NGI-Basic First Aid

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NGI-Basic First Aid

  1. 1. oasis International Training Center Presents
  2. 2. BASIC FIRST AID
  3. 3. MAKE THE SCENE SAFE ELECTRIC CURRENT OFF? CLEAR TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT BASIC FIRST AID
  4. 4. DO NOT ALLOW SIDEWAY MOVEMENT OF C SPINE MAINTAIN HEAD, NECK, BACK IN A STRAIGHT LINE. DO NOT ALLOW ROTATION OR SIDEWAY MOVEMENT BASIC FIRST AID
  5. 5. Mechanism of Injury; The incident or force which occurred to cause the casualty to be hurt Motor Vehicle Accident Major Force: Head, Neck, Spine Injuries should be suspected Impact with Windscreen Fall from height of 6 feet or more BASIC FIRST AID
  6. 6. Clear, Open Airway Tongue blocking airway Fluid blocking airway Airway restricted by illness BASIC FIRST AID
  7. 7. Air must be able to reach the lungs Diaphragm expand and contracts to control breathing BASIC FIRST AID
  8. 8. Carotid Pulse Femoral Pressure Point Brachial Pressure Point Arteries pump blood from the heart. Veins return blood to the heart BASIC FIRST AID
  9. 9. BLEEDING! CAN BE MESSY, DANGEROUS AND HARD TO CONTROL DO NOT REMOVE PENETRATING OBJECTS BASIC FIRST AID
  10. 10. REMEMBER CONTROL BLEEDING BY DIRECT PRESSURE & PRESSURE POINTS BASIC FIRST AID
  11. 11. BURNS CAN BE CAUSED BY A VARIETY OF SOURCES <ul><li>FIRE </li></ul><ul><li>RELEASE OF GAS UNDER PRESSURE ( FROST BURN) </li></ul><ul><li>CHEMICAL CONTACT ( ACID, CAUSTIC SODA ) </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTRICAL </li></ul><ul><li>RADIATION </li></ul>NO MATTER THE CAUSE, BURNS ARE PROBABLY ONE OF THE MOST DEBILLITATING INJURIES, CAUSING IMMENSE PAIN AND LIFELONG SCARRING BASIC FIRST AID
  12. 12. SEVERE BURN BASIC FIRST AID
  13. 13. RESULTS OF AN ELECTRICAL BURN BASIC FIRST AID
  14. 14. FIRST DEGREE BURN TOP LAYER OF SKIN. SKIN MAY BE RED AND TENDER EG SUNBURN, WELDING BURN SECOND DEGREE BURN TOP 2 LAYERS OF SKIN. SKIN WILL BLISTER AND BE VERY PAINFUL. MAY LEAVE MINOR SCARRING THIRD DEGREE BURNS THROUGH SKIN INTO FLESH BELOW. WILL DESTROY NERVES. WILL LEAVE MAJOR SCARRING BASIC FIRST AID
  15. 15. TREATMENT OF BURNS STOP THE BURNING <ul><li>FIRE - COOL THE BURNED AREA IMMEDIATELY BY APPLICATION OF WET TOWELS OR IMMERSION IN COOL WATER. IN EVENT OF SECOND OR THIRD DEGREE BURNS, ACTIVATE EMS. </li></ul><ul><li>CHEMICAL - FLUSH UNDER RUNNING WATER FOR 15 MINUTES. USE SHOWER IF AVAILABLE. ACTIVATE EMS </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTRICAL - COOL BURNT AREA. MONITOR VITAL SIGNS FOR ONSET OF SHOCK. ACTIVATE EMS </li></ul>DO NOT APPLY GREASE, BUTTER OR SALVES TO BURN SITE. THIS WILL SEAL HEAT IN. BASIC FIRST AID
  16. 16. USE SHOWERS AND EYE WASH TO FLUSH CHEMICALS FROM CASUALTY UNTIL EMS ARRIVES BASIC FIRST AID
  17. 17. ANY BURN WHICH RAISES BLISTERS OR CAUSES BREAKS IN THE SKIN IS SEVERE. CASUALTIES MUST RECEIVE MEDICAL ATTENTION. DO NOT MOVE ! ACTIVATE EMS AND MONITOR PRIORITIES OF CARE A , B & C (AIRWAY, BREATHING, CIRCULATION) UNTIL EMS ARRIVES IN THE CASE OF CHEMICAL BURNS TO EYES, FLUSH WITH WATER CONTINUOUSLY UNTIL EMS ARRIVES. DO NOT TRANSPORT CASUALTY YOURSELF BASIC FIRST AID
  18. 18. Thank you for your attention.

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