Carving Up
Africa
―The Great African
Cake‖—everyone
wants a bite!
Ignorance & Interest in Africa
 Until the 1800s, little was known
about Africa except its coastal areas;
until David Livi...
The Congress of Berlin
 By 1885, this scramble for African
colonies became so fierce, that 12
major European countries, t...
Exploration (1700)
What is different about the conquests of Africa
during the Age of Exploration (1500-1700) &
the Age of ...
Belgium
 After David Livingstone’s reports
of the potential of central Africa,
Belgium became the first country
to coloni...
France
 Soon, France gained Algeria, Tunisia,
Morocco (where 1 million French
settled); dreamed of a huge French
empire
s...
France
 In 1859, a
French
company
built the
Suez Canal
to connect
the Red Sea
& the
Mediterranean Sea
England
 England had important colonies
in India & Australia so the Suez
Canal was very important
 In 1882, Britain gain...
England
 British entrepreneur Cecil Rhodes
moved to South Africa & made his
fortune in diamond mines
Rhodesia?
England
 Cecil Rhodes &
many others in
the British
government
wanted to create
a huge African
empire from
Cairo (in Egypt...
England
South Africa
Egypt
India
England
 The race for African colonies led
to a near war between France &
England called the Fashoda
Incident:
–England’s...
The Fashoda
Incident
This incident showed how serious
imperialism was to Europeans
 These nations gained minor colonies:
–Spain & Portugal due to poor
economies & bad kings
–Germany
& Italy
because
they w...
 ISN pg 164: Imperialism in Africa
 Preview:
–Why did Europeans want
colonies in Africa?
–What role did David Livingston...
So, Was Imperialism
Good or Bad
Effects of Imperialism
 Imperialists profited from
colonial mines,
plantations, & factories
 Africans were hired at
low ...
As whites made new colonies
in South Africa, they fought
King Shaka & the Zulu tribe
Effects of Imperialism
 Whites in South Africa used
segregation called Apartheid
(legal separation of blacks &
whites); A...
2 imperialisminafrica(2009 10)
2 imperialisminafrica(2009 10)
2 imperialisminafrica(2009 10)
2 imperialisminafrica(2009 10)
2 imperialisminafrica(2009 10)
2 imperialisminafrica(2009 10)
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2 imperialisminafrica(2009 10)

  1. 1. Carving Up Africa ―The Great African Cake‖—everyone wants a bite!
  2. 2. Ignorance & Interest in Africa  Until the 1800s, little was known about Africa except its coastal areas; until David Livingstone began to explore the unknown areas in Africa, causing a huge interest in Africa & a mad race for colonies from 1880-1914  Starting in 1885, 14 European nations partitioned (divided) Africa; By 1914— 90% of Africa was controlled by Europeans (See overhead)
  3. 3. The Congress of Berlin  By 1885, this scramble for African colonies became so fierce, that 12 major European countries, the USA, Russia, & Ottoman Empire met to ―define the rules of the game‖ regarding imperialism in Africa  This Congress of Berlin settled issues such as navigation & trade rights, future colonization of Africa—but it was not attended by any Africans
  4. 4. Exploration (1700) What is different about the conquests of Africa during the Age of Exploration (1500-1700) & the Age of Imperialism (1850-1914)? Imperialism (1914)
  5. 5. Belgium  After David Livingstone’s reports of the potential of central Africa, Belgium became the first country to colonize Africa, claiming the Congo (in 1879)  Medicine & new steamboats allowed explorers to go further inland to explore
  6. 6. France  Soon, France gained Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco (where 1 million French settled); dreamed of a huge French empire stretching East-West across Africa near the Sahara Desert
  7. 7. France  In 1859, a French company built the Suez Canal to connect the Red Sea & the Mediterranean Sea
  8. 8. England  England had important colonies in India & Australia so the Suez Canal was very important  In 1882, Britain gained control of the Suez Canal & made Egypt a protectorate, took control of Sudan, & parts of East Africa
  9. 9. England  British entrepreneur Cecil Rhodes moved to South Africa & made his fortune in diamond mines Rhodesia?
  10. 10. England  Cecil Rhodes & many others in the British government wanted to create a huge African empire from Cairo (in Egypt) to Cape Town (in South Africa)
  11. 11. England South Africa Egypt India
  12. 12. England  The race for African colonies led to a near war between France & England called the Fashoda Incident: –England’s north-south ―empire‖ overlapped France’s east-west ―empire‖ near the town of Fashoda in the Sudan
  13. 13. The Fashoda Incident This incident showed how serious imperialism was to Europeans
  14. 14.  These nations gained minor colonies: –Spain & Portugal due to poor economies & bad kings –Germany & Italy because they were the last 2 nations in Europe to unify Other Countries Imperialize
  15. 15.  ISN pg 164: Imperialism in Africa  Preview: –Why did Europeans want colonies in Africa? –What role did David Livingston play in imperializing Africa? –What was the purpose of the Congress of Berlin?
  16. 16. So, Was Imperialism Good or Bad
  17. 17. Effects of Imperialism  Imperialists profited from colonial mines, plantations, & factories  Africans were hired at low wages, were not taught professional skills, & were heavily taxed; tribes fought other tribes  Schools & churches were set up to ―reteach‖ Western ways; led to a decline in African traditions
  18. 18. As whites made new colonies in South Africa, they fought King Shaka & the Zulu tribe
  19. 19. Effects of Imperialism  Whites in South Africa used segregation called Apartheid (legal separation of blacks & whites); Apartheid kept Africans out of power for over 100 years  Over time, educated Africans all over the continent demanded self- rule; by 2000 complete independence from European rule

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