Science, technology, and innovation (sti

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Science, technology, and innovation (sti

  1. 1. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY,AND INNOVATION (STI) POLICY PRESENTATION GROUP THREE LILY FADHILAH
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION• What government have done and could do to promote the production, diffusion, and use of scientific and technical knowledge in order to realize national objective.
  3. 3. SCIENCE POLICY
  4. 4. • Allocating sufficient resources to science to distribute them Major wisely between activities and Issues make sure that resources are used efficiently and contribute to social welfare • Universities • Research institution Elements of • Technological institutesInno. System • R&D laboratories
  5. 5. Technology Policy
  6. 6. OBJECTIVE• It represented a shift from broader philosophical considerations to a more instrumental focus on national prestige and economic objectives.
  7. 7. Job rotationInterfunctional teams
  8. 8. Anapplication A long-termof standard outcome ofneoclassical research oneconomics innovation on andinnovation economics evolutionsINNOVATION POLICY
  9. 9. MAJOR REASON• A concept was the slow-down in economic growth around 1970 and the persistence of sluggish growth as compared to the first post-war decades.
  10. 10. • Public research • Public• Tax incentive procurement• Higher • Standardization education • Technology forecasting Science Policy • Corporate law • Consumer protectionThe Relationship • Competition regulation
  11. 11. NORMATIVE PRINCIPLES FOR DESIGN STI POLICIES• Robustness• Flexibility• Internal Diversity• External Diversity• Window of Opportunity• Incremental Approach• Experimentation and Prudence

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