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Active learning

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Active learning

  1. 1. Active LearningA Key Component to College Success
  2. 2. What’s so important about active learning?• The brain discards most new input unless that information is actively reinforced.• Active learning techniques shorten the time needed to learn new material in the classroom and in texts.
  3. 3. Human Memory is Very Selective Informative is stored if it is “selected” The mind groups facts according to meaning or relationships The mind looks for patterns When a pattern is identified, we give it a name, e.g. “dog”
  4. 4. Aspects of Memory• Recent memories are stored in the hippocampus• Memory creation requires an anatomical restructuring of the brain 1. Nerve cells grow and make connections to nearby receptors 2. Intensity of emotion connected to a memory pushes the event or fact into long-term memory
  5. 5. How Does This Pertain to College?Students need to: Identify important information Find methods that enhance memory Use reinforcement techniques to retain necessary information
  6. 6. How We Retain InformationWe have 3 basic stages of memorySensory: lasts a few seconds, unlimited capacityShort-term: information stored as sounds, pictures, words; about 7 bits in lengthLong-term memory
  7. 7. Sensory Memory Automatic Outside of cognitive control Decays quickly and cannot be restored
  8. 8. Short Term Memory• More accurate term: working memory• Temporary storage of information• Where all active thinking occurs• Frequently purges old or unnecessary information
  9. 9. Short Term Memory• Holds about 7 pieces of information at a time• The amount we can remember can be increased by “chunking” information• As chunks become more complex, more data can be stored in short term memory
  10. 10. Long term memory• Virtually unlimited capacity• Can hold information for decades• Repository of permanent information
  11. 11. Moving New Information into Long Term Memory Note Taking  Practice active listening.  Pay attention and maintain eye contact with the speaker.  Don’t permit people near you, objects outside the window, noises, and other things to distract you.  Listen for main points.  Ask questions.  Adopt a note-taking system that works for you.
  12. 12. The Outline Method• Perhaps the most common method, the outline organizes text or lecture material into main topics, sub-topics, and supporti9ng details using indentations to make information visually accessible. Example: Main Topic Sub-topic 1 Supporting Detail 1 Supporting Detail 2 Sub-topic 2 Supporting Detail 1
  13. 13. The Cornell MethodMain Ideas DetailsCornell notes Can be used to outline the course, chapter, or lecture Place to organize main ideas and details Can be as detailed as necessary Sequential – chronological and orderly Place to write a summary after class to clarify points and reinforce what was learned Excellent study tool Define terms or explain concepts listed on the left side. Identify the concept or term based on its definition on the right side. Shows “big picture” of the course, chapter, or lecture Organized by main ideas and sub-topics
  14. 14. The Mapping Method• Mapping is an alternative note taking format that involves graphic representation of lecture content. It is an excellent method for visual learners and may help students “see” lecture material more readily than the traditional outline format. ISSUES Political Parties U.S. Pres. Elections Voters Media
  15. 15. Reading Texts – Survey FirstWhen beginning a new textbook, look over the format of the entire book. Determine:• Book layout• Print size• Readability (easy or difficult language)• Presence of pictures and graphs• Resources (glossary, chapter summaries, chapter questions, vocabulary lists• Supplemental materials (websites, CDs, etc.)
  16. 16. Make Predictions Make connections between new information and previous knowledge Predict what will come next This strategy helps with information retention!
  17. 17. Ask/Create Questions  Reading can be a passive activity.  To make reading more interactive, create questions based on the subject headings.  Playing an active role boosts retention of information.
  18. 18. Monitor Reading Comprehension Summarize at the end of chapter headings Take notes. Make notes in the margins. Recite information in your own words.
  19. 19. Form Study Groups• Study group interaction reinforces new information & facilitates real learning.• Active learning allows the brain to synthesize information and retain it well.• Sessions focus on students’ questions & concerns.• Students gain control of their learning.
  20. 20. Use Techniques That Make Learning An Active Process for Better Retention• Active note taking• Interactive reading strategies• Study groups• Awareness of learning styles
  21. 21. Using Active Learning Techniques – Makes more efficient use of your time – Helps you retain information better and long – Makes academic success more attainable
  22. 22. This PowerPoint presentation is brought to you by The Office for Academic Success HACC, Harrisburg Campus Whitaker 123 717-780-2483 LTBarr 2013