re riting(Bra to ing :
ins rm )
By m any educators prew riting is nowconsidered the m crucial of
the stages in the w riting process, although it w previously the m
neglected. Just as athletes need to w arm up before a gam or an athletic
event, w riters also need to w arm up and get ready. Prew riting is the stage
w hen w riters are getting ready to w rite. In preparing for writing, w riters have
to decide on a topic, identify an audience and purpose for w riting, determ ine
the appropriate form for the piece, and gather ideas and data.
So eq s n toa k
m ue tio s
W should I w about?
Is m topic too broad?
W do I knowabout the topic?
W here can I find m inform
W is m audience?
W do I w them to know
hat ant ?
W form is appropriate?
TheDra fting(C m o ing :
o ps )
During the drafting stage, som students w have difficulty
getting started w hile others w plunge right in. Som w draw pictures
ill e ill
and m ake doodles on their paper; w hile others w w continuously and
seem ingly without effort. It is im portant that during this stage students are
not ham pered w the m
ith echanics of w riting. The idea is to get their ideas
dow wn ithout letting concern about correct spelling, punctuation, and
gram ar get in the w of com
m ay posing. A "free flow of ideas is
encouraged. Students need to be aw are that first drafts are not finished
products and that any piece of w riting can be im proved. Revisions w ill
take place during the next stage in the w riting process. For now students
should sit back and let their creativity flow forth.
TheRe ingSta e
The purpose of revision is to clarify and shape the
m eaning and to organize the w riting. It is at this stage that the
author rethinks w has been w
hat ritten. Revision involves adding,
substituting, deleting, and m oving ideas and w ords around as
writers rew and polish their pieces.
Conferring is a significant part of this stage in the w riting
process. Authors read their w riting in pairs, in w riting circles, and
during a conference w the teacher. Listeners respond to the
writer by noting w they liked about the piece, asking questions
about the author's intent or any confusing parts, and providing
suggestions for im provem ent. The author alw ays has the option
of incorporating the suggestions or ignoring them Ow . nership is a
m ust! Students should have control of the responsibility for their
ow wn riting.
Editing is the process of getting the piece ready for the
audience. The w riter is expected to attend to the surface
features of w riting -- m echanics, gram ar, and spelling.
Students m ust recognize that in order to com unicate m
effectively w an audience, w
ith riting m be free of errors that
can interfere w the understanding of the m
ith essage or can
distract from the w riting itself. Brief mini lessons in
capitalization, punctuation, spelling, paragraph structure,
gram ar, vocabulary, and the structure of com
m plete sentences
should be offered repeatedly.