Darfur Conflict


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  • China is the only country that has very close relationship with president of Sudan Bashir.Help to stop UN security council sending peacekeeper into Sudan.Sudan provide 8% of oil to china. China National Petroleum Corp has a 40 percent share in the international consortium extracting oil in Sudan.
  • 28 May 2004The Government of the Sudan, on the one hand, the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and the Justice Equality Movement (JEM), on the other, have signed today, at the AU Headquarters.the Agreement on the Modalities for the establishment of the Ceasefire Commission and the Deployment of Observers in the Darfur, submitted to them by the African Union (AU) and its partners.8 AUGUST 2004The Chairperson of the AU Commission today appeals to the Sudanese parties engaged in negotiations in Abuja, Nigeria, since 23 August 2004, to remain engaged in the talks to resolve the conflict in the Darfur region of the Sudan.
  • Darfur Conflict

    1. 1. What are the external forces that involve in the conflict?<br />
    2. 2. What are the external forces that involve in the conflict?<br />CHINA & RUSSIA <br />QATAR<br />UN & AFRICA UNION<br />ACTS<br />
    3. 3. China & Russia<br />Close relationship with Sudan<br />Supplying Weapon<br />“ The report provides photographs of what it says were a Russian Mi-24 attack helicopter at Nyala in Darfur and Chinese Fanfan fighters at Nyala earlier this year.”<br />“It cites 2005 trade figures as showing China sold $24m and Russia $21m of military material to Sudan.”<br />
    4. 4. China<br />A permanent member of the Security Council<br />Help to Sudan<br />“ With its oil ties to the Sudanese regime and its resistance to U.N. Security Council resolutions condemning Khartoum, China is a convenient whipping boy, and a cast of celebrities has signed on eagerly to lead the whipping.”<br />Morton Abramowitz is a senior fellow at The Century Foundation and a former president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.<br />Jonathan Kolieb is a research associate at The Century Foundation.<br />
    5. 5. China<br />Oil<br />“ China’s multibillion dollar investments in Sudan’s petroleum industry are a much-needed source of energy for its mushrooming economy. Beijing may make tactical moves to pressure Sudan, but it will not choose human rights over oil, a matter of paramount national interest.”<br />
    6. 6. Russia<br />Recently news on it starts to help Darfur refugees.<br />“ a European Union official in Paris said Russia plans to provide four MI-8 MT utility helicopters, equipment and up to 120 personnel for the mission.”<br />29 April 2008, 22:18 CET<br />
    7. 7. Qatar<br />Qatar is an Arab emirate in Southwest Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the larger Arabian Peninsula<br />Opposes UN peacekeeping force<br />it has fulfilled a pledge to support the AU force rather than a UN transition<br />
    8. 8. UN & AFRICA UNION<br />Africa Union host signing of agreement, talks between conflict countries and peacekeeping (African Union Mission in Darfur).<br />Form UNAMID with UN (31 July 2007)<br />
    9. 9. Reference<br />http://www.brookings.edu/opinions/2004/0805africa_cohen.aspx<br />http://www.foreignpolicy.com/story/cms.php?story_id=3847<br />http://www.savedarfur.org/blog/entries/the_eu_russia_and_darfur_not_even_talking_the_talk/<br />http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6632959.stm<br />http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/05/29/europe/EU-Darfur.php<br />http://www.terradaily.com/reports/Beijing_Ready_To_Help_With_Darfur_Russia_Deploys_Helicopter_Forces_999.html<br />http://www.africaaction.org/resources/page.php?op=read&documentid=2183&type=6&issues=1024<br />http://www.africa-union.org/DARFUR/homedar.htm<br />