Gis+tutorial+1+basic+workbook

24,739 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
2 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
24,739
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2,159
Comments
2
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Gis+tutorial+1+basic+workbook

  1. 1. 3as i c Workbook510il pen L. .Gorrri sten S. KurlandESRI PRESSHE!) 1" )S, CALIFORNIA
  2. 2. PrefaceGIS Tutorial 1: Basic Workbook is the direct result of the authors experiencesteaching GIS to high school students in a summer program at Carnegie MellonUniversity, undergraduate and graduate students in several departments anddisciplines at Carnegie Mellon University, as well as working professionals.GIS Tutorial 1 is a hands-on workbook with step-by-step exercises that take thereader from the basics of using ArcGlS Desktop interfaces through performingadvanced spatial analyses.Instructors can use this book for the lab portion of a GIS course, or individualscan use it for self-study. You can learn a lot about GIS concepts and principlesby "doing" and we provide many short notes on a "just-in-time" basis to helpthis kind of learning.The book has three parts; Part 1, "Using and making maps,~ is essential for allbeginning students. Then come the chapters of part 2, "Working with spatialdata," and part 3, "Learning advanced GIS applications." These are largely inde-pendent of each other, and you can use them in the order that best fits yourneeds or your classs needs.In chapter 1, readers learn the basics of working with existing GIS data andmaps. In chapters 2 and 3, they learn how to build maps from GIS data. Theexercises in chapter 4 teach readers how to create geodatabases and importdata into them.Chapter 5 explores the basic data types used within GIS and then shows read-ers how to use the Internet to download GIS data. Editing spatial data is a largepart of GIS work, and chapter 6 teaches how to digitize vector data and trans-form data to match real-world coordinates. In chapter 7, students learn how totJ
  3. 3. ,X ~I PREFACE GIS TUTORIAL 1map address data as points through the geocoding process. Chapters 8 and 9 cover spatialanalysis using geoprocessing tools and analysis workflow models.Chapters 10 and 11 provide instructions on two ArcGIS extensions. Chapter 10 introducesArcGIS 3D Analyst, allowing students to create 3D scenes. conduct fly-through animations,and conduct line-o(-sight studies. Finally, chapter 11 introduces ArcGIS Spatia] Analyst forcreating and analyzing raster maps, ind uding h Ulshades, density maps, site suitabilitysurfaces. and risk index surfaces.Tn f",infor(!; t he skills learned in the step -by-step exercises and to provoke critical problem-solving skills, there are short Your Turn assignments throughout each chapter and advancedassignments at the end of each chapter. The quickest way to increase GIS skills is to followup step-by-step instructions with independent work, and the assignments provide theseimportant learning components.This book comes with a DVD containing exercise and assignment data and a DVD contain-ing a trial version of ArcGIS Desktop 10, ArcEditor license. You will need to install the soft-ware and data in order to perform the exercises and assignments in this book. (If you havean earlier version ofArcView,ArcEditor, or Arclnfo installed, you will need to uninstall it.)The ArcGIS Desktop 10 DVD provided with this book will work for instructors and basic-level students in exercise labs that previously used an ArcView license of ArcGIS Desktop.Instructions for installing the data and software that come with this book are included inappendix D.For teacher resources and updates related to this book, go to www.esri.coIII/ esr"ipress.
  4. 4. AcknowledgmentsWe would like to thank all who made this book possible.We have taught GIS courses at Carnegie Mellon University since the late 1980s, alwayswith lab materials that we had written. With the feedback and encouragement of stu-dents, teaching assistants, and colleagues, we eventually wrote a book that becamethis book. We are forever grateful for the encouragement and feedback we received.Faculty at other universities who have taught GIS using GIS Tutorial WorkbookforArcView 9 have also provided valuable feedback. They include Don Dixon ofCalifornia State University. Sacramento; Mike Rock of Columbus State CommunityCollege; Piyusha Singh of State University of New York at Albany; An Lewis of theUniversity of Pittsburgh; and George Tita at the University of California, Irvine.We are very grateful to the many public servants and vendors who havegenerously supplied us with interesting GIS applications and data, including KevinFord of Facilities Management Services, Carnegie Mellon University; Barb Kvizof the Green Practices Program, Carnegie Mellon University; Susan Golomb andMike Homa of the City Planning Department. City of Pittsburgh; Richard Chapin ofinfoUSA Inc.; Pat Clark and Trad Jackson of Jackson Clark Partners, PennsylvaniaResources Council; Commander Kathleen McNeely, Sergeant Mona Wallace, andJohn Shuitie of the Pittsburgh Bureau of Police; Mayor Robert Duffy of Rochester.New York; Lieutenant Todd Baxter, Lieutenant Michael Wood, and Jeff Chealof the Rochester, New York. Police Department; Kirk Brethauer of SouthwesternPennsylvania Commission (www.spcregion ,org);and TeleAtlas for use of its U.S.datasets contained within the ESRI Data & Maps Media Kit.Finally. thanks to the great team at ESRI Press who tested. edited. deSigned,and produced this book, including Claudia Naber, Michael Schwartz, Riley Peake.David Boyles, and the entire production team.
  5. 5. Contents-:1.J.d:no-...Jedgmenu xiUsing and making mapsChapter 1: Introduction 1Thtorial1-1 Open and save a map document 2Thtoriall-2 Work with map layers 5Tutorial1-3 Navigate in a map document 13Tutorial 1-4 Measure distances 21Tutoriall-S Work with feature at tributes 23Thtoria11-6 Select features 271UtoriaI1-7 Work with attribute tables 33Tutoriall-B Label features 40Assignment 1-1 43Assignment 1-2 45Chapter 2: Map design 47Thtoria12-1 Create choropleth maps 48Thtorial 2-2 Create group layers 52Tutorial2-3 Set threshold scales for dynamic display 58Tutorial2-4 Create choropleth maps using custom attributescales 63Tutorial 2-5 Create point maps 69Thtorial2-6 Create a point map based on a definition query 71Tht~ria12-7 Create hyperlinks 77Tutorial2-B Create MapTips 81Assignment 2-1 82Assignment 2-2 84Chapter 3: GIS outputs 87Thtorial3-1 Explore interactive GIS 88Thtorial3-2 Create map layouts 91Tutorial 3-3 Reuse a custom map layout 98Tutorial 3-4 Create a custom map template with two maps 100Thtorial 3-5 Add a report to a layout 104Tutorial 3-6 Add a graph to a layout 109Tutorial 3-7 Create multiple output pages 111Tutorial3-B Build a map animation 114Assignment 3-1 119Assignment 3-2 120Assignment 3-3 122
  6. 6. CONTENTS GIS TUTORIAL 1Part 2 Working with spatial dataChapter 4: File geodatabases 125Tutorial4-1 Build a file geodatabase 126Tutorial4-2 Use ArcCatalog utilities 128Tutorial4-3 Modify an attribute table 131Tutorial4-4 Join tables 134Tutorial4-S Create centroid coordinates in a table 136Tutorial4-6 Aggregate data 140Assignment 4-1 146Assignment 4-2 149Chapter 5: Spatial data 151Tutorial5-1 Examine metadata 152Tutorial 5-2 Work with map projections 154Tutorial 5-3 Learn about vector data formats 164Tutorial 5-4 Explore sources ofvector maps 171Tutorial5-5 Download and process tabular data 176Tutorial 5-6 Explore sources of raster maps 182Assignment 5-1 188Assignment 5-2 190Chapter 6: Digitizing 193Tutorial 6-1 Digitize polygon features 194Tutorial 6-2 Use advanced edit tools 204Tutorial 6-3 Digitize point features 209Tutorial 6-4 Digitize line features 213Tutorial 6-5 Spatially adjust features 218Assignment 6-1 226Assignment 6-2 228Chapter 7: Geocoding 231Tutorial7-1 Geocode data by ZIP Code 232Tutorial7-2 Geocode data by street address 238Tutorial 7-3 Correct source addresses using interactiverematch 244Tutorial7-4 Correct street reference layer addresses 247Tutorial 7-5 Use an alias table 252Assignment 7-1 253Assignment 7-2 255
  7. 7. GIS TUTORIAL 1Part 3lONTENTS ". IiChapter 8: Geoprocessing 257Tutorial8-1 Use data queries to extract features 258Tutorial8-2 Clip features 262Tutoria18-3 Dissolve features 265ThtorialB-4 Merge features 269Tutorial 8-5 Intersect layers 271Tutorial 8-6 Union layers 275Tutorial8-7 Automate geoprocessing with ModelBuilder 277Assignment 8-1 287Assignment 8-2 289Assignment 8-3 291Learningadvanced GIS applicationsChapter 9: Spatial analysis 295Thtorial9-1 Buffer points for proximity analysis 296Tutorial 9-2 Conduct a site suitability analysis 300Tutorial 9-3 Apportion data for noncoterminous polygons 307Assignment 9-1 317Assignment 9-2 320Assignment 9-3 322Chapter 10: ArcGIS 3D Analyst 325TutoriallO-1 Create 3D scenes 326Tutoriall0-2 Create a TIN from contours 328Tutoriall0-3 Drape features onto a TIN 332Tutoriall0-4 Navigate through scenes 336Tutoriall0-5 Create a fly-through animationThtorial10-6 Add 3D effects and use 3DsymbolsThtorial10-7 Edit 3D objects 345340342349Tutoriall0-8 Perform a line-of-sight analysisTutoriall0-9 Explore ArcGlobe Web service 351Assignment 10-1 355Assignment 10-2 357
  8. 8. viii ,/ CONTENTS" ...;GIS TUTORIAL 1Chapter 11: ArcGIS Spatial Analyst 359AppendixAAppendixBApp~ndix CApP<"ndix DTutorialll-1 Process raster map layers 360Tutorial1l-2 Create a hillshade raster layer 364Thtorialll-3 Make a kernel density map 366Thtorialll-4 Extract raster value points 370Thtorial11-5 Conduct a raster-based site suitability study 373Tutorial11-6 Use ModelBuilder for a risk index 378Assignment 11-1 387Assignment 11-2 389Taskind"" 391Data sourc~ credits 397Data lic~nse agreement 407Installing the data and software 411
  9. 9. -C. , , r9 ogr3J)hlcgeog l~aph c... .. , _,- dprJ .. cgeographicCecn!~ar: (IntroductionPartUsing and making maps.. 1lr or 3t Oinformationinf o rma t ion~ !1,f o r!na t i onsys emssysterr:ssystemssys t e mss te mssgeo~r ,-lphl( ,lnfo lgeographic infogeog r a phi c in f o .gen g raph c info ,ge og raph c infogeog r a p h c i n foap h~ geog r ap c~yst e ms geographicJ In ation systems geographicin f ormatl.c n sys tem s g e og ra phi cinformation systems geographic"1 oi~m~ ion s,stgr.;t, tvogr-anllic in f orrThis first chapter familiarizes you with some of the basic features of ArcGIS andillustrates some fundamentals of GIS. You will work with map layers and under-)ing attribute data tables for U.S. states, cities, counties, and streets. All layersfO U will use are made up of spatial features consisting of points, lines, and poly-gons. Each geographic feature has a corresponding data record, and you willwork with both features and their data records.
  10. 10. 2 CHAPTER 1 IntroductionLearning objectivesOpen and save a map docu.mentWork with map layersNavigate in a map documentMeasure distancesTutorial 1-1GIS TUTORIAL 1Work with feature attributesSelect featuresWork with llttribute tablesLabel featuresOpen and save a map documentArcMap is the primary mapping component ofArcGIS Desktop software fromESRI. ESRloffers three licensing levels ofArcGIS DesktoPI each with increasingcapabilities: ArcView, ArcEditor, and ArcInfo. Together, ArcMap, ArcCatalog,ArcScene, and ArcGlobe-all ofwhich you will use in this book-make up ArcGISDesktop, the worlds most popular GIS software.Launch ArcMap1 From t he Windows taskbar, click Start, An Programs, ArcGIS, ArcMap 10. Dependingon your operating system and how ArcGIS and ArcMap have been installed, you may have adifferent navigation menu.2 In the resu1ting ArcMap - Getting Started window, click Existing Maps and Browsefor more.
  11. 11. :-::-:ORIAL 1 Introduction~ an existing map document1 Browse to the drive that has the ESRIPressGISTlMaps folder installed(e.g., C: ESRIPressGISTlMaps).2 Click the Tutorial1-1.mxd (or Tutorial1~l) icon and click Open.Open l!ll8JAe nom.: h~~io/1·!:~ .. j~Jf;;;oM""DOCI.IIIIntI".~ ~ ... "7- ----- - _. .- -D Open .....od-orlyi..JCHAPTER 1=1-e Tutorial1~l .mxd map document opens in ArcMap, showing a map consisting of the::S States layer (with boundaries of the lower 48 contiguous states). The US Cities layer:lO: yet turned on) is the subset of cities with population greater than 300,000. The left:-.-:-- ..1of the ArcMap window is the table of contents (TOC). It serves as a legend for the:::!.:.!>-plus has several other uses you will learn about in this chapter. Note that the-:-:K):.s toolbar, which is floating on the right side of the screen on the next page, may be.:.x..<ed somewhere in the interface. Ifyou wish, you can anchor it by clicking in its top....."ea, dragging it to a side or top of the map display window and releasing when you see.a ~""in rectangle materialize. If you do not see the Tools toolbar at all, click Customize,:-;)Q::3ars, Tools to make it visible. You will learn to use many of the tools in this toolbar in~ :$ chapter.
  12. 12. CHAPTER 1 Introduction.... Edt _ IIOObDorIt< "-t SoIo<tion ~ C.stmIiIlo ........,... Hot>:~!!:.~~l ~X>; ," r~ -t> . i:34~~_ --=:J...·i. ~. !!!!l r;;c;il ~ I!J~De 9 (l .JiL,,~ii ij L.,en I;; 0 usa-•a " I!IE!!llIo,Save the map document to a new locationGIS TUTORIAL 1..•• •.."tiJ.i.!:L~.,,..:"1.You will save all files that you modify or create while working through the tutorials in thisbook in the MyExercises folder.1 Click File, Save As.2 Navigate to the ESRIPressGtST1MyExercisesChapterlfolder and save the mapas Tutorial1-1.mxd.3 Click Save.M...-if l""" Ii:JMy~. I" II...""""~ ·I_~.. ~==MyN_ no_ rj .....".l.nd.....__ .._J
  13. 13. ---CTORIAL 1 IntroductionTutorial 1-2rk with map layersMap layers are references to data sources such as point, line, and polygon shape(iles,geodatabase feature classes, raster images, and so forth representing spatial fea-tures that can be displayed on a map. ~rcMap displays map layers from a map docu-ment such as Thtoriall-1.mxd, but the map document does not contain copies ofthemap layers. The map layer files remain external to the map document wherever theyexist on computer storage media. Next, you will use the map documents table ofcontents (TOe) for the map layers in the document.a layer on and offBefore GIS existed. mapmakers drew separate layers on clear plastic sheets and thencarefully stacked the sheets to make a map composition. Now with GIS, working withlayers is much easier.1 aid< the small check box to the left of the US Cities layer in the TOC to turn that layeron.. The TOC is the panel on the left side of the view window. A check mark appears if thelayer is turned on. Ifthe TOC aCCidentally d oses, dick Windows, Table of Contents toreopen it.2 CEck the check box to the left of the US Cities layer in the TOC again to turn the layer off.
  14. 14. (1 ,C HAiT ER 1 Intr oduction GIS TUTORIAL 1Add and remove map layersYou can add map layers to the TOe from their storage locations.1 Click the Add.Data button.t;.2 In the Add Data browser, click the Connect to Folder button ~ .3 Click the drive on which the ESRIPressGISTl folder is installed, browse to and clickthe Data folder, and dick OK. After this, you will always be able to connect directly to theData folder when searching for or saving data map layers and data tables.4 In the Add Data window, double-click the ESRIPressGIST1Data folder icon, double-clickUnitedStates.gdb, and clickCOCounties. ArcMap randomlypicks a color for the Coloradocounties layer. You will learnhow to change the color andother layer symbols later.5 Click Add. ArcMap places thenew layer with Colorado countiescorrectly oyer the state ofColorado because all map layers have coordinates tied to specific locations on theearths surface.1iI l:lf ..--.Ii 0 USQlo<•Iii Ii!! flUD6i Iii!! US :It.IrHCJI.[ c..uI
  15. 15. I5nJTORIAL 1 Introduction CHAPTER 1 : 76 Right-click COCounties in the TOC and click Remove. This action removes the map layerfrom the map document but does not delete it from its storage location.lsing relative pathsWhen you add a layer to a map, ArcMap stores the paths in the map document. When youopen a map, ArcMap locates the layer data it ]leeds using these stored paths. If ArcMapcannot find the data for a layer, the layer will still appear in the ArcMap TOe, but of courseit will not appear on the map. Instead, ArcMap places a red exclamation mark (1) next tothe layer name to indicate that its path needs repair. You can view information about thedata source for a layer and repair it by clicking the Source tab in the Layers Propertieswindow.Paths can be absolute or relative. An example of an absolute path is C:ESRIPressGIST1DataUnitedStates.gdbUSCities. To share map documents saved with absolute paths,everyone who uses the map must have exactly the same paths to map layers on his or hercomputer. Instead, the relative path option is favored.Relative paths in a map specify the locationof the layers relative to the current locationon disk of the map document (.mxd file).Because relative paths do not contain driveletter names, they enable the map andits associated data to point to the samedirectory structure regardless of the driveor folder in which the map resides. Ifaproject is moved to a new drive, ArcMap~ill still be able to find the maps and theirdata by traversing the relative paths.1 crick File, Map Document Properties.~rotice the option is set to Store relativepa.thnames to data sources..2 Click OK .3 Save your map document."""",T..,.Mte:lMtSlYod,lMt Pmte<J:lMt Elq>ortod,""d(,ESRIPre« GlSTI1Mo!><lo.DJria1H ."",d~.1.mxdl-toArcGISNormol.mxt1/22/2010 8:lt::t6 PMGeo<Iot<ob....: (:Doc_ and Set!hgsl(rlston KI.riondI,AppIF..u.-.....05t,...,~.p~to Mt~ $<M.r<O>TlurtJnaI: ,.. " ....:
  16. 16. Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 1Drag and drop a layer from the Catalog windowThe Catalog window allows you to explore, maintain, and use GIS data with its manyArcCatalog utility functions. From Catalog, you will drag and drop a map layer into theTOC as an alternative method of adding data.1 Click Windows, Catalog.2 In the Catalog window, navigate to ESRIPressGISTlOataUnitedStates.gdb.3 Drag and drop COCounties into the top of the TOC window.."..- ,",... ., ..The map layers in the TOCdraw in order from the bottom up, so if you droppedCOCounties below us States, the states will cover COCounties. If COCounties is covered,remove it and drag and drop it again from Catalog, this time above US States.
  17. 17. ::U AL 1 Introduction CHAPT BR 1Iuto Hide for the Catalog window~otice that when you opened the Catalog window, it opened in pinned-open mode, whichkeeps the window open and handy for use, but covers part of your map. The Auto Hidefeature of this application window along with other application windows {such as the TOCand Search window}keeps the windows available for immediate use, but hides them inberween uses so that you have more room for your map.1 Click the Auto Hide button on top of the Catalog window £I..The window d oses butleaves a Catalog button on the right side of the ArcMap windowlll.clltllbo] i.2 Click the Catalog button. The Catalog window opens. Next, you will simulate havingcompleted a Catalog task by clicking the map document. The window will auto hide.3 Click any place on the map or TOe. You can pin the window open again, which you willdo next.4 Click the Catalog button and dick the Unpinned Auto Hide buttoniii .That pins theCatalog window open until you dick the pin again to auto hide or dose t he window. Tryclicking the map or TOC to see that t he Catalog window remains open.5 Close t he Catalog window.....iii . i "_.£~",YOUR TURN!::.::e.-d.d Data or Catalog button to add COStreets, also found III ESRIPressGISTl Data~.....es.gdb. These are street centerlines for Jefferson County, Colorado. You may haven..:....-. seeing the streets because they occupy a small area of the map (look carefully above the~ ::i Colorado). Later in these exercises you will learn how to zoom in for a closer look atw...... ::eatures such as the streets._-_______ _ _ .."_"_"___._.M..""_"__.......,......,,.....,,__,~........_..-.,......~..._.;"".~,,"
  18. 18. .I~. .Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 1Change a layers display orderNext, you will change the drawing order of layers, but you must have the List By DrawingOrder button selected to enable such changes.1 Make sure that the List By Drawing Order button ~;: is selected in the TOC and turn onthe US Cities layer.2 Drag the US Cities layer to the bottom of the TOC and drop it. Because ArcMap draws theUS Cities layer first now, the US States and Counties layers cover its point markers.i:j ~coc~o@ ~ USstot..o8 ~ I!IiIIIB•
  19. 19. Introduction CHAPTER 13 Drag t he usCities layer to the top of the TOC and drop it. ArcMap now draws theUS Cities last, so you can see its points again.•::: 5!1 COStroot.- 0 COCoostieso;;;: 0 US State,o••• t---!:1 ~~• •i-C.~ . J •..•baDge a layers color.,••One of the nicest capabilities of ArcGIS is how easy it is to change colors and other symbolsIll: layers. First you will change the color fill of a layers polygons.S ~-3 lftyer.E3 Ii"! USQlos1 Click the COCounties layers legend symbol in the TOC. The legendsr:nbol is the rectangle below the layer name in the TOC.•!iii Ii2I COStroots2 Gick the Fill Color button in the Current Symbol section of the SymbolSelector window.3 Click the Tarragon Green tile in the Color Palette,4 Click OK. The layers color changes to Tarragon Green on the map."No coloiu•[] !~:; d C O __ U ri (J8ifJr,:,:::: m: m: nif-I CE i" c..: If: ~ .~ ::~~ :~~ : : :• • • • ,,;; 8 :•• 111 • • •:.: ~ ~ ~:.~~;-&":*~:• .lIl U." C [] LJ lJ f ;;; !if 1I lIE. !l lIi m !! m~ s IlUIl . 1II. ... .. .. m••• •MoreCoior.".
  20. 20. CHAPTER 1 Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 1Change a layers outline colorNow you will change the outline color of a layers polygons.1 Click the COCounties layers legend symbol.2 Click the Outline Color button in the Current Symbol section of the SymbolSelector window.3 Click the Black tile in the Color Palette.4 Click OK.5 Click File and Save to save your map document.YOUR TURNChange the color of the COStreets layer. choosing a medium shade of gray. You will see theresults later in the exercise......_------_.._.__.._---,..",..¥-_...............,-,-----_.-.....-~.
  21. 21. !i 7Ur ORIAL 1 Introduction CHAPTER 1Tutorial 1-3avigate in a map documentWhen you open a map document, you see the entire map, a view called the fullextent. You can zoom in to any area ofthe map resulting in that area fl,lling themap window, giving you a close-up view. The current view ofthe map is its currentextent. You can zoom out, pan, anduse several additional means ofmoving about inyour map document. These include the Magnifl,er window for close-up views withoutzooming in, the Overview window that shows where you are on the full map whenzoomed in, and spatial bookmarks for saving a map extent for future use.m In1 Click the Zoom In button ~ on the Tools toolbar.2 Click and hold down the mouse button on a point above and to the left of the stateof Florida.3 Drag the mouse down to the bottom and to the right of the state of Florida and release.::1e process you performedin .steps 2 and 3 is sQlnetimescalled"dragging a rectangle."•- - - - - - - - -
  22. 22. l.14 CHAPTER 1 Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 1Fixed Zoom In and Zoom OutPanThis is an alternative for zooming in by fixed amounts.1 Click the Fixed Zoom In button : : . This zooms in a fixed distance on the center of thecurrent display.2 Click t he map to zoom in centered on the point you pick.3 Click the Fixed Zoom Out button :: . This zooms out a fixed distance from the center ofthe current zoomed display.Panning shifts the current display in any direction without changing the current scale.1 Click the Pan button .rl .2 Move the cursor anywhere onto the map display.3 Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse in any direction.4 Release the mouse button.Full, previous, and next extentThe following steps introduce tools that navigate through views you have already created.1 Click the Full Extent button " . This zooms to a full display of all layers, regardless ofwhether they are turned on or turned off.2 dick the Go Back to Previous Extent button .• . This returns the map display to itsprevious extent.3 Continue to click this button to step back through all of t he views.4 Click the Go to Next Extent button .. . This moves forward through the sequence ofzoomed extents you have viewed.5 Continue to click this button until you reach full extent.
  23. 23. :1:":O RIAL 1 Introduction CHAPTtiK 1YOUR TURN::..x:!:: w the county polygons in Colorado, and then zoom and pan so the streets in Jefferson=---..:::y. Colorado, are in the center of the display. Leave your map zoomed in to the streets.----------.,-,-----~.."...................--,..Open the Magnifier windowTne Magnifier window adjusts the map display to see more detail or get an overview of anarea. This window works like a magnifying glass. As you pass the window over the mapdisplay, you see a magnified view of t he location under the window. Moving the windowc!oes not affect the current map extent.1 Click Windows, Magnifier.2 Drag the Magnifier over an area of the map to see crosshairs for area selection, and thenrelease to see the zoomed details.
  24. 24. CHAPTER 1 Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 13 Drag the Magnifier window to a new area to see another detail on the map.Magnifier propertiesYou will change the magnification property of the Magnifier window.1 Right-dick the title bar of the Magnifierwindow and dick Properties.
  25. 25. GIS TUTORIAL 12 Change the Magnify By percentage to800% if it is not already at that power,and then click OK.IntroductionWine/WI" ProperUcs f7J~(;;;;;:;1I ""! 0 M~"Ov_ I.!,~ . ~0 M~8~; iocmj .....- - .~=~~ : ,_._O~"_.d:~.:..~-~l-W:"------ -..JOK I I Concel II Appb>3 Drag the Magnifier window to a different location and see the resulting view.4 Close t he Magnifier window.CHAPTER 1
  26. 26. CHAPTER 1 Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 1Use the Overview windowThe Overview window shows the full extent of the layers in a map. A box shows thecurrently zoomed area. You can move the box to pan the map display. You can also makethe box smaller or larger to zoom the map display in or out.1 Click the Zoom to Full Extent button 0 .2 Zoom to a small area of the map in the northwest corner of the United States (two orthree complet e states).
  27. 27. ORIAL 1 Introduction CHAPTER 13 Click Windows, Overview. The Overview window shows the current extent of the maphighlighted with a red rectangle.•r- .......,4 ~1ove the cursor to the center of the red box, dick and drag to move it to a new location,and release. The extent of the map display updates to reflect the changes made in the:.•ayers Overview window. Note that if you right-d ick the top of t he Layers Overview",i.."dow and click Properties, you can modify the display.•5 ::lese the Layers Overview window.
  28. 28. CHAPTER 1 Introd1lction GIS TUTORIAL 1Create spatial bookmarksSpatial bookm arks save the extent of a map display or geographic location so you canreturn to it later without having to use Pan and Zoom tools.1 Click the Zoom to Full Extent button " .2 Zoom to the state of Florida.3 Click Bookmarks, Create, andtype Florida in the BookmarkName field.B"""",ork 1-1.....: rFlorida ····_·-iL__._..._ .... . ----OK JI CaIceI I4 Click OK.S Click the Zoom to Full Extentbutton Q .•6 Click Bookmarks, Florida. ArcMap zooms to the saved bookmark of Florida.7 Save your map document.YOUR TURNCreate spatial bookmarks for the states of California, New York, and Texas. Tryout yourbookmarks. Use Bookmarks, Manage to remove the California bookmark......_--------_...._--...._---- ----.-~-~
  29. 29. s::::-:-ORIAL 1 Introduction CHAPTER 1Tutorial 1-4leasure distancesMaps have coordinates enabling you to measure distances along paths that youchoose with your mouse and cursor.!baDge measurement unitsWhile a maps coordinates are in specific units such as feet or meters, you can set themeasurement tool to gauge distances in any relevant units.1 Zoom to the full extent, then zoom to the state of Washington (uppermostwestern state).2 On the Tools toolbar, dick the Measure button t:t .The Measure window opens with the~Ieasure Line tool enabled. The current map units aremeters, but miles are more familiar in the United States,so you will change the units to Miles.3 In the Measure window, dick the Units drop-down button.4 Click Distance and Miles, and leave the Measure windowopen.: To rnea?xe • ",nt. tid< Me1Rnl ~ F~e, then tId< . fe.llue.
  30. 30. CHAPTER 1 Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 1Measure the width of Washington state1 Move the mouse to the westernmost boundary of the state of Washington and dick it.You do not need to match the selections made below. Any measurement will demonstratethe procedure.2 Move the mouse in a s traight line to the eastern boundary of Washington until you reachits eastern edge, then double-click the edge. The distance should be around 300 miles.__,us SteI :EdQ<!•3 Close the Measure window.YOUR TURNMeasure the north-south distance (top to bottom) of Washington. The distance should heroughly 250 miles. Zoom to full extent and measure the north~south distance of the continentalUnited States from the southern tip of Texas to the northern edge of North Dakota. This distanceis approximately 1,600 miles. Measure the east~west distance of the continental United Statesfrom Washington to Maine. This distance should be approximately 2,500 miles. Close theMeasure window when finished.
  31. 31. :;:--:;; TUTORIAL 1 Introduction CHAPTER 1Tutorial 1-5lVork with feature attributesGraphic features ofmap layers and their data records are connected, so you canstart with a feature and view its record. You can also fmd features on a map usingfeature attributes.se the Identify toolTo display the data attributes of a map feature, you can click the feature with the Identifytool. This tool is the easiest way to learn something about a location on a map.1 Zoom to the full extent of the map.2 On the Tools toolbar, click the Identify butt on Q) . Click anywhere on the map.3 From the Identify window, click the Identify from drop-down list and click US States.4 Click inside the state of Texas. The statetemporarily flashes and its attributes appear in theIdentify dialog box. Note one of the field values forthe state, such as Hispanic population. Next, youwill use the Identify tools options to control whichfeatures it will process. loc.tlon, ~~~~~~~~~~~~ " ~ ..._.c...STATE_FIPS 1e5Le~EGlON w.5I: Soo.tI1 CentralSTATC_ TXPOP2oo;J 20051!0JPOP2007 23ge6412POPOO_SQ/11 79. P0P07_SQ/11 90.7. WHITE 11~BlACK 2101566AMERljOS 116362i ASIAN 562319HAWN..?! lii:MOTi-lER 21JeOOl,
  32. 32. f",2 4 I CHAPTER 1 Introduction5 In the Identify window, click the Identify fromdrop~down list and click US Cities.6 Click the red circular point marker for Houston(at the southeastern side of Texas),7 Make sure the point of the arrow is inside thecircle when you click the mouse button. Noticewhich feature flashes- that is the feature forwhich you get information.8 Continue clicking a few other cities tO,see theidentify results. Hold down the Shift key toretain information for more than one city. Thenclick the name of a city in the top panel of theIdentify window to view that citys information.~AALWAT!R~-"~""""""--"M~~~-"""Use advanced Identify tool capabilities5J9.413u.m",-,"""....%~,,,.",,~, 111603You can use the Identify tool to navigate and create spatial bookmarks.GIS TUTORIAL 11 Without holding down the Shift key, click Houston with t he Identify tool.2 Right-dick the name Houston in the Identify window and dick Flash. This flashesHoustons point marker.3 Right-click the name Houston again and click ~oom To. The map display zooms toHouston, Texas. ArcMap identifies the US Cities only because its layer is set in the dialog box.4 Right-dick the name Houston once again and dick Create Bookmark.5 Close the Identify window.6 Click the Full Extent button.7 Click Bookmarks, Houston.
  33. 33. :;::-ORIAL 1 Introduction CHAPTER 1.-=,.YOUR TURN~t the Identify results to the COCounties layer and identify Colorado counties, Pract.ice~q oookm"k,fo,v=:~nti" ~:~.~h:ntifYtool.Clo" ~:~ntf::.:_Jd featuresUse the Find tool to locate features in a layer or layers based on their attribute values.You can also use this tool to select, flash, zoom, bookmark, identify, or unselect the featurein question.1 From t he Tools toolbar, dick the Find button " ,2 Click the Features tab,3 Type Boston as the featureto find.4 Click Find. The results appear inthe bottom section of the Findwindow.5po U -- .............._ .Right-dick the city nameBoston and dick Zoom To,Rdi-elick. ,,,,,,to """" c_""""-i vu..... I· .. . .._ .-"- ~t~R~~_:::! ~ ~anTaOnomie<tf"" - - - - ~-..:tj 9ooto Boo/qnftI Ii) !<W<fy..•! ~~ -" ----I !SJ ~oIoctIi ,o,<ld!u~_~ ~MyIUs...~..._ :l"AREAHAME"---- !
  34. 34. 26 CHAPTER 1 Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 1The extent zooms to the city of Boston, Massachusetts.•YOUR TURNFind other u.s. cities and practice showing t hem using other find options such as FlashFeatures, Identify Feature(s), and Set Bookmark. When finished, clear any selected features, andzoom to the full extent.--------._--------_.._...._-_..__. ~
  35. 35. fi :-;;TORIAL 1 Introduction CHAPTER 1Tutorial 1-6.elect featuresYou can work with a subset ofone or more features in a map layer by selectingthem. For example, before you move, delete, or copy a feature (as you wiIllearnabout in future chapters), you must select it. Selected features appear highlightedin the layers attribute table and on the map.the Select Features tool1 Zoom to the full extent of the map.2 Turn off the COStreets and COCounties layers.3 From the Tools toolbar, click the SelectFeatures button ~ ... .4 Click inside Texas. This action selects Texas rrr-1--T-l,--~~-~)::;--j.rnd highlights it with a blue outline.~~"---~--1 -;-~>-----5 Hold down the Shift key and click inside:he four states adjacent to Texas.j.;~--.r~~
  36. 36. CHAPTER 1 Introduction GIS TUTORIAChange the selection color and clear a selectionSometimes you will want to produce a map with certain features selected. Then it isdesirable to be able to change the selection color for purposes at hand.1 Click Selection, Selection Options.2 Click the color box in the Selection ToolsSettings frame.3 Pick Amethyst as the new selection colorand click OK. The selection color for mapfeatures will now be amethyst.rr--F- .1=----3;=n.~•••,• •~,-,>4 Click Selection, Clear Selected Feature,s.SoIectIon 1"""S6tID»5eIo(tknttBoru, l!i 1pIqIo¢l.. CJI ~ @ " ~Choose tile ab <>J ~ ~od r..t" ... to be "- rc--:.jwlhbj.odllllJ:, ~Ol. ~~-.~ ,--~~:*,"~~",~-.:" ...1. ~1:., ._ .. ,,--c...l ••• :lli :.:»,:~ : ; ~~, _J:;;::!:rlIEi • • Ill- l ilI.1II il aUl•.IlIi..... Iti• ••• .• ••• ••• •. I:rillG L "!:J :"9 m!!i =!lI_ II! a; ;:J -1L .:! "1 it !II ill !ti. IE Iii nf .h Hii ilI l!i " !il 1III ~._~ !_~_I! • ~_~.:" • ~_!l!i ~eCom... !
  37. 37. I-::-~c 1 Introduction CHAPTER 1e selection symbol:::. K";tion to changing the color of selected features. you can change the symbol for the~ :nap or for individual layers.1 =..<g3:-click the US Cities layer in the TOC.2 .::lic:k Properties. The resulting tabbed Layer Properties window is one that you will use~... it allows you to modify many properties of a map layer.3 ::x.:L the Selection tab and Symbol button.:..::,=""",",;"""F""o,o....,_ _,.....;],;.!.!"...lJ.<.,,"-"""]S <.er>;Iht ....... cob ~ .. 5--... ~ IC ....li>o 1)OIboI . ;I I.J4. :- . a new symbol and/or.:mIc:r for point features, and.::l:id. OK twice.S)nlbol ~lKlor ff}?<l:> .:lick a d ty feat ure to see::=enew selection symboL.:J.e::ar the selected features.~"""" " """-C, v•"~: .-", 0 ....~ O Rele<encedS¥esr ..., ..- ;.1• • .. ,--1"" ,.,." ,-,• • •"...... -, ""- ,• • Iilind S<p.Io<. 1""-".. • •TIiarge 2- ...... IL •.-,--.-~-.I I~:. I"""-•"",,~"., fiiloo -:..,. L~__: II ~cI: SyIrixl",I ,..../10... II ~5tyW R«.."""..."" I """
  38. 38. CHAPTER 1 IntroductionGIS TUTORIASet selectable layersWhen there are many layers in a map document, you may want to restrict which ones areselectable. That simplifies the selection process.1 Click the List By Selection button in the TOC.2 Click off the selection boxes (third to lastgraphic on each line) for Streets, Counties,and US States to make only US Citiesselectable.•~ 0 COStr.lt,s 0 CCICoIr.i;e,":3 fi!l us Stat••D3 Click the Select Features button ~ .,. and click a city. The selected city gets the selec::::::.symbol and color that you chose on the previous page and is listed in the TOC.I: " ......opoO;~ Not SoIoctIblo6"USstote• .o~CO~rr«te> co..;cu>;;e,4 Clear the selected features.
  39. 39. : UTORIAL 1Introduction CHAPTER 1lect by graphicSelecting features by using graphics is a shortcut to select multiple features.1 Click the drop-down list of the Select Feat ures button and click Select by Circle.2 Click inside the state of Florida and d,ragto draw a circle that includes the threecities in Florida.
  40. 40. CHAPTER 1 Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 1The resulting map will show multiple cities selected and the resulting names in the TOe.• ,-,-<i!>CQ5i:roet.~..:oc:""....YOUR TURN••••Create a new layer from selected features by selecting all cities in Texas using the Selectby Lasso graphk. After the cities are selected, right-click the US Cities layer in the TOC, andclick Create Layer from Selected Features. Name the new layer Texas Cities. Clear the selectedfeatures. Turn the new layer off._._------------_..._ .__..__. -.--.-,~
  41. 41. __ O RIAL 1 Introduction CHAPTER 1Tutorial 1-7ork with attribute tablesYou can view and work with data associated with map features in the layersattribute table.IPen the attribute table of the US Cities layer andle!e-ct a recordTo explore the attributes of a layer on a map, open its attribute table and select a feature.1 Right-click the US Cities layer in the TOC.2 Click Open Attribute Table. The table opens, containing one record for each US City pointfeature. Every layer has an attribute table with one record per feature.3 Scroll down in t he table until you find Chicago and dick the record selector (gray cellson the left side of the table) for Chicago to select that record. If a feature is selected inthe attribute t able, it also is selected on the map., .,,,.!I II.._--, ,, ,I.....,
  42. 42. CHAPTER 1 Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 14 In the table, click the Clear Selected Features button [JJ .Select features on the map and see selected recordsSelecting features also selects their records.1 Resize the US Cities table to see both the map and table on the screen.2 Click the Select Features button t:flI ..,hold down the Shift key, and select all cities inTexas on the map.3 In the US Cities table, click the Show Selected Records button EiliI . This shows only therecords for the features selected in the map: the cities in Texas.4 Click the Show All Records button ~ to show all records again.5 In the us Cities table, click the •Clear Selected Features button eo.Switch selectionsYou can select most records in alayer by first selecting the few notto be selected and then reversingthe selection.1 On the map select all of the citiesin Florida.2 Click Selection, Zoom to SelectedFeatures.
  43. 43. ~ :-::-:-ORIAL 1 Introduction CHAPTER 13 Click t he drop-down option of the Table Options button ~ • .4 Click Switch Selection.II Ind!t Peplace" ,0 Select By AttrW e,...3 Ce.or 5eie<tOons..«d> SeIectioo" ~.This reverses the selection. It selects all of those that were not selected and deselects thosethat were selected. ..., . , ...."" .5 In the US Cities table, click the drop-down option of the Table Options button 16I •.6 Click Clear Selection.ft ml&Repl.>ce" .~ Sele<t By AttrW .....3 Ce.or Selection
  44. 44. CHAPTER 1 Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 1Move afield1 Click the gray title of t he POP2000 field in t he US Cities table.2 Click, drag, and release the POP2000 field to the right of the AREANAME field.1·!~....o _···· 1jL,.Sort a field1 In the US Cities table, right-dick the AREANAME field name.2 Click Sort Ascending " -~ . This sorts the table from A to Z by the name of eachU.S. city.(0 out of ,. 5eIo<to9l±-=l=i=·····t·· ....-_.. _....==-3 Right-dick the POP2000 field name.L>
  45. 45. ... 7 UTOR IAL 1 Introduction CHAPTER 14 Click the Sort Descending button l~S«tD=~ • This sorts the field from the highestpopulated city to the lowest populated city.; . ....."..lIse Advanced Sorting1 In the US Citi.es table, move the ST (State) field to the right of the POP2000 field.2 Right-click the ST field and click Advanced Sorting J~Sottf.,. . .i.3 Make selections as follow...". ,ro"~,,", :.,,-.l".a: II Coral
  46. 46. CHAPTER 1 In t r oduct ion GIS TUTORIAL 14 Click OK. This sorts the table first by state and then by population of each U.S. city forthat state.YOUR TURNMove and sort by other field names. Try sorting by other multiple fields. For example, you couldsort US Cities alphabetically or by whether or not they are state capit als.-_._ -_._----.---.-.-----~,~.............-""""Get statisticsYou can get descriptive statistics, such as t he mean and maximum value of an attribute, inArcMap by opening a map layers att ribute table using the Statistics function..11 Zoom to the full extent.- -- r -T~1. ~2 Right-click US States in the TOC, clickSelection, and click Make This The OnlySelectable Layer.3 Hold down the Shift key and use theSelect Features tool to select the state ofTexas and the four states adjacent to it,~ci••••V••1: . 7 •-I--, ,0::;:V, !1
  47. 47. 7::ORIAL 1 Introduction CHAPTER 14 In the TOC, right-click US States.5 Click Open Attribute Table.6 Right-click the column heading for the POP2000 attribute.7 Click Statistics. The resulting window has statistics for the five selected states; forexample, the mean 2000 population is 6,652,779.SHec:tion Stahshc:. of lJSStalc5 ElJrRJ~..,. 1 ~l,,-,~ ~819:M6- "lk _2tB51821l"" """"Wt¥c 6652779.2SWdood O~ 7153122.3!i7671YOUR TURNI•,,"18190~ 6Fr .r~""c", 01$11 HMklu10815791 189125lti~rics for a new selection of states and attribute of your choice.~------------------------------.
  48. 48. 40 ! CHAPTER 1 Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 1Tutoriall-BLabel featuresLabels are text items on the map derived from one or more feature attributes thatArcMap places dynamically depending on map scale.Set label propertiesThere are many label properties that you can set. Here you get started by setting the datavalue source.1 Click Bookmarks, Florida to zoom to the state of Florida.2 Right-click the US Cities layer in the TOC, click Properties, and click the Labels tab.3 Click the Label Field drop-down arrow and click AREANAME if it is not already selected.4 ClkkOK.Label features1 Right-click the US Cities layer in the TOC.2 Click Label Features.
  49. 49. 5 _~10 RI AL 13 Zoom out to see additional states.larn labels off1 Right-click the US Cities layer inthe TOC .2 Click Label Features again.3 Labels in the map toggle off. ClickLabel Features again to turn themback on.-.••Introduction.~.•""~"CHAPTER 1-,imI:vert labels to annotationYou can convert labels to graphics in order to edit them individually. You can convert alllabels, only labels in a zoomed window, or labels from selected features only.1 Oick Bookmarks, Florida.2 Right-dick the US Cities layerb t he TOe.3 Click Convert Labels toAn notation.4. ~1ake selections as shownin thegraphic to label features in thestate of Florida only,5 CUck Convert.Conve,t Labels to Annot"ti~o ll1IDg}CreoteA~ ForO Al f~....,.0 fnlhe """,Feot"e LajOefIUS Citie.B Conyerl cnpIaced Iabeb to L.<"IPIaced .".,.-dotooRefererce 5 00le1:S,1S4,23(Annototion GroupvI Corwert l I C~ I
  50. 50. CHAPTER 1 Introdu ction GIS TUTORIAL 1Edit a label graphicOnce labels become graphics, you can move, scale, and otherwise change them individually.1 Click the Select Elements button Jt.2 Click the t ext label for Miami andmove it int o the state of Florida.3 Similarly move t he label forJacksonville.4 Save your map document andexit ArcMap.•..
  51. 51. 5 TIlTTORIAL 1 Introduction CHAPTER 1Assignment 1-1B11aluate U.S. housing statisticsiIttlrlci5assignment, you will compare statistics for U.S. states on the number of housing units,rm":"" of renter- and owner-occupied units, and highest number ofvacant units.Surt with the following:• £SRIPressGIST1DataUnitedStat@s.gdbUSStates- polygon layer of U.S. states withCensus 2000 data• ~_-mbutes of States table-attribute table for U.S. states that includes the following fieldsO!eded for the assignment:STATE_ABBR-two-letter state abbreviationHSE_UNITS- number of housing units per stateRENTER_OCC- number of renter-occupied units per stateOWNER_OCC- number of owner-occupied units per stateVACANT- number of vacant housing units per stateer-u a map document andget statistics~.z~ blank map document with path and name ESRIPressGISTl MyAssignmentsG WjCi!i:1Assignmentl-lYourName.mxd using relative paths.Add the above layer of the U.S..3tias &::Jd symbolize it with a hollow fill and a medium gray outline. Using the States attributet:lIIb:iI!.a:o.:::.=. bright red selection color, select the five states having the highest number of vacant""*sgcr:t..>ts. Label every state (including unselected states) with its abbreviation.c.n.ua Word document~~ .Microsoft Word document with-:xt:t.~::::ame ESRIPressGISTl~me:ntsChapterlAssignmentl-1~ doc. In the Word file, create a::iii:IIII!!J1ii::6 statistics as shown for the five states with the highest number of vacant units only.~JII=1rrnD ished map document, in ArcMap, dick File and Export Map, and browse to your~ISTlMyAssignmentsCh apter1 folder to save Assignmentl-lYourName.jpg there...:=.WIll!:r io;Ord document, place the insertion point after your table and click Insert, Picture, Fromnit IDD!!::! browse to ESRIPressGISTlMyAssignmentsChapterlAssignmentl-l YourName,jpg1II"Ift! JT3I""!O: the map image.
  52. 52. Introduction GIS TUTORIAL 1HintSelect a statistic in the Statistics output table, press Ctrl+C to copy the statistic, click in theappropriate cell of your Word table, and press Ctrl+V to paste it.WHAT TO TURN INIfyour work is to be graded, turn in the following files:ArcMap document: ESRIPressGIST1MyAssignmentsChapter1Assignmentl-1YourName.mxdImage file: ESRIPressGIST1MyAssignmentsChapterlAssignmentl-lYourName.jpgWord document: ESRIPressGISTIMyAssignmentsChapterlAssignmentl-l YourName.docIf instructed to do so, instead of the above individual files, turn in a compressed file,Assignmentl-1YourName.zip, with all files included. Do not include pathinformation in the compressed file.
  53. 53. n:TORIAL 1 IDtroductloD CHAPTER 1 4SAssignment 1-2Facilitate the Erin Street crime watchC[ci:::,e prevention depends to a large extent on "informal guardianship,» meaning that~borhood residents keep an eye on suspicious behavior and intervene in some fashion,rrxfnding calling the police. Neighborhood associations called crime watch groups enhancegtn...w.anship, so police departments actively promote and support them and keep them informed1m crime trends. Suppose that a police officer of a precinct has a notebook computer and a portabletdc:r projector for use at crime watch meetings. Your job is to get the officer ready for a meetinglII!£ib the 100 Block Erin Street crime watch group of the Middle Hill neighborhood of Pittsburgh.StJut: with the following:• ESRIPressGIST1 Oata PittsburghMidhill.gdbStreets-line layer for street centerlines inthe Middle HiU neighborhood of Pittsburgh• Attributes of Streets-table for streets in the Middle Hill neighborhood that includes thefollowing fields needed for the assignment:FNAME-street nameAddress "a"gesLEFTADD1-beginning house number on the left side of the streetLEFTADD2-ending house number on the left side of the streetRGTADD1- beginning house number on the right side of the streetRGTADD2-ending house number on the right side of the street• ESRIPressGIST1 DataPittsburghMidhill.gdb Buildings-poIygon layer for buildings inthe Middle Hill neighborhood of Pittsburgh• ESRIPressGISTl Data Pittsburgh Midhill.gdbCurhs- line layer for curbs in the MiddleHill neighborhood of Pittsburgh• ESRIPressGISTlDataPittsburgh Midhill.gdbCADCalls-point layer for 911 computer-dl<.lt!U ui:;patch police calls in the Middle Hill neighborhood of Pittsburgh• Attributes of CADCalls table- table for CADCalls points that includes the followingattributes needed for the assignment:NATURE_COO- call typeCALLDATE-date of incidentADDRESS- addresses of incident locationGuznge the map andget statisticsf-a.e a new blank map and add the above layers. Save the map document as ESRIPressGIST1~ignmentsChapter1Assignment1-2YourName.mxd with relative paths that includes azoomed view of the "Erin block" streets (see "Hints") selected and labeled with street names.Display streets, curbs, and buildings as medium-light gray, and CADCalls as bright red circles.
  54. 54. ,I,16 .I C H APTER 1 IntroductionCreate a spatial bookmark of the zoomed area calledErin Street.Create a table of addresses, dates of calls, and calltypes for crimes in the 100 block of Erin Street (see"Hints"). The street names include Davenport, Erin,and Trent. Create a Microsoft Word document calledESRIPressGIST1 MyAssignmentsChapter1Assignmentl-2YourName.doc and paste the tableinto it as directed in the hints below.HintsGIS TUTORIAL 1..:m ._.• The 100 block of Erin Street is the segment of Erin Street whose addresses range from 100to 199 and is perpendicular to Webster and Wylie streets. The crime reports are preparedfor the blocks on either side of Erin Street in this range. Use both the attribute table andIdentify tool to find and label these streets.• Altnough it appears that there are only six incident points, there are actually 13 cotalbecause multiple incidents are at the same locations. Use the Select Features but:on andinformation in the attribute table to get the data on all relevant calls.• In the attributes of the CADCalls table, click the Table Options button and "Export." Savethe selected records to a dBASE (dbf) file. Open the dBASE file in Microsoft Excel, edit therecords, and paste from there into Assignmentl-2YourName.doc. When opening the dBASEin E.xcel, choose the Files of Type drop-down menu and choose All Files (....). This will allowyou to choose the dBASE file. Otherwise only the XML file associated with the dBASE filewill appear.WHAT TO TURN INIf your work is to be graded, turn in the following files:ArcMap document: ESRIPressGISTl MyAssignmentsChapterlAssignmentl-2YourName.mxdWord document: ESRIPressGIST1MyAssignmentsChapterlAssignmentl-2YourName.docIf instructed to do so, instead of the above individual6.les, turn in a compressed file,Assignmentl-2YourName.zip, with all flIes included. Do not include path information in thecompressed file.
  55. 55. te 0-ystems geographicge ographicrileo~ap design::. r,informationi n fo r ma tioninformationati on,.lormationinformat.ioni nfo rmat i oninfor!!la oninf m I: IIsystemssy s temssystemssystemsstems,-!geograp-,icgeog r aphicgeograp h icgeog r aphicgeographicgeo gr ap h icraphil.in "_i n f cin f ci n f c, geog·~~~~s yste ms geographic infosystems geograp hic inf osystems geographic infos yste ms geograp hi c i n f osystems geogr",;;ohic: infos ,,~ ~ In:::r.:::is. chapter you will learn all steps necessary to compose common maps from~Ie map layers. One type of map that you will create is a choropleth map::::r.i:: c:o!or-codes polygons to convey information about areas. The second is a~ - :e.ature map" that uses point markers to display spatial patterns in point.:.z::i.- You will use U.S. states and counties, plus census tracts and detailed census~.. i " :Or Pennsylvania.
  56. 56. 48 1CHAPTER 2 Map designLearning objectivesCreate choropleth mapsCreate group layersSet threshold scales for dynamicdisplayCreate choropleth maps usingcustom attribute scalesTutorial 2-1GIS TUTORIAL 1Create point mapsCreate a point feature map based ona definition queryCreate hyperlinksCreate MapTipsCreate choropleth mapsA choropleth map is a map in which polygon areas are colored or shaded torepresent attribute values. In this tutorial, you will use U.S. Census populationdata to create choropleth maps for states, counties, and census tracts.Open a map document1 On your desktop, click Start, All Programs, ArcGIS, ArcMap 10.2 In the ArcMap - Getting Started window, click Existing Maps and Browse for more.Browse to t he drive and folder where you installed ESRIPressGISTlMaps, anddouble-click Thtoria12-1.mxd. ArcMap opens <j. map with no layers added. You will add thelayers needed for the exercises next.
  57. 57. as TUTORIAL 1 Map design CHAPTER 2dd a layer1 Click the Add Data button ¢- .2 Navigate to ESRIPressGIST1Data and double-dick UnitedStates.gdb. Click USStatesand Add.", "",.1",".";:,..I.!l,I-~- - - ---- ->,~-. -. -. -- -- ,- , --- - "~-- -..-----~..-- - ....----,1.~___~~r~.r ~__._ _..__ _ _:r.JArcMap draws the 48 contiguous states of the United States using a random color. You willchange the colors later in the exercises.8 ;;;J LayetlS f2l lISStotesoChange a layers name1 Right-click the USStates layer in the TOC.2 Click Properties.3 Click the General tab. Notice that the current layer name is "USStates."
  58. 58. CHAPTER 2 Ma p d esign GIS TUTORIAL 14 Type Popul at ion By State as the new layer name and click OK.I ~ycr PropertIes ®!5<lCrKlts,! - -- -L _ _ __ . _ _... _...J--5<"" Rof1QeYou con i>IIcI~ the range 01 <coles at ..t->:htns loyer IIiI be """"":0 sm..loyer at 01 ><ole,oDonshow lIyer ..t.en ,oomed,OK I [ Cancel II ""iSelect a census attribute to display state population1 Right-click the Population By State layer in t he TOC.2 Click Properties.3 Click the Symbology tab.4 In the Show box, click Quantities and Graduated colors.5 In the Fields box, click the Value drop-do~n list and POP2007.
  59. 59. [5 TUTORIAL 1 Map design CHAPTER 26 Click the Color Ramp drop-down list, scroll down, and dick the yeIlnw-to-green-to-bluecolor ramp.·199395.,""".,"13122246. 37.t8Jo149OK II c.aI !I ~7 Click OK. The result is a classification consisting of five value intervals ranging from lowestto highest of 2007 population with darker colors for higher population. By default, ArcMapuses a method called natural breaks to construct the classification intervals. You willl~arnhow to change classifications later.D SD1 71 . 1~95a:J lm496 ·41>6"15• 1663716 · 7862029. 786:mo· 131222i6• 131ZZZ47 · ~
  60. 60. 52 CHAPTER 2 Map d ~. il!in GIS TUTORIAL 1Tutorial 2-2Create group layersGroup layers contain other layers, allowing fur better organization ofthe layers inyour map. Group layers halle beh~lIior similar tu other layers in the Toe. Turningoffthe lIisibility of a group layer turns offthe lIisibility ofal/ its component layers.Add a group layer to the map1 Right·click Layers in the TOC.2 Click New Group Larer.3 Right·click the resulting New Group L3yer and clIck Properties.4 Click the General tab.5 Type Populat ion By County a. tb. group layer name (but d<> not dIck OK).,.-"--~ -"-0 __ " ~ .-.0_ __...._~ - ,",,"D< I I """" I I _ I
  61. 61. GIS TUTORIAL 1 Map design CHAPTER 2Add a layer to the group1 Click the Group tab in the Group Layer Properties window.2 Click the Add button and navigate to ESRIPressGIST1DataUnitedStates.gdb.3 Hold down the Ctrl key.4 Click USStates and USCounties. Release the Ctrl key, then dick Add and OK.Group Layer Properll~s !1J~OK II Ci>f1Cd II AWlArcMap displays the U.S. counties with a random color." i1 lay~..S Ii!! Po!>Uatb1 By Coorty8 Ii!! uscOOXJtieso~ Ii!! USstet. ,o" r;;>] PopojotIon bystet.~~,D 5Z3171·1993195D 11931% . 1663715. 4663716 · 7662029. 7862030 ·131222%. 13122217 ·37183111,1iIIj
  62. 62. 54 CHAPTER 2 Map designChange the symbology for states1 Within the Population By County group layer, if it is not alreadythe top layer, click the USStates layer and drag it above theUSCounties layer. If by mistake you drag the States layer outsideof the Population By County group, just drag it back inside. This isanother way to add layers to a group- simply add them to the TOCand then drag them inside a group.2 Click the legend symbol below the USStates layer name in thegroup layer.3 In the Current Symbol panel, change the Fill Color to No Color,type an Outline Width of 1.5, change Outline Color to Black, andclick OK.GIS TUTORIAL 1I ~SyJrboI...I SoveAs,.. II R=tYou will see the USStates symbology change in the Population by County layer group.iii ~ ~ay.,.,.nl !fa IopJ.aI:bo 9y eo.rtya !i!llmt"..o8 B USCourtiosoo !Z3!11 • 1993195!II 19nt96· ~I S. ~16 · 78620Z9. 7162030 1) 122216. 1 )122Z-J7 .~Select a census attribute to display county population1 Right-click the USCounties layer in the group layer and click Properties.2 Click the Symbology tab. The current symbol for the counties layer is Single symbol.3 In t he Show box, click Quantities, Graduated colors.
  63. 63. GIS TUTORIAL 1 Map design CHAPTER 24 In the Fields panel, click the Value drop-down list and click POP2007, Click OK.Lilyer PrDpertlel rID~Ch8rtsiI Wultiple AllributesIr---- -_ ....,~ "22Im5 -7541157!i4116-21007072100708 · s.074275407428 . 1011007!iII C¥lCe! I [ AppIjolhe result is a classification of the U.S. counties into five value ranges of 2007 population.I IE B L~11"~~ !ia P~~Coo.rq" Ii!! Ll55101:o,oEO 2l USCCUli:io,D 65 - 221l9O<(gl ZWM - 7S11l5;; 151116 - 2100107. 2100100 - 5107421.51(J742~ - IOI II1915D52:l171 - 19904950;;; 99019<-4663715m; 466:l716 - ~. 7!1621l:lO _l:l12Z1...• 1~122"7 _31163+1e5 Collapse the tree structures in the Toe by clicking the boxes that have minus signs(-) for Population By County and Population By State. You can reverse this process byclicking the boxes again, which wonkl again have plus signs (+) indicating that they canbe expanded.
  64. 64. CHAPTER 2 Map design GIS TUTORIAL 1YOUR TURNNote: You are required to complete this Your Turn exercise because the layer group thatyou create is used in a later exercise.Turn off the Population By County group layer and the Population By State layer. Create anewgroup hyer called Population By Census Tract. Add the census tract layers for Utah (UTTracts)and Nevada (NVTracts) and the USStates layer to the Population By Census Tract group layer.The census tract layers are located in ESRIPressGISTlDataUnitedStates.gdb. Classify thecensus tracts using graduated colors based on the POP2007 field. Choose No Color for Fill .Colorand a black 1.S-width line for the USStates layer.Notice that the resulting classification intervals for the two states differ. Later in theseexercises you will learn how to build custom numerical scales. Then you could creat~ asingle scale for both states.Saving layer filesYou can use layer files (.Iyr) to quickly add a map layer that you previously classified orotherwise symbolized to a map document. You can save layer files and add them to yourmap document the same way you add other data.1 Thrn off the layer groups Population By Census Tract and Population By State, thenturn on only the layer group Population By County.2 Right-click the Population By County layer group and click Save As Layer File.3 Navigate to the ESRIPressGISTlMyExercis~sChapter2 folder.4 Type PopulationByCounty.lyr in the Name field.SdVC! Layer [gJ~~=~ -"[Q==-"",,=..=,.,,,~~:::o====-=..".":o...~1 It Q C~ ~ . E!l1-- ""..~~ - - -- .-...J~~~:~y,~--~-.-fle7(;·.i;;i-··5 Click Save. Now you can add the saved layer to any map that you create. Note that you alsocan save ungrouped layers, such as Population By State, as a layer file for reuse.
  65. 65. 3IS TUTORIAL 1Map design CHAPTER 2Idd group layers from the CatalogNext, you will use an additional way to add data to a map document, usingArcGJSs utilityapplication, Catalog.1 Click Windows, Catalog.2 Navigate to ESRIPressGISTlMyExercisesChapter2.3 Click PopulationByCounty.lyr.¢ - .¢ ~<;l,> ..a" d[ · f1j ~l<>:otrn: Ej>~~~"j~a EJ GIST! _~!EiJ E:l Oot~_EJ_ElI E:t My~!3 EJ MyEXe.-.:ioe<Ell E:J Ch<opi:erl(OJ E:l ct..,>terlO!. E:l Ch<opi:orII13 E:i ct..,>totZ . .....Q ~yCO<riy.1yr ~ffl E:I Choptor3iii E:l c~~4 Drag and drop this layer into the TOC. You now have a second copy of the group layer inthe TOC that is classified the same as the original layer group.lemove group layers1 Right-click the duplicate layer group that was just added.2 Click Remove.
  66. 66. Map design GIS TUTORIALTutorial 2-3Set threshold scales for dynamicdisplayIfa layer is turned on in the TOe, ArcMap will draw it, regardless ofthe map scale(that is, how far you are zoomed in or out). To automatically display layers at anappropriate map scale, you can set a layers visible scale range to fiPecify the rangeat which ArcMap draws the layer. Note that the further zoomed in you are, thelarger the map scale. For example, 1:24,000 is a common map scale for which 1 inchon your computer screen is 24,000 inches on the ground while 1:1 is real-life scale,Set a visible scale based on the current scale1 Zoom to states in the northeastern part ofthe country as shown at right.2 Click t he plus (+) sign to expand thePopulation By County group layer, thenright-click the USCounties layer in thePopulation By County group layer.3 Click Visible Scale Range, Set MinimumScale. ArcMap sets the scale to display thislayer when zoomed in this close or closer.Zooming out any further will turn off thepolygons for this layer,4 Click the Full Extent button " .
  67. 67. GIS TUTORIAL 1Now the county polygons will not display,and you will see only the outline forU$States.Map designSet a maximum scale based on the current scale1 Go back to t he previous extent so that the county polygons display again.2 Right-click the USStates layer in the Population By County group layer.3 Click Visible Scale Range, Set Maximum Scale.CHAl>TER 24 Zoom in a little closer. ArcMap does not display the black outline polygons for the stateswhen zoomed in beyond the maximum scale just set. Zooming out enough will turn on thestate polygons again. The layers check box is gray if the layer is not displayed." iii L. y...~ 0 _ IY ,"""-" ,,ort" Ii:l_t< c....t>-0_~. ~~0 10&·220,*" tzO,105 . 1SI, UI. ~.Il · Z.IIII,""_ t,LIII,7OII · I ," ,<V. S,1C. 2II·IO,llo,m- 0 _ t< st...
  68. 68. Map d esign GIS TUTORIAL 1Clear a layers visible scale1 Right-dick the USStates layer in the Population By County layer group.2 Click Visible Scale Range, Clear ScaleRange. ArcMap again displays theoutline polygons for the states whenzoomed to th is scale.Set a minimum visible scale for a specific layer[nstead of setting a map extent by its current scale, you can set it by the layer properties.1 Thrn the Population By County layer group off and Population By Census Tract grouplayer back on, then expand it.2 Zoom to the full extent of t he map • .Of illI Lo)efOEO il ~ 1>I (tlWUf TO<t..~oIlii Ii!! lIIT,a<1>~D o.liWUI· ~.taXOJ. 3OIi7.wJro1 . ~.OIXIIUI. 5:lII:lAUUl1· 1It.1.GIXO)I!. 116l.oo;lQOl liI56l OIXIIUI. 1~,_I· zsm,OOlIXIle il ~[ocbD o.CXXOJO. l+I7.CQC!XIO. 3117,000001. S!O!,taxoJ• &[(11 ,000000l • llli!lZl,o;o,:m. I~ ·2130U XODI. ~ID!.oo;lQ01 ·.a:.l.1XXXXXI!li D ......- erCadyI8 D ~",, _3 In the TOC, right-dick the NVTracts layer and click Properties.
  69. 69. ;15 TUTORIAL 1 Map design CHAPTER 24 Click the General t ab.5 Click the Dont show layer when zoomed radio button.6 Type 8,000,000 in the Out beyond field and click OK. If you zoom out beyond this scale,the layer will not be visible."~~r Propertle~ . . . . mIlK!Credits: L..__ _. _ _ ---,-5t~ Ri>"JQeYOU ,lin >p<dy the r""90 of ..ole. 01: ...toch this layer .. be shown:o5how I.oyo< 01: II ..~Io. ...I/IJ,000n~ .r- l.oyer l¥hen~: ~0tJ; beyond: pi:~;~---- ___I~! (-.."wje);In beyor>J: [~!0~__":"---·:;t (m. xm....n<c.) !_ ......~~_...._ ._.__...._.-.JOK I I c..cel I I AWlThe census tracts for Nevada disappear in the map display. ArcMap does not show theNevada census tract polygons when zoomed out past a scale of 1:8,000.000 as shown belowi-ith a scale of 1:34,453,384.~)7;i!:.e.•~i3B4~..C:,,;:..C.~".-~l:~C~O;;.c.Cc·O:JJ:JF:::-:..~:.,:.c.•,-~"~...~.-J:"c·:;J,•.ill",c.,..~cJ",~;-:.c.co,,;-~"?.-.".--c.:~ s:! "wJoI;"" By Ce<lSU< Tract= !l USstot..Cl-= " l/TT,00;(.~D O.(n))l(J • JoJi7.00JClXl1!!] :)(I67.t(W))J l· SJeJ.W:W. ~3.COO)(Il· 7%1.00:wi_:~=;-:~1- _ 1ImCDI I- , .:::J O.ooxm ·JH1.00xm •• :I+<1.0000:J1- Ol O1.()"JCOJOi• ,,01 .oooo:J! - IOOZO.ocvo:::::: ::=:l~-" =~9yC"""t= =~ 9y5tol:o~ D I~ " II c " ; > ;
  70. 70. CHAPTER 2 Map design GIS TUTORIAL 1YOUR TURNUse layer properties to set the Utah Tracts minimum scale to the same as Nevada Tracts(1:8,000,000). Utah tracts will disappear when zoomed to full extent."-------------,--.,~.-...,Type a specific scale1 From the Standard Toolbar, click inside the scale box and type 1:7,900,000 as the scaleand press Enter.1·.!J o liI~ ~•.I:li @ X ~.C: <!/ :ill,7...~~ ...j"j ~~,1§):ll lii1 iil . 12 Pan to the Utah and Nevada tracts. Thetracts for these states are now visiblebecause the scale is less than theminimum scale.3 Type 1:8,100,000 as the scale and pressEnter. The tracts for these states are nowinvisible because the scale b greater thanthe minimum scale.-,I-----It~rl(
  71. 71. ;rs TUTORIAL 1 Map designTutorial 2-4Create choropleth maps usingcustom attribute scalesCHAPTER 2Earlier in these exercises, you created a choropleth map from the Population ByStates layer using a classification method called natural breaks (Jenks) to dividethe features in the map into five value classes. Although natural breaks is thedefault method, ArcMap allows you to choose other methods for classifying yourdata, including your own custom classification.Cr eate custom classes in a legend1 Zoom to the full extent @ .2 Turn off and minimize all layer groups except Population By State, and expand thatlayer in the TOC so that you can see its classes.3 Right-click the Population By State layer and click Properties.4 In the Layer Properties dialog box, click the Symbology tab.5 In the Classification panel, click the Classes drop-down list, select 6, and click Classify.CIa.s"~N.."... Bro"" ~.....,.J0.-.. Ea I Cli=iy
  72. 72. CHAPTER 2 Map design GIS TUTORIAL 1The Classification dialog box shows the current classifications, statistics, and break valuesfor natural breaks in the data.o....tic.o:n r __ _Mothod: !dawos: Ii· - ,lv I1-... 10- std. DeY.I,•Manually change class valuesCO<.OlI::~,-~,-,"""",!il.wIdIrd 0_ :..52317137183118 •~-6<:11614,-,-e..II:V_ @15!3JOO:lO:lOI~O~ee3I13,.-lJ!W 16"-1 c..nc..I IGenerally, it is easier to enter break values starting with the large values and workingdown. Here you will create new breaks using increasing interval widths that double witheach successive class.1 Click the drop-down list for the Classification Method and click Manual.2 In the Break Values panel, click the fifth value, 13122246, to highlight it. Notice thatthe blue graph line corresponding to that value turns red.3 Type 32,000,000 and press Enter.
  73. 73. GIS TUTO RIAL 1 Map design CHAPTER 24 Continue clicking the break values above the last one changed and enter the following:16,000,000; 8,000,000; 4,000,000; and 2,000,000. Let the last (maximum) valueremain 37,483,448.Clau,hcal10n P?1)(1. ,,,"a..*- [!i;-----~~..ldossf"~otlon Stotisto:sMothod, ........... .--J"00..... ,""~ £xckI<ion,I ~,,· I !~ .. IC...........: [Too : I O_Sb<I·De•.0 __U ~ ! ~,•til lII! lIb:.m~,1mIii II I52311( 876J243 19o13311 292U390o~ tooHks <0 dat. vo/uN5 Click OK.6 Click t he gray Label heading to the rightof the gray Range heading, then clickFormat Labels.7 In t he Number Format dialog box, selectShow thousands separators and click OK.,.."~,.......,~ ,-,...."51.,.wd 0e.IeIbl:•!IIJH9JU9lDotrlont> h o.JJ~5<::1171V_,~-621161~""""............... 8p::::::: l """I,...,., ,I ~I~UII~I""" I--0 le11O AVI: I =:J """aceer.oShow ~~• ••pllot.... - ,E] Ptd ......."oShow pkn .i71f.......~f,.·h~druTt>er;:-·OK II c.r.:..L I
  74. 74. Map d esign GIS TUTORIAL 18 In the Label field of the Symbology tab, change the first value to 2,000,000 or less andthe last label to 32,000,001 or greater."- ~~""-~. -,...QUMtit_ Ii ~-.I !I.;;_·::~~. L_... i 0-.: l~::~~J [Oni»... IJit_ ~ , . l.....__ .. .""".....ipIoo AlloW••......,·37483"8.........2,(00.001 •( .oo;l,(OO( .oo;l.oo1 .8.OXl.lXXlIIJJOO.OO1 •1&JIXUD)16.000.001 .l2JJJl.lXXI•....,32.IDUU1 OI gI" " r9 Click OK. The Population By State layer changes to reflect the new break values and labels.Besides being easier to read and interpret. the classification is appropriate for a long-tailedstate population distribution, with its increasing-width intervals.D~OOCIJIOl.""11112._ • .OOO,lDl. 4,00Il00II,. $,0lID,IID. 1,ooo,CC) ·1..........._ "ACC) •:IZ,ID),OOO. ",OOCI,CIlI or pot..10 Right-click the Population By State layer in the TOC and click Save As Layer File.11 Browse to the ESRIPressGIST1MyExercisesChapter2 folder, typePopuiationByState in the name field, and click Save.
  75. 75. GI S TUTORIAL 1 Map design CHAPTER 2YOUR TURNClear the minimal scale range for USCounties so they are visible when zoomed tofull extent. Change the classification break values for the USCounties layer based on thepopulation (POP2007) field. Use the same method as above to manually change the valuesusing the following: 9,000 or less; 9,001-18,000; 18,001-36,000; 36,001-72,000; and 72,001or greater. Be sure to change the labels in the legend.Cbange the classification break values for UTTracts and NVTracts to be the same: 3,000 orless; 3,001- 6,000; 6,001- 9,000; 9,001-12,000; and 12,001 or greater. Be sure to changethe labels in the legends.bnually change class colorsWhile ArcMap provides color ramps with preselected colors, you can change colors forclasses manually. Generally, it is best to have more classes with light colors and a few withdark colors (the human eye can differentiate light colors more easily than dark ones). Sohere you will create a custom monochromatic color ramp that starts with white and endswith a dark blue.1 Turn off the Population By State layer and turn on the Population By County layer.Right-dick the USCounties layer and click Properties.2 In t he Layer Properties dialog box, click the Symbology tab.3 Click the Color Ramp drop-down list and scroll to and dick the last color ramp.4 Notice that the color variation of each break value is not very distinguishable.5 Right-click the Color Ramp andProperties.6 Click the color box beside Color 1 andclick the Arctic White paint chip.7 Click the color box beside Color 2, clickt he Dark Navy paint chip, and dickOK twice.~"O Ccb,
  76. 76. ,..CHAPTER 2 Map designThe Population By County map changes to reflect t he new color ramp.Note: You can also double-click each colorsymbol in the Symbology tab or TOC tochange the classification colors individually.YOUR TURN~~........... O le<. tt.... g,OIXI1~E!hOO!. 18,(I(ll. le,OOI - 36,OO3. 36,001 n,QOO. 7Z,(x) I ""~GIS TUTORIAlChange the class colors for UTTracts, NVTracts, and Population By State. When finished,.saveyour map document.
  77. 77. Map design CHAPTER 2e point mapsshow exact locations ofdata or events using individual point markers• C-Uo r.. In the next exercise, you will create a point map showing U.S. cities.. . -.ith size-graduated point markers that represent population._IC!a point map of U.S. cities by population--.:::.d collapse all layers in your map and create a new group layer called~ ITJOD. By City.:zw group layer, add the data layers ESRIPressGISTlOataUnitedStates.gdb~;c,.",, ~d ESRIPressGISTl DataUnitedStates.gdbU5Cities."3 ~ USStates in the Population By City group layer to open its Layer"lfS9Ei ~ window.~ Spnbology tab, change the symbol to hollow (no color) fill with a mediumacline of size 1, and dick OK twice.:.•=-~.HOlli.ck USCities in the Population By City group layer to open its Layer- .....iilll=Ol"ties window.~ 6.e Symbology tab and change the layers symbology from Single Symbol to-....:c=writies. Graduated Symbols.
  78. 78. CHAPTER 2 Map design GIS TUTORIAL 17 In the Fields panel, change the Value to POP2000, the template symbol to a Marsred CIRCLE 1, symbol size to 2- 18, and assign the break points and legend labelsas follows:II...,.,,,G -:i "! 101....-....1 i~~~;;~~ CIa" k o(oo----II ch:i:::~)rldo Iri::-~,";~:Ir~oo.~~12:::::=1:==~~-==a.="~";:iii:S--t···l~iJ [ Cimy", I iMultiple Attribulo. ,. - Te<I{kJ.•. ,1Ci":113035 . 50ClXll• 5OllJ1. 10CI)llJ• l00m1 .2OOlX.(l• 2lID:Xl1· (00lXX)• -IOOXXJ1· 900II2785OOXro or leu500,001 · l.1llJ.OOJLOOJ,OOl . 2.00J,00J2,00J,001 . (.oo:J,OOJ(.00J,001 OI~"uoftg IlIlurl ...."u..8 CikkOK.9 Zoom to t he full extent. The resultant point map shows U.S, cities classifiedby population,0; r;, Lay...:;; Ii3 """,,__ .. cty;0 !i!I U5CtIo,· sao,too tII ~"• 5OO,OlI·,cm.rm• "OOJ,oo, ·~ooo.ooo• 2,000,00,.000,000• <,OOJ,ool <w ""t«iii ill U5SloI:"o.. 0 ~~C"""lr""Iil 0 ~opo.iotIon ~ C"""",,L~O ~ ~ .....10 Click File, Save.:II
  79. 79. 7UTORIAL 1 Map designTutorial 2-6_reate a point map based on adefinition queryCHAPTER 2Suppose you have a layer containing all the cities in Pennsylvania, but you onlywant to display the cities with populations between 10,000 and 49,000. To accom-plish this, you create a deft.nition query to ft.lter out all the cities with populationvalues outside the desired range.m te a new map document1 Click File, New.2 Click Blank Map from the New Document dialog box, and click OK.""-.;.--"""",..•,,, .-~--~.,-----.----- ~~~~-~-!~~~~""~~ --==~==-,,-:-:-----,_ --.,:::,·"::-::--.-~·_Jr,~~
  80. 80. CHAPTER 2 Map design GIS TUTORIAL 1Add data to the map1 Click the Add Data button <t>.2 Navigate to the folder where you have the ESRIPressGIST1 Oat a installed, clickUnitedStates.gdb, and add the following layers: PACounties and PACities. The result isa map showing county polygon features for Pennsylvania and detailed cities. ArcMap picksan arbitrary color fill and point marker for the polygons and points, respectively.Symbolize polygonsTo draw attention away from a feature, colors should be very light or,in the case of these polygons, have no color at all.1 Right+dick the PACounties layer and click Properties.2 Click the General t ab and change the name 9f the layer toPennsylvania Counties.3 Click the Symbology tab, click the symbol, choose No Color as theFm Color, and choose a medium gray as the Outline Color.4 Click OK twice.[- ~/II Cob": CJjI1lfI""",.", ~""-~o.a.COko, ~I Edt5lrid... I
  81. 81. Map design CHAPTER 2!?ate a definition query-:-au might want to show only medium-sized cities in the state. To do so, you can query?O?Ulations based on an attribute in the table called Feature.1 iight-click the PACities layer and click Properties.2 ;"1jc,,: the Definition Query tab and Query Builder button.3 ~ Ge Query Builder window, double-click "FEATURE".-4 U:iclo: " as the logical operator.:lI ;:lick Get Unique Values. The resulting..i::s:: -:"as.all unique values in the FEATURE~.:::e. Note that the attribute stores•7V=~t2tion ranges for a numerical scale.5 lilt ~ Cnique Values list, double-click~ :00 to 49,999, The completed query,? ::l....-.....-RF " 10,000 to 49,999, will yieldi.:"~ ....iL~ only the cities in Pennsylvanial!L.... :xr?ulations between 10,000 and..i- ~e::. [f the query has an error, edit it in:::tIe ~ p.a:lel of the Query Builder, or click~.£:.Id re? eat steps 3 through 6.~ 0 :;: twice to execute your query and.lbst! ±;;; Layer Properties dialog box.Quory Bunrler e?J~SELECT" FADM PAm" WHERE;::~IFEATURE • 10JD) 1;-48Jiii~--·L .______ ._._~ __..__._--.--JI c.....- II V<riy II H~ II Load. II s.- II OK II Cancel Ia layers name and symbol• ~..,,,-<""O<" the PACities layer and click Properties.:..;;;E. Gi>.neral tab and change the name of the layer to Population 10,000:; ~ Sn:::!bology tab and the Symbol button.
  82. 82. CHAPTER 2 Map de:ilign GIS TUTORIAL ~4 Click the Circle 2 icon, change the color to Ultra Blue, and change the size to 6.Symbol Sel~~lor f1l[I~!L~~.~~_~~~-,.-____,...::: lc; ~, ~~ .s-cr.: 0 ... ~ O lttlorernd5lyoo,~, - --;;1• • TrlorQIo Lcj• • •~ ! Ho OQOIIi OttOQOll LI"~ ~~!" I~, -=., iItl_ ~_~"l l•Color:I Edt~... I( S- As... II _QI( 1 I Coneel5 Click OK twice. The resulting map shows medium-sized cities in the state and gro·.mdpolygons for counties.
  83. 83. - • :-OTORIAL 1 Map design CHAPTER 2YOUR TURNS ate: You are required to complete this Your Turn exercise in order to finish the remaining~s in this chapter.-:.:C ~ PACities layer again and create a definition query that displays Pennsylvanias countyIIU3.. Hint: The defin ition query will be "STATUS· = County Seat. Change the layer n ame toGxmty Seats, the symbol to Square 2, color to Leaf Green, and size to 6.State Capital using Symbol Search1 Click the Add Data button ~ ,2 ~avigate to the folder where you have the ESRIPressGISTlData installed, clickUnitedStates.gdb, and add t he PACities layer again.3 Right-click the added PACities layer and click Properties.4 Click the Definition Querytab and create the querySTATUS" :: State CapitalCounty Seat, Click OK.Symbol S~lcci , ~~)5 Oick the Symbology tab and5yobol button.6 :.n the Symbol Selector::ndow, type Capital and:r:ress Enter in the searchS«"tion. The resulting searchsX;..""S all symbols that have:i:e ....""Ord ~Capital" in their-;;-5.[c~7------~...,-" ISo~: e...5t,Wt ORel",,,,,,od""""~~ @I,-, ,-,"" _..- ..-" e 11-- """, -,CtIM~ A...IysI.lII!.........g. >Bl ;~ • cu-,"""Syri>oI•Cab,~"" E~. :.:.... ~·-;;.l- ".,[ l IM SyrixII... I1s.w. ....... II ,- I[ style R.f......u." , I[ ~I I "" I.
  84. 84. CHAPTER 2 Map design GIS TUTORIAL ]7 Click the Capital! symbol from the Civic symbols. Click OK.8 Click the General tab and change the layer name to State Capital.9 Click OK. The resultant map shows medium-sized cities, county seats, andthe state capital, Harrisburg.YOUR TURNCopitoi 1CIvil:Add the PACities layer once more and create a definition query that displays Pennsylvanli~three largest cities: Erie, Philadelphia, and Pittsburgh. Rename the layer "Major Cities",and sho":the three cities with a symbol that makes them stand out on the map, Hint: One sol~tiori,is tbuse the query "NAME" " Erie OR "NAME" = Philadelphia OR "NAME"=" Pittsbu.rgh, See if youcan create halo labels for this layer and the State Capital layer.
  85. 85. :;;.s TUTORIAL 1 Map design CHAPTER 2Tutorial 2-7Create hyperlinksThe Hyperlink tool allows access to documents or Web pages by clicking features.There are three types ofhyperlinks: documents, URLs, and macros.eate a dynamic hyperlink1 On t he Tools toolbar, dick the Identify button • .2 Click the capital point symbol for Harrisburg.3 In the Identify results window, right-dickHarrisburg in the top panel, and dick AddHy-perlink from the context menu.4 Click the Link to a URL radio button and=-?e www. harri sburgpa .gov.5 CXk OK, then close the Identify window.[J!d!!ntfy f.em:"*-Ea<tl®. ~oom To.rI ~{Itl To@stlect1-:""=""_--j ill ;;_~--::~~---;-P-"Jo!l~-=~~INAME !!emoYf! from T.~ De!"--"I~~~~-- tflPS Ctr+SPtACE.fIPS ~...~_96 ro ......,~ .STATUS CpRecord CtrI+C1m ~ Attrbt.. !~ ...,,.
  86. 86. :1/1:":i",CHAPTER 2 Map design GIS TUTORIAlLaunch a hyperlink1 From the Tools toolbar. dick the Hyperlink button . Features that have hyperlinks gela small blue circle drawn on them. In this case, the Harrisburg capital point marker is theonly such feature.2 Move the cursor to the city of Harrisburg point feature. When you are over a featurethat has a hyperlink, the cursor turns from a yellow to a black lightning bolt and you see apop~up tip with the name of the target.,,,~• • • •••• • •• r . •• • "• -.--; •• , •• •I •• , •Plt.....~"--iH·0.· ~y •~ . 3 Click the feature to go to the Harrisburg Web site. Place the tip of the lightning bolton the hyperlinks small blue circle and click. Your default Web browser will open toHarrisburgs Web page.YOUR TURNAdd hyperlinks to the Erie, Pittsburgh, and Philadelphia point markers in the layer that ;usthas those three cities. Use the following Web sites: www.erie.pa .us for Erie, www. phila .govj forPhiladelphia, and w"".,.city.pittsburgh. pa.us for Pittsburgh. If these Web sites do not work,search the Internet for another site that links to each city.,-_.--,-,--,- ., " I I ,. . , ... .""...-
  87. 87. ;u :-llr ORIAL 1 Map design CHAPTER 2Use the Hyperlink Pop-up toolHyperlink pop-ups are nice shortcuts for viewing attribute data for features on a map.1 Right-click the County Seats layer and dick Properties.2 Click the HTML Popup tab and make selections as follows:3 Click the Fields tab, turn on the fields as shown below, create an alias canedCITY NAME for the NAME field, and click OK.OK I I c...,.. II ~the Tools toolbar, click the Hyperlink Popup button ~ .
  88. 88. CHAPTER 2 Map design GIS TUTORIAL 15 Click any Count y Seats point feature in t he map display. The attribute information thatyou set in the field properties is displayed on the map in a pop-up window.•• •6 Click additional point features.7 Close the pop-up windows when finished.
  89. 89. is TUTORIAL 1 Map design CHAPTER 2Tutorial 2-8Create MapTipsWhen you hover your cursor over a feature on a map, it is possible to have just anattribute or an expression ofthat feature automatically displayed as a MapTip.:reate and display a MapTip1 Right-click the County Seats layer in the TOC, click Properties, and click the Display tab.2 Click NAME as the field in the Display Expression section.3 Click Show MapTips using the display expression, and click OK.";!ill: ~ __12:1-MopTVI!JSirq the ~y eXjlle<>i<;n4 from the Toolstoolbar, click theSelect Elementsbutton It .5 HO"er over anycL.-y in the CountySeats layer to seeits name.roUR TURN""_ ,.::;:s:o :.he Population 10,000 to 49,000 layer to show the city NAME, When -fini:shed, ._ - -;:-i.ocument and close ArcMap.
  90. 90. :. ,Map design GIS TUTORIAlAssignment 2-1Create a map showing schools in the city ofPittsburgh by enrollmentSuppose that the City of Pittsburgh school board wants to do an extensive evaluation of localschools. Officials have collected data about all schools, public and private. The initial projectidentifies schools as either public or private and shows their enrollment. Your task is to make a mapfor the school board comparing the enrollment of public and private schools. You will use pointfeatures of different sizes to show this.Start with the following:• ESRIPressGISTl Data PittsburghCity.gdb Neighborhoods-polygon layer of Pittsburghneighborhoods• ESRIPressGIST1 Data PittsburghCity.gdb Schools-point layer of all schoolsUse the following fields of thl: Schools table:DISTRICT-school type ("City of Pittsburgh" is a public school; "Pittsburgh Diocese" and"Private School" are private schools)ENROLL-number of st udents enrolledSTATUS-open or dosedCreate a point feature map with hyperlinkCreate a map document called ESRIPressGISTl MyAssignmentsChapter2Assignment2-1YourName.mxd showing separately the enrollment of students in public and private schools thatare open. Include Pittsburgh neighborhood polygons for reference. Hyperlink the Web sitehttp ://www. pghboe .net (or a simil.:lr Web site for Pittsburgh schaub) to the Allderdice schoolin the Squirrel Hill South neighborhood.Hints• Add two copies of Schools to your map document. Use one copy for public schools and theother for private schools.• Use the same increasing-width interval scale for both public and private schools.• Use MapTips for schools and label neighborhoods. Use a small, dark gray font for the labels.Under the Labels tab of the Layer Properties window, click Placement Properties, ConflictDetection, and type 1 in the Buffer field to improve appearance.
  91. 91. 15 TUTORIAL 1 Map designWHAT TO TURN INIf your work is to be graded, turn in the following file:ArcMap document: ESRIPressGIST1MyAssignmentsChapter2Assignment2-1YourName.mxdCHAPTER 2"-------------_._..__.._..__._--
  92. 92. I,Map duign GIS TUTORIAAssignment 2-2Create a map showing K-12 population versusschool enrollmentIn this assignment, you will create a choropleth map showin~ the population by census tract forthe entire state of Pennsylvania and also a map zoomed in to the city of Pittsburgh for the K-12school-age population. Layers will turn on or off depending on the zoom level. You will also showschools by enrollment.Start with the following:• ESRIPressGIST1DataUnitedStates.gdbPATracts-polygon layer of Pennsylvania censustracts, 2000• ESRIPressGIST1DataUnitedStates.gdbPACounties- po!ygon layer of Pennsylvaniacounties• ESRIPressGIST1DataPittshurghCity.gdbBlockGroups-po!ygon layer of Pittsburghcensus block groups, 2000, that will be shown when zoomed in to the Pitt~burgh area• ESRIPressGIST1DataPittsburghCity.gdbNeighborhoods- polygon layer ofneighborhoods• ESRIPressGIST1DataPittsburghCity.gdbSchools- point layer of Pittsburgh schoolsThe value "City of PittsburghHfor DISTRICT identifies public schools.Create choropleth maps with scale thresholdsCreate a new map document called ESRIPressGIST1 MyAssignmentsChapter2 Assignment2-2YourName.mxd that shows the Pennsylvania census tracts for K-12 school-age population (ages5-17) and county outlines for the entire state. For Pittsburgh, show the K- 12 population usingcensus block groups and neighborhood outlines. Include the point layer for Pittsburgh publicschools that are open but with low enrollment (over 0 and under 200 students). Use MapTips forschools. Label counties and neighborhoods.When zoomed to the entire state, do not show details of the city of Pittsburgh, but turn on theselayers when zoomed into that area. Have the Pennsylvania details turned off when zoomed in tothe Pittsburgh details. Create a bookmark to help you easily zoom in to the Pittsburgh details.Hints• Create two layer groups: one for the state of Pennsylvania and one for Pittsburgh details soyou can turn them on or off as necessary.• Add a halo to labels to make them easier to read. In the Labels tab of the Layer Propertieswindow, click Symbol, Edit Symbol, the Mask tab, and the Halo radio button. Then type 1.5for the size and click Symbol to use a light gray halo. Use a size 7 or 8 text symbol.
  93. 93. -;1$ TUTORIAL 1 Map designSTUDY QUESTIONSCreate a Microsoft Word file called ESRIPressGISTlMyAssignmentsChapter2Assignment2-2YourName.doc with answers to the following questions:CHAPTER 21. The seven public schools meeting the criteria (over 0 and under 200 enrollment) are inwhat neighborhoods?2. Name a school that may close. Explain why you picked this school.WHAT TO TURN INIf your work is to be graded, turn in the following files:ArcMap document: ESRIPressGIST1 MyAssignmentsChapter2_.!.ssignment2-2YourName.mxd-md document: ESRIPressGISTl MyAssignmentsChapter2_~..5;£gn..:-nent 2-2YourName.doc~ ::::structed to do so, instead of the above individual files, turn in a compressed file,.!s.s:ignment2-2YourName.zip, with all files included. Do not include path information;.::: the compressed file.
  94. 94. o· _,/;1.8 :18.q- .orion syste:l$ 9foo9rdpha tion geograph~ atio n geograph;::lrmat- d[ ::.on.., ·· ::iC i;~f(tri:: ,:lt .1. on sy!~, temsc informatio n systemsc information systemsinformatio n systemsticn systemsstemsr~ 0" -" p:geographicg eo g raphicgeographicgeographic:geographicgeogra p hicgeogra p h i cra p h i"wi", H;i~~:~"lii~l 0 :in f 0i n f o .infoinfoinfoi nfoinfora ph i c.~~raph i cagraphic-,- ;" ~ y:; te rn s~it6 f mat -~on systemsnfo r matio n syste msnformation systemsnformatio n systemslnfo~rnation systemsgeog r a phicgeographicgeographic inforgeographic infogeographic infogp;Jgrap tl~c info,",! 0( an, . f,",, p ( ,: ( qGIS outputsr . ,;1 L.I n!::x:GIS can produce many forms of output, including interactive map documents,:-:i::ted maps for distribution, image files for use in presentations or on Web sites,: " map animations, You construct map compositions in ArcMap while in Layout:::::oC..e, You can add elements, including one or more maps, a title, a map legend,-=- =nrth arrow, or a scale bar. In addition, it is possible to add graphs or tabular~ rts to layouts. Map animations consist of a succession of frames, each with-=-:::::a.p and objects that change in some way. When played one after another the~s appear as a movie, revealing dynamic time and space patterns in data,
  95. 95. ,"HH I CHAPTER 3 GIS OlltPlltsLearning objectivesExplore interactive GISCreate map layoutsReuse a custom map layoutCreate a custom map template withtwo mapsTutorial 3-1GIS TUTORIAL 1Add a report to a layoutAdd a graph to a layoutCreate multiple output pagesBuild a map animationExplore interactive GISSuppose that you need information on youth populations in cities across theUnited States. Suppose further that you are agovernment official and have federalfunds to allocate to youth recreation programs in cities, or perhaps you are an ana-lyst working for a youth clothing retailer looking for potential cities to locate newstores. The map that you will open reviews several interactive elements deSigned topromote discovery and analysiS. Included are visible scale ranges that allow you todrm down to details, hyperlinks to access Internet information, MapTips that pro-vide youth population information, and hypertext pop-up windows that provideselected table data on population by age. Ifyou want to learn about any new fea-tures ofArcGIS demonstrated here, use Help on ArcMaps main menu.Open a map document1 On your desktop, dick Start, All Programs, ArcGIS, ArcMap 10.

×