Wwii holocaust-overview-8952


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Wwii holocaust-overview-8952

  1. 1. WWII / Holocaust Review World History, Culture, and Geography
  2. 2. The Beginning <ul><li>League of Nations reaction to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese invasion of Manchuria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italian invasion of Ethiopia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler’s aggression </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appeasement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Munich Conference </li></ul></ul><ul><li>United States isolated itself - why? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Players <ul><li>Axis Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy / Mussolini </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany / Hitler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan / Tojo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allied Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France / DeGaulle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain / Chamberlain and Churchill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviet Union / Stalin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States / Roosevelt and Truman </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The War <ul><li>1939 - Invasion of Poland starts war in Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nazis make significant early gains (Blitzkrieg) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1941 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>German Invasion of Soviet Union (breaks Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pearl Harbor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1942 - Allies begin making gains. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The War <ul><li>1944 - Invasion of Normandy (D-Day) </li></ul><ul><li>1945 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May - Germany surrenders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>August - Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>September - Japan surrenders </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Holocaust <ul><li>Hitler’s second war </li></ul><ul><li>Primary victim: Jews - why? </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated effort - steeped in bureaucracy - Explain </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Holocaust <ul><li>Stages of the Holocaust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Semitism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boycott of Jewish Business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuremberg Laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ghettoes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liberation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Holocaust <ul><li>End of the war ends Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>Nuremberg Trials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trial of major Nazi organizations and individuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brutality of Nazi regime revealed immediately </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First instance of war crimes and crimes against humanity </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Rwanda <ul><li>1994 genocide in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Hutus attempt to kill all Tutsis - kill almost one million </li></ul><ul><li>United States and United Nations avoid getting involved / did little to help </li></ul>
  10. 10. Practice Multiple Choice
  11. 11. <ul><li>What was the main objective of the Nuremburg Race Laws? a. To take away citizenship rights from Jews b. To create the idea of a separate Jewish “race” in Nazi lands c. To take away economic rights from Jews d. All of the Above </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Why did the Western countries not consider the events in Rwanda as a genocide? a. So that they would not have to get involved. b. The events in Rwanda were not genocide. c. Because they cared about Africa d. They were too busy with terrorism </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Which of the following is NOT a stage of the Holocaust? a. Sending people to Ghettoes b. Nuremberg Trials c. Death Camps d. Mobile killing units </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Which of the following was NOT a member of the Axis nations during WWII? a. Germany b. Italy c. Soviet Union d. Japan </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Great Britain and France declared war in response to a. German invasion of Czechoslovakia b. German and Soviet division of Poland c. German invasion of Poland d. German invasion of France </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The Allied Powers were a. England, France, Germany, Spain b. England, Italy, Spain, France c. Russia, Germany, France, Japan d. England, France, Russia, United States </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>The Soviet Union declared war against Germany as a result of a. Italy’s decision to join the Axis Powers b. Great Britain’s declaration of war on Germany c. Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union d. Germany’s lack of assistance during the invasion of Poland </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>After the League of Nations condemned Japan’s aggression against China, Japan a. Withdrew its forces from Manchuria b. Appealed to the World Court c. Withdrew from the League of Nations d. Tried to negotiate with China directly </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>The League of Nations responded to Italy’s invasion of Ethiopia by a. Sending troops to aid the Ethiopians b. Stationing troops near the Suez Canal c. Declaring Ethiopia an Italian protectorate d. Imposing insignificant trade penalties against Italy </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Why didn’t the United States actively attempt to stop the aggressive moves of Italy, Germany, and Japan? a. Militarily the United States was no match for any of the aggressor nations b. The United States was unwilling to do anything without Britain c. Felt sorry for Germany because of the harsh terms of the Versailles Treaty d. The United States wished to isolate it self from European problems </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>What event brought the United States into the war? a. Bombing of Pearl Harbor b. Sinking of the Lusitania c. German invasion of Belgium d. The Zimmerman telegram </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Why did Hitler agree to the Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression Pact? a. Hitler knew that the German army was no match for the Soviet army b. Germany knew with the Soviet Union as an ally he could easily defeat Britain and France c. Hitler wanted to defeat Britain and France before attacking the Soviet Union d. Hitler wanted the northern portion of Poland </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>The D-Day invasion was a. The last attempt by the Germans to push the Allies back b. Invasion of Russia by the Germans c. Allied invasion of France d. Allied invasion of Germany </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Why did Hitler sign a non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union? a. To prevent the League of Nations from stopping the War b. To show Hitler had changed his views on Communism c. To allow him to invade Poland without Soviet opposition d. To ensure Germany had direct access to the Baltic Sea </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>10. D </li></ul><ul><li>11. A </li></ul><ul><li>12. C </li></ul><ul><li>13. C </li></ul><ul><li>14. C </li></ul>