CIMAP Assessment Talk May 2012


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The Chartered Institute for the Management of Assessment Practice (CIMAP) is a professional body supporting the needs of all stakeholders involved in Assessment, Moderation and ETD Practice in South Africa.

CIMAP is the ideal platform for the professionalisation of assessment practice.

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CIMAP Assessment Talk May 2012

  1. 1. The Chartered Institute for the Management of Assessment Practice (CIMAP) Advancing industryexcellence in assessment practice!Board Members:Chairperson:D.E Damons MSc; (FCIEA U.K)Vice-Chairperson:Prof. M. Mehl,Prof. W. Goosen, (FCIEA U.K);Mr. T. Tshabalala;Dr. W. Guest-Mouton;Mrs. T. MoeshoeshoeDr. M. Serfontein, (FCIEA U.K);Mr. P. Mathebula, (MA)Dr. K. Deller;Mrs. R. Pillay (M.Ed.);Dr. L. Meyer, (FCIEA U.K);Mrs. A. Roode B.Com. (Hons) Assessment Talk...16 Republic Road, Bordeaux,Randburg, 2125.Tel: (011) 329-9000 –extension: 9034Fax 086 218 4466,Web site:, Chartered Institute for the Management ofE-mail Assessment Practice Issue 5 – May 2012 Extraordinary services for the promotion of quality in assessment practices. CIMAP Core Values: - Integrity, Credibility & Discipline © 2012 1
  2. 2. How can this be changed? While everybody can read MESSAGE FROM WHAT HOPE FOR OUR EDUCATION the research, some of the ideas we all hold about THE VICE- SYSTEM? talent, intelligence, genetic endowment and CHAIRPERSON: creativity of individuals are so deeply entrenched, PROF M C MEHL Article by Professor M. Mehl - CIMAP Vice Chair that mere reading is unlikely to change it. The statistics are dismal. In January 2000, around 1.2 We all have the experience of schooling with its million children enrolled in Grade 1 full of hope of a inherent intellectual hierarchy that firmly embeds theDear Members, idea that “some (few) have it but many do not”. It is bright future. 12 years later in 2011, some 50 % of them only write the matriculation examination. surprising how many people carry this measure ofIt is hard to imagine that almost 17 years have passed “relative cleverness” with them through their life.since SAQA came into existence at the dawn of Around 50% of those who write do mathematics, notdemocracy in the country. The SETA concept was Very few people regard themselves as capable of mathematics literacy – generally regarded as a dead-promulgated in 1998, making it almost 14 years old. genius in any field. If this process can be initiated in end subject. Of those who write mathematics, around 30% only achieve more than 40% of the marks while just areas in which the individual has always struggled,While this is young in educational terms with then the enabling process will have begun. 12% of them get more than 50% - around 36000 in all.universities boasting centuries-old existence and So, of the 1.2 million who started 12 years ago, just 3%formal schooling well into its second century, We have a unique opportunity in South Africa to do of them pass mathematics with more than 50% of thenevertheless much was expected from these bodies as this on a national scale. The advent of CIMAP is an final mark.part of the ambitious transformation agenda South important contributor to the effort at re-Africa set itself. conceptualization and renewal of our prevailing That this is a disaster is obvious. Its impact plays out further up the line when we compare the number of system of education.And if we are fair we will acknowledge that in certain engineers our universities produce in comparison, perareas there has been progress. A large number of new The centrality of dynamic assessment, carried out capita to a country like India, or indeed any of thequalifications now exist on the SAQA database. within a framework of intensive, sustained and rapidly emerging economies. knowledgeable endeavour focused on improving notWorkplace learning has started coming more to the only the capabilities of the individual, but of the While we need not lionize mathematics, it is a good goldfore, especially with the operationalization of the nation as a whole, should not be under-estimated. standard for some measure of quality in educationQCTO. provision. In addition, in truth we seem to constantly be going in the opposite direction. The pass mark at school Professor M. C. MehlAssessment and Moderation are now a part of the level is now 30%. Imagine that!educational vocabulary in the country in a way it wasnever before. It is no accident that among the very A learner can be blissfully incompetent in 70% of a About Prof. Merlyn Claude Mehl Ph.D.first unit standards developed by SAQA were those for subject and can still be deemed competent enough to (Physics):accrediting assessors. “Pass”. I notice in a recent copy of the QCTO Newsletter that the issue of Fundamental learning – mathematics CIMAP is extremely grateful to our Vice Chair,In addition, of course, the SETAs at establishment and communication – in SAQA qualifications (as Professor Merlyn Mehl for the time and effort hevigorously pursued these areas even before they had minimalist as these were in the first place) has been commits to the professionalisation of the ETDPqualifications to assess! “refined” and a part qualification – “Foundational sector. As the previous SAQA NSB chairperson, and Learning Competency” – is now interposed. board member and Chairperson of W&R SETA in itsBut truth be told, the education scene in South Africa isextremely depressing. I think that all involved in those earlier years, as well as his involvement over many Why do we always keep lowering the bar instead of years with local and overseas universities, Prof Mehlearly days underestimated the difficulty of changing raising it and developing the methodologies that is a true stalwart of excellence in educational.the formal system with all its historical baggage. enable?School and university practice change only very slowly Prof Mehl is currently the the Executive Chairman of The irony of the situation in South Africa is that we are Triple L Holdings. Prof. Mehl served as Chancellor ofif at all. Unintended consequences of dramatic policy now better equipped than at any time in our history to Peninsula Technikon and Chief Executive of thechange are very difficult to foresee. If we are honest, bring about dramatic improvements in the situation. Independent Development Trust. He was a seniorwe will admit that we have simply not created an We have in place a government that spends an professor at UWC, and has been awardededucation system of unqualified excellence where high inordinate amount of its budget on education. extraordinary professor status.standards are not only required but expected of all Additionally it has signalled very clearly that education islearners. a major priority of government. Prof Mehl has served as a non-executive director ofThe original purpose of SAQA – an educational system Capitec Bank since its inception in 2001. He is From the didactic side is the fact that we now know currently the Lead Independent Director on thewith seamless transition between and across both, more about how the brain works and how proficiency Board.levels as well as learning institutions, formal and non- and competence develops in any area of humanformal has simply not been realized. Therefore, aluta endeavour, than at any time in human history. In the Prof Mehl served as the Director of Gold Fieldscontinua. last 20 years, we have learnt 95% of what we today Science & Mathematics Centre between 1983 – 1987, know of the human brain. and has held a number of other prestigious positionsBecause Assessors and Moderators ensure quality in asystem, the formation of CIMAP is a very welcome step in the private and public sectors. Recent books on the subject propose a very seductiveas we continue to drive toward excellence defined by message: every human is born with unimaginable ability Awardsthe adherence to high standards. It is time that these and capacity. We are capable of achieving anything wecentral figures in the S.A. Educational landscape enjoy want if we go about it properly.  University of South Carolina / Visiting Professorthe professional stature they deserve.  University Illinois / Fellowship This does not mean that the opportunity to achieve isMay it prove to be the home where assessment theory  University of Washington / Senior Africa Research the same for everybody – obviously it is not – but ratherand practice can enjoy the stature it deserves. Fellowship that we are all born with stupendous potential. Some titles that illustrate this by drawing on recent research  University of London/ Visiting Fellow include:  Da Vinci Institute / Research SupervisorProfessor Merlyn Mehl  The genius in all of us: David Shenk Tertiary Education  The Talent Code: Daniel Coyle  Talent is Overrated Geoff Colvin  Doctor of Philosophy (UCT)  Outliers Malcolm Gladwell  Master of Science – Nuclear Physics (UNISA)  The Myth of Ability John Mighton to indicate but a few. We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them. Please view Professor Merlyn Mehl’s discussion The challenge, of course, is to translate this research Albert Einstein on common misconceptions about IQ and IQ into reality in the lives of every individual. Few people get anywhere near to realizing this potential and, in fact, assessments. the majority of people in all likelihood, do not even believe it! CIMAP Core Values: - Integrity, Credibility & Discipline © 2012 2
  3. 3. FOCUS ON THE QCTO: The current verification / external moderation What is an Assessment Quality Partner (AQP)? processes applied by SETAs are diverse in nature. Some An AQP is an entity appointed by the QCTO and WHERETO FROM HERE? providers that failed to comply with quality standards delegated to manage, on behalf of the QCTO, the often create tremendous hysteria around the verifier / assessment process. An AQP is responsible for external moderator being unfair. The true merit of developing, maintaining and implementing externalArticle by Dr L. Meyer - CIMAP Board Member adhering quality standards then becomes secondary. assessments.The Quality Council on Trades and Occupations (QCTO) is Similarly, verifiers / external moderators that have no An AQP coordinates and manages external assessmentone of the three Quality Councils stipulated in the industry experience or qualifications apply arbitrary processes. An AQP develops and maintains a nationalNational Qualifications Framework Act (NQF Act No 67 of criterion, which is not based in law, regulation, databank of instruments used in the external2008).The QCTO is accountable for standards setting and substance or fact. Professional bodies will logically use assessment. An AQP maintains a register of assessors qualified and competent practitioners in their and moderators from which assessors and moderatorsquality assurance of occupational qualifications for the industries, and address unacceptable quality for the external summative assessment are selected.Trades and Occupations sub framework. The QCTO standards.recommends qualifications for registration on the South An AQP recommends to the QCTO the accreditation ofAfrican National Qualifications Framework. The QCTO success is fundamental to redress and skills development providers for the knowledge and or transformation opportunities. Strategic Leadership and practical skills components. An AQP recommends toThe Minister of Higher Education and Training, in the QCTO the certification of learners. skilled incumbents are key to the emergence of thirdconsultation with the Minister of Basic Education, has tier evolution structure. Quality education will supportdetermined governments strategy and priorities for the What are the rules of combination for occupational employment prospects of industry credible graduates. qualifications?NQF as required by NQF Act (No. 67 of 2008) for theperiod up to 31 March 2012. A minimum of 20% credits are required for each of the QCTO Curriculum and Assessment Policy may be three components (Knowledge, practical skills, andThe main purpose of the guidelines is to give direction to downloaded using the following link: work experience). This means that the remainder ofthe work of the South African Qualifications Authority 40% of the credits can be added to any component to(SAQA) and the three Quality Councils (QCs): the Quality m.pdf support the purpose of the qualification.Council on Trades and Occupations (QCTO), Umalusi andthe Council on Higher Education (CHE). CIMAP fully supports the QCTO, and looks forward to What are the types of occupational qualifications that the valuable contribution it will bring to the can be developed?The NQF guidelines are available by using the following occupational learning and teaching landscape. The QCTO has two types of occupational qualifications,link: these are: National Occupational Qualifications: 120+ Credits SAQA QCTO - FAQThe QCTO caused great excitement in its conceptual National Occupational Awards: 25-119 Creditsstage. This was as a direct result of private providers SAQA Frequently Asked Questions about the QCTO are Acronyms used in the QCTO environmentbelieving that the cumbersome SETA ETQA processes available using the following link: AQP Assessment Quality Partnerwould be standardised and equitable. o/faqs.html CEP Community of Expert Practitioner CESM Classification of Education Subject MatterThings are however about to change. Providers are still What is the QCTO? CHE Council for Higher Educationfaced with cumbersome and frustrating processes from QCTO stands for Quality Council for Trades and DHET Department of Higher Education & Trainingsome ETQAs. The exceptions obviously exist, and more Occupations. The QCTO is one of the three Quality DQP Development Quality Partneroften than not getting hold of the right person is often Councils, each responsible for a qualifications sub FLC Foundational Learning Competencethe difference between success and dismal failure. In framework on the National Qualifications Framework. GFETQF General and Further Education and Trainingsupport of this assertion, the appointment of qualified CHE and Umalusi are the other two. The sub framework that the QCTO is responsible for is the Qualifications sub-Frameworkand competent individuals must drive the process to HEQF Higher Education Qualifications sub- Trades and Occupations sub framework.fruition. Framework What is an occupational qualification? ILO International Labour OrganisationTransparency, absent bureaucracy and policy certain is An occupational qualification is defined in the law as a ISCO International Standard Classification ofpivotal to streamline learner punitive processes. The qualification associated with a trade, occupation or OccupationsSAQA Act, 1995 and the subsequent NQF Act, 2008 has profession resulting from work-based learning and MIS Management Information System consisting of three components, one for knowledge,proposed coherency. SAQA has established the NQF NAMB National Artisan Moderation Body one for practical skills and one for work experience. Allforum that is set up to lead this process in collaboration occupational qualifications require a final test or what NOPF National Occupational Pathway Frameworkwith the QCs. is called an external, summative assessment which, NQF National Qualifications Framework when successfully passed, signals to the world that the OFO Organising Framework for OccupationsThe National Qualifications Framework (NQF) Act No 67, person is able to fully perform the work of the OFL Occupational Foundational Learning2008 replaced the South African Qualifications Authority occupation. OQF Occupational Qualifications sub-FrameworkAct No 58 of 1995. Guidelines have been prepared in QC Quality Council What process do I follow to initiate a process ofterm in terms of the NQF Act (No. 67 of 2008) for the QCTO Quality Council for Trades and Occupations developing an occupational qualification?period up to and including 31 March 2012. The process of occupational qualification development QDF Qualifications Development Facilitator begins when a person or an organisation (the QMS Quality Management SystemThe NQF Act now been expanded to 10 NQF levels. The applicant) submits a request to the QCTO for an RPL Recognition of Prior Learningthree quality councils are– Umalusi, Quality Council on Occupational Qualification to be developed. This can SAQA South African Qualifications AuthorityTrades and Occupations (QCTO), and the Council on be in a letter, an e-mail or even a phone call. All are SASCO South African Standard Classification ofHigher Education (CHE). welcome to submit a request. The QCTO may be contacted at The QCTO will advise Occupations and guide the applicant on the process to be followed. SDA Skills Development ActThe QCTO has announced that they will be operational by SETA Sector Education and Training Authority20 July 2011. The QCTO is delegating functions to the What is the QCTOs responsibility? SLA Service Level Agreementfirst generation of official Development Quality The QCTO is responsible for standards setting andPartners. (QCTO; 2012). quality assurance of occupational qualifications on the Please visit the SAQA website for additional Trades and Occupations sub framework. QCTO recommends to SAQA, qualifications for registration on information on the QCTO.The QCTO is currently supported by SAQA in their the NQF.operations. The QCTO Guidelines on Strategy and QCTO contact details:Priorities for the National Qualifications Framework What is a Development Quality Partner (DQP)? E-mail:, 2011/12 is available on the SAQA web site and A DQP is an entity appointed by the QCTO and Post: Postnet Suite 248, Private Bag X 06, Waterkloof,makes for interesting reading. Please visit: delegated to manage, on behalf of the QCTO, the 0145 process of developing an Occupational Qualification. Fax: 012 431 5144 The QCTO has developed processes that will ensure as SAQA House, Room 513, 5th floor, 1067 Arcadia St,The QCTO focus on credible quality partners brings far as possible that its Quality Partners have the Hatfield, Pretoria.particular hope. Without Industry being actively involved capacity to perform their assigned tasks to the highestin the architecture of skill planning for their sectors, little quality standards, which include integrity, For additional information also visit:hope exists that industry will create uptake opportunities transparency and fitness for purpose. graduates. CIMAP Core Values: - Integrity, Credibility & Discipline © 2012 3
  4. 4. Registered DHET FET I conclude with an argument: I have married a dentist, the Health Professional Council of South Africa does  Practitioner Assessor - 1-3 years experience in educational assessment, and must have achieved a Provider Forum not send a verifier to verify whether he is able to do a National Diploma (NQF 5) (PCIMAP);“ filling, he is trained and qualified to do that.  Fellow Assessor - Fellowship is available to the On the contrary, I am a Doctor in Adult Education, I most experienced and expert practitioners in PRIVATE PROVIDERS: have more than twenty years result orientated educational assessment (at least 5 years) and a THE FLIP SIDE OF THE COIN! operational experience, yet, a lot of my time is being NQF 6 level qualification (FCIMAP). taken up by (unnecessary) verifications by often less  Chartered Assessor (CCIMAP). Master’s degree Article by Dr. Wilma Guest Mouton experienced and less qualified people. and five years of educational assessment CIMAP Board member & FET Provider Forum experience. The South African government needs to embrace and Convener  Master Assessor (MCIMAP). Doctoral degree and acknowledge the expert and committed citizens and give credit where credit is deserved, even if it is a extensive assessment and moderation experience. It is interesting to read and hear what is being said about private. private providers and their greed… All members in good standing that seek to register LIST or DHET registered FET & HET Providers s with the Chartered Institute for Educational When I was asked the other day what was our “claim to available in the CIMAP web site. Assessment (U.K) will be in a position to do so from 01 fame” as a successful private provider for nearly sixteen June 2012 at CIMAP negotiate discounted rates for all membership grades. Please note that CIEA Training years, and heading a private Further Education and will be conducted in South Africa. Certain membership Training College (FET), my immediate answer was “we grades will require CDP training at negotiated rates. have survived the system”. MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION PROCESS EXPLAINED: The training will be conducted in South Africa. What a challenging system to survive, if your primarily Members that seek to attend the training in the U.K objective is to “create a competent empowered How do I join CIMAP? will be in a position to do so if sufficient delegates from South Africa are available at normal U.K rates. workforce”.  You will have received the membership application The South African CPD Activities will be communicated shortly. Private providers are, to my knowledge and firsthand form with your newsletter. Please complete it experience, not funded in anyway. providing us with as much detail as possible and Private providers need to adhere to the quality make sure you initial each page of the Code of requirements of all the different Education and Training Conduct.  In addition, please provide the following in support LABOUR RELATIONS AMENDMENT Quality Assurance Bodies (should they want to offer full qualifications or subject matter unit standards). of your application: BILL, 2012  A certified copy of your ID The following are, in summary, some of the major Year after year when SETAS published their annual  Certified copies of certificates of your qualifications areas of amendment in the LRA Bill. reports, figures and numbers of successes are published,  An abbreviated CV (resume). but very little has been said about the positive role and  If you are a constituent assessor proof of Labour broking impact of the private providers. registration from the relevant SETA. The Labour Relations Amendment Bill retains section  Please e-mail your application to 198 and it will continue to apply to all employees. Temporary employment is limited to genuine It is true that some private providers did cash in on the  A pro-forma invoice will be raised and sent to you temporary work that does not exceed six months. A system, but that was, according to me, primarily because temporary employment service is the employer of of poor management structures and funding windows for payment. persons whom it pays to work for a client and the that were not properly thought through.  Once your application has been processed, you will temporary employment service and its client are qualify as an Affiliate Member. jointly and severally liable for specified contraventions Examples of this might be short courses that were paid at  Members in good standing may apply for elevated of employment laws. for per person per day, these funds were made available designations on the CIMAP website.  Members will receive their membership certificate Regulating contract work to non-accredited providers as well and poor quality An employee may be employed on a fixed term checks were done. and you will be added to the mailing list to receive contract for longer than six months only if the work is the regular updates and correspondence. of limited duration or the employer can demonstrate If service delivery of education and training programmes a justifiable reason for fixing the term of the contract. The membership application form is also available is your sole income and you depend on SETA funding, it is The provisions relating to fixed term contracts do not from our website at or can be sent just about impossible to survive. The reasons for that apply to an employer who employs less than 10 to you if you e-mail employees, nor does it apply to an employer who include: employs less than 50 employees and whose business Please contact us if we can be of assistance. has been in operation for less than two years..  The long and difficult process of tendering and allocation; SAQA Professional Bodies Update Commission for Conciliation Mediation and  The fact that providers need to carry the cost for The SAQA Board confirmed its appreciation to Arbitration (CCMA) recruitment and selection; professional bodies that formed part of the pilot The bill proposes a range of amendments to the  First tranche payments are often only made to group. The final policy and criteria will be tabled at the provisions that deal with the operations of the CCMA. Board meeting in June 2012. The exclusion of high-income earners from bringing providers 25% into a Learnership (which is very unfair dismissal claims to the CCMA is confirmed. problematic especially because providers need to carry the cost of delivery)-to my knowledge the only Strikes and lockouts system in the country where it is not been paid for CIMAP Membership Grades The amendments intend to respond to unacceptable education before it starts; levels of unprotected industrial action and unlawful Please note that all members in good standing that acts in support of industrial action, including violence  The fact that providers receive only payments as have received their membership certificates are now and intimidation. long as learners are deemed competent; able to use the following acronyms behind their  The average of R 15 000.00 been paid to the provider names. All affiliate members may indicate their status Organisational rights and collective bargaining for competent learners versus the R 25 000.00 tax as follows: Ms. K. Kumalo (ACIMAP). A few amendments are introduced to change the rebate to business. circumstances under which a Commissioner of the Membership upgrades must be done online and are CCMA may grant organizational rights where trade If we feel strong about growing the economy and growing subject to professional requirements as attached - unions refer disputes relating to these rights. our country we need to pay attention to the important role of private providers. A Commissioner may consider the composition of the Professional Designation Application: workforce, including the extent to which employees  Student Member - Open to anyone with an interest are engaged in non-standard working arrangements It is also important to utilise providers according to in assessment. Affiliate Assessor (No status within 30 days. qualifications and experience Total Quality Management awarded); (TQM) does not mean to be over verified, sometimes by  Affiliate Membership - is open to anyone with an inexperienced, but qualified verifiers, with Educational interest in assessment, and confirmation of statements/2012/media-briefing-by-minister-of- Qualifications that does not even come close to the ones achievement of the national assessor standard and labour-on-the-bills-amending-the-labour-relations- of the person at the institute being verified. is registered with at least one ETQA - (ACIMAP); act-and-the-basic-conditions-of-employment-act CIMAP Core Values: - Integrity, Credibility & Discipline © 2012 4
  5. 5. Skills Universe published the following interesting These problems are not unique to our country, but they Indonesia, Japan, the Philippines and the Republic of article on the proposed Green Paper are considerably more acute here than elsewhere. Korea are over 70% private. Malaysia is around 50%. Although government will, and must, remain the pre- It is also worth noting that organised labour, DHETS GREEN PAPER NEEDS A eminent financier and provider of education as part of business and government are joint signatories to the BROADER VISION – its mandate, there is consensus that the education and National Skills Development Strategy, National Skills training system “is inadequate in quantity, diversity and Accord and Human Resource Development StrategyBy Prof. Hoosen Rasool - MANCOSA in many, but not all instances, quality.” for South Private higher education enrolment rates hover between 20% and 60% in most countries in Put differently, the system is simply unresponsive to Latin America, whilst, Eastern and Central EuropeThe recently released Green Paper for Post-School the needs of the economy and society – poor learning have also increased enrolments rates vastly from aEducation and Training, currently in the public outcomes, huge inequalities, skills mismatches, lack of zero base in the early 1990s. This trend is set tocomments stage, signals a radical response to transform accessibility, funding inefficiencies, high repetition and continue well into the future.the post-school education and training (PSET) system. It dropout rates and management capacity arguably a hyper-ambitious document, issued by the These problems are not unique to our country, but they The engagement of the public sector with privateDepartment of Higher Education and Training (DHET), to are considerably more acute here than elsewhere. providers should rather be seen as a continuumreconfigure the PSET architecture, advance knowledge instead of a dichotomy. Surprisingly our governmentcreation and innovation, reduce poverty and As part of a global trend, many developed and is already engaging with private providers, albeit, atunemployment, align provisioning to national policy and developing countries are exploring different ways to a minimalist level through school nutrition schemes,programmatic imperatives, and contribute to inclusive involve the private sector in financing and providing transportation, limited subsidies for not-profitgrowth and development. education using voucher schemes, subsidies, joint schools, textbooks supply and a host of other capital ventures, procuring management, student services.Its goal of increasing university enrolments from 899 120 support, professional development, inspectoral,(participation rate 16%) to 1 500 000 (participation rate operational and maintenance services. But government needs to go further by exploring a23%) and FET and other post-school enrolments to 4 000 bigger menu of policy options. The issue is not000 (60% participation rate) by 2030 is by far the most Demand-side mechanisms such as vouchers and whether our PSET system should be public orambitious goals that set intractable fiscal, resource and subsidies have the advantage of promoting educational private, but rather to create a responsive systemimplementation challenges for the post-apartheid state. choice, competition and institutional accountability. through the optimal mix of institutions and programmes.Although the paper is somewhat coy as to who will Making private providers strategic partners in the PSETunderwrite the costs of restructuring, it can be assumed system can lead to improved service delivery, access, It is a misnomer to believe that extending the role ofthat it will require substantial public spending skewed equity and learning outcomes. private providers will reduce the government’ssharply in favour of the PSETA sector leading up to 2030. control over a public service, limit choices or In short, a productive education and training system. increase socio-economic segregation. Handled This presents dilemmas because national development Enhancing the role of private providers admittedly correctly, private providers increase efficiency andpriorities also extend to other areas such as basic requires a very smart government with the capacity to choice, and expand access to education services,education, health, infrastructure, social welfare, clearly define the role of private providers, design particularly for households that tend to be poorlypolicing, land reform and housing, to mention a few. regulatory frameworks, manage relationships and served by traditional delivery methods.With e-tolling, massive infrastructure development, job performance, oversee contractual obligations andcreation and National Health Insurance taking centre provide strong leadership. Despite considerable efforts to resuscitate ourstage on government’s priority list, any possibility of public Further Education and Training (FET) Collegesincreasing taxation for already beleaguered tax-payers is Balanced public-private partnerships in education lead from irrelevance over the last two decades, there islikely to produce “a remedy worse than the disease” to substantial private investments, risk sharing, very little to show for it. The time is now ripe towith long-term consequences for the economy. differentiation, innovation and technology upgrading relook at the FET conundrum through a different set and specialised skills of private providers. It also of lenses.According to National Treasury, university dropout rates overcomes the many inherent restrictions bedevilingare set to remain slightly below 80% over the next three public education provision. The application of smart public-private partnershipsyears. This means that in exchange for pouring R26.3 in this sector will ensure its relevance to thebillion into higher learning in 2012/13, only 167 87 will According to UNESCO, global private enrolments have national project. Private providers are closer tograduate, followed by 179 780 in 2013/14 at a cost of increased much faster than public enrolments in recent industry, which is where FET Colleges ought to be.R28.1 billion and 189 770 students in the year after that years. Regions such as sub-Saharan Africa, the Middlefor R28.1 billion. The figures for public further education East, and South Asia are recording the largest growth in Public-private partnerships are no panacea forand training are even more depressing. the private provision of education. solving our social and education ills, but they can contribute to the solution substantively. The GreenIn the face of competing social demands and fiscal Contrary to popular belief, private providers serve a full Paper is replete with superlatives to “advanceconstraints, the state will be compelled to make hard range of communities – from elites to middle and innovation”, “prolific creators of knowledge” andpolicy and programmatic choices about PSET financing working classes. Moreover, they reach marginalised “high levels of excellence and innovation”, butpriorities. If the country is to produce a “single, communities in rural areas. critically this is what is precisely lacking in thecoherent, differentiated and highly-articulated” discourse. There are a multitude of examples world-wide toPSET system mentioned in the Green Paper, the support the case for greater public-private partnerships There is a cogent case for involving private providersdiscourse needs to shift from traditional to innovative in education and training provision. For example, integrally in the envisaged PSET system becausepolicy approaches of financing and providing education Indias enrolment figures in higher education remain they have much to offer by way of financing andand training. abysmally low at a mere 11 % compared to that of the provisioning education and training. US and Canada, where over 60 % of college-ageThere is a window of opportunity for government to students access higher education. The latter countries Fundamentally, this requires a paradigm shift inforge closer relationships with private education and are strong advocates of private-public sector policy thinking, new mindsets and broadenedtraining providers in this regard and define more clearly partnerships. perspectives on the part of our policy-makers andtheir role within the system. stakeholders. This opportunity still prevails. In the Gulf States, hundreds of millions of dollars areFleeting references to the role of private education and being spent to open branches of top US and Europeantraining contained in the Green Paper is symptomatic of universities, such as Cornell in Qatar and the Sorbonnethe complexity of policy formulation and the need for in Abu Dhabi. Late last year, the new King Abdullahbetter public and private collaboration. University of Science and Technology opened in Saudi Arabia with a $10 billion endowment fund that exceedsThe private education sector can add tremendous value that of all but five American assisting government towards meeting national goalsand injecting huge financial investments into the PSET In China, the nine universities known as "The C9"sector without diluting the regulatory oversight of receive supplemental government funding to enhancegovernment. their competitiveness and become Chinas "Ivy League".We must face the hard facts – private sectorparticipation in education at all levels is a global The East Asian region contains the largestphenomenon in the facing of shrinking national budgets. concentration of countries with the proportionally largest education private sector.Africa. Funding inefficiencies, high repetition anddropout rates and management capacity constraints. CIMAP Core Values: - Integrity, Credibility & Discipline © 2012 5
  6. 6. INCREASING YOUR MANAGERIAL The 3,5 level is known as the “nausea” level. When we believe we matter, we behave in a fashion Characteristics of this level include the following: Level that creates new realities. We affect people’s lives AWARENESS LEVEL is tough: and we touch their hearts. Research shows that old Dr Wynand Goosen (DBA; Sc.D.; PhD) people that have pets live longer. This is because  I am only a worker they have someone that needs them. They have aVice President, BHSEA & CIMAP Board Member  My influence on the situation is limited responsibility – they matter to the pet, and thus have  Things happen to me a reason to live.1. Functioning on the Meta Level  I am a victim of circumstances On level 5 the manager is seen to be proactive – toThe ability to advance business thinking to a higher The manager operating on level 3,5 will struggle with take an interest in his team and to inspire people. Helevel of awareness is a new concept developed with all management tasks. This manager will view his job leads, he show the way and people do not mind tothe idea of facilitating more effective communication as “implementation” rather than “leading”. Creativity follow. After all, he is creating a reality – a wholein the workplace. The “meta” consciousness level can would be low, initiative limited and productivity world in which others may find meaning!enable one to identify your own blind spots and problematic. Personal development of staff would beenable you to “see” what you have not seen before. hampered. Organisational growth would be a The level 5 manager displays the following behaviour:By increasing your level of awareness, you are able to challenge. Market adaptability would present a  Passion, drive and energyunderstand the relationship you have with yourself problem.  Compassion, understanding of the views of othersand the people around you, how you influence YOUR  Insight into the task, the team and the futurelife and how you co- create the reality that we all live We could, however advance management  Ability to lead without fearin, collectively. Meta Business is about understands consciousness from level 3.5 to level 5. In order to do  Clarity of the task at handthe systems thinking of life and building a new vision so, we need to do two things:  Willingness to learn and create a learning culturefor yourself, thus enabling you to lead more effectively  Become aware of the level we operate on  No fear of mistakesthan ever before. now  Continuous improvement  Make concerted efforts to advance to a higher level Quantum physics explains how human consciousness“My relationship with you has nothing to do with affects matter directly. It is said that matter and thusyou.” It is about me and how I perceive it. I am Let’s consider the levels of consciousness in a bit more reality, forms as a direct result of humanresponsible for my life. I create my reality. How then detail: consciousness. That, consciousness leads to I redirect my reality? Let’s consider the following: Level 0: refers to non-consciousness, deep sleep So, it can be said that consciousness matters.  Have you ever looked at your life and wondered Level 1: refers to the dream state – hypnagogic experiences When you have meaning, you do things that matter. why you are where you are? Thus, you “matter” When you feel that you matter,  Have you ever considered the possibility that you Level 2: mere awareness, the most basic level of your life finds purpose. Once purpose is discovered, are the creator of everything that happens to waking consciousness. Level 2 is not focussed on your contextual awareness - understanding how you you? anything, but simply watching the world go by… make a difference to the world, becomes alive. Thus,  Can you see how this very moment, as you are you now make “matter” - creating new realities, holding this page, is the sum total of all you said where people’s lives are affected. Level 3: At this level, self-awareness is evident. and done, prior to this moment?  Meta Business is about developing the skills to However, this awareness is dull and heavy – often Level 6: On this level we develop considerable see your life in perspective, to become aware of limited to one thing at a time. At level, the world is meaning. Unhappiness becomes strange. who you are and to discover yourself, in an observed, but meaning is not clear at all. This is the attempt to create the reality that you want. level that Sartre called “nausea”. Level 7: Presents a sense of freedom. At this level is Meta Cognition is about being aware of how you appears that time itself is mastered. On this level, the influence the physical world around you, how Level 4: is the normal consciousness we experience human mind enters the mystical. you actually create matter, and how you live in every day. On this level, we can cope with existence, the world you create. In Meta Business we show 3. The Business Application but life is seen as a battle. It is easy to fall back from you how you construct your reality and how you level 4 to 3 as the pressure mounts, seeing life again, then justify the same reality, to confirm your The discussion of anything meta-physical is as without meaning. belief. traditionally left to dinner talk and avoided in the boardroom.  “What you accommodate is what you create. As This level of awareness suggests that the locus of control is external. On this level, one tends to believe you believe, so shall it be. “ Not anymore. Increasingly, the role of our spiritual that the world is a big bad place. The individual is  Ever read books like the secret? What the Bleep? powerless. One is the victim and has no power to selves are playing an ever increasing role in our work Mayan Prophecies, Journey work? Do you want change things. In such a reality, it is difficult for the life as we come to terms with who we really are – to develop an abundance mind-set? Do you want individual to find “purpose”. Thus, often these people spirits trying to be human, not humans trying to be often find it hard to obtain a job that satisfies them – spiritual. to train your thought process to generate the life happiness eludes them. They may even be good at a you want? certain job, but fail to see what the job does for them on a personal level. Thus, without meaning, By raising consciousness, the perspective we hold  Life as you know it is not some random event productivity will suffer. regarding everything changes. In a managerial that happened to you. You are no victim of a position, it enables the ability to see situations from conspiracy. Your job, your family and your reality Victor Frankl, a prisoner of World War II, believed that multiple angles. A manager with more insight can are not the result of fruit theft by your a person can cope with “any how” when they have “a manage a workforce with so much more insight, thus forefathers! Even when you are a victim, you are reason why” and thus survived the Nazi concentration delivering so much more results! the perpetrator, the creator of your reality! camps. Thus, if we are to address productivity, it starts with creating meaning. However, meaning also Higher awareness also suggests higher creativity2. The levels of awareness requires understanding the big picture. Thus, we need levels. More angles, more dimensions and more to know why we are doing what we’re doing, and we options makes for better quality decisions.The levels of awareness or consciousness can be need to see how it makes sense in the world out there.measured, using a system developed by Colin Wilson We need to feel that we matter. If we do not matter – 4. The Way forwardin 1991. This level of consciousness ultimately we do not affect matter.Only then, do we feeldetermines the way you view the world, and this view, compelled to act. Until then, well why should we? Various ways exist to increase consciousness. Start byyour perception, determines your reality. Thus, your writing down the issues that trouble you now. Makeawareness is what determines your success! a list of not more than 10 items. Level 5: spring morning consciousness…Changing from a passive existence to a positive, active existence.The levels of awareness are measured on a scale of 1 Claiming the locus of your life to be in your control. If you only have one, that is fine too. However, if youto 7, according to the Wilson scale. Most people you Master of your destiny. Now things no longer happen have a few, try to identify patterns between thewill meet on a daily basis operate on level 3,5 to you – in fact you start happening to things! Now life things you identify.consciousness. has prospects. We are happy. We matter, therefore we act CIMAP Core Values: - Integrity, Credibility & Discipline © 2012 6
  7. 7. For example, if you have a tough time with your boss, Responsibility is power. It shows you how you ETHICS AND ACCOUNTABILITYand feel your husband is a problem, whilst you had an happened to things, as opposed to things happeningargument with your sister…what is the trend? to you. Now let us make a list of what you are going Article by Heidi D Edwards to change and how you are going to do it. Let us planRelationship problems, interpersonal issues, conflicts? your life. You are in charge… Salutations Practitioners!You decide. Remember, you do not need to try tohide. You will only hide from yourself…so be honest. It 5. Conclusion This month sees the advent of two new interestingis only you and I that will know, and frankly, I am not and really useful services at CIMAP – Practitioner You would be a better manager and team leader Counseling and Practitioner Ethics Reporting.that bothered – you see, what you think does notinfluence my reality… because you have a vision of what you can change. The stress and strain of daily living means that more You know you can bring ideas to manifest and you and more people act in a manner contrary to theFrom the trauma, your reality will be defined. This will lead from the heart. You know yourself and your values inculcated by our Mothers; as Practitioners webe done during the contact session. Once you weaknesses and are assured of your strengths and are often subjected to the ire and bad temper ofcompleted this part, you have started to look at your talents and how to use them to make your visions Learners.reality from an objective perspective. come to fruition, both for yourself your team and your company. You will see what others do not. You My journey as a Practitioner has been punctuated by tremendous growth – a blossoming in the ReflexiveStep two: Define the reality will truly see what you see… quadrant of my competency. How have I managed? ITo define your reality, is to consider all that is in it. have access to some wonderful people who guide andThis moment is the sum total of all you said and did, assist me when I feel that I need guidance. Nowprior to this moment. This moment is the result of the CIMAP is making this service available to YOU in therecipe that is your life. Take a moment and ponder – form of Practitioner Counseling.what is my life? Who am I? What do I think I am like? We must stand proud as citizens who understand ourWrite down your thoughts. Does your self-image responsibilities and as Practitioners who strive todiffer from what people around you think? Did you create a business environment that is categorised byask them? In addition, how important is it to you what its ethical behaviour.they think? According to 2011 Transparency International (TI)I am… report, South Africa is ranked 64th out of 182 countries in terms of being rife with corruption. WhatOnce you completed this part, you have started to A Case for Professional Development do you do if you know of a Practitioner who hasconnect your reality with yourself, no creating indulged in unethical behaviour, e.g. falsified reportsanother perspective. You have now defined your OR taken a bribe to assign a Competent result? By Henriette van Twisktrauma; you looked at yourself; you considered howothers see you and you are starting to form a picture. As per the new Companies Act, CIMAP has an ‘Ethics The world in which all professionals practise is & Accountability’ sub-committee. Under the auspicesHowever, you cannot see your true self yet. You are changing. Global competition has never been more of this committee, CIMAP has made available a facilitylooking back, but now just see a glimpse of the road intense. Clients are becoming more knowledgeable that allows any CIMAP member to report behaviouryou walked. So let us stand a bit further and see if we and more demanding. Technology continues to that would by common law or moral standard becan get a clearer picture…Lets walk done the next considered ‘unethical behaviour’. affect all aspects of our lives.valley… It is incumbent upon us as Practitioners to report The knowledge base of the professions, and of theStep 3: It is your fault behaviour that could damage credibility or harm us sectors in which they operate, has also increased. individually or collectively on a professional basis.Have you ever noticed how most people always want With such developments come new opportunities: Please use the CIMAP Practitioner Ethics Reportingto shift the blame of what happened in their lives to new clients, new markets, and new areas of facility when you know that a Learner or a Practitionersomeone or something else? Consider this. How many practice and new methods of working. These has behaved in an unethical manner.people do you know that can admit when they are changes demand ever-evolving knowledge, skillswrong? How many people apologised to you in your Contact CIMAP on or 011 329 and understanding and an increasinglife? Even worse – make a list of your friends who 9000 to find out how you can avail yourself of demonstration of commitment to lifelongthink they are paid well…? Most people have an Practitioner Counseling and CONFIDENTIAL professional learning. ANONYMOUS Practitioner Ethics Reporting and how itempty list. By the way, do you think you are paid can help your Continuous Professional Development.enough for what you do? No, you don’t? That is funny. All professionals are assumed technicallyNo one seems to think they are be paid what they competent and managerially capable. Indeed, in Heidi D Edwards ( be… Independent ETD Practitioner AND CIMAP Affiliate our knowledge-intensive world some have argued Member that the only real source of sustainable competitiveNow let’s play a game. Let’s think of the entire trauma advantage is the ability to recognise and adapt toand the things you are aware of in your life, which is Relationship forged with The Chartered these changes faster than the competition.“wrong”. Make a list…travel down this valley. Next, let Institute of Educational Assessors U.Kus take full responsibility for all that happened. Make The commitment to keeping up to date is growinga list of how it could be your fault. You do not have to in significance as an increasing number of people CIMAP has established a strategic relationship witheven really think it is, but assume it is. recognise the benefits of adopting a planned and The Chartered Institute of Educational Assessors U.K. structured approach to post-qualification learning. CIMAP members have access to discountedWhen you assume responsibility, you create a The commitment to keeping up to date is growing membership rates to the CIEA, and access to theplatform from which you can analyse why you created in significance as an increasing number of people largest global assessment resource website.the reality that you did. Sure, you might need a recognise the benefits of adopting a planned and meditation to accomplish this... However, youcould just quietly ponder… and explore the reasons structured approach to post-qualification learning. CIEA programmes will be run in South Africa as part ofwhy you created the reality that you did. Only once, Commitment to CPD is also an acknowledgement our global recognition have a clear understanding of “why you createdthe experiences that you did, will you understand the that becoming professionally qualified is not an end in itself - it is merely the beginning. CIMAP is also proudly associated with:“lessons” you are meant to learn from it.Step 4: You are in control Updating skills and knowledge on a continuing basisYes, you are. You created this entire reality. Own it. is essential to career progression, particularly givenOnly when you own it, can you change it. Do not shy the passing of the job for life and rigorouslyaway from taking responsibility for your life. defined career path cultures. CIMAP Core Values: - Integrity, Credibility & Discipline © 2012 7