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Urban Green Areas and Climate Change

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Urban Green Areas and Climate Change: LIFE URBANGREEN a possibile answer?

Francesco Ferrini - University of Florence
Paolo Viskanic - R3 GIS

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Urban Green Areas and Climate Change

  1. 1. Urban Green Areas and Climate Change: LIFE URBANGREEN a possible answer? Francesco Ferrini - University of Florence Paolo Viskanic - R3 GIS LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  2. 2. Green areas and urban quality A healthy urban forest is critical for any city that prioritises its environmental and social outcomes” LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  3. 3. Mental and physical health Makes, 2012. “The Economics of Biophilia.” Terrapin Bright Green Ellaway et al., 2005. British Medical Journal 331: 611-12 Lovasi et al., 2008. Journal of Epidemiol Community Health 62: 647-49 Bell et al. 2008. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol 35 (5):547-553 LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  4. 4. Urban heat island It is estimated that in the United States 3 to 8% of electricity is consumed to offset the "urban heat island" effect LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  5. 5. Climate change Planting urban trees and expanding urban forest canopy cover are often considered key strategies for reducing climate change impacts in urban areas LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  6. 6. Air quality “It is the responsibility of urban planners and local authorities to ensure trees are not just planted where they look nice, but perhaps where they can do more good than bad for air quality on city footpaths.” LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  7. 7. Stormwater management Trees slow down heavy rainfall by intercepting the rain with the foliage then reducing the direct effect of rain on the soil (Berlan et al., 2017) http://www.deeproot.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/stories/2014/06/Stormwater-Quality-Benefits-of- Trees_Adelie-Freyja-Annabel.jpg LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  8. 8. Energy consumption The ability to provide both direct (assimilation of CO2) and indirect (emission reduction) benefits, is 3-5 times more in an "urban" tree than in a tree of the same species and size located in a forest (Akbari, 2002)From Mc Pherson et al., 2007 LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  9. 9. Trees health http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2011/images/hoerlingetalfig1b.jpg DROUGHTINFRASTRUCTURES DISEASE LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  10. 10. Risk management “The Italian stone pine is a landmark of our country” LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  11. 11. Mitigation and adaptation Es. emission reductions, use of renewable energy Mitigation (to prevent climate change) Es. changing the maintenance practices, improving efficiency of irrigation, providing healthier green areas Adaptation (to respond to the impact of climate change) (From http://vancouver.ca/green-vancouver/climate-change-adaptation-strategy.aspx redrawn) LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  12. 12. Vision for the city of the future TO GREEN THE CITY Increase tree planting and associated vegetation in appropriate and prioritised locations TO COOL THE CITY Increase canopy cover, increase use of smart water sensitive urban design and an increase in landscape permeability TO ENGAGE THE CITY’S COMMUNITY AND BUILD REGIONAL PARTNERSHIP More community activities: tree planting, arts and culture activities, use of social media, working with partners to improve and enhance tree planting projects TO DEMONSTRATE BEST PRACTICE IN URBAN TREE MANAGEMENT Develop a complete set of technical guidelines for urban tree management and offer training and upskilling where needed From http://www.geelongaustralia.com.au/common/public/documents/8d30153dfee2a6c-Urban%20Forest%20Strategy.pdf modified LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  13. 13. LIFE URBANGREEN project LIFE URBANGREEN aims at integrating an existing urban green management platform with innovative components to maximise the provision of ecosystem services by urban greeneries and to improve the efficiency of maintenance activities. The main expected result is a smart and integrated management system which monitors and governs all activities related to urban green areas management, maximising ecological benefits. The tools developed in the project will be tested in Rimini, Krakow and without EU co-funding in Taipei and Moscow. LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  14. 14. Project partners LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018 Project coordinator: R3 GIS srl – Merano (Italy) Partners Progea 4D – Krakow (PL) University of Milano (IT) University of Florence (IT) Anthea srl (City of Rimini – IT) Zarzad Zieleni Miejskiej (City of Krakow - IT)
  15. 15. Ecosystem services: ● Improvement of microclimate ● Storage of CO2 ● Air cleaning ● Noise reduction ● Improvement of water balance ● Erosion protection ● Psychological and social effects ● Improvement of resilience ● Climate adaptation ● Mitigation of extreme weather events LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  16. 16. Ecosystem services based on real data The aim of this action is to understand environmental benefits provided by the most common tree species in the participating cities and to identify how they vary with tree age: • Carbon storage • Carbon assimilation • Pollution adsorption on leaves • Thermoregulation LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  17. 17. RS data to improve management Improve management and safety of trees in cities by monitoring their situation using remote sensing data. Use LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) technology for an inventory of assets and estimation of ecosystem services LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  18. 18. Accurate meteo data for better management LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018 PLANT WATER REQUIRE- MENTS
  19. 19. LIFE URBANGREEN pilot areas LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018 Rimini (IT) Krakow (PL) All new developments will be tested in Rimini, Krakow, (Taipei and Moscow) during the second part of the project
  20. 20. What is URBANGREEN? LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018
  21. 21. LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018 City of Taipei Partners: • National Central University, Prof. Yuei-An Liou (Remote Sensing) • Taipei City Government, Parks and Street Lights Office Letter of interest included in approved Project Proposal No funding from EU
  22. 22. City of Moscow • Research on ecosystem services • Monitoring through RS, meteo data and IOT • Smart irrigation • Efficient coordination of maintenance activities • Public participation • Test of new management tools on pilot areas in Moscow LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018 No funding from EU
  23. 23. LIFE URBANGREEN www.lifeurbangreen.eu THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! Francesco Ferrini - University of Florence Paolo Viskanic - R3 GIS LIFE URBANGREEN (LIFE17 CCA/ITA/000079) II Climate Forum of Russian cities 6-7/09/ 2018

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