Act III: BanishmentCentral Issue:romantic loveversus familyloyaltyTheme: love as abrutal emotion,leading todefiance of family,religion, & society
Act 3, Scene 1• Mercutio and • Tybalt has been Benvolio are looking to fight with walking around Romeo. Verona. • Tybalt starts an• Benvolio warns argument with Mercutio. that the Capulets are around and looking to start a fight (peacemaker)
• Romeo arrives in a happy mood.• No one else knows that Tybalt: Romeo, the hate I bear thee can he’s just married Juliet. afford No better term than this,--thou art a villain.• Tybalt starts arguing with him.• Romeo does not want to fight Tybalt because he married Juliet. – Mercutio doesn’t know about Romeo’s reason for Romeo & Tybalt not wanting to fight. – Mercutio stands in for Romeo to Tybalt: I do protest, I never injured thee, Romeo in the fight which But love thee better than thou canst devise, leads to fateful problems. Till thou shalt know the reason of my love: And so, good Capulet,--which name I tender As dearly as my own,--be satisfied.
• As Romeo tries to Mercutio to Romeo: Why the break up the fight, devil came you between us? I was hurt under your arm. Tybalt murders Mercutio.• Tybalt and his men run away.• While Mercutio is dying he curses both families“I am hurt.A plague oboth your Mercutiohouses!”
Act III, scene 1• Irate that he has allowed his love for Juliet to make him “effeminate,” Romeo savagely avenges Mercutio’s death.• Recognizing what he has done - murdered his wife’s cousin - Romeo blames his actions on fate: – “I am fortune’s fool” (3.1.134). • (Remember his ominous dream?)
Fate• Fate = Destiny • Are the events in – An inevitable Act 3 and even outcome based on earlier in the play a “the stars” or set result of FATE or circumstances ACTIONS? – Romeo and Juliet – Do Romeo and are “ill-fated” from Juliet have control the beginning as over their lives, or “star-crossed has FATE already lovers” decided their outcome?
3. Lady Capulet: – Believes that Romeo killed Tybalt – She calls Benvolio a liar since he is a Montague and doesn’t believe Tybalt killed Mercutio. Furious – She demands Lady Capulet Romeo’s death since he killed Tybalt.
4. Lord Montague – says Romeo is not at fault – Romeo only did what the law would have done in killing Tybalt. 5. The Prince – doesn’t have Romeo killedLord & Lady – he banishes Romeo Montague from Verona – if Romeo returns, he will be executed.
Act III, scene 2 Juliet: Give me my Romeo; and, when he• Juliet’s soliloquy: shall die, Take him and cut him out in little stars, And he will make the face of heaven so fine – She impatiently That all the world will be in love with night awaits Romeo, who will come to her in secret, so they may consummate their marriage. – At this point she is not aware of the murder Romeo committed.
Act III, scene 2• Juliet’s nurse relates to Juliet to Nurse: What storm is this that blows so contrary? Is Romeo slaughterd, and is Tybalt her the sad news about dead? My dear-loved cousin, and my dearer Tybalt at the hands of lord? Then, dreadful trumpet, sound the general doom! Romeo. For who is living, if those two are gone?• At first Juliet is angry with Romeo, then elated that he is alive, and finally suicidal because she fears she cannot live without him.
Act 3, Scene 2 • Juliet – is inconsolable because Romeo is banished. – She says Romeo’s banishment is worse than death. – Juliet wants to die a virgin since Romeo cannot be with her. • NurseJuliet: Come, cords, come, nurse; Ill – goes to find Romeoto my wedding-bed; and bring him to Juliet.And death, not Romeo, take my – she will give Romeo amaidenhead! ring from Juliet
• Romeo hides in Romeo: Is death mis-termd: calling death Friar Laurence’s banishment, Thou cuttst my head off with a golden axe, room. And smilest upon the stroke that murders me.• Romeo says that banishment is worse than death.• Friar Laurence scolds Romeo for thinking banishment is death; Depressed Romeo – but he can’t get Both Romeo and Juliet Romeo to listen. prefer death to life without one another.
Nurse: Stand up, stand up; stand, and you be aman:For Juliets sake, for her sake, rise and stand; • Nurse arrives, tells Romeo “to be a man” and stop crying. • Romeo threatens to kill himself with a Nurse & “womanish dagger he finds Romeo” on the floor
Act 3, Scene 3• Friar Laurence comes up with a plan: – After the Capulets are asleep, Romeo will go to Juliet’s room for their wedding night. – Romeo is to leave before dawn and to go Mantua and – Romeo is to wait in Mantua until he hears Friar Laurence from Friar Laurence via letter.
Act 3, Scene 3• Friar Laurence will publish Romeo & Juliet’s marriage at the “right time” • Friar believes the Montagues and Capulets will reconcile due to the marriage • Friar feels the Prince will be overjoyed at the reconciliation between families • Friar thinks Romeo will be pardoned by the prince. Friar Laurence & • Then, the prince will allow Nurse Romeo to live in Verona. • And everyone will live happily ever after.
Act III, scene 4• Lord Capulet asks his wife to let Juliet know that she’ll be marrying Paris on Thursday morning. It’s currently Monday evening. – Ironic: On Sunday, Lord Capulet denied Paris’ request to marry Juliet because she was too young.
Act 3, Scene 4 • Romeo is upstairs with Juliet at the Capulet’s. – Paris comes over to see how Juliet is doing – Juliet’s parents believe that she is grieving for Tybalt’s death. – To cheer Juliet up, her parents decide that she’ll marry Paris in 3 days (Thursday)
Act 3, Scene 5• Dawn/ early morning in Juliet’s bedroom• Juliet tries to convince Romeo that is still night so that he won’t leave.• Romeo says he’ll stay and let her family kill him. One night with Juliet is all he needs.• Eventually Romeo leaves Juliet & her Romeo for Mantua.
• Juliet imagines that she sees Romeo lying dead in a tomb FORESHADOWINGJuliet (to Romeo): O God,I have an ill-divining soul!Methinks I see thee, nowthou art below,As one dead in thebottom of a tomb:Either my eyesight fails,or thou lookst pale.
Ironically, this islast time the twowill see each otheralive.
• Marriage to Paris – Lady Capulet tells Juliet that she gets to marry Paris on Thursday morning! – Juliet refuses to marry Paris. • She tells her mother it is because Paris never courted her & the marriage is too quick. – She says she would rather marry her enemy Romeo! Juliet’s begs her mother to DRAMATIC IRONY not force her to marry Paris
“Hang thee, youngbaggage! disobedient • Lord Capulet wretch! I tell thee what: get orders her to thee to church o Thursday, marry Paris orOr never after look me in the face:” he’ll disown her. • His honor is more important than his daughter’sControlling Lord Capulet happiness. and Juliet
• After Juliet’s parents leave her room: – Juliet panics because she is already married. – Nurse tells her that Romeo is as good as dead since he has been banished. – Nurse thinks that she should marry Paris. – The Nurse’s comment Nurse: I think it best you married with the about Romeo and Paris county. O, hes a lovely gentleman! severs her relationship Romeos a dishclout to him: with Juliet.
Juliet: Ill to the friar, to know hisremedy: • Juliet realizes that theIf all else fail, myself have power todie. Nurse won’t help her. • She pretends to go along with the plan to marry Paris. • After the Nurse leaves, she speaks ill of her: “a most wicked fiend”. • She leaves to go to confession at Friar Laurence’s. • If he won’t help, she Juliet & Nurse will kill herself
Purpose• Shakespeare has moved Juliet from childhood into adulthood, both sexually and socially.• She’s exerting her independence from her nurse and her parents - central issue: romantic love versus family loyalty.• He reminds his audience of an Elizabethan woman’s dependency on a man for acceptance in society.
Purpose• Once again, Shakespeare foreshadows the young couple’s suicides.• He continues to portray the destruction, pain and death Romeo and Juliet’s impulsive, passionate love has brought, leaving them little joy.• The teens encounter adult conflicts without the benefit of compassionate adults to guide them.