Present perfect

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Present perfect

  1. 1. Final del formulario<br />PRESENT PERFECT<br />The present perfect simple expresses an action that is still going on or that stopped recently, but has an influence on the present. It puts emphasis on the result.<br /> PositiveNegativeQuestionI / you / we / theyI have spoken.I have not spoken.Have I spoken?he / she / itHe has spoken.He has not spoken.Has he spoken?<br />For irregular verbs, use the participle form. For regular verbs, just add “ed”.<br />Exceptions in Spelling when Adding ‘ed’<br />Exceptions in spelling when adding edExampleafter a final e only add dlove – lovedfinal consonant after a short, stressed vowelor l as final consonant after a vowel is doubledadmit – admittedtravel – travelledfinal y after a consonant becomes ihurry – hurried<br />Use of Present Perfect<br />puts emphasis on the result <br />Example: She ___________(write) five letters.<br />action that is still going on <br />Example: School ____________ (not start) yet.<br />action that stopped recently <br />Example: __________ (cook) she dinner?<br />finished action that has an influence on the present <br />Example: I __________(Lose) my key.<br />action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking <br />Example: I ____________(never be) to Australia.<br />Signal Words of Present Perfect<br />already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now<br />Exercises:<br />Have or has<br />I _________ answered the question. <br />She _________ opened the window. <br />They _________ called us. <br />You _________ carried a box. <br />It _________ rained a lot. <br />We _________ washed the car. <br />He _________ closed the window. <br />Jenny _________ locked the door. <br />The girls _________ visited the museum. <br />John and Sophie _________ helped in the garden<br />2. Put the verbs into the correct form (present perfect simple).<br />I (not / work) _______________today. <br />We (buy) _______________a new lamp. <br />We (not / plan) _______________our holiday yet. <br />Where (be / you) _______________? <br />He (write) _______________five letters. <br />She (not / see) _______________him for a long time. <br />(be / you) _______________at school? <br />School (not / start) _______________yet. <br />(speak / he) _______________to his boss? <br />No, he (have / not) _______________the time yet. <br />

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