Cognitive and metacognitive


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Cognitive and metacognitive

  1. 1. COGNITIVE AND METACOGNITIVE STRATEGIES By: Lilibeth Gaviria Betancourt
  2. 2. COGNITIVE STRATEGIES The cognitive strategies are facilitators of knowledge, those that operate directly on information collecting, analyzing, understanding, processing and storing information. in general are processes domain to monitor the functioning of mental activities. The cognitive strategies are handling skills himself that the student acquires, for governing the process to pay attention, understand, think and solve problems.
  3. 3. SOME COGNITIVE STRATEGIES • Concentration • focalizationAttention • training ideas, underline • graphics, diagramsUnderstanding Elaboration Memorization / recovery questions, organizers and notes codification and answer generation and the method to read, recite and review
  4. 4. COGNITIVE SKILLS IN MY STUDENT LIFE observe classes: I attend, I concentrate, I focus analyze information acquired organize and command the requested information compare different Formats synthesize the texts read
  5. 5. Previous knowledge Ability to perceive the basic knowledge Facility analysis and interpretation of information Organize ideas and create new information acquired COGNITIVE STRATEGIES
  6. 6. The cognitive strategies are those that help us to learn, think and be creative, make decisions and solve problems.
  7. 7. METACOGNITIVE STRATEGIES Metacognitive strategies are mental activities that we execute for processing the information for the purpose of giving an understandable meaning for us. these strategies also help us analyze the processes we use to know, learn and solve problems, i.e. having knowledge about the cognitive processes themselves controlling and regulating the use of these processes
  8. 8. Metacognitive strategies PLANNING: designing processes that going to take to reach my goals, i.e. determines the direction of learning. SELF-REGULATION: I regulate my own processes and verify errors. SELF-EVALUATION: evaluate the steps that I follow to know if I fulfill or not. REORGANIZATION: feedback of some things (constructive critique) correct errors. ADVANCE: advance, get ahead of new learning.
  9. 9. Metacognitive process Appropiation Of the goal planning strategies Develpment and control Product and evaluation Objective awareness, understanding of the task and the personal strengths and weaknesses Development plan for the task. cognitive strategies: tools, procedures, techniques metacognitive strategies: self-monitoring process Development of the two types of strategies, control and improving them where necessary Review and evaluation of the final product (self, co and hetero) process / projection new learning situations
  10. 10. Metacognitive strategies Self- knowledge Self- regulation
  11. 11. Metacognitive strategies are cognitive tools that require our previous knowledge and the appropriate resources for to build, understand and generalize them to so promote a significant learning.