IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON CAMBODIA FORUM ON THE CURRENT CHALLENGES OF CLIMATE CHANGE By : Tek Vannara Date : July 5, 20...
CONTENTS 1. Overview of Cambodia 2. Cambodia’s people livelihood 3. Climate Change in SEA & Cambodia 4. Climate Change Imp...
1. Overview of Cambodia <ul><li>Territory: 181,035 sq. km </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 13.4 million </li></ul><ul><li>Rur...
THE LIVELIHOOD CYCLE OF CAMBODIA’S  RURAL PEOPLE Rice field, Home garden, River fishing, Forestry & Non Timber Forestry ar...
MAIN LIVELHOOD OCCUPATION OF CAMBODIAN CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
People depend on fishery resources of Tonesap and Mekong rivers CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association Mekong fishery resources
CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association Mekong fishery resources
Forestry Resources is our life CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
Animal husbandry and local fruit production  CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
People depend on <ul><li>80% of Cambodia’s people depend on agriculture,  </li></ul><ul><li>fishery, forestry and river re...
3. Climate Change in SE Asia and Cambodia <ul><li>© Water & Climate change in Lower Mekong Basin Project / Helsinki Univer...
<ul><li>©  Lay Kim-UNDP & Water & Climate change in Lower Mekong Basin Project / Helsinki University of Technology & SEA S...
Vulnerability to climate change <ul><li>Source: Lay Kim-UNDP & Reproduced with permission from EEPSEA. Vulnerability as co...
Cambodia <ul><li>Cambodia ’ s temperature would increase up to 1.35 - 2.5 0 C in 2100 </li></ul><ul><li>Annual rainfall wo...
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Impacts of Climate Change on Cambodia

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Impacts of Climate Change on Cambodia

  1. 1. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON CAMBODIA FORUM ON THE CURRENT CHALLENGES OF CLIMATE CHANGE By : Tek Vannara Date : July 5, 2011, Quezon City, Philippines Balay Kalinaw Conference Hall, University of the Philippines, Diliman,Quezon City CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  2. 2. CONTENTS 1. Overview of Cambodia 2. Cambodia’s people livelihood 3. Climate Change in SEA & Cambodia 4. Climate Change Impacts on Cambodia 5. Conclusion CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  3. 3. 1. Overview of Cambodia <ul><li>Territory: 181,035 sq. km </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 13.4 million </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Population: 80.5 percent </li></ul><ul><li>GDP: US$ 739 per capita </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy Rate: 77.6 Percent = </li></ul><ul><li>Male: 85.1%, Female: 70.9% </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Census 2008 </li></ul>CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  4. 4. THE LIVELIHOOD CYCLE OF CAMBODIA’S RURAL PEOPLE Rice field, Home garden, River fishing, Forestry & Non Timber Forestry are also exchange by season CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association 2. CAMBODIA’S PEOPLE LIVELIHOOD
  5. 5. MAIN LIVELHOOD OCCUPATION OF CAMBODIAN CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  6. 6. People depend on fishery resources of Tonesap and Mekong rivers CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  7. 7. CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association Mekong fishery resources
  8. 8. CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association Mekong fishery resources
  9. 9. Forestry Resources is our life CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  10. 10. Animal husbandry and local fruit production CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  11. 11. People depend on <ul><li>80% of Cambodia’s people depend on agriculture, </li></ul><ul><li>fishery, forestry and river resources as the main </li></ul><ul><li>occupations. </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of fish product & income to Cambodia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>290,000t-430,000t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US$250-500 million dollar per year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contribute 75% of the protein to Cambodian </li></ul></ul>CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  12. 12. 3. Climate Change in SE Asia and Cambodia <ul><li>© Water & Climate change in Lower Mekong Basin Project / Helsinki University of Technology & SEA START Regional Center http://users.tkk.fi/u/mkummu/water&cc/ Climate scenario used: ECHAM4 A2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperature increase Figure: Projection of average daily maximum temperature (1980s – 2090s) </li></ul></ul>CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  13. 13. <ul><li>© Lay Kim-UNDP & Water & Climate change in Lower Mekong Basin Project / Helsinki University of Technology & SEA START Regional Center http://users.tkk.fi/u/mkummu/water&cc/ Climate scenario used: ECHAM4 A2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes in precipitation patterns – erratic, unpredictable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Figure: Annual precipitation in the 1980s and future change in % </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(decadal average: 1980s – 2090s) </li></ul></ul>CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  14. 14. Vulnerability to climate change <ul><li>Source: Lay Kim-UNDP & Reproduced with permission from EEPSEA. Vulnerability as composite of exposure to climatic hazards, sensitivity to the hazards, and adaptive capacity </li></ul>CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association
  15. 15. Cambodia <ul><li>Cambodia ’ s temperature would increase up to 1.35 - 2.5 0 C in 2100 </li></ul><ul><li>Annual rainfall would increase between 3 and 35% from current condition; lowland areas seem to be more affected than highland areas (Source: Lay Kim-UNDP & First V&A Assessment: with two Global Circulation Models (GCM) : CCSR & CSIRO, and two emission scenarios: SRESA2 & SRESB1) </li></ul>Cambodia mean annual temperature anomaly Source: Oxford University (2008) CEPA Culture and Environment Preservation Association

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