Outline of Globalization course at FGV/EBAPE


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Outline of Globalization course at FGV/EBAPE
Alex Linhares

Published in: Technology, Business
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Outline of Globalization course at FGV/EBAPE

  1. 1. <ul><li>Globalization, technology, & logistics </li></ul>
  2. 2. World mysteries Why is inflation low while (i) interest rates are also low and (ii) oil prices are high? Why is return on capital at record highs? Why is there a ‘housing bubble’?
  3. 3. Marx ’s view <ul><li>The class struggle under capitalism is between those who own the means of production, the ruling class or bourgeoisie, and those who labor for a wage, the working class or proletariat. </li></ul><ul><li>Communist Manifesto, 1848. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Historic Image : the manifesto
  5. 5. Historic Image : Santa Klaus Marx
  6. 6. Was Marx ’s prophecy correct?
  7. 7. Not really, Mr. Marx! We ’re under a temporary transition.
  8. 8. Emerging economies are catching up…
  9. 9. …and not only on low-skilled labor.
  10. 10. Why rates are so low & so is inflation? Excess liquidity has created a housing bubble.
  11. 11. The largest foreign aid program in world history?
  12. 12. How sustainable is this picture?
  13. 13. Karl Marx’s revenge
  14. 14. Nikon’s stunning gallery <ul><li>Nikon found out that many flickr users had incredible images, & sponsored a “stunning gallery” website in which they could be displayed. </li></ul><ul><li>Nikon later gave out 200 of its new D-80 for free, for it’s pick of best photographers. </li></ul>
  15. 20. Karl Marx Revenge (From Daniel Pink) <ul><li>The means of production, in the form of computers, are now in the hands of the workers, often literally, “cheap enough to buy, small enough to house and easy to operate” </li></ul>
  16. 21. Blogging… <ul><li>Bloggers have repeatedly outflanked the mainstream media on US domestic political news. </li></ul><ul><li>Glenn Reynolds, a law professor at the University of Tennessee, with no background in the media, gets half up to half a million page views a day for his blog, instapundit.com . </li></ul>
  17. 22. <ul><li>“ Talented people need organisations less than organisations need talented people.” </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Pink, </li></ul><ul><li>Free Agent Nation: How America's New Independent Workers are Transforming the Way We Live, 2001. </li></ul>
  18. 23. Squeezing out efficiency <ul><li>Michael Dell </li></ul><ul><li>Born 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>US$,00 Net worth </li></ul><ul><li>(4 th richest american, Forbes 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Dell sales: US$49 Billion (2004) </li></ul>
  19. 24. Squeezing out efficiency <ul><li>Dell’s color laser printer 5110cn </li></ul><ul><li>Dell started offering printers circa 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>When mentioning that “ the printer business has high profit margins, Dell responded ”: </li></ul>
  20. 25. “ We’ll fix that.” From The Economist print edition, Technology's Mr Predictable: Michael Dell's money-making machine has further scope for growth, Face value column, Sep 22nd 2005
  21. 26. Why is this course important? <ul><li>Because the mindset has changed from large margins should be strived for towards the view that large margins should be fixed. </li></ul>
  22. 27. We’ll fix that <ul><li>FORBES 2005 Top 10 </li></ul><ul><li>1. Bill Gates  Microsoft (linux, openoffice, Ajax, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Warren Buffett </li></ul><ul><li>3. Paul Allen  Microsoft (linux, openoffice, Ajax, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Michael Dell  Dell (fixing it) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Larry Ellison  Oracle (web2.0, ajax, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>6. Christy Walton  Wal-Mart (fixing it) </li></ul><ul><li>7. Jim Walton  Wal-Mart (fixing it) </li></ul><ul><li>8. S. Robson Walton  Wal-Mart (fixing it) </li></ul><ul><li>9. Alice Walton  Wal-Mart (fixing it) </li></ul><ul><li>10. Helen Walton  Wal-Mart (fixing it) </li></ul>
  23. 28. Wal-Mart <ul><li>8th largest trade partner of China. </li></ul><ul><li>1.8 Million employees </li></ul><ul><li>$315 Billion revenue </li></ul><ul><li>1945: Walton ’s five and dime </li></ul><ul><li>No promotions (ELP) </li></ul><ul><li>Profit: >$11 Billion </li></ul>
  24. 29. Controversy <ul><li>Lowered world inflation by 0.5%? </li></ul><ul><li>Use of foreign labor </li></ul><ul><li>Low wages </li></ul><ul><li>Health benefits </li></ul>
  25. 30. Controversy: Wal-Mart is accused of lowering costs at the expense of its employees, but that is probably an exaggeration.
  26. 31. Controversy: Wal-Mart is also accused of employing alien foreigners, but that is probably also an exaggeration.
  27. 32. Controversy Of course, Wal-Mart’s headquarters deny any wrongdoings
  28. 33. <ul><li>INDIVIDUALS are empowered to create and distribute information globally </li></ul><ul><li>COMPANIES are working under an explosion of new work and technology standards </li></ul><ul><li>COUNTRIES are opening up under non-ideological views, with enormous global economic consequences </li></ul>