WHAT IS THESAFEMOTHERHOOD INITIATIVE?• Is a global effort that aim to reduce deaths and illnesses among women and infants, especially in developing countries• Was launched in 1987 to improve maternal health and cut the number of maternal deaths in half by the year 2000.
SAFE MOTHERHOODGOAL To improve well being of mothersthrough a comprehensive approach ofproviding, preventing, promotive ,curative and rehabilitative health care
SAFE MOTHERHOODOBJECTIVEImprove quality and increase access to family planning and maternal health care servicesEducate couples to ensure they have the best chance for a wanted and safe pregnancy
• To promote improvement of systems for monitoring maternal and newborn health services;• To promote the implementation of evidence- based integrated cost-effective reproductive health interventions with a focus on maternal and newborn health within primary health care approach;• To conduct operations research to generate best practices and evidence for addressing priority reproductive health problems.
THE FOUR PILLARS OF SAFE MOTHERHOOD SAFE MOTHERHOOD OBSTETRIC CARE CLEAN SAFE ANTENATAL DELIVERY ESSENTIALY PLANNING CARE FAMILY BASIC MATERNITY CARE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE EQUITY FOR WOMEN
NATIONAL SAFE MOTHERHOOD DAY 2012 THEME“Ensuring quality services for safe motherhood”
ENSURING SAFE MOTHERHOOD Safe motherhood means ensuring that all women have access to the information and services they need to go safely through pregnancy and childbirth. It includes :• Education on safe motherhood• Prenatal care• Promotion of maternal nutrition• Adequate delivery assistance in all cases• Provisions for obstetric emergencies including referral services for pregnancy, childbirth and abortion complications• Postnatal care.
SUPPORT FOR SAFE MOTHERHOOD INITIATIVESSafe Motherhood Day‟ which is observed on the11th of April every year, was marked by twoevents in India, in which UNICEF played a keyrole. The Government of India in collaboration withThe White Ribbon Alliance (WRAI) for SafeMotherhood (of which UNICEF is an activemember), organized a national stakeholders‟meeting, in the capital Delhi, to discuss thepressing priorities in relation to women‟s health.
Dr. Marzio Babille, Chief of Health forUNICEF India, who took part in thenational stakeholders meeting, said thecountry‟s focus should be on a life-cycleapproach to women‟s health. He said,UNICEF believes in addressing womenduring their adolescence, whenreproductive and other lifestylebehaviours set the stage for later life.
EVENT OF SAFE MOTHERHOOD DAY• UNICEF in partnership with the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Health Fitness Trust organised an „Awareness Run‟, also in Delhi, for school children on issues relating to safe motherhood.
• White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood of India, an alliance committed towards increasing public awareness on preventing maternal deaths is organizing the Aakhir Kyon Concert on 26thMarch, 2012 at Amphitheatre, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi where Shubha Mudgal will release a special song dedicated to Safe Motherhood. Birth is life how can this be allowed to be the cause of death? Especially when most of such deaths are so easily preventable
• School of Public Health, PGIMER in collaboration with Chandigarh Health Administration celebrated “Safe Motherhood Day” at their Maternal and Child Health centre at Polyclinic, Sector-45 today with about 100 pregnant and lactating mothers.
• About 100,000 deaths occur annually in India from causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. In Orissa, the maternal mortality rate (MMR) is about 303 while the national average is 254, states a new report released by „Deliver Now for Women and Children‟ campaign. Members from the White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood(WRAI) and Partnership of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (PMNCH) had launched a national campaign last year on April 11, with special focus on Orissa.
• Nagaland observes Safe Motherhood Day Putting effort to spread awareness on saving mothers‟ lives, „Safe Motherhood Day‟ was launched globally in 1997 to promote, increase public awareness on the need to make pregnancy and childbirth safe for all women and newborns, especially in developing countries.
• WRA Indonesia and the Women Caucus Parliament of the Republic of Indonesia (KPP- RI) successfully hosted a seminar on “Strategic Position and Commitment of the Parliament Members for Safe Motherhood.” The integrated approach toward safe motherhood is not only to include mother‟s health during pregnancy, childbirth and the post partum period, but also child health, especially during the first day of a childs life, and emphasizing exclusive breast feeding.
LIFE CYCLE APPROACH OF WOMEN• Reproductive health is a lifetime concern for both women and men, from infancy to old age. In many cultures, the discrimination against girls and women that begins in infancy can determine the trajectory of their lives. The important issues of education and appropriate health care arise in childhood and adolescence. These continue to be issues in the reproductive years, along with family planning, sexually transmitted diseases and reproductive tract infections, adequate nutrition and care in pregnancy, and the social status of women and concerns about cervical and breast cancer.
Critical messages for different life stages In its advocacy and programming, UNFPA focuses on key messages that can empower both women and men at different stages of their lives.
Girls and boys• Inform and empower girls to delay pregnancy until they are physically and emotionally mature.• Inspire and motivate boys and men to be sexually responsible partners and value daughters equally as sons.• Encourage governments to take responsibility for the human catastrophe of orphans and other children who live in the streets.
Adolescents• Reorient health education and services to meet the diverse needs of adolescents. Integrated reproductive health education and services for young people should include family planning information, and counselling on gender relations, STDs and HIV/AIDS, sexual abuse and reproductive health.• Ensure that health care programmes and providers attitudes allow for adolescents access to the services and information they need.• Support efforts to eradicate female genital cutting and other harmful practices, including early or forced marriage, sexual abuse, and trafficking of adolescents for forced labour, marriage or commercial sex.• Socialize and motivate boys and young men to show respect and responsibility in sexual relations.
Adulthood• Improve communication between men and women on issues of sexuality and reproductive health.• Enable women to exercise their right to control their own fertility and their right to make decisions concerning reproduction and discrimination and violence.• Improve the quality and availability of reproductive health services and barriers to access.• Make emergency obstetric care available to all women who experience complications in their pregnancies.• Encourage mens responsibility for sexual and reproductive behaviour and increase male participation in family planning.
The older years• Reorient and strengthen health care services to better meet the needs of older women.• Support outreach by womens NGOs to help older women in the community to better understand the importance of girls education, reproductive rights and sexual health so that they may become effective transmitters of this knowledge.