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The Present Perfect Tense is used to describe an action
that began in the past and continues to now.
We also use the Present Perfect to say that an action
happened at an unspecified time before now.
The exact time is not important.
She has seen that movie twenty times.
I think I have met him once before.
People have not traveled to Mars.
Have you read the book yet?
I/you/we/they + have + past participle
He/she/it + has + past participle
What are past participles???
Verb Forms: base form - simple past - past participle (refer to p.151)
Regular Verbs: like - liked - liked
work - worked - worked
study - studied - studied
play - played - played
Irregular verbs: eat - ate - eaten
drive - drove - driven
have - had - had
write - wrote - written
buy… choose… swim… take… wear
I have been to France twice.
Ruby has never broken a leg.
Have you ever eaten sushi?
We often use since and for to say
how long the action has lasted.
“since” specifies the starting point
“for” specifies the amount of time
To talk about an action which started in the
past and continues up to now
Mary has loved chocolate since she was a little girl.
I have had a cold for two weeks.
She has been in England for six months.
He has been a doctor for more than ten years.
We haven’t seen Louis since Friday.
We use 'since' to specify the starting point
in the past
“I've known Sam since 1992.”
“I haven’t spoken with her since last Monday.”
“She's been here since 2 p.m.”
We use 'for' to specify an amount of time
(minutes, hours, weeks, months, years)
“She’s known Sam for 10 years.”
“We’ve been here for 3 hours.”
“I’ve had this cold for a week now.”