Sss experience learning


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Sss experience learning

  1. 1. http://Learning-Layers-euhttp://Learning-Layers-eu Learning Layers Scaling up Technologies for Informal Learning in SME Clusters Experience – meaning – learning Social Semantic server and experiences as bases for learning Bauters M.
  2. 2. http://Learning-Layers-eu Experience & Embodiment People’s subjective, felt experiences of their bodies in action provide part of the fundamental grounding for language and thought. Cognition is what occurs when the body engages the physical, cultural world and must be studied in terms of the dynamical interactions between people and the environment. Human language and thought emerge from recurring patterns of embodied activity that constrain ongoing intelligent behavior. We must not assume cognition to be purely internal, symbolic, computational, and disembodied, but seek out the gross and detailed ways that language and thought are inextricably shaped by embodied action (Gibbs, 2006, p. 9). Gibbs, R. (2006). Embodiment and cognitive science. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  3. 3. http://Learning-Layers-eu Experience & Embodiment • What does it mean? – Peirce (1839-1914) and Dewey (1859-1952) have point to say to us – Sift thinking, start from the fact that any thought is embodied without that there is no thoughts – That all thoughts however abstract and analytic are emotional – Meaning derives from the embodiment and emotions, namely in broad sense from experiences – Making sense of experiences is conscious and future oriented, based by past experiences
  4. 4. http://Learning-Layers-eu SSS & modelling the previous presented learning • So far not possible (Hutchins & Johnson 2009; Ley 2014) • Which does not mean we should nothing • What we try to provide are attempted to be useful but we need to keep in mind the system does not represent nor reflect “creatures’” way of experiencing/thought
  5. 5. http://Learning-Layers-eu Misunderstandings in Hutchins & Johnson 2009 • Signs by Peirce: – Are triadic relations: the sign, its meaning is the relations between object, sign and interpretant – Repsentamen, Object, and Interpretant. The dynamic relations between these three elements is sign-action or in other words semiosis (CP 5.484) – Its not between form and meaning, that is dyadic and structuralistic view • Icon, index and symbol belong to the phaneroscopic categories • Icon, index and symbol never appear alone
  6. 6. http://Learning-Layers-eu Phaneroscopic categories: • Firstness: Qualities of feeling, colours quality in itself, a possibility, or the idea of e.g., hardness in itself: – Icons, emotional interpretants: the feeling caused by the sign, Dewey’s qualitative immediacy • Secondness: Experience of resistance, reaction, actuality, existence – Indices, Energetic interpretants: a concrete event or action caused by the sign, Dewey’s experience is intertwined Firstness and Secondness • Thirdness: Future, law or concept which guides, mediation, representation – Symbols, Logical: Signs rational or conceptual effect, Dewey’s conscious building on experience
  7. 7. http://Learning-Layers-eu Phaneroscopic categories: Thirdness is never there without intertwined, integrated Firstness and Secondness, these are not separable Thus, Icons cannot be grasped unless reflective processing of experiences
  8. 8. http://Learning-Layers-eu Arbitrary – symbols - NO • Since objects determine the sign and Interpretant, it means no symbol is fully arbitrary, not to mention that all signs are used in context (e.g. the cultural context that you often mention) • There is a – lets say – an area/scope, where agreements can be made but fully arbitrary signs do not exists, even mathematical sign are not fully arbitrary • Objects are something that exists in the environment, so we have direct access to them and they determine what we can interpret as do our bodies enhanced or not
  9. 9. http://Learning-Layers-eu Body-brain not as bad as body- mind • No need to make a separation, as Peirce placed it • “I believe it comes decidedly nearer the truth (though not really true) that language resides in the tongue. In my opinion it is much more true that the thoughts of a living writer are in any printed copy of his book than that they are in his brain.” (CP 7.364). • Albert Einstein, pointed out ”my pen is smarter than I am” (Skagestad, 1999, p. 552) • Skagestad, P. 1999. Peirce‘s inkstand as an external embodiment of mind. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, 35(3), 551-561.
  10. 10. http://Learning-Layers-eu SSS – Ach so! • What already helps, supports learning by 1. reducing input that the users have to make 2. by changing automatic data into more pleasant one for the users • Automatization of groupings, could be done by extracting often used terms from the attention markers (annotations), or when search exist by what terms people use to search things, match those to the titles and attention marker texts • Above relates also to recommendations just add location and who, what else that who has been recording, annotating, sharing and sharing with whom or by whom
  11. 11. http://Learning-Layers-eu SSS – Ach so! • Location, because the location is GPS it could be transformed into what is there around, name of the building, image, map etc., something that makes better sense than GPS coordinated • The main point is: – NOT to ask user for more input to provide something from the system – to transform and combine that kind of automatic information that is senseless (or hard to make sense off) into clear and familiar looking – pointing to positive past and coming experiences
  12. 12. http://Learning-Layers-eu Feedback from interviews • The ease reporting, documenting, adding metadata, by e.g. attention marked video clips, which hold location, user, artefact information was seen as supporting element to allow more space for reflection • Reusing attention marked video clips from the field was seen as good way to built up familiarity, positive expectations on the coming field training phases on training • Video clips were seen as a good medium for sharing how to do skills and for discussion on/about what has been experienced