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P1 presentation li lu

  1. 1. MOVE OUT and BUILT IN THE REGENERATION OF THE HISTORICAL INNER CIT UNDER HUGE MOVEMENT OF MAGA PLANNING 2020 IN XI’ANLi Lu4118162Complex City2011
  2. 2. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an Contents Preface: Aim and Motivation 1. Background and Introduction 2. City Analysis 2.1 Strength 2.2 Weakness 2.3 Opportunity 2.4 Threats 3. Problem Statement 4. Research Question 5. Methodology 6. Framework of Thesis 7. Phasing / Time Schedule 8. Final ProductLi Lu 4118162Complex City 2#
  3. 3. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an Aim & Motivation The Regeneration of Inner City Typical Example Chinese Background Experience a huge movement Xi’an 34o15’N 108o55’E Figure 1.1 Location of Xi’an in glocal Source: http://confluence.slac.stanford.edu/download/attachments/19965/light.jpgLi Lu 4118162Complex City 3#
  4. 4. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an Aim & Motivation BonD to Part of our PaSt civiL Life tHreat of Honor anD cuLturaL unDerStanDing Homogenety of Society art of arcHitecture PLace & LanDScaPe iDentity (Striptes, 1983) Figure 1.3 Figure 1.2 The Rapid expansion of Chinese city The Importance of Historical center Strategic Location LocaL intergration market witH DemanD regionaL cLuSterS Human reSourceS Figure 1.3 Figure 1.4 FOUR MAIN ADVANTAGES OF INNER CITY The redefine of the historical center (Porter,1995)Li Lu 4118162Complex City 4#
  5. 5. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 1. Background 1.1 Location Harbin-Changchun Metropolitan Shenyang Metropolitan Beijing-Tianjin Metropolitan Ji’nan Metropolitan Zhengzhou Metropolitan Xi’an Metropolitan Shanghai Delta Metropolitan Wuhan-Changsha Xi’an Chongqing Metropolitan Metropolitan - In the middle of China -Geological Centre Point Xiamen Metropolitan -”Gate of the western China” -One of the eleven metropolitans HongKong Delta -4th Depth of the metropolitan Metropolitan Figure 1.1 The eleven metropolitans in China -Only metropolitan in northwesteLi Lu 4118162Complex City 5#
  6. 6. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 1. Background 1.2 Land Area Xi’an - History of 3,200 years since 2200B.C. Shaanxi province - The capital city of China for 1100 years - The capital city of Shaanxi province - Political land area: 10108km2 - Population: 196,180,000 Lianhu District Xincheng Yanliang District District Beilin District Gaoling County Inner Districts Secondary Districts Weiyang Lintong District Outer Districts District Baqiao Counties District Yanta District Zhouzhi County Chang’an District Lantian County - 9 urban districts + 4 counties Hu County - Main urban 3 Original urban district (97km2) 3 secondary districts (736km2) - Urban area (3582km2) main urban + 3 outer districts Xi’an City Figure 1.3 The districts of xi’anLi Lu 4118162Complex City 6#
  7. 7. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2. City Analysis The city analysis part start from the SWOT analysis about the complicated background of the city, in order to figure out what kind of future the city is facing and make the problem statement POTENTIAL PROBLEM STRENGTH WEEKNESS as a conclusion afterwards. CURRENT SITUATION - History and Heritage - Saturation in centre - The historical city form - Uneven development - Crux in Network - Spatial Segregation HUGE MOVEMENT Opportunity Threat OPPORTUNITY THREAT - The location impact - The transition of city form MEGA PLAN 2020 - The movement of train - The threat from new ? Limit station district HISTORY Attraction Historical - The new infrastructure Inner - The movement of power City Strength Weakness CURRENT SITUATIONLi Lu 4118162Complex City 7#
  8. 8. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.1 Strength 2.1.1 History and Heritage International Airport Xianyang City 2 Qin Dynasty 221BC-207BC Chang’an City Xianyang Han Dynasty 3 202BC-23AC 3 LEGEND Chang’an City 2 Xi’an Historical Wei rivier 1368AC-1840AC AFang Palace Qin Dynasty 4 Historical Canal Chang’an City 907AC-1368AC 221BC-207BC Chang’an City Historical Fengjing & Haojing Pool Chang’an City 1 Sui & Dang Dynasty Zhou Dynasty Chang’an City 581AC-618AC 581AC-907AC 1079BC-256BC 1 Han Dynasty City Axis in LEGEND Han Chang’an City Axis in Historical other Dynasty Wei rivier Historical Canal Historical Pool Historical Capital Site Figure 2.1.1 Figure 2.1.2 The history capital cities in area Xi’an The historical cities after Tang Dynasty Zhou Han DongHan Qianzhao HouQin BeiZhou Tang 1078B.C. 202B.C. 202A.C. 318A.C. 386A.C. 557A.C. 618A.C. -771B.C. -24B.C. -24A.C. -329A.C. -417A.C. -581A.C. -907A.C. Qin Xin XiJin Qianqin XiWei Sui 221B.C. 8A.C. 313A.C. 351A.C. 535A.C. 581A.C. -207B.C. -23A.C. -316A.C. -385A.C. -556A.C. -617A.C.Li Lu 4118162Complex City 8#
  9. 9. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.1 Strength 2.1.1 History and Heritage Feng ,Hao (1) Qin Xianyang (2) Chang’an City (3) Daming Palace (4) Ming City wall 256 B.C. 221 B.C. 202 B.C. 23A.C. 618A.C. 907A.C. 1368A.C. 1079 B.C. Figure 2.1.3 Protected Heritage AFang Palace (2) Chang’an City (3) Tang City wall (4)Li Lu 4118162Complex City 9#
  10. 10. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.1 Strength 2.1.2 The Historical City Form Tang Chang’an City Historical Inner CIty Xi’an - Form of quadrate in block and network - Form of quadrate in block and network - City Wall - City Wall (Ming Dynasty) - 108 Blocks, 4 main streets` - 4 main streets - impacts other historical cities (Beijing, Nanjing, Kyoto...) - Identity of Inner City Figure 2.1.4 Figure 2.1.5 Chang’an (Tang) Inner city area (2009) source: http://www.chinabaike.com/article/Upload- Pic/2007-5/2007520184610239.jpg source: http://www.lvyou114.com/MapMax/9/2009530172938.gifLi Lu 4118162Complex City 10#
  11. 11. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.1 Saturation in Centre - High Density in inner city Beilin 32,717 Xincheng 20,933 Lianhu 17,167 Yanta Lianhu 7,629 Weiyang 2,403 District Baqiao 1,762 Xincheng Yanliang District Yanliang 1,077 District Gaolin 1,073 Lintong 750 Beilin Chang’an 650 District Hu 443 Lantian 263 Gaoling County Zhouzhi 189 0 4,000 8,000 12,000 16,000 20,000 24,000 28,000 32,000 36,000 Density of Districts (person/km2) Weiyang Lintong District District Baqiao District Yanta District Zhouzhi County Chang’an District Lantian County Hu County Xi’an City Figure 2.2.1 Density comparison figure source: Xi’an Statistical Yearbook 2010Li Lu 4118162Complex City 11#
  12. 12. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.1 Saturation in Centre Figure 2.2.3 The growth of population in Xi’an Figure 2.2.2 The growth of city - Xi’an Density historical inner city Density (10,000person/km2) - No high rise allowed inside city wall, protection of skyline - No enough spaces for residents - Low living quality Figure 2.2.4 - Lack of public spaces The Trend of density in Xi’an figure source: Xi’an Statistical Yearbook 2010 - Growth of population in urban area - Decreasing of population in inner city - The decreasing of density in inner city since 2007 - Natually movement because of better environment and jobsLi Lu 4118162Complex City 12#
  13. 13. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.2 Uneven Development land price Figure 2.2.5 The Land Price of the main urban areaLi Lu 4118162Complex City 13#
  14. 14. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.2 Uneven Development Historical Attraction Figure 2.2.6 The Historical Attractive LocationLi Lu 4118162Complex City 14#
  15. 15. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.2 Uneven Development Social Housing Figure 2.2.7 The distribution of social housingLi Lu 4118162Complex City 15#
  16. 16. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.2 Uneven Development Office Building Figure 2.2.8 The distribution of officeLi Lu 4118162Complex City 16#
  17. 17. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.2 Uneven Development Figure 2.2.5 Figure 2.2.6 The Land Price of the main urban area The Historical Attractive Location -social housing in the north and south- western -away from the inner city -social housing located on the edge of the low land price are. -the offices locate concentrates on the south and east area -the land price are higher in south. -the location of social housing seldom have comprehensive service supported. Figure 2.2.7 Figure 2.2.8 The distribution of social housing The distribution of officeLi Lu 4118162Complex City 17#
  18. 18. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.2 Uneven Development LEGEND Local Government Residential Area Historical Residential Area Commercial Area Culture & Service Green Space Plaza Industrial Area Railway land Central Station Figure 2.2.9 Figure 2.2.10 The Main urban area The Land use of the historical inner cityLi Lu 4118162Complex City 18#
  19. 19. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.3 Crux in Network Two Aspects: -The private transport * Traffic Jam in crux * Unconnection between International Airport ringroads * Unbalance in areas -The public transportation * Not fit the requirments * Inconvenience in neibourhoods * Not fit the network development legend Ring road Radiation road Minor road Railway Heritage Figure 2.2.11 The road system of Xi’anLi Lu 4118162Complex City 19#
  20. 20. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.3 Crux in Network A. Road System The road system in Xi’an is following the original tessellated road system thousands years ago. The growth of the ring road was started from the 1990s, before that there was only the first boulevard ring road outside along the city wall, then the 2nd and 3rd ring road were built as enclosed ring road.The integration analysis of the system express how the network influence the spatial form.For almost 50 years, the inner city is still the main core of the network system till now; it brought a lot of pressure inside the city wall. Before 1965 1965 1981 1995 21st century - the urban area concentrated in - more the axis-integrated road - balance between the east and - network developed to all direc- - the city grew to the south side the city wall - mainly extended to the east west tions - integrate level of network in- - obvious trend of growing. - integration centre moved to the - integrated centre back to the - high speed expending growth creased east historical centre - integration also improved a lot - more integrate centre in west, - limit in space of east and west east and south -along the main cross in middle of inner city Figure 2.2.12 Figure 2.2.13 The Integration(HH) of main city Xi’an The Integration(HH) of Xi’an (2008) figure source:Quan Jin,Zheng Xiaowei, 2008Li Lu 4118162Complex City 20#
  21. 21. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.3 Crux in Network 110 101.29 99 87.50 84.04 88 77 60.81 66 54.46 51.67 51.28 55 45.50 44 37.00 27.93 31.03 33 22 11 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Figure 2.2.14 Possession of civil vehicles (10,000units) figure source: Xi’an Statistical Yearbook 2010 Figure 2.2.15 Possession of civil vehicles (10,000units) At present, the network of Xi’an shows several problems as follow: - The most integrated centre still in the historical city centre - The pressure for the historical city centre - The problems of centralize - Unprotected under high pressure. - The tessellated roads and the ring roads cannot work effectively - The enclosed ring road limits the city in different circle levels miner gate main street - The confliction between the unlimited growing of the possession in civil vehicles and network - Traffic jams during rush hours in hi-dens area - The capacity of road system is not growing the same speed as the growing of Motorcars. belt tower main gateLi Lu 4118162Complex City 21#
  22. 22. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.3 Crux in Network B . Public Transportation Public transportation can be a method to solve the problems of transport. For the public transportation is much more effective than private cars, this can decrease the pressure of inner city. The growth of operating vehicles shows that the public transportation have been improved a lot since year 2009, the local government intro- duced more bus lines since then. From the integration analysis - the superposition of most integrated area of road system and reachable area by public transportation. - connection of the secondary centres a not as much as expectation. Figure 2.2.16 Operating Vehicles(unit) - not as integrated as the private network system figure source: Xi’an Statistical Yearbook 2010 Figure 2.2.17 The Integration of public transportation(2010) source:Cui Mi, Cao Ronglin, 2011Li Lu 4118162Complex City 22#
  23. 23. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.2 Weakness 2.2.4 Spatial Segregation The problems are as follows: - The uneven development of the north side to railway. The function of north- ern part is mainly storage in past years. People seldom go there because of the function and unconnected facts. While the area actually is really close to the inner city. - Security problem. Because of the train station and the industrial function, most of residents by the north of the railway are floating people. This area is - caused by the railway and central station full of slums, which makes this area keep in a high crime rates all the time. - The eastern side inside the city wall no connection with the north city - Ineffective land use and environment problem. Because of lack of other - The only connection is North middle street and the 1st ring outside function services, the land is not planned in an effective and integrated way. Figure 2.2.19 The spatial segregationLi Lu 4118162Complex City 23#
  24. 24. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.3 Opportunity 2.3.1 Impact of Location - one of the 8 most important rail nodes - New hi-speed rail system in China - the only node that has the rail lines to all directions, especially to Xinji- - CRH lines connect the core cities ang and Tibet. - 1 day round-trip between core nodes - It is the only transfer station connect the eastern and western China. - decrease the distance, - the “gate of western China”. - bring the city more opportunities on commerce and economic. Xi’an Central Station 30H 20H Urumuq 10H Beijing Zhengzhou Lanzhou Wuhan Shanghai Chengdu Chongqing Beijing Lasa Guangzhou Xi’an Xi’an Central Station Xi’an North Station Zhengzhou Shanghai 30H 30H Chengdu Wuhan Chongqing 20H 20H Urumuq 10H 10H LEGEND Beijing Zhengzhou Zhengzhou Beijing Old railway Lanzhou Wuhan Wuhan New railway Shanghai Shanghai Chengdu Chongqing Plan railway Guangzhou Connection Lasa Chengdu Chongqing Nodes Capital City Guangzhou Figure 2.3.1 Figure 2.3.2 The rail system of China The time map of Xi’an main stationsLi Lu 4118162Complex City 24#
  25. 25. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.3 Opportunity 2.3.2 The Movement of Train Station There used to be only the central station as the main station in Xi’an. For the requirement of the new hi-speed rail lines, the old centre train station can no longer take the pressure of such a frequency of trains. So a new station – north train station – has been built since 2011 to take over all the hi-speed lines and some tourism lines. Xi’an- Xianyang New District North Station LEGEND Old lines Xianyang Main Area Central Station Hi speed lines Intercity lines Xi’an Main Urban Area Train station Main city area South Station (in building) Figure 2.3.3 The location of stations and rail linesLi Lu 4118162Complex City 25#
  26. 26. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.3 Opportunity 2.3.2 The Movement of Train Station According to the passenger number of transportation, the number of peo- ple that travelling by train is still keep growing until 2009. For the new hi- speed rail lines will be built in 10 year, it is not hard to conjecture that the figure will increase afterward. Meanwhile, in the coming years, there will be 3 main train stations in Xi’an. * The central station : the normal long distance lines to all direction (main- ly tourism or floating population) * The north station will have most of the high-speed CRH lines and some of the intercity.(mainly daily travel and business) * The south station will be the station for intercity. It is an opportunity that the new stations take some of the pressure of the central station, and give a new definition of the central station. For the close relation between central station and the historical city centre, it will also impact the social and spatial construction of the old centre. Figure 2.3.4 The number of passengers in transportation Figure 2.3.4 The consistence of passengers by stationsLi Lu 4118162Complex City 26#
  27. 27. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.3 Opportunity 2.3.3 The New Infrastructures 3rd Ring 2nd Ring 1st Ring - 2011, first metro line intro- (City Wall) duced from the north to south. -5 metro designed -2 metro lines pass though -2 metro lines go around the city wall. - Opportunity of better con- LEGEND nection - Reconstruct the Railway/Train station building area by infrastruc- Current Metro Line ture. Planing Metro Line - TOD mode can be an impor- Old/New government (City-Xi’an) tant scientific relevant way Old/Planing Government (Province-Shaanxi) Figure 2.3.5 The metro system planLi Lu 4118162Complex City 27#
  28. 28. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.3 Opportunity 2.3.4 The Movement of Local Government Two important local governments - Shaanxi Provincial government - Xi’an city government Old Situation: -form an atmosphere of politic and office area. -the important attractive points of the histori- cal centre. -pressure of safety and network 3rd Ring Movement: 2011 : the local government of Xi’an city moved out to the north area. 2nd Ring - reduce the pressure - attracts the investment to the north Inner city (City Wall) Before 2020: the province government would also move out to the south urban area After the movement of government ,the historical city centre : - lose the character of power - get more freedom in space - lost of jobs and life LEGEND Railway/Train station Current Metro Line Planing Metro Line Old/New government (City-Xi’an) Old/Planing Government (Province-Shaanxi) Figure 2.3.6 The movement of local governmentLi Lu 4118162Complex City 28#
  29. 29. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.4 Threats The Mega Plan 2020 Xi’an- Xianyang New Main Urban Area Xianyang District -Xi-xian (Xi’an and Xianyang ) new district. Main Urban Area Xi’an -Xi’an international airport -closet to the Xi’an north train station and Xianyang train station. -Hi-technology, huge historical heritage, landscape and tourism -chance to make the big area of Xi’an more influence on the northwestern China -threat for the main urban area, especially the historical city centre.Li Lu 4118162Complex City 29#
  30. 30. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.4 Threats 2.4.1 the transforming of city form STORAGE Transforming of city form HERITAGE - From one center to multi- centers - In 1990s, clear function devided HEAVY COMMERCE LIGHT - 2000s, nine grades form INDUSTRY LIVING INDUSTRY Two scales : 1. nine grades of main urban area in center 2. nine grades of city land (8 satellitic towns) - New definition for historical inncer city CULTURE EDUCATION Influence of New definition - The characteristics of historical inner city: heritage buildings, atmosphere of streets and neighbor- hoods. Heritage Manu- Living - Demanding of keeping the original residents and their life style. of Han factory Tourism - No define living character, movement of residents will happen in years - Losing of political attraction Living Commerce Heavy - Threat to be dead. Ecology Tourism Industry Hi-tech Education Tourism Industry Culture Luxury LEGEND Main area(1980) Main area(2000) Main area(2020) Mono center(1980) satellitic center(2000) satellitic center(2020) main road (1980) main road (2000) metro (2020) Figure 2.4.3 The transformation of city form Figure 2.4.2 The form of Xi’anLi Lu 4118162Complex City 30#
  31. 31. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 2.4 Threats 2.4.2 The Threat from New District - Attractions from the new district * Job attraction * Close to new train station * Business and society activites * Cultural and torism attraction - Trend of movement * 300,000 people will move out * Economic and technology movement - Lack of connection between old and new * Lack of public transport in between * Lack of local streets connection Jingriver Airport zone related zone History related zone West fengriver East zone fengriver zone Figure 2.4.5 The plan of Xi-Xian New District Figure 2.4.4 The definition of Xi-Xian New DistrictLi Lu 4118162Complex City 31#
  32. 32. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 3. Problem Statement Uneven Development Crux in Network Spatial Problem Spatial Segregation Location impact Saturation in Centre Problem Opportunity Movement of train station Land price New infrastructure Living Environment Social Problem Movement of power Security Problem Historical Street Protection Transformation of city form Spatial aspect History and Heritage(culture) Threat Strength New district Historical Inner city Historical city form Human Resources Social aspect PLACE IDENTITY Job Attraction - Boud to our past - Part of civil life Culture lossing - Culture homogenety - Honor and understanding of society - Art of architecture and landscapeLi Lu 4118162Complex City 32#
  33. 33. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 4. Research Question MAIN QUESTION How to use the huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 to regenerate the historical inner city in Xi’an Three centralities: A. The regeneration topic. The influence of the huge movement to the historical inner city, with the new definition and functional transfor- mation. B. The transportation topic. The use of Transit-Oriented Development in built area, after the huge movement happens on infrastructure. C. The social topic. Reconstructing the historical neighbourhood for high quality to approach the new attraction. SUB QUESTIONS -What is the form the historical centre before transformation? What problem does the historical inner city has at present? -The new definition and form of city . What role it plays now, and what role it will play after. ( In global and regional scale.) -The relation of the new district and old centre, including the elements of network, function, density, etc. ( Case study and comparison) -The elements that will change in the old centre, and the new spatical frame of historical inner city. ( Problems and challenges) -How the spatial movements will influence condition and life of inhabitants. -How can the top-down and bottom-up approaches contribute each other and give value to the success of the conservation efforts?Li Lu 4118162Complex City 33#
  34. 34. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 5. Methodology Main Method Research Research Method Centralities Theory Comparison Historical Urban Design of Case neighborhood Configuration SWOT Regeneration Network City Space Syntax Network Urban Literature Regeneration Review Public Space and Up-down Place Identity Sustainable Approach Urban TOD Bottom-Up Development Approach Urban ConservationLi Lu 4118162Complex City 34#
  35. 35. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 5. Methodology RESEARCH Top-Down Approach THEORY STUDY POLITICAL AMBITIONS -Urban configuration -International city -Network city -Metropolitan Area -Urban Regeneration -Mega city Planning 2020 -Sustainable urban -New district -Economical goals CASE STUDY POWER NEIGHBOTHOOD -Public transport node DESIGN SITE (Antwerpen, London, HK) SOLUTION -Historical regeneration (Roma, Shanghai) CULTURE PEOPLE -Public space (New York city) CIVIL REQUIREMENT -Living environment -Public Space -Spatial connection RESEARCH THEORY STUDY -Friendly neighborhoods -Safety -Transit-Oriented -Service and Infrastructure Development - Urban conservation Bottom-Up ApproachLi Lu 4118162Complex City 35#
  36. 36. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 6. Framework of the thesis INTRODUCTION -DOCUMENT REVIEW CONTEXT RESEARCH -DATA COLLECTION AND -MAPPING BACKGROUND CASE & COMPARISON CASE STUDY -MAPPING -Public transportation node -MORPHOLOGY PRELIMINARY -Historical regeneration -DATA COLLECTION -READING ANALYSIS -Public space design DESIGN PROBLEM SWOT ANALYSIS STATEMENT STRATEGY -Inner city regeneration -Network reconstruction EVELUATION RESEARCH -New definition QUESTION PROJECT DESIGN -REGION LOCAL -CITY SCALE -Suggest design principles P1 -DISTRICT SCALE INPUT -Solutions in detail RESEARCH LITERATURE REVIEW ANALYSIS RESEARCH SPECIFIC RESEARCH -TOD in historical inner city -Urban form transformation -Public space -Urban regeneration in historical area -Segregation and fragment -Living environment -Sustainable urban -Urban network -Civil requirement -Culture and history -BOOK REVIEW -SPACE SYNTAX -QUESTIONNAIRE TOOL -DOCUMENT REVIEW -MAPPING -EXPERIMENTAL EXCURSION BOX -MORPHOLOGY -PAPERS REVIEW -DOCUMENT REVIEW -DATA COLLECTION P2 P3 P4 P5Li Lu 4118162Complex City 36#
  37. 37. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 7. Phasing / Time Schedule P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Preliminary analysis Problem Statement & Research Question Theoty Paper Analysis Research Case Study Literature Review Strategy Site Choice Specific Design Research Programme Design Design Eveluate Final Product Research DesignLi Lu 4118162Complex City 37#
  38. 38. Move Out and Built InThe regeneration of the historical inner city under huge movement of Mega Planning 2020 in Xi’an 8. Final Product 1. Strategy for the historical inner city of Xi’an. - Definition of the historical inner city - Goals and proposal 2. Flexiable spatial principles follow the strategy with two aspects - Reconstruction of Infrastructure and urban fabric - Regeneration of historical neighbourhoods 3. Project design work of one important point under the strategy, as a sample. 4. Possible spectacular of the future.Li Lu 4118162Complex City 38#
  39. 39. THANK YOU!Questions?

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