The IISc Quiz Club IQC
Sunday July 15 2012
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• Most questions carry some clue(s).
• Clue(s) will be provided only as long as no
team has an objection .
• If any team does NOT want a clue they
can use their veto power to say so, and no
clue shall be provided to anyone.
• Infinite Bounce
• Each question carries 6 points.
• Some questions have 2 parts and some are 3 parts.
• For 2 part answers - each part carries 3 points
• For 3 part answers - each part carries 2 points.
• No negatives ! So feel free to Guess, Guess and Guess.
• Only one answer per team per question.
In case of multiple answers, ONLY the first answer will be accepted.
• No pounces !
• The Quiz Master's decision is FINAL !
Any resemblance to any persons living or dead is purely intentional.
• The Hazratbal Shrine in Srinagar, Jammu &
• It contains a relic believed by many Muslims
of Kashmir to be a hair of the Islamic prophet
• The shrine is situated on the left bank of the Dal
Lake, Srinagar and is considered to be
Kashmir's holiest Muslim shrine.
• The Moi-e-Muqqadas (the sacred hair) of
Mohammed is believed to be preserved here.
• The shrine is known by many names including
Hazratbal, Assar-e-Sharief, Madinat-us-Sani, or
simply Dargah Sharif.
• "The Usual Gang of Idiots"
• "Number 1 in a field of one."
• "We must never stop reminding the reader
what little value they get for their money!"
• "You could do worse... and always have!"
• In one scene of film X, Clark Gable undresses for bed, taking off his shirt to
reveal that he is bare-chested.
• An urban legend claims that, as a result, sales of men's undershirts declined
• Film X also prominently features a Greyhound bus in the story, spurring
interest in bus travel nationwide.
• Y is a 1991 Bollywood film released produced by Gulshan Kumar, directed
by Mahesh Bhatt starring Pooja Bhatt and Aamir Khan that was an unofficial
remake of X .
• Z's nonchalant carrot-chewing standing position, originated in a scene in the
same film in which Gable's character leans against a fence, eating carrots
rapidly and talking with his mouth full to Claudette Colbert's character.
• This scene was well known while the film was popular, and viewers at the
time likely recognized Z's behavior as satire.
• X Y Z?
• X - It Happened One Night
• Y - Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin
• Z - Bugs Bunny
• X's creation as a "gentle, hairy, non-English-speaking _______" was
inspired by Y seeing his own dog sitting up on the passenger seat of
• Apparently, X's name is derived from the Russian and Ukrainian
word for dog.
• In all four screen appearances, X was played by Peter Mayhew,
who was chosen for his height — 7'3".
• Five identical costumes were made for Mayhew to wear. In the
original films the suits were made of yak hair and mohair.
• Later,the suit was made of more comfortable materials.
• Only Mayhew's blue eyes could be seen in his costume.
• X,Y ?
• X - Chewbacca
• Y - George Lucas
• Chewbacca's voice was created by the original
films' sound designer, Ben Burtt, from a mix of
recordings of walruses, lions,camels, bears,
rabbits, tigers and badgers in Burtt's personal
• The individual recordings were mixed at different
ratios for Chewbacca's different utterances.
• One of the most prominent elements in the voice
was a black bear named Tarik, from Happy
Hollow Zoo in San Jose, California.
• Few pieces of public art are met with unanimous applause, but the
40,000-pound, 26-foot statue that was erected in Chicago’s Pioneer
Court was more hated than most.
• After 10 months of complaints from locals and critics alike – not to
mention being voted America’s ‘worst piece of bad public art’ by one
website,X has finally been dismantled.
• Local paper The Chicago Sun-Times ran a story called ‘Goodbye
and good riddance, ___ ___’ in response to the statue's removal, in
which it was described as “breathtakingly tacky”.
• Meanwhile, the man responsible for X , artist Johnson said in
statement reported by CBS Chicago: “I have thoroughly enjoyed
seeing the variety of reactions to the sculpture.
• The statue was repeatedly vandalized.
• X or what is the statue about ?
• X - Forever Marilyn
• The giant sculpture depicted the icon in
her famous Seven Year Itch pose, stood
above a subway-grate struggling to keep
her billowing dress in place.
• It afforded passerby a view of Marilyn’s
bum beneath her skirt and her famous
legs, but even that wasn’t enough to win
over the Windy City !
• Scooter Libby (born 1950), American political figure
• Scooter, a corruption of the word Scoter; a large black diving duck
• Kick scooter, a wheeled vehicle propelled by a rider pushing off the
• Scooter (skirt), a short skirt with shorts underneath, also known as a
• Knee scooter, a mobility device for patients with leg injuries
• "Scooter", a colloquial term for a Harley Davidson motorcycle
• The Scooter, a giant, fast-moving storm on the planet Neptune
• Motor scooter, a motorcycle with a step-through frame
• “Après moi, le déluge" meaning "After
me the deluge (will come)"
• No. 617 Squadron is a Royal Air Force aircraft squadron commonly
known as the "Dambusters", for its actions during Operation
Chastise against German dams during World War II.
• The mission used highly specialised bombs to destroy Ruhr dams in
• In 1943 the RAF's 617 Squadron attacked the Möhne, Eder and
Sorpe dams in Germany with "bouncing bomb".
• Sir Barnes Neville Wallis,was an English scientist, engineer and
inventor best known for inventing the bouncing bomb used by the
RAF in Operation Chastise (the "Dambusters" raid) to attack the
dams of the Ruhr Valley during World War II.
• Among his other inventions were the geodesic airframe and the
• The remark is attributed to Louis XV of France in reference to the
impending end of a functioning French monarchy and predicting the
• The phrase is now used to denigrate the attitude of someone who
acts irresponsibly, without worrying on the consequences that
his/her acts could have. Something like: "I don't care what happens
next, I'll be gone",or "The world could collapse after I'm gone, no big
• Elvis Presley,Betty Grable,Betty Davis and
Lady Astor all sporting variants of the
pompadour hairstyle named after Madame
• (Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de
Pompadour) a member of the French
court, and the official chief mistress of
Louis XV from 1745 to her death.
Chalti ka naam Gaadi
• Id these Indian Railways trains using
the info given.
• 20 odd Qns
• This express train runs between _____
and Chennai linking the important
cities and towns of southern Tamilnadu
• It connects Tiruchi, Madurai, Tirunelveli in
Tamilnadu and Trivandrum and Kochi in
Kerala and longitudinally crosses almost
the whole state of Tamilnadu.
• (see pics)
• The Guruvayur Express connecting the temple city of
Guruvayur with Chennai.
• Guruvayur Sree Krishna Temple is a famous Krishna
temple in Guruvayur in Thrissur district of Kerala.
• It is one of the most important places of worship for
Hindus and is often referred to as "Bhooloka Vaikuntam“
which translates to the holy abode of Vishnu on Earth.
• Hence it is also known as Dwaraka of the South.
• Shri Krishna is popularly known here by different names
such as Kannan, Unni-Kannan (Baby Krishnan), Unni-
Krishnan, Balakrishnan, and Guruvayoorappan.
• A B is an important mail/express train connecting the two pilgrimage
centers of Haridwar and Puri.It covers a distance of 2378 Kilometers at
an average speed of 53 Kmph.
• A was an early state in central-eastern India, which comprised most of the
modern state of Orissa as well as the Andhra region of the bordering state
• It was a rich and fertile land that extended from the river Damodar/Ganges
to Godavari and from Bay of Bengal to Amarkantak range in the West.The
region was scene of a bloody War fought by the Maurya Emperor Ashoka
the Great of Magadha circa 265 BCE.
• B was located in the northern and eastern portion of the modern-day Indian
state of Orissa.
• This kingdom was mentioned in the Mahabharata, with various names
including Odra desha.
• Early medieval literature says its name means "the land which has excellent
opulence of artists and art".
• The Dasarnas, the Mekalas (a kingdom to the west of B) and the B were
mentioned as kingdoms of Bharata Varsha (Ancient India)
• B were mentioned as taking part in the Kurukshetra War siding with the
• B also appears in our national anthem.
• Kalinga Utkal Express
• A - Kalinga Kingdom
• B - Utkala Kingdom
• Utkala is also called Utpala and Okkal ; it
is also mentioned in our national anthem.
• It is a sister train to the main Mumbai
Rajdhani and connects Mumbai to
Delhi's Hazrat Nizamuddin.
• It is named after the venue from where the
Quit India Movement was launched in
• (see pic)
• The August Kranti Rajdhani Express
• Gowalia Tank Maidan (now known as August
Kranti Maidan) is a park in central Mumbai
where Mahatma Gandhi issued the Quit India
speech on 8 August 1942 decreeing that the
British must leave India immediately or else
mass agitations would take place.
• The call mobilised the citizens to a huge Civil
Disobedience movement as the British refused
to grant independence till the War was over.
• A superfast express train from Chennai
Egmore to Tuticorin.
• Another name of Tuticorin as the sea
water of Bay of Bengal in this area is
suited for ______ (b1) resulting in
cultivation of _______ (b2) .
• The Pearl City Express
• This train is referred to as "Muthu Nagar
Express (Muthu-Pearl and Nagar-City) in
• b1 = Oysters
• b2 = Pearls
• It is a normal Mail/express train
connecting the city of Kolkata with coal
belts and industrial towns of Raniganj,
Asansol,Kulti, Durgapur, Dhanbad.
• It is a day train and covers 271 Kilometers
at an average speed of 60 km/h.
• Clinton Hubert Morrison (born 1979) is an English-born
professional footballer who plays for Milton Keynes
Dons, on loan from Sheffield Wednesday.A forward,he
plays international football for Ireland due to his
grandmother being from Dublin.
• Leônidas da Silva (1913–2004) regarded as one of the
most important players of the first half of the 20th
• He played for Brazil in two World Cups, and was the top
scorer of the 1938 World Cup.
• He was also known as the "Rubber Man" due to his
elasticity and is known for having created the bicycle
• Black Diamond Express
• Anthracite (black coal) is also called black
• The two footballers are nicknamed “black
• It is a superfast daily train connecting Howrah to Secunderabad
via Bhubaneswar, Vishakhapatnam, Vijayawada and Guntur.
• It is one of the finest buildings in Hyderabad belonging to Hyderabad
State but later owned by the Nizams,located on 32 acres.
• It is located 5 km. from Charminar was built by Nawab Vikar-ul-
Umra, the then Prime Minister of Hyderabad.
• It literally means "Like the Sky" or "Mirror of the Sky" in Urdu.
• In 2000 Taj Hotels started restoring it and the new renovated hotel
was opened in November,2010.
• It has a 101-seat dining hall, considered the largest in the world, and
the Durbar Hall, embellished with intricately carved wooden ceilings,
parquet flooring, regal walnut wood furniture and handcrafted
• (see pic)
• Falaknuma Express named after The
Falaknuma Palace, Hyderabad.
• A superfast daily express train of West Central Railway that runs
between Jabalpur Junction and Hazrat Nizamuddin.
• X is a region of India named after the Y people who live there (though they
can also be found in other parts of India), the name of the ancient continent
of Z was derived from X because some of the earliest rock formations of this
continent were first investigated in part of the region, in modern Orissa.
• The core X region can be considered to be the eastern part of the Vidarbha
region of Maharashtra, the parts of Madhya Pradesh immediately to the
north of it, and parts of the west of Chhattisgarh.
• The wider region extends beyond these, also including parts of northern
Andhra Pradesh, western Orissa and Uttar Pradesh.
• The region is part of the northern Deccan plateau, with an average height of
about 600–700 m. Much of it is rugged and hilly.
• Geologically it is mostly Pre-Cambrian rock, with some areas dated to
Permian and Triassic periods. Part of it is overlaid with alluvium, and in the
west it is overlaid with the igneous rocks of the Deccan Traps.
• (see pics)
• Gondwana Express
• X - Gondwana
• Y - Gondi / Gonds
• Z - Gondwanaland
• Map shows Gondwanaland.
• In paleogeography, Gondwana originally
Gondwanaland, was the southernmost of two
supercontinents (the other being Laurasia) that
later became parts of the Pangaea
• It existed from approximately 510 to 180 million
• X is a daily night express train connecting Mangalore
central to Trivandrum Central that runs via the
coastal railway route of Alleppey.
• This train is named after one of the names of the ruler of
Kerala from mythology who was the grandson of
• Folk song about X says "X nadu vaneedum kalam,
manushyarellarum onnu pole" which means "All people
were equal when X ruled.”
• (see pic)
• The Maveli Express
• Mahabali also known as Bali or Māveli
• Story goes that Kerala was the capital of the Asura king,Bali who
was very religious and respectful to priests and performed Vedic
Aswamedha ritual to enlarge his kingdom.
• Like his grandfather,he was one of the greatest devotees of Lord
Vishnu on Earth and he sacrificed his kingdom for the Lord.
• Bali was greatly respected in his kingdom and was considered to be
wise, judicious and extremely generous.
• Bali was banished to the underworld but due to his selfless devotion
and unwavering dharma he was granted permission to visit his
subjects once every year - during Onam.
• X is a daily train which plies between the cities of Y and Mumbai.
• X is located roughly 30 kilometres southwest of the city of Y, situated on a
hill rising 800 metres above the surrounding countryside.
• Previously called Kondhana, X has been the site of many important battles,
most notably the battle of X in 1670.
• It was also strategically located at the center of a string of other forts such
as Rajgad, Purandar and Torna.
• X is also part of training at NDA.Cadets from the academy are regularly sent
on a hikes and runs from NDA to X in full battle gear to build endurance and
• X is a very popular tourist destination today and is frequented by residents
• (see pics)
• Sinhagad (X) Express is named after the fort of
Sinhagad (Lion's Fort) located in Pune (Y).
• One of the most famous battles for Sinhagad
was fought to recapture the fort by Tanaji
Malusare, a general of Shivaji in 1670.
• A steep cliff leading to the fort was scaled with
the help of a monitor lizard named yashwanti,
colloquially known as a ghorpad.
• There ensued a fierce battles between Tanaji
and his men, and the mughal army that had the
fort at the time.
• Tanaji lost his life, but his brother Suryaji took
over and captured Kondana.
• X Express is a superfast weekly train between Coimbatore Junction
• The train was so named after the region X because it connects the
cities like Coimbatore,Tiruppur and Erode - which are traditionally
known as X region.
• After the X region, this train passes through Bangalore, Secunderabad,
Nagpur, Bhopal, Agra, with a total of 27 intermediate stations,covering the
total distance of 2716 km. in approximately 47 hours.
• X is a region comprising the western part of Tamil Nadu, bounded on the
west and north-west by Karnataka state, on the west by the Kerala state, on
the east by Tondai Nadu, on the south-east by Chola Nadu and on the south
by Madurai regions of Tamilakam.
• The name X is believed to have been gained from ______ a derivant of the
term "Ganga", meaning 'land of the Gangas‘.
• Kangayam is the old capital of X.
• (Sanskrit: Ganga+eyam = Gangeyam : seat of the Western Ganga
• X means 'border' in Sangam Tamil but a more appropriate meaning is honey
or nectar of flowers as the X country had vast stretches of forests.
• (see map)
• X is a daily superfast train which runs between Bhopal Junction and Durg town
• It is named after the city X,which is an originating spot of the largest river in Central
India viz. Narmada.
• X (literally "The one with the voice of God") is a pilgrim town and a nagar panchayat
in Anuppur District in MP state.
• Also called "Teerthraj" (the king of pilgrimages), the X region is a unique natural
heritage area and is the meeting point of the Vindhyas and the Satpuras, with the
Maikal Hills being the fulcrum.
• X plateau is where the Narmada River, the Sone River,Johila,Mahanadi and the
Amadoh River emerge.
• X is a Sanskrit word the literal meaning of which may also be interpreted as "immortal
• The place was the abode of Gods but was disturbed by the hindrances of
• The poet Kalidas has mentioned it as Amrakoot. Legend states that the dense forests
of this region were full of mango (amra) trees. So Kalidas named it as Amrakoot,
which later became X.
• Amarkantak Express
• When Lord Shiva destroyed Tripura (The three cities) by
fire, the ashes of one fell upon mount Kailash, the ashes
of another fell upon Amarkantak, and the ashes of the
third were saved by Lord Shiva and kept in heaven.
• The ashes that fell upon Amarkantak turned into crores
of Shivalingas. Only one is visible at Jwaleshwar in
• Amarkantak is a place of worship for all - Gods and
Gandharvas, Asuras,Saints and Sages have all achieved
great spiritual powers here. It is believed that who ever
dies at Amarkantak is assured of a place in heaven.
• ______ Express trains provide quick connectivity from a
particular state to New Delhi.
• Announced in the Interim Budget (Railways) of 2004-
2005 by the then Minister of Railways,Nitish Kumar, the
special features of these trains are:
• Non-stop run beyond the state,
• Dedicated staff throughout the run,
• Public address system, and
• 15% lower tariff than the Rajdhani Express to the areas
• The non stop runs beyond the state served did not last
for too long, as due to poor patronage it was decided to
give commercial stops to these trains outside their
• Sampark Kranti
• It was modelled on the Delhi-Patna
Sampoorna Kranti Express, which was a
• The Kerala Sampark Kranti Exp. was
extended beyond New Delhi to
• X train runs between:
• Vijayawada - Hubli
• Howrah - Vasco Da Gama
• The train is named after the historical Capital city of Satavahana Dynasty,the first
great Andhra kings who ruled from the 2nd century BCE to the 3rd century CE, after
the downfall of the Maurya empire.
• X is also known as Sanchi of South India.
• The Skanda Purana gives a picture of the place and the Siva temple located here.
• X also known as Dhanyakataka/Dharanikota was the site of a great Buddhist Stupa
originally built during the reign of emperor Ashoka.
• It was completed in 200 CE and is decorated with carved panels which tell the story
of Buddha's life.
• Today X is a small town situated on the banks of the River Krishna in Guntur District
• It is famous for its Amareswara temple dedicated to Lord Shiva that has a lot of
inscriptions which give information about the kings who ruled over the area. (see pics)
• Amaravati Express
• The stupa is related to the Vajrayana teachings
of Kalachakra, still practiced today in Tibetan
• The Dalai Lama conducted a Kalachakra
initiation at this location in 2006.
• Art historians regard the Amaravati art as one of
the three major styles or schools of ancient
Indian art, the other two being the Gandhara
style and the Mathura style.
• Infinite Bounce
• The Qns on the ads are easy and carry 5 pts
and no negatives
• There is a tougher follow up Bonus Q related to
the ad that carries +10/-5 on a written format.
• Teams can choose to answer or skip the Bonus
• In the final of the 2011 World Cup
between India and Sri Lanka at Wankhede
Stadium Bombay,the toss had to be
redone – a virtually unheard of event,
especially on a stage as big as the World
• Why ?
• Due to the loud crowd noise, match
referee Jeff Crowe could not hear the
Sri Lankan captain Kumar
Sangakkara's call as the coin was
tossed by the Indian captain MS Dhoni.
• The next time, the call was heads and
Sangakkara won the toss and decided to
• Born 1928 in a Jat Sikh family of Punjabi background,he was a wrestler
before he started acting in Hindi films in 1962.
• One of his notable finds was the actress Mumtaz with whom he performed
in 16 Hindi films.
• He then went on to TV in the 1980s and 90s where he played the role of
Hanuman in the TV adaptation of the Ramayan.
• Having acted in over 100 films,his latest movie is Jab We Met and his latest
Punjabi movie is Dil Apna Punjabi.
• He also acted in National Award winner film Main Maa Punjab Dee.
• He retired from active wrestling in 1983.In 1996 he was inducted into the
Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame.He also earned the wrestling
titles Rustam-E-Punjab and Rustam-E-Hind.
• He was nominated member of Rajya Sabha by BJP from 2003–2009.
• Who ?
Celebrating LOC Kargil - the 2003 Bollywood film based on the Kargil War, directed and
written by J. P. Dutta.
The film stars a large number of Bollywood stars and is an attempt to dramatize a
synopsis of the 1999 Kargil War (Operation Vijay).
The film was shot at 14,000 feet above sea level with only 60% oxygen available all at
the real location in Jammu & Kashmir.
Anu Malik composed a 13-minute song, "Main Kahin Bhi Rahoon", for this movie.
One of the longest Indian movies made, it lasted for four hours.
• Director J. P. Dutta directed a 1997 Bollywood war film Border
based on a real Battle during the Indo-Pak War of 1971.
• This battle was one of the first major engagements in the Western
Sector during the 1971 war fought at the Indian border post of
______ , in the Thar Desert.
• The Indian 30th Infantry commanded by Brig E.N. Ramadoss
company (reinforced) was left with the choices of either attempting
to hold out until reinforced, or fleeing on foot from a mechanised
infantry Pakistani force, choosing the former.
• The company officer commanding ensured that all his assets were
correctly employed, and made the most use of his strong defensive
position, and weaknesses created by errors in enemy tactics.
• Which battle ?
• Battle of Longewala
• The battle is a part of army folklore - 100 odd
soldiers and their steely resolve, which forced an
entire Pakistani brigade, backed by an armoured
regiment of 45 tanks, to retreat.
• The battle is held out as a shining example to
students graduating from the military academies.
The sheer valour displayed by Major Kuldeep
Singh Chandpuri and his alpha team is just an
• During the Bryan Adams Concert India Tour in February 2011,X and Y did the opening audience
warm-up acts in Bombay.
• X is an Indian Contemporary Dance choreographer and is the first Indian to bring Contemporary
Jazz and western forms of dances to thousands in India through his school SDIPA.
• He was also the Director of Choreography for the Commonwealth Games Melbourne, and Delhi
in 2011.He recently choreographed for the movie Mission Impossible 4 with Tom Cruise.
• He won the 1998 National Film Award for Best Choreography for his work in the film Dil to Pagal
Hai.In July 2011,
• He received honorary doctorate from Middlesex University in recognition of his contribution to
entertainment in India and abroad.
• Y (born Taran Kaur Dhillon,1979), is an Indian rapper and hip hop singer, as well as playback
singer in Hindi films; apparently the first female Indian rapper.
• She first shot to fame with the song Ek Glassy.
• She broke to Bollywood fame in 2007, rapping for Sriram Raghavan's movie Johnny Gaddaar,'s
song Paisa Phek (Move Your Body).
• Since then she has sung numerous songs in movies like Ugly Aur Pagli (‘Talli'), Singh Is Kinng,
Kismat Konnection, Bachna Ae Haseeno, Ram Gopal Varma Ki Aag, Ajab Prem Ki Ghazab
Kahani, and Prince (2010).
• She also performed at Live Earth India, 2008. Her first solo album 'Supawoman' was released in
• In 2008 she was nominated for two awards at the UK Asian Music Awards, "Best Urban Act" and
"Best Female Act" winning "Best Female Act".
• X and Y?
• Anil Kapoor starring in season 8 (Aug
2010) of the hit TV series 24 on AXN in
a pivotal role alongside with lead Kiefer
• Originally produced for the Fox Network
and syndicated worldwide, Kiefer
Sutherland acts as Counter Terrorist Unit
(CTU) agent Jack Bauer.
• Each 24-episode season covers 24 hours
in the life of Bauer, using the real time
method of narration.
• Anil Kapoor made his Bollywood debut with Hamare Tumhare
(1979) in a supporting role.
• He later tried acting in Tollywood and Sandalwood, and appeared in
X's directorial debut Kannada film Y released in 1983.
• The movie starred Anil Kapoor in his first leading role and deals with
an unconventional plot of a male in love with an older female played
by the popular actress Lakshmi.
• Another South Indian director, Balu Mahendra, was the
cinematographer for this movie. The soundtrack was composed by
• The songs of this movie turned out to be chartbusters and the song
Naguva Nayana formed the basis song for Idea Mobile's theme
• X and Y ?
• In the movie,Taare Zameen Par, towards the end of the school year,Nikumbh (Amir
Khan) organises an art fair for the staff and students that is judged by artist X who
portrays herself in the film.
• This was X's debut acting appearance (albeit cameo).
• X (born 1932) is a well-known Indian painter and sister of Hindi film director,
producer, and actor, the late Guru Dutt. Her paintings are highly acclaimed.
• Her daughter, Y is also a well-known Hindi film director,producer and script writer
(mostly in parallel cinema and often woman-oriented films)
• Y had been a longtime manager with Dr. Bhupen Hazarika.
• Y debuted as an assistant director under the veteran film director Shyam Benegal and
later went on to work as an assistant costume designer in Shyam Benegal's Bhumika.
• She made her directorial début with the documentary film D.G. Movie Pioneer in
• She debuted as a feature film director in 1986 with Ek Pal, starring Shabana Azmi
and Naseeruddin Shah.
• X and Y ?
Celebrating Black - the 2005 Hindi film directed by Sanjay Leela
The film revolves around a blind and deaf girl, and her relationship with
her teacher who himself later develops Alzheimer's disease.
• Director Sanjay Leela Bhansali first came up
with the idea for Black in 1995 while filming
Khamoshi: The Musical.
• He was inspired by X's autobiography The Story
of My Life and visited the X Institute to do
• He also read the autobiography of deaf-mute
pianist Geraldine Lawhorn for ideas.
• Much of the film was based on his observations
between students, teachers and parents at the
• X ?
• X - Helen Keller
• The film is a creative adaptation of the
1962 Hollywood film The Miracle Worker
starring Anne Bancroft and Patty Duke
directed by Arthur Penn.
• Miracle Worker was further adapted from
the 1959 play of the same title which in
turn was an inspiration from Helen Keller's
life and struggle.
• In 1988,Tendulkar was involved in an unbroken 664-run
partnership with friend and team mate Vinod Kambli in a
school match against St. Xavier's School while playing
for his school Shardashram Vidyamandir.
• The destructive pair reduced one bowler to tears and
made the rest of the opposition unwilling to continue the
game. Tendulkar scored 326* in his innings and Kambli
contributed 349* before their coach Acharekar forced the
pair to declare
• In 2011,his son Arjun Tendulkar emulated Sachin's feat
by giving a match-winning performance for his school in
the same tournament at Mumbai.
• Which is this premier U-16 school tournament held
each year in Mumbai ?
• X urged his readers to boycott the games and not to watch them on
TV, thereby using the "golden chance" to "put the corrupt and
insensitive government to shame."
• Time magazine has named X as one of the 100 Most Influential
People in the World.
• X also favoured the forming of a system similar to the Lokpal as
early as January 2011 through his articles.
• X writes op-ed columns for English and Hindi newspapers, including
The Guardian, The Times of India and Dainik Bhaskar, focusing on
youth, career and issues based on national development.
• X is also a motivational speaker and has given talks in leading
multinational corporations and other institutions.
• He quit his international investment banking career in 2009, to
devote his entire time to writing.
• Who ?
• Chetan Bhagat
• author, columnist, and speaker and a graduate
of IIT Delhi and IIM Ahmedabad.
• Bhagat is the author of five bestselling novels,
Five Point Someone (2004), One Night @ the
Call Center (2005), The 3 Mistakes of My Life
(2008), 2 States (2009) & Revolution 2020:
Love, Corruption, Ambition (2011).
• The film 3 Idiots was based upon his book Five
Point Someone – What not to do at IIT!
• Paa,directed by R. Balakrishnan starring Amitabh Bachchan,
Abhishek Bachchan, and Vidya Balan is based on a rare genetic
condition wherein symptoms resembling aspects of aging are
manifested at an early age.
• The name of the disease comes from the Greek words meaning
"before" and "old age".
• The disorder has very low incidences and occurs in an estimated 1
per 8 million live births.
• Those born with this disorder typically live to their mid teens and
early twenties.It is a genetic condition that occurs as a new mutation
(de novo), and is rarely inherited.
• Which disease ?
• Although the term progeria applies strictly
speaking to all diseases characterized by
premature aging symptoms, and is often used
as such, it is often applied specifically in
reference to Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria
• Progeria was first described in 1886 by Jonathan
• It was also described independently in 1897 by
• The condition was later named Hutchinson-
Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS).
• One month after the 9/11 attacks,when this head-of-state was
visiting India,his chief spin doctor Alastair Campbell revealed
• that the Indian intelligence had clumsily bugged X's hotel room in
• In 2003,Campbell said in his newly-published diaries that X and his
entourage found the bugs but decided not to make a fuss.
• "At the hotel, our security service guys had found two bugs in X's
bedroom and said they wouldn't be able to move them without
drilling the wall, so X used a different room.
• Campbell also claims in the diaries titled 'The X Years : The Alastair
Campbell Diaries ' that he too was probably spied upon by Indian
intelligence, via the services of a "valet" named Sunil.
• Who was this head of state (X) ?
• The town of Rachel,USA sits on less than half a mile of
land on the south side of the Highway 375 (State Route
• The highway stretches 98 miles from State Route 318 at
Crystal Springs northwest to U.S. Route 6 (US 6) at
• In 1996,its name was officially changed to what?
• On the day of its renaming studio execs and stars
from which Hollywood movie were present at the site
• The Extraterrestrial Highway
• It is a state highway in south-central Nevada.The route travels
through mostly unoccupied desert terrain, with much of its alignment
paralleling the northern edges of the Nellis Air Force Range.
• The top-secret Area 51 government base is near SR 375 and many
travelers have reported UFO observations and other strange alien
activity along this road.
• The small town of Rachel, caters to tourists and UFO seekers with
• News of the highway's renaming reached Twentieth Century Fox.
The studio used the opportunity to promote the release of its
upcoming film Independence Day, whose plot involves an alien
invasion of Earth and the secret facility at Area 51.
• A public dedication ceremony for the Extraterrestrial Highway was
held in Rachel on April 18, 1996.
• Nevada Governor Bob Miller presided over the ceremony, speaking
with humorous space references and unveiling special
"Extraterrestrial Highway 375" and "Speed Limit Warp 7" signs for
• Id X ?
• X is significant to the plot of J. K. Rowling's first Harry Potter book, Harry Potter and the
Philosopher's Stone (1997). In the novel X and his wife are still alive in the early 1990s (when the
stories are based), having gained immortality from the eponymous Philosopher's Stone.
• X and his wife Perenelle are important characters mentioned in the Indiana Jones story Indiana
Jones and the Philosopher's Stone (1995) by Max McCoy.
• X is mentioned as Claude Frollo's scientific inspiration in Victor Hugo's novel The Hunchback of
Notre Dame (1831). Frollo seems to be obsessed with X’s work with the Philosopher's Stone.
• X has been alleged to be the eighth Grand Master of the Priory of Sion (1398–1418) as part of a
1960s intrigue where his name was planted in the French National Library in the Dossiers
Secrets. This resulted in him being mentioned in the 1982 pseudohistory book The Holy Blood
and the Holy Grail, Umberto Eco's 1988 novel Foucault's Pendulum, and Dan Brown's 2003
novel, The Da Vinci Code.
• Many of the names of "Grand Masters" were evidently chosen for some sort of connection with
• X is mentioned throughout Fullmetal Alchemist (manga 2001, television 2003 and 2009) as the
author of alchemic books and the originator of the Philosopher's Stone legend.
• The X Cross and the Philosopher's Stone are also seen in the series,which is based on
transmutations and the finding of the Philosopher's Stone.
• The concept album Grand Materia (2005) by the Swedish metal band Morgana Lefay is about X
his life, and how he made the Philosopher's Stone.
• X and his wife are central characters in Michael Scott's series of six fantasy novels, The Secrets
of the Immortal X started in 2007. (see pic)
• Nicolas Flamel (1330 - 1418) was a successful
French scrivener and manuscript-seller who
developed a posthumous reputation as an
alchemist due to his reputed work on the
• The essence of his reputation are claims that he
succeeded at the two magical goals of alchemy:
that he made the Philosopher's Stone, which
turns common metals into gold and ordinary
stones into precious gems, and that he and his
wife Perenelle achieved immortality through the
"Elixir of Life".
• Born 1944,X is an American astronomer and the current director of the Center for SETI
Research, holding the Bernard M. Oliver Chair for SETI at the SETI Institute.
• X received his/her undergraduate education at Cornell University, where X earned a Bachelor of
Engineering Physics Degree, and a Master's degree and Ph.D. in astronomy from the UC
• X has worked on a number of major scientific projects, most relating to the search for
• As a graduate student, X worked on the radio-search project SERENDIP ("Search for
Extraterrestrial Radio Emissions from Nearby Developed Intelligent Populations),a term X coined
as a backronym.
• X was project scientist for NASA's High Resolution Microwave Survey (HRMS) in 1992 and 1993
and subsequently director of Project Phoenix (HRMS reconfigured) under the auspices of the
• X was co-creator with Margaret Turnbull of the HabCat in 2002, a principal component of Project
• X has published dozens of technical papers and lectures extensively both on the search for
extraterrestrial intelligence and the need for proper science education.
• X is credited with coining the term "brown dwarf" for the classification of stars with insufficient
mass to sustain hydrogen fusion.
• How has X been immortalised in Science fiction ? (see pic)
• She is Jill Cornell Tarter
• Tarter's astronomical work is illustrated in
Carl Sagan's novel Contact.
• In the film version of Contact, the
protagonist Ellie Arroway is played by
Jodie Foster who was largely based on
• CTA 102 is a ______ discovered in the early 1960s by a radio
survey carried out by CALTECH.
• It has been observed by a large range of instruments since its
discovery, including WMAP, EGRET, GALEX, VSOP and
Parkes,and has been regularly imaged by the Very Long Baseline
Array since 1995.
• It has also been detected in gamma rays, and a gamma-ray flare
has been detected from it.
• In 1963 Nikolai Kardashev proposed that it could be evidence of a
Type II or III extraterrestrial civilization on the Kardashev scale.
• Follow-up observations were announced in 1965 by Gennady
Sholomitskii, who found that the object's radio emission was varying;
a public announcement of these results caused a worldwide
• What was the source ?
• A Quasar (quasi-stellar radio source)
• C.T.A. 102 is one of the two great false alarms in
the history of SETI, the other being the discovery
of pulsars, specifically PSR B1919+21, which
are rotating neutron stars.
• The idea that the emission was caused by a
civilization was rejected when the radio source
was later identified one of the many varieties of
• The view of C.T.A. 102 as a sign of extra
terrestrial intelligence was captured in the Byrds'
1967 song, C.T.A. 102
• The accident at the Three Mile Island Nuclear plant in Pennsylvania in 1979
occurred 12 days after the release of the movie X.
• The movie featured Jane Fonda as a news anchor at a California television
station. In the film, a major nuclear plant crisis takes place while Fonda's
character and her cameraman (Michael Douglas) are at the plant producing
a series on nuclear power. She proceeds to raise awareness of how unsafe
the plant is.
• Coincidentally, there is a scene in which Fonda's character speaks with a
nuclear safety expert, who says that a meltdown could render an area "the
size of Pennsylvania permanently uninhabitable."
• Also, the fictional near-accident in the movie stems from plant operators
overestimating the amount of water within the core, exactly what happened
in the Three Mile Island disaster.
• After the release of the film, Fonda began lobbying against nuclear power.
• Which ominous film was this ?
• What misconception does the film title refer to?
• The term China syndrome (loss-of-coolant accident)
describes a fictional nuclear reactor operations accident
characterized by the severe meltdown of the core
components of the reactor, which then burn through the
containment vessel and the housing building, then
notionally through the crust and body of the Earth until
reaching the other side, which in the US is popularly
believed to be China.
• The misperception is that China is the antipode of the
• Moreover, the hypothetical transit of a meltdown product
to the other side of the Earth ignores the fact that the
Earth's gravity tends to pull all masses towards its
• Assuming a meltdown product could persist in a mobile
molten form for long enough to reach the center of the
Earth; gravity would prevent it continuing to the other
• Rhino horns are made of X ,the same type of
protein that makes up hair and fingernails.
• The only other biological matter known to
approximate the toughness of X tissue is Y.
• Y is the main component of the cell walls of
fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods such as
crustaceans (e.g., crabs, lobsters and shrimps)
and insects, the radulas of mollusks, and the
beaks of cephalopods, including squid and
• X and Y ?
• X - Keratin
• Y - Chitin
• Keratin refers to a family of fibrous structural proteins.
• Keratin is the key of structural material making up the outer layer of
• It is also the key structural component of hair and nails. Keratin
monomers assemble into bundles to form intermediate filaments,
which are tough and insoluble and form strong unmineralized
tissues found in reptiles, birds, amphibians, and mammals.
• Chitin is a long-chain polymer of a N-acetylglucosamine, a derivative
of glucose, and is found in many places throughout the natural
• Basic XY is composed of a variety of fine soot known as lampblack, combined with water to form
• A binding agent such as gelatin or, more commonly, shellac may also be added, to make the Y
more durable once dried.
• XY is occasionally sold in solid form (most commonly, a stick), which must be moistened before
• The process of making XY was known in China as far back as the 3rd millennium BC, although
the source of materials to make the carbon pigment in XY was later often traded from country X.
• In country X,the carbon black was obtained indigenously by burning bones, tar, pitch and other
• In pathology laboratories, it is applied to surgically removed tissue specimens to maintain
orientation and indicate tumor resection margins.
• Microbiologists use it to stain a slide containing micro-organisms. The background is stained
while the organisms remain clear. This type of staining is called a negative stain.
• It is used diluted as an ultra fine polishing medium for making precise optical surfaces on metals.
• In ophthalmology, it was and still is used to some extent in corneal tattooing.
• Once dry, its conductive properties make it useful for electrical connections to difficult substrates,
such as glass.
• What ?
• Or what is its most common use ?
• India ink
• is a simple black ink once widely used for writing and
printing and now more commonly used for drawing,
especially when inking comic books and comic strips.
• India ink has been in use in India since at least the 4th
century BC, where it was called masi, an admixture of
• Indian documents written in Kharosthi with this ink have
been unearthed in as far as Xinjiang, China.
• The practice of writing with ink and a sharp-pointed
needle was common practice since antiquity in South
• Several ancient Buddhist and Jain scripts in India were
also compiled in ink.
• Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound that is toxic,
and ingestion can result in death.
• In its pure form, it is an odorless, colorless, syrupy, sweet-tasting liquid.
• It is used as raw material in the production of polyester fibers, mainly PET, which
accounts for 40% of its total consumption.
• Minor uses of ethylene glycol include :
• the manufacture of capacitors,
• as an additive to prevent corrosion in liquid cooling systems for personal computers,
• in the manufacture of some vaccines,
• as a minor (1–2%) ingredient in shoe polish and also in some inks and dyes,
• as a rot and fungal treatment for wood, both as a preventative and a treatment,
• as a minor ingredient in screen cleaning solutions, along with the main ingredient
• as a preservative for biological specimens, especially in secondary schools during
dissection as a safer alternative to formaldehyde.
• But what is the major end use of ethylene glycol which accounts for over 50%
of its commercial use ?
• As an antifreeze !
• Pure ethylene glycol has a specific heat capacity about
one half that of water. So, while providing freeze
protection and an increased boiling point, ethylene glycol
lowers the specific heat capacity of water mixtures
relative to pure water.
• The major use of ethylene glycol is as a medium for
convective heat transfer in, for example, automobiles
and liquid cooled computers.
• Ethylene glycol is also commonly used in chilled water
air conditioning systems that place either the chiller or air
handlers outside, or systems that must cool below the
freezing temperature of water.
• It consisted of 1679 binary digits, approximately 210 bytes, transmitted at a frequency
of 2380 MHz and modulated by shifting the frequency by 10 Hz, with a power of 1000
• The "ones" and "zeros" were transmitted by frequency shifting at the rate of 10 bits
per second. The total broadcast was less than three minutes.
• The cardinality of 1679 was chosen because it is a semiprime (the product of two
prime numbers), to be arranged rectangularly as 73 rows by 23 columns.
• The alternative arrangement, 23 rows by 73 columns, produces jumbled nonsense.
• It forms the image shown or its inverse, when translated into graphics characters and
• Dr. Frank Drake, then at Cornell University and creator of the famous Drake equation,
wrote it , with help from Carl Sagan, among others.
• It consists of seven parts that encode the following (from the top down):
• 1.The numbers one (1) through ten (10)
• 2.The atomic numbers of the elements hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and
phosphorus, which make up deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
• 3.The formulas for the sugars and bases in the nucleotides of DNA
• 4.The number of nucleotides in DNA, and a graphic of the double helix structure of
• 5.A graphic figure of a human, the dimension (physical height) of an average man,
and the human population of Earth
• 6.A graphic of the Solar System
• 7.A graphic of the _____ and the dimension (the physical diameter) of the
transmitting antenna dish
• What ? (see pic)
• The Arecibo message broadcast into space a
single time via frequency modulated radio waves
at a ceremony to mark the remodeling of the
Arecibo radio telescope on 16 November 1974.
• It was aimed at the globular star cluster M13
some 25,000 light years away because M13 was
a large and close collection of stars that was
available in the sky at the time and place of the
• Blank = Arecibo radio telescope
• In the 1600s, when the “Spice Wars” were
shaking out between the Portugese and
the Dutch and later the Dutch and the
English, one of the most sought after
spices on the wish list was nutmeg.
• What was the main reason for the spurt
in its demand ?
• Belemnitida (commonly referred to as
a genus of sauropod dinosaur whose fossils were first discovered in
Name is a Neo-Latin term derived from Greek meaning "double"
"beam",in reference to its double-beamed chevron bones located in the
underside of the tail.
X is the name given to fossils discovered in 1891 at Trinil - Ngawi Regency on
the banks of the Solo River in East Java, Indonesia, one of the first known
specimens of Homo erectus.
Its discoverer, Eugène Dubois, gave it the scientific name Y,derived from Greek
and Latin roots meaning upright ape-man.
Y is the connect to the SVC.