Graphic novels


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  • long comic book that tells a story with images and text/ a book length comic book, dealing with serious subject matter/became more “valued” after MAUS won the pulitzer prize in literature 1992--THE TERM GRAPHIC novel has been around since the 1960s; it has been considered a “serious” art form since Art Spiegelman won the Pulitzer Prize for it
  • Written over a thirteen-year period, the books tell the story of Spiegelman’s attempts to learn about his father and mother’s experiences as Jews during the Holocaust and later as survivors in the United States. Maus also documents Spiegelman’s difficult relationship with his father, his own search for understanding as a survivor of this relationship, and his artistic odyssey in creating the work. The historical content is based on dialogues between Spiegelman and his father, Vladek, over many years. Spiegelman uses animal heads with human bodies to portray characters: Jews are mice, Germans are cats, Poles are pigs, Americans are dogs, Frenchmen are frogs, and Swedes are reindeer. While the subjects treated in the book are serious, there is also humor. The setting moves from Rego Park, New York, to various cities and towns in Poland, to a resort in the Catskill Mountains, to Germany, to Florida. This device helps Spiegelman tell the larger story of the Holocaust with the authority of a survivor’s memories while at the same time telling the story of his family’s history and relationships during and after World War II. The books are hard to classify since they have elements of fiction, nonfiction, biography, and autobiography.-ArtSpiegelman: son of Holocaust survivor’s; an artist who is based out of New York right now; won the Pulitizer Prize (one of most prestigious prizes) in literature in 1992
  • CREATE K-W-L CHART-what do we know already about the Holocaust/ WWII-What do we want to know-what have we learnedWorld War II, or the Second World War (often abbreviated as WWII or WW2), was a global conflict that was underway by 1939 and ended in 1945. It involved most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilised. In a state of "total war", the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it is the deadliest conflict in human history,[1] resulting in 50 million to over 70 million fatalities.
  • The film shows…involved…Tend to focus on SS/Nazis/Hitler….but what about the …. argued that the men of Unit 101 killed out of a basic obedience to authority and peer pressure, not blood-lust or primal hatred. While the specifics of this book deal with killings performed by otherwise average men, the general implication of the book is that when placed in a coherent group setting, most people will adhere to the commands given, even if they find the actions morally reprehensible. Additionally the book demonstrates that ordinary people will more than likely follow orders, even those they might personally question, when they perceive these orders as originating from an authority, a hypothesis also studied in the Milgram Experiment.
  • BIG QUESTION: are humans inherently good or evil?
  • Graphic novels

    1. 1. What are graphic novels?• Short History of Graphic Novels• A Visual History
    2. 2. Graphic Novels• book length comic books that tell a story using images and text• made for children, teenage, and adult audiences• often deal with serious issues and mature content (not necessarily funny)
    3. 3. Art Spiegelman’sMAUS• took 13 years to complete• tells the story of Spiegelman’s attempts to learn about his mother and father’s experiences during the Holocaust• mixes fiction, non- fiction, biography, and
    4. 4. Historical Context• Creating Class K-W-L Chart
    5. 5. What about the ordinary men and women involved in these crimes?• “The guards at the Nazi death camps, the contractors who built the death chambers, the clerks who registered the numbers tattooed on every Jew, and many more people involved in Adolf Hitler’s extermination program were all ordinary Fact: In 1938, Hitler was featured on the citizens with spouses, cover of Time magazine as “Man of the children, mothers, Year” fathers, boyfriends, girlfriends, and
    7. 7. Findings:• SHOCKED Americans! – results suggested that ordinary, decent American citizens were just as capable of committing atrocious acts against their conscience as the Germans• Are you surprised that 65% of test subjects continued to administer the electric shock to the fatal dosage?• What would YOU DO??• Would you question the experiment??
    8. 8. • “It was simply what seemed sensible for me to write after the war when everyone was thanking God they weren’t Nazis. I’d seen enough to realize that every single one of us could be Nazis.” – -William Golding on his novel Lord of the