Civil Rights..• Freedom of speech• Rights to vote• Due process of law• Equal protection of the laws• Protection from the unlawful discrimination
Background information..• The African-American Civil Rights Movement from 1955–1968 refers to the social movements in the United States.• This was aimed at outlawing racial discrimination against black Americans and restoring voting rights to them.
Background information..• The aims of the Civil Rights Movement were made to include racial dignity, economic and political self-sufficiency (independence and the ability to vote etc), and forcing white Americans to live with black people and their beliefs.
North and South America• In 1861-1865 North and South America fought against each other to out rule the issue of slavery. That white and black people should be treated equally and all deserve civil rights.• North America was supportive of this issue.• South America was highly against it.
Case Studies..Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1956• She refused to give up her seat to a white American on a public bus, which she was then arrested, tried and convicted for disorderly conduct and violating local ordinance as a result of this.• After the public heard about this incident, 50 African American leaders gathered and organised the Montgomery Bus Boycott to demand a more humane bus transport system.• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_c2lLYuYU1I
Case Studies.. Brown V. Board of Education 1954• The argument was based on the law of segregation. This law was still in place that white and black children were to be treated equally however, they were to be separated within public schools. This was voted against to help prevent children to live with the pressures that society exerts in regards to race, therefore having a better chance of living in democracy (together in future).
Brown v. Board of Education• Greensboro was the first city in South America to publically announce that it would abide by the U.S Supreme courts Brown V. Board of Education.
Case Studies.. Sit-ins 1960• On February 1st 1960 at Woolworth’s store in Greensboro, North Carolina four black students Ezell A. Blair Jr (aka Jibreel Khazan), David Richmond, Joseph McNeil and Franklin McCain from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College (an all black college) sat at the segregated lunch counter to protest against the policy of excluding African Americans.
Sit-ins..• The four students purchased small items in other parts of the store and kept their receipts, then sat down at the lunch counter and asked to be served. After being denied service, they produced their receipts and asked why their money was good everywhere else at the store, but not at the lunch counter.
Photos.. Sit-InsBrown V. Board of Education Bus Boycott Marches Rosa Parks
Post-Reconstruction Period..• Racial Segregation (split into white and black)• Disfranchisement (black people made to stop voting)• Exploitation (stop getting jobs, the ability to vote)• Violence (More violence against blacks and Latinos)
In the end..• Due to this law placement, today’s society is still learning about the change in culture contrasted with the civil rights movement. From this law and enactment, we ruled out segregation and discrimination to anyone of racial background, for example Barack Obama.