World Civ Project!<br />By: Neil Jones<br />
Crusades<br />#1-Why did the crusades begin??????<br />	-The Crusades was a helping hand from Pope urban 2 to Emporer Alex...
Crusades<br />1a-What was so important about Jerusalem? <br />–It was the holy land for both Christians and Muslims and ve...
crusades<br />2-Explain the Relationship between Urban 2 and Emporer Alexis 1st<br />- the were allies and Alexius sent re...
Crusades<br />3-When the Crusades arrived outside on Constantinople, why was Emporer Alexius 1st furious? <br />-he was ex...
Crusades<br /><ul><li>What did Alexius finally do?</li></ul>- he let Pope urban 2 keep any of the lands they conquer<br />...
Crusades<br />ad·mon·ish 1 a : to indicate duties or obligations to b : to express warning or disapproval to especially in...
Crusades<br />ar·du·ous- a: hard to accomplish or achieve : difficult b: marked by great labor or effort : strenuous<br />...
Crusades<br />be·reft deprived or robbed of the possession or use of something<br />Most of the crusaders would rob the po...
crusades<br />ca·lam·i·tous being, causing, or accompanied by calamity<br />Something bothersome or annoying usually like ...
crusades<br />cog·ni·zant knowledgeable of something especially through personal experience; also : mindful<br />Most of t...
crusades<br />em·pa·thet·ic involving, characterized by, or based on empathy<br />Most were not empathetic as they slaught...
crusades<br />in·so·lence the quality or state of being insolent<br />Some people didn’t agree with all the things that we...
crusades<br />jo·cund marked by or suggestive of high spirits and lively mirthfulness <br />The crusaders had high spirits...
Crusaders<br />me·an·der a winding path or course; especially : labyrinth<br />Some of the castles had labyrinths and maze...
crusades<br />pes·ti·lence a contagious or infectious epidemic disease that is virulent and devastating; especially:buboni...
crusades<br />re·ver·ber·ate : to become driven back b : to become reflected<br />Some of the attacks made at jerusalem we...
crusades<br />seize: to vest ownership of a freehold estate in boften seise: to put in possession of something <br />Urban...
crusades<br />zeal eagerness and ardent interest in pursuit of something : fervor<br />The zeal to reclaim the holy land f...
Facts about crusades<br />Fought over a period of over 200 years<br />Different campaigns lasted until about the 15th cent...
facts<br />Crusaders took vows against their sins and thought they had forgiveness for the killings at the crusades.<br />...
facts<br />The muslim presence in the holy land was first initiated by the capture of palestine<br />The presence of the m...
facts<br />In 1039 after requiring large sums be paid for the right, permitted the Byzantine Empire to rebuild it<br />Pil...
facts<br />The muslims realized that the wealth of Jerusalem came from their pilgrims and allowed them back into the city....
facts<br />A crusader would, after pronouncing a solemn vow, receive a cross from the hands of the pope and was thencefort...
facts<br />Most believed that by retaking Jerusalem they would go straight to heaven after death<br />The Jews and Muslims...
facts<br />The Crusaders also tried to gain control of the city of Tyre, but were defeated by the Muslims.<br /> After gai...
facts<br />Crusade of 1101<br />Following this crusade there was a second, less successful wave of crusaders, in which Tur...
facts<br />Norwegian Crusade 1107-1110<br />Sigurd 1 of Norway was the first European king who went on a crusade and defea...
facts<br />French and South German armies, under the command of Kings Louis VII and Conrad III respectively, marched to Je...
facts<br />In 1187, Saladin, Sultan of Egypt, conquered Jerusalem after nearly a century under Christian rule, following t...
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World Civ Project!

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have fun Ms. Norman!

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  • This is the exact work for my assignment,thanks a lot Neil !
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World Civ Project!

  1. 1. World Civ Project!<br />By: Neil Jones<br />
  2. 2. Crusades<br />#1-Why did the crusades begin??????<br /> -The Crusades was a helping hand from Pope urban 2 to Emporer Alexus in constatinople. He was wanting an elite group of mercenaries but got peaseants and towns people.<br />
  3. 3. Crusades<br />1a-What was so important about Jerusalem? <br />–It was the holy land for both Christians and Muslims and very important.<br />1b-Who was in control of Jerusalem at the end of the 11th century? <br />–the muslims<br />1c-What did Pope Urban 2 have to do with the First Crusade? <br />– he ordered the army<br />
  4. 4. crusades<br />2-Explain the Relationship between Urban 2 and Emporer Alexis 1st<br />- the were allies and Alexius sent reinforcements to Urban.<br />2a-Why would Urban 2 agree to help Alexius?<br />- muslim armies had conquered most of northern Africa, Egypt, Palestine, Syria, and Spain<br />
  5. 5. Crusades<br />3-When the Crusades arrived outside on Constantinople, why was Emporer Alexius 1st furious? <br />-he was expecting elite mercenaries and instead he got peasants and towns people. Most of them riddles with pestilence.<br />What was he expecting to receive when he called for aid from Urban 2?<br />-elite mercenaries<br />
  6. 6. Crusades<br /><ul><li>What did Alexius finally do?</li></ul>- he let Pope urban 2 keep any of the lands they conquer<br />Why did the Crusaders want to seize Antiocch prior to moving on toward Jerusalem?<br />-it was in a good location and a major staging ground against Jerusalem<br />
  7. 7. Crusades<br />ad·mon·ish 1 a : to indicate duties or obligations to b : to express warning or disapproval to especially in a gentle, earnest, or solicitous manner<br />-These were used to assign certain units certain duties in combat.<br />
  8. 8. Crusades<br />ar·du·ous- a: hard to accomplish or achieve : difficult b: marked by great labor or effort : strenuous<br />The crusades themselves were long and arduous talsks, crossing such long distances.<br />
  9. 9. Crusades<br />be·reft deprived or robbed of the possession or use of something<br />Most of the crusaders would rob the possesions of the local towns people.<br />
  10. 10. crusades<br />ca·lam·i·tous being, causing, or accompanied by calamity<br />Something bothersome or annoying usually like disease and exhaustion.<br />
  11. 11. crusades<br />cog·ni·zant knowledgeable of something especially through personal experience; also : mindful<br />Most of the first crusaders were not warriors but townspeople.<br />
  12. 12. crusades<br />em·pa·thet·ic involving, characterized by, or based on empathy<br />Most were not empathetic as they slaughtered women and children<br />
  13. 13. crusades<br />in·so·lence the quality or state of being insolent<br />Some people didn’t agree with all the things that were asked of them but had to do it.<br />
  14. 14. crusades<br />jo·cund marked by or suggestive of high spirits and lively mirthfulness <br />The crusaders had high spirits as they marched into the holy land.<br />
  15. 15. Crusaders<br />me·an·der a winding path or course; especially : labyrinth<br />Some of the castles had labyrinths and mazes.<br />
  16. 16. crusades<br />pes·ti·lence a contagious or infectious epidemic disease that is virulent and devastating; especially:bubonic plague<br />
  17. 17. crusades<br />re·ver·ber·ate : to become driven back b : to become reflected<br />Some of the attacks made at jerusalem were reflected back at the attackers either by sheilds or some sort of protection.<br />
  18. 18. crusades<br />seize: to vest ownership of a freehold estate in boften seise: to put in possession of something <br />Urban 2 told alexius that they would seize any lands they conquered.<br />
  19. 19. crusades<br />zeal eagerness and ardent interest in pursuit of something : fervor<br />The zeal to reclaim the holy land from the muslims was enough to walk those thousands of miles <br />
  20. 20. Facts about crusades<br />Fought over a period of over 200 years<br />Different campaigns lasted until about the 15th century<br />Fought mainly against the muslims but also fought against pagan Slavs, Jews, Russian and Greek Orthodox Christians, Mongols, Cathars, Hussites, Waldensians, Old Prussians, and political enemies of the popes<br />
  21. 21. facts<br />Crusaders took vows against their sins and thought they had forgiveness for the killings at the crusades.<br />The sixth crusade was the first crusade to set sail without the official blessing from the pope<br />The ninth crusade marked the end of the crusades<br />
  22. 22. facts<br />The muslim presence in the holy land was first initiated by the capture of palestine<br />The presence of the muslims put pressure on the bysantine empire<br />Another action that incresed pressure was the ordered destruction of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre<br />
  23. 23. facts<br />In 1039 after requiring large sums be paid for the right, permitted the Byzantine Empire to rebuild it<br />Pilgrimages were allowed to the Holy Lands before and after the Sepulchre was rebuilt<br />For a time pilgrims were captured and some of the clergy were killed<br />
  24. 24. facts<br />The muslims realized that the wealth of Jerusalem came from their pilgrims and allowed them back into the city.<br />In 1063, pope alexander 2, had given his blessing to Iberian Christians in their wars against the Muslims<br />
  25. 25. facts<br />A crusader would, after pronouncing a solemn vow, receive a cross from the hands of the pope and was thenceforth considered a &quot;soldier of the Church&quot;. <br />The remission of sin was a driving factor and provided any God-fearing man who had committed sins with an irresistible way out of eternal damnation in hell<br />
  26. 26. facts<br />Most believed that by retaking Jerusalem they would go straight to heaven after death<br />The Jews and Muslims fought together to defend Jerusalem against the invading Franks. They were unsuccessful though and on 15 July 1099 the crusaders entered the city.<br />They proceeded to massacre the remaining Jewish and Muslim civilians and pillaged or destroyed mosques and the city itself<br />
  27. 27. facts<br />The Crusaders also tried to gain control of the city of Tyre, but were defeated by the Muslims.<br /> After gaining control of Jerusalem the Crusaders created four Crusader states: the kingdom of Jerusalem, the County of Edessa, the Principality of Antioch and the County of Tripoli<br />
  28. 28. facts<br />Crusade of 1101<br />Following this crusade there was a second, less successful wave of crusaders, in which Turks led by Kilij Arslan defeated the Crusaders in three separate battles in a well-managed response to the First Crusade<br />
  29. 29. facts<br />Norwegian Crusade 1107-1110<br />Sigurd 1 of Norway was the first European king who went on a crusade and defeated Muslims in Spain, the Baleares, and in Palestine<br /> After a period of relative peace in which Christians and Muslims co-existed in the Holy Land, Muslims conquered the town of Edessa<br />
  30. 30. facts<br />French and South German armies, under the command of Kings Louis VII and Conrad III respectively, marched to Jerusalem in 1147 but failed to win any major victories<br />On the other side of the Mediterranean, the Second Crusade met with great success as a group of Northern European Crusaders stopped in Portugal and allies with the king.<br />
  31. 31. facts<br />In 1187, Saladin, Sultan of Egypt, conquered Jerusalem after nearly a century under Christian rule, following the Battle of Hattin<br />After the Christians surrendered the city, Saladin spared the civilians and for the most part left churches and shrines untouched to be able to collect ransom money from the Franks<br />

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