Active Directory Public folder directory objects Microsoft Exchange Information Store service Public folder trees Public folder contents
  33. 33. How Clients Access Public Folders Server 5 Server 4 Site Z Site Y Site X Site W Cost=10 User Server 1 Server 2 Server 3 Cost=30 Cost=50 Public Folder Server Server 1 Server 2 Server 3 Server 4 Server 5 Connector Cost N/A N/A N/A N/A Site Link A 10 Site Link C 30 Site Link B 50
  34. 34. Demonstration: How to Configure Public Folders <ul><li>In this demonstration, you will review: </li></ul><ul><li>How to create public folders </li></ul><ul><li>How to configure public folder replication </li></ul><ul><li>How to configure public folder permissions with Office Outlook </li></ul>
  35. 35. Notes Page Over-flow Slide. Do Not Print Slide. See Notes pane.
  36. 36. When to Use SharePoint Instead of Public Folders Scenario Using Public Folders? New to Public Folders? Document Sharing SharePoint may be a better option SharePoint is a better option Calendar Sharing No need to move Use either Contact Sharing No need to move Use either Discussion Forum No need to move Use either Distribution Group Archive No need to move Use either Custom Applications SharePoint may be a better option SharePoint may be a better option Organizational Forms No need to move Use InfoPath
  37. 37. Lab: Configuring Mailbox Servers <ul><li>Exercise 1: Configuring Mailbox Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 2: Configuring Public Folders </li></ul>Logon information Estimated time: 45 minutes Virtual machines 10135A-VAN-DC1 10135A-VAN-EX1 10135A-VAN-EX3 User name Administrator Password Pa$$w0rd
  38. 38. Lab Scenario <ul><li>You are a new messaging administrator at A. Datum Corporation, and your manager has left instructions indicating that you need to create and configure a database for the executive group, and then move the existing database for the accounting group to a new location. Additionally, you need to add an additional public folder database, and then replicate data to it. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Lab Review <ul><li>What happens to the database’s status when you move the database files? </li></ul><ul><li>When you create a public folder, how many replicas does it have? </li></ul>
  40. 40. Module Review and Takeaways <ul><li>Review Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Common Issues and Troubleshooting Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Real-World Issues and Scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Best Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul>
  41. 41. Notes Page Over-flow Slide. Do Not Print Slide. See Notes pane.

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