Attachments 2012 02_14

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Attachments 2012 02_14

  1. 1. Westward Movement USHC 5.3
  2. 2. <ul><li>Great Plains Settlement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lure of Land, Silver & Gold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Black Hills and the Sioux </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Wars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Effects of horse and buffalo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sand Creek Massacre (1864) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bozeman Trail Massacre (1866) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of Little Big Horn (1876) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of Wounded Knee (1890) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Gov’t/Native Relations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dawes Act – assimilation </li></ul></ul>Agrarian to Industrial Economy
  3. 3. <ul><li>Cattle Boom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Longhorns and cowboys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle “long drives” to RR’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open range </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Railroads bring settlers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Homestead Act (1862) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exodusters – AA’s from South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morrill Act (1862 and 1890) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Farming Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbed wire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyrus McCormick’s reaper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Deere’s steel plow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jethro Tull’s seed drill </li></ul></ul>Agrarian to Industrial Economy
  4. 4. Technology Increases Efficiency, Need for Land Crop Prices Fall creating Less Profit For farmers Farmers Borrow Or Mortgage To buy more Land or machines More Crop Produced Increasing Supply Cyclical Effects of Mechanized Farming
  5. 5. Farmers Organize <ul><li>Complaints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bank foreclosures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Railroads gouging prices for shipping and storing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for “Greenbacks” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Grange Movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Originally social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperatives & legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Farmer’s Alliances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational – bank operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mary Elizabeth Lease </li></ul></ul>“ Raise less corn and more hell.” Mary Elizabeth Lease
  6. 6. The Populist Movement <ul><li>The People’s Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmer’s alliances organize politically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most influence in the West and South </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Silver or Gold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bimetallists v. gold bugs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>William Jennings Bryan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Populist runs for president in 1896 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Cross of Gold” Speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>loss destroys the party </li></ul></ul>POPULIST PLATFORM <ul><li>Paper Currency </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate Income Tax </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Federal Loans </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Election of Senators </li></ul><ul><li>1-Term Limits </li></ul><ul><li>8-hour workday </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration limits </li></ul>

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