6) Emergency Escape Where, on travelling cranes, access to the cab is not an integral part of the crane, suitable escape equipment should be provided to enable the driver to reach the ground quickly and safety in an emergency.
7) Safe means of access should be provided to enable: a) the Driver to reach his operating position b) the necessary inspections and maintenance work to be carried out safely.
8) Operating Position The arrangement of the driver’s cab should ensure: a) a clear view of the operating area and loads; b) all controls are easily reached by the driver without the need for excessive movements of arms or legs; c) all controls are clearly marked as to their function and method of operation.
9) Passengers No one, other than the driver, should be allowed on the Crane when it is operating unless there is a special reason for being there and it has been authorised. ‘Riding the hook’ is prohibited but should it be necessary to carry persons, the properly designed and approved chair or cradle should be used.
Harness to be clipped to hook of crane NOT to basket. Man Basket must be of an approved type. (Bureau veritas inspected)
10) Safe Working Load All cranes should be marked with their Safe Working Load which must never be exceeded except for test purposes. If there is any doubt of the weight to be lifted, advice should be sought.
Only one person, the Signaler or if there is no Signaler the Slinger, should give signals to the Driver and these should be clearly understood by both. Slingers, Signalers and Driver should be properly trained, medically fit and of a steady disposition . Steady Disposition !
Safe operating techniques for Cranes There are certain basic techniques that must be practiced to ensure the safest possible operation of the Crane. These techniques include:
1) The driver carrying out a brief check of the Crane at the beginning of his shift. The items checked may vary in different factories, but they should be agreed locally.
2) Loads should NOT be left hanging on the hook at the end of a shift. 3) Those working above floor level who are likely to be struck by the crane or its load MUST BE WARNED .
4) The crane must not approach nearer than 7 meters to anyone working on the trench. 7 meters
Barrier = r + 10m 5) Loads should not be carried over people . Assaluyeh Site Regulations state. Drop zone (length of JIB radius) PLUS (+) 10 meters MUST be barriered and vacated of ALL personnel.
6) Loads must be lifted vertically-the crane must not be used to drag a load.