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  1. 1. Vimal kumar V Asst. Librarian Asian School of Business Technopark,Trivandrum
  2. 2. Need for Open Source software <ul><li>Cost of commercial ILMS is very high </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial developers do not reveal the source code </li></ul><ul><li>Library have no control over the software </li></ul><ul><li>Investing in commercial ILMS is never ending process </li></ul>
  3. 3. Popular commercial ILMS Rs. 50,000 SOUL Rs. 3,50,000 Alice for WINDOWS Rs. 4,50,000 LibSys Rs. 4,50,000 Libsuite Appoximate Price Name
  4. 4. What is Free/Open Source Software? <ul><li> Free/Open Source software is a computer software whose source code is available under a license that permits users to use , change , and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified form. It is often developed in a public, collaborative manner. </li></ul><ul><li>(Wikipedia) ‏ </li></ul>
  5. 5. Features of Free Software <ul><li>the freedom to run the program, for any purpose </li></ul><ul><li>the freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to local needs </li></ul><ul><li>the freedom to redistribute copies so others can benefit from the software </li></ul><ul><li>the freedom to improve the program, and release the improved version to the public, </li></ul><ul><li>so that the community can benefit </li></ul><ul><li>(The Free Software Foundation) ‏ </li></ul>
  6. 6. Proprietary cakes can restrict your freedom
  7. 7. Open Licenses <ul><li>GNU General Public License (GPL) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Mozilla Public License </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>BSD License </li></ul><ul><li>Apache Software License </li></ul><ul><li>GNU Free Documentation License </li></ul>
  8. 8. History of Free/Open Source Software <ul><li>1984 Richard Stallman formed Free Software Foundation (FSF). </li></ul><ul><li>1991 Linus Torvalds developed Linux </li></ul><ul><li>1994 Red Hat (commercial Linux) company founded. </li></ul><ul><li>1998 “Open Source Initiative” was formed </li></ul>
  9. 9. OSS: Disadvantages <ul><li>Inadequate technical support </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation tends to be limited and aimed at developers. Technical support is usually limited, especially for users of the software. </li></ul><ul><li>Customization </li></ul><ul><li>Many features in ILS are generalist and must be customised before use. </li></ul>
  10. 10. OSS: Disadvantages <ul><li>Unanticipated efforts </li></ul><ul><li>A library may find that it needs to do a great deal more work than anticipated to adapt the software to local needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of coordination </li></ul><ul><li>The decentralized development of open source </li></ul><ul><li>software means that progress can be chaotic and there may be delays in addressing bugs. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Integrated Library Management System (ILMS) ‏ <ul><li>“ an automated library system that is capable of managing the operations of more than one basic library functions” </li></ul><ul><li> -UNESCO </li></ul>
  12. 12. Modules of library processes in a n ILMS <ul><li>Acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Cataloguing </li></ul><ul><li>Serial Management </li></ul><ul><li>Circulation </li></ul><ul><li>OPAC </li></ul>
  13. 13. Free/Open Source ILMS <ul><li>Avanthi Circulation System </li></ul><ul><li>Emilda </li></ul><ul><li>FireFly </li></ul><ul><li>Koha </li></ul><ul><li>PhpMylibrary </li></ul><ul><li>OpenBiblio </li></ul><ul><li>Senayan </li></ul><ul><li>OpenILS </li></ul><ul><li>PhpMyBibli </li></ul><ul><li>GNUTECA </li></ul><ul><li>PMB </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Access ILS </li></ul><ul><li>NewGenLib </li></ul>
  14. 14. Why Koha? <ul><li>Full-featured ILS </li></ul><ul><li>Library standards compliant </li></ul><ul><li>Web based interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Free software </li></ul><ul><li>No Vendor Lock in </li></ul><ul><li>Active development process </li></ul><ul><li>Community decides what they want </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent software releases </li></ul>
  15. 15. History <ul><li>Began in 1999 when the Horowhenua Library Trust (HLT) in New Zealand, was looking for a Y2K compliant replacement for their library system </li></ul><ul><li>Katipo Communications proposed a new system, using open source tools to be released under the GPL </li></ul><ul><li>Koha ( the Maori word for ‘ gift ’ or ‘donation’) went </li></ul><ul><li>live at HLT in January 2000, and was the world’s first </li></ul><ul><li>open source integrated library automation package </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed under GNU GPL licence </li></ul><ul><li>It is currently maintained by a dedicated team of </li></ul><ul><li>software providers and library technology staff from around the globe . </li></ul>
  16. 16. License: The GNU General Public License Developer: Horowhenua Library Trust, New Zealand Operating System: Linux, Windows, Mac Functional Modules: Acquisition Cataloguing, Circulation, Serial Control, OPAC. Home Page:
  17. 17. Koha features web-based OPAC, circulation and management interfaces, MARC21 and UNIMARC support, Z39.50 server, Online Reservations& Renewals, E-mail Overdue Notifications. Virtual Shelves
  18. 18. Technical Requirements <ul><li>OS - Linux, Windows, Mac OS </li></ul><ul><li>Programming Language- Perl </li></ul><ul><li>Database- MySQL </li></ul><ul><li>Webserver- Apache </li></ul>CPAN modules Zebra Yaz
  19. 19. How Koha Works? Perl Script MySQL Database Server Library Network
  20. 20. Koha Librarian Interface
  21. 23. Koha Support Koha documentation Discussion forums Wiki Chat Blogs Commercial support -data migration -hosting -customization -development
  22. 24. Koha in India
  23. 25. Koha 3.0 features <ul><li>Web 2.0 features: RSS feed, user tagging, user </li></ul><ul><li>suggestion, user/patron login facility, patron reviews and ranking </li></ul><ul><li>Zebra plugin- relevance ranking, field weighting, truncation, stemming, language-specific indexing, sorting, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Online reservations and renewals </li></ul><ul><li>RDBMS- MySQL 5.0 </li></ul><ul><li> integration </li></ul><ul><li>spellchecking queries based on database entries </li></ul><ul><li>patron reviews and ranking </li></ul><ul><li>highlight search terms in results pages </li></ul><ul><li>Search history </li></ul><ul><li>Reserves : send a mail or a SMS when a reserve is available </li></ul><ul><li>Serials Enhancements </li></ul><ul><li>RFID and self check out </li></ul><ul><li>Overdue Notices and more… </li></ul>
  24. 26. What is your commitment? Find bugs Find usability problems Suggest new features Review and inspect source code Submit source code Writing Documentation responding to other users’ questions
  25. 27. Thank you http:// [email_address]