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Ecology
What is Classification <ul><li>arranging living organisms into groups based on similarities in structure, embryology, and ...
Why Classify Organisms <ul><li>Aiding the identification of species </li></ul><ul><li>Shows evolutionary links </li></ul><...
Species <ul><li>a group of organisms with similar characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>can interbreed and produce fertile off...
Binomial System <ul><li>2 names are used to refer to each species </li></ul><ul><li>Genus Species Common Name </li></ul><u...
Kingdoms of Life <ul><li>Prokaryotae </li></ul><ul><li>Prokaryote cells:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul></ul...
Kingdoms of Life <ul><li>Protoctista </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryote cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>unicellular & simple multicel...
Kingdoms of Life <ul><li>Fungi </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryote cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>uni- to multicellular </li></ul></u...
Kingdoms of Life <ul><li>Plantae </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryote cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multicellular </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Kingdoms of Life <ul><li>Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryote cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>multicellular </li></ul></ul><ul...
Which Kingdom? Plantae Protista
Yeast (Fungi) Mosquito (Animal) Goldfish (Animal)
 
Seven Levels of Classification <ul><li>Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul><ul><li>Order </...
Rules <ul><li>Write Genus with capital letter, species small </li></ul><ul><li>Write Genus and species in italics </li></u...
Kiwi <ul><li>Kingdom:  Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum:   Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Subphylum:  Vertebrata </li></ul><u...
Characteristics of Living Things <ul><li>M ovement </li></ul><ul><li>R espiration </li></ul><ul><li>S ensitivity </li></ul...
Other Terms <ul><li>Metabolism  – </li></ul><ul><li>Homeostasis  – </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptations  –  </li></ul><ul><li>Eco...
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1 Ecology

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1 Ecology

  1. 1. Ecology
  2. 2. What is Classification <ul><li>arranging living organisms into groups based on similarities in structure, embryology, and DNA. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Classify Organisms <ul><li>Aiding the identification of species </li></ul><ul><li>Shows evolutionary links </li></ul><ul><li>Predicting characteristics shared by similar species </li></ul>
  4. 4. Species <ul><li>a group of organisms with similar characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>can interbreed and produce fertile offspring. </li></ul><ul><li>DNA will also be very similar. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Binomial System <ul><li>2 names are used to refer to each species </li></ul><ul><li>Genus Species Common Name </li></ul><ul><li>Apteryx australis Brown Kiwi </li></ul><ul><li>Apteryx haastii Great Spotted Kiwi </li></ul><ul><li>Apteryx owenii Little Spotted Kiwi </li></ul>
  6. 6. Kingdoms of Life <ul><li>Prokaryotae </li></ul><ul><li>Prokaryote cells: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unicellular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no nucleus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no organelles </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Kingdoms of Life <ul><li>Protoctista </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryote cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>unicellular & simple multicellular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nucleus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>organelles </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Kingdoms of Life <ul><li>Fungi </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryote cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>uni- to multicellular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heterotrophs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mostly saprotrophs </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Kingdoms of Life <ul><li>Plantae </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryote cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multicellular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autotrophs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cellulose cell walls </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Kingdoms of Life <ul><li>Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Eukaryote cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>multicellular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heterotrophs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lack cell walls </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Which Kingdom? Plantae Protista
  12. 12. Yeast (Fungi) Mosquito (Animal) Goldfish (Animal)
  13. 14. Seven Levels of Classification <ul><li>Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Genus </li></ul><ul><li>Species </li></ul><ul><li>K iwis </li></ul><ul><li>P lay </li></ul><ul><li>C ricket </li></ul><ul><li>O n </li></ul><ul><li>F lat </li></ul><ul><li>G reen </li></ul><ul><li>S urfaces </li></ul>
  14. 15. Rules <ul><li>Write Genus with capital letter, species small </li></ul><ul><li>Write Genus and species in italics </li></ul><ul><li>In an essay, once Genus name is written, can use capital letter only </li></ul><ul><li>Use sp. If species is unknown </li></ul>
  15. 16. Kiwi <ul><li>Kingdom: Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum: Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Subphylum: Vertebrata </li></ul><ul><li>Class: Aves </li></ul><ul><li>Order: Struthioniformes </li></ul><ul><li>Family: Apterygidae </li></ul><ul><li>Genus: Apteryx </li></ul><ul><li>Species: Apteryx australis </li></ul>
  16. 17. Characteristics of Living Things <ul><li>M ovement </li></ul><ul><li>R espiration </li></ul><ul><li>S ensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>G rowth </li></ul><ul><li>R eproduction </li></ul><ul><li>E xcretion </li></ul><ul><li>N utrition </li></ul>
  17. 18. Other Terms <ul><li>Metabolism – </li></ul><ul><li>Homeostasis – </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptations – </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological niche - </li></ul>

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