Fad Diets Secrets Revealed


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Prepared for employee wellness program. Presentation has very little narrative. Presents warnings about Fad Diets, with emphasis on the risks of low carb diets.

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Fad Diets Secrets Revealed

  1. 1. FAD DIETS… Secrets Revealed Presented by: Lesli Staton, MS,RD,CDE Diabetes Care Consultant
  2. 2. “ The diet industry is a $54 billion industry with a 95% fail rate. We are a nation of gullible believers and destined to gain the weight back (plus extra) while the diet industry continues to reap the financial benefits……...our health is in jeopardy”
  3. 3. Beauty Re-defined The ideal woman was once seen as full, round and fleshy Popular standards have redefined beauty today as slim and athletic
  4. 4. America’s Obsession Amount spent by Americans each year at 17,000 health clubs nationwide. Diet industry today. Up from $10 billion in 1970. Percentage of women trying to lose weight at any given time. Amount per year spent by Americans on health and diet-related books. Number of people per year who attended Weight Watchers meetings. $40-60 billion 44% 29% Percentage of men trying to lose weight at any given time. $12 billion Amount spent on personal gym equipment. $5 billion $144 million 50 million with dieting
  5. 5. Why are Americans Obsessed? <ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>64% (129 million) Americans are obese </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or overweight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sedentary lifestyles </li></ul><ul><li>Abundance and easy </li></ul><ul><li> access to food </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for Quick Fix </li></ul><ul><li>Media Influence </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Power of the Media
  7. 7. The Power of the Media
  8. 8. How to Recognize a Fad Diet <ul><li>Advocates magic or miracle foods that burn fat. </li></ul><ul><li>Recommends bizarre quantities of only one food or type of food. </li></ul><ul><li>Forces one to adhere to a rigid menu. </li></ul><ul><li>Touts benefits of specific food combinations. </li></ul><ul><li>Promises rapid weight loss (>2 lbs. per week). </li></ul><ul><li>Does not include a health warning for those with </li></ul><ul><li>chronic diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Requires no increased physical activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Sounds too good to be true. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Low Carb/High Protein Diets <ul><li>Atkins </li></ul><ul><li>South Beach </li></ul><ul><li>Glycemic Index (GI) </li></ul><ul><li>Protein Power </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar Busters </li></ul>Carbohydrate intake is decreased to 40g or less per day, thus theoretically utilizing stored fat for energy. Some are designed to promote ketosis. America’s Choice
  10. 11. <ul><li>Eat as much as you want, BUT avoid sugars and refined-foods carbohydrates. </li></ul><ul><li>Phase One- 2 weeks of strict dieting; avoid nearly all carbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Phase Two- “Good” carbs slowly introduced into diet. </li></ul><ul><li>Phase Three- Return to Phase One if weight gain begins again. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Eat NO MORE THAN 20 grams of carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><li>per day. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid ALL breads, cereals, grains, sugars, pasta, </li></ul><ul><li>rice, flour, soda, juice, fruit, alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>Some vegetables are allowed if consumed in small quantities. The dieter is advised to stick with “free” meats, eggs, and cheeses. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocates LOW carbs and HIGH fat. </li></ul>
  12. 13. FACT…… Muscle Wasting Low carb (ketogenic) diets can deplete the healthy glycogen (the stored form of glucose) in your muscle and liver. This leads to dehydration and the appearance of weight loss. Depletion of muscle glycogen leads to muscle atrophy (loss of muscle). In the absence of adequate carbohydrate for fuel, the body initially uses protein (muscle) and fat. When insulin levels are chronically too low as they may be in very low carb diets, catabolism (breakdown) of muscle protein increases, and protein synthesis stops. Loss of muscle causes a decrease in basal metabolism Carbohydrate “protein sparing”
  13. 14. More Risks Much of the weight loss on a low carb, high protein diet, especially in the first few weeks, is actually because of dehydration and muscle loss . The percentage of people that re-gain the weight they've lost with most methods of weight loss is high, but it's even higher with low carb, high protein diets . Eating too much fat is just not healthy . Leads to heart disease and cancer Low carb diets are lacking in fiber Low carb diets lack sufficient quantities of the many nutrients High protein diets may lead to kidney failure and osteoporosis
  14. 16. The Glycemic Index (GI) Diet Some proponents of low carb diets recommend avoiding carbohydrates such as bread, pasta, potatoes, carrots, etc. because they have a high glycemic index - causing a sharp rise in insulin. The total glycemic effect of food is influenced by the quantity of that food that you eat at a sitting. Smaller meals have a lower overall glycemic effect. Glycemic index values can be misleading because they are based on a standard 50 grams of carbohydrate consumed. One candy bar is equivalent in carbs to 4 cups of carrot. Hence, eating 1/2 cup of carrot would have very little glycemic value but very high nutritional value. =
  15. 17. Diet Aids <ul><li>RISKS </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Regulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not subject to FDA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No scientific proof of fat-burning potential </li></ul><ul><li>Amphetamine-type drugs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk for stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weight regain </li></ul><ul><li>CLAIMS </li></ul><ul><li>Fat-burning </li></ul><ul><li>Appetite suppression </li></ul><ul><li>Quick, easy weight loss </li></ul>CortiSlim Herbalife Metabolife Dexatrim
  16. 18. Other Popular Fads <ul><li>FASTING - Self-imposed starvation. No food intake for </li></ul><ul><li>24 hours or more. Can damage tissues, body fluids, mineral </li></ul><ul><li>supplies, and vital organs. </li></ul><ul><li>LIQUID DIETS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slimfast, Optifast </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Food Combining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Somersize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fit for Life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pre-Packaged Food </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jenny Craig </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutri-System </li></ul></ul>
  17. 19. Pitfalls to Fad Diets <ul><li>On/Off Mentality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dieter does consider changes as permanent lifestyle changes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>Restrictive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lacks adequate nutrients </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Ninety-five percent failure rate </li></ul><ul><li>May lead to eating disorders </li></ul>
  18. 20. Fad Diets and Eating Disorders <ul><li>35% of “normal dieters” progress to pathological dieting. </li></ul><ul><li>Of those, 20-25% progress to partial or syndrome eating </li></ul><ul><li>disorders. </li></ul><ul><li>The popularity of fad diets perpetuates the </li></ul><ul><li>idea that being thin is more important than </li></ul><ul><li>being healthy. </li></ul><ul><li>According to a recent study, 50% of females between the age of 18-25 would prefer to be run over by a truck than be fat. </li></ul>
  19. 21. Is Your Weight Healthy?
  20. 23. Dynamic Duo for Weight Loss <ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Science - create a negative calorie balance by restricting calories and increasing activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Calorie awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Remember, </li></ul><ul><li>it takes 3500 </li></ul><ul><li>calories to </li></ul><ul><li>burn 1# of fat. </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral </li></ul><ul><li>Information is only half </li></ul><ul><li>of the equation. Implementing changes is the other half. </li></ul><ul><li>Food is tied to emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness to make a life-long commitment. </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency </li></ul>Calories in Calories out
  21. 24. Rx for a Successful Plan <ul><li>Weight loss should be slow and steady. </li></ul><ul><li>Include balanced meals with a variety of food. </li></ul><ul><li>Included an exercise component. </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency is key. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for support. </li></ul><ul><li>Be willing to make a life-long </li></ul><ul><li>commitment to health. </li></ul><ul><li>AVOID FAD DIETS! </li></ul>
  22. 26. How to Create Your Own Fad Diet <ul><li>Note: This is especially effective if you have Doctorate in something obscure like genealogy. Follow this up with a book and you'll be rich. </li></ul><ul><li>Here are the basic ingredients you will need to create your own fad diet: </li></ul><ul><li>A book that lists the nutritional values of every food under the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>A good idea about what foods the grocery store carries. </li></ul><ul><li>A bag of chips (you'll need a snack while you work). </li></ul><ul><li>No nutritional knowledge whatsoever. </li></ul><ul><li>A picture of someone who was slim 5 years ago, but is now larger. </li></ul><ul><li>The larger person has to own an outfit that is at least 10 years old. </li></ul>