The Philippines were a Spanish colony for nearly three hundred andthirty years, and the locals had been crying for independence fordecades. Finally independence was granted to the colony in 1898.Expecting support from other countries such as the United States, thePhilippines were celebrating their newly found independence.Ruled By Spain
This is a political cartoonthat was published in theU.S. in 1898. The cartoonshows President McKinleytaking the savage (ThePhilippines) and debatinghow to handle the country.“There was nothing left forus to do but to take them alland to educate the Filipinos,and uplift, and civilize, andChristianize them,” saidPresident McKinley. TheU.S. took the Philippines astheir personal responsibility.What to do withPhilippines?
Soon after the Treaty of Paris was signed two battles broke outbetween the Americans and the Filipinos, the first was betweenthe Moros (or Muslims) in Mindanao and lasted until 1912. TheAmericans set up a government with no regard to the Morosculture and religion which caused a war to break out.War Breaks Out!
Filipino leader Emilio Aguinaldo began guerrilla war tactics againstthe American, hiding in bamboo thickets and bushes; both armiescommenced war through guerrilla tactics. By the end of 1902 seventhousand Americans had been killed and more than two hundredthousand Filipinos had died.War Tactics
Under America’s rule theFilipinos were deniedemployment and whiteinhabitants had more rights.The Filipinos were upset withAmerica because they thoughtAmerica was going to supportthem in their independence;however America did not trustthem. These “Anti-Filipino”feelings resulted in raids andrevolts and overallunhappiness. This was anewspaper published on March23rd, 1899, and it was notuncommon to see titles like thisone.Anti-Filipino Attitudes
Though there were many things that were seen as negative for theFilipinos, America also tried to help them as best they could. Theyadapted college or higher level education in the colony and taught thembetter ways to survive.America Begins toBenefit
During America’s era of control, “Filipinization” was allowed. Filipinizationwas a compromise that allowed colonial authorities some government action.Elite citizens in the colony were elected as a member of the PhilippineCommission, which was allowed to draft acts and have a potential say in thegovernment. Taken in 1914, this photo shows the Philippine Commission, andmany mayors of different villages.Filipinization
At the Manila Grand Opera House, the Filipinos established theirwant for independence. President Theodore Roosevelt addressedthe Philippine Assembly and addressed their fellow delegates andproclamation, and the path to independence had started.Road to Independence
On July 4th, 1946, the UnitedStates Government restoredfull independence in thePhilippines. After battlingdifferent imperial powers foryears, the Filipinos finallyachieves their dreams. Theywere ahead of other countriestrying to gain their freedomfrom the beginning, and that iswhy they were successful.Freedom At Last!
“Proclamation of Philippine Independence.” 1898. National Liberation, Painting. Accessed June12, 2013. http://www.padidioni.wordpress.com/.“What Will He Do?”. 1898. The Eyes of the World are upon him- William McKinley. Cartoon.Accessed on June 10, 2013. http://www.authorama.com/true-version-of-the-philippine-revolution-1.htmlFrances Johnston “John Hay Signs the Treat of Paris”. April, 11 1899. Photograph. Accessed onJune 11, 2013. http://archive.org/details/harperspictorial00milerich“A Long Buried War with the Moros” 1913. Painting. Accessed on June 10, 2013.http://endeavors.unc.edu/win2006/feature_04.phpArnaldo Dumindin. “Philippine-America n War”. 1899. Americans engaging Filipinos inBamboo thicket. Photograph. Accessed on June 10, 2013.http://philippineamericanwar.webs.com/guerillawarfare1899.htm“Anti-Filipino Feelings Flare Up in Raids”. 1898. Newspaper. Accessed on June 10, 2013.http://jgasampop.blogspot.com/2009/12/normal-0-false-false-false-en-us-x-none.htmlPictography
“American Education in the Philippines.” 1901. Photograph. Accessed on June 10,2013. http://www.authorama.com/true-version-of-the-philippine-revolution-1.html“Filipinization”. 1914. Allowing colonial authorities some government action whileAmerica had complete control. Photograph. Accessed June 11, 2013.http://www.morolandhistory.com/03.PG-Americans/4.americans.htm“Establishing the Philippine Assembly”. 1902. William Taft addresses the newassembly. Photograph. Accessed June 11, 2013.http://www.manilagrandopera.com/content/pre-world-war-ii/“Filipino Independence”. July 4, 1946. Resetoration and recognition ofindependence. Photograpg. Accessed June 11, 2013.http://philippineamericanwar.webs.com/aguinaldo19021964.htmPictography Continued