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Jack London


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Jack London

  1. 1. THE CALL OF THE WILD By Jack London
  2. 2. Jack London <ul><li>1876-1916 </li></ul><ul><li>American author, journalist, and social activist </li></ul><ul><li>Passionate about unionization, socialism, the rights of workers </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote a dystopian novel, The Iron Heel </li></ul>
  3. 3. Family Life <ul><li>Parents weren’t legally married, but lived the “married” life </li></ul><ul><li>London’s mother thought London’s father was possessed by an Indian chief when she got pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>Father wanted mother to have an abortion </li></ul><ul><li>Mother shot herself, but missed </li></ul><ul><li>Mother had baby, but gave him to slave to raise for the first year of his life </li></ul>
  4. 4. Childhood <ul><li>Mother married Civil War veteran, John London </li></ul><ul><li>The new family of three moved to San Francisco and then to Oakland </li></ul><ul><li>London at the age of nine with dog, Rollo </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gold Rush and First Success <ul><li>Joined in the Klondike Rush </li></ul><ul><li>Trip turned to be detrimental for London </li></ul><ul><li>London got scurvy, which caused him to lose his four front teeth, facial scars, and pain in his hips and legs. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Marriages <ul><li>Married Bessie and had two children, Joan and Becky </li></ul><ul><li>After four years, the marriage was dissolved </li></ul><ul><li>His next marriage was to Charmain Kittredge, which was a nymphomaniac </li></ul><ul><li>London was a cheater! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Beauty Ranch <ul><li>Beauty Ranch was London’s dream </li></ul><ul><li>Spent $80,000 ($1,930,00 nowadays) to build his dream home </li></ul><ul><li>The house he named “Wolf House” was 15,000 sq. ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Two weeks before his dream home was done, it burnt down </li></ul><ul><li>It is now a National Landmark called Jack London State Historic Park </li></ul>
  8. 8. Plagiarism <ul><li>The Call of the Wild  My Dogs in the Northland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>London wrote author a letter thanking him for the idea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Moon Face  The Passing of the Cock-Eye Blacklock </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on the same newspaper event </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Love of Life  Lost in the Land of the Midnight Sun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New York World published both stories side by side, showing how similar they were to each other </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Bishop’s Vision  The Bishop of London & Public Morality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The author of TBOLPM demanded that London pay him 1/60 th of the royalties he received (London said no) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Death of London <ul><li>Some say that he committed suicide by drug overdose (morphine) </li></ul><ul><li>His death certificate sites uremia as the cause of death </li></ul><ul><li>Died on a sleeping porch on his cottage on Beauty Ranch </li></ul><ul><li>Buried with his second wife </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Beginnings of TCOTW <ul><li>On January 26, 1903, London submitted TCOTW to Saturday Evening Post </li></ul><ul><li>SEP agreed to publish it, but London was instructed to cut the text by 5000 words and name his price </li></ul><ul><li>He agreed to cut the text and wanted 3¢ a word, which was $750 </li></ul><ul><li>Macmillian, a publishing company, bought the text for $2000 </li></ul>
  11. 11. TCOTW History <ul><li>Begins on an estate in Santa Clara Valley </li></ul><ul><li>The setting of the story is based off the Bond Family Farm, where he spent much time </li></ul><ul><li>Buck, the protagonist, is based off a St. Bernard/Scotch shepherd mix dog that the Bond brothers lent to London </li></ul><ul><li>TCOTW is a story about Buck’s fight to survive </li></ul>