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Accessing internet resources best practices


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Accessing internet resources best practices

  1. 1. Accessing Internet Resources: The Best Practice with Special Reference to Biomedicine   Dr. Surya Nath Singh BSc (Hons); MLISc; MA; PhD Sr. Library and Information Officer Group leader, Information Centre &Library , National Institute of Virology, Pune –411001 E-Mail: snsingh @ niv ;
  2. 3. National Information System for Viral Diseases- Proposed New NIV-ICL + Auditorium Building (MCC)
  3. 4. Information/Knowledge Management-Internet <ul><li>Information is as vital to Research and Clinical Practices as blood to the sinking patients . </li></ul><ul><li>S&T, BT, IT and now LIT </li></ul><ul><li>Day to day Informational Needs of Society </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-Economic Development </li></ul><ul><li>Decision Making </li></ul><ul><li>Education (Formal education at different level, IL, Print, Digital, AV) </li></ul><ul><li>Research (Primary, Secondary, Tertiary) </li></ul><ul><li>Health and hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation &TK- Cultural heritage </li></ul><ul><li>… Tell, where it is not ???? INTERNET ??? </li></ul>
  4. 5. After 4Ms i.e., Money, manpower, machine, and materials, information has also become a strategic input for decision making. However, Internet has become an important tool to get information from various resources . <ul><li>After food (ROTI) , Clothing (KAPARA) , and Shelter (Makan) , information is 4 th Factor for any society </li></ul><ul><li>??? Global Village --The Internet??? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Over Load </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The best practices access of Internet resources </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Internet and its Resources <ul><li>Internet is forcing libraries to move from “Owner Model” to “ Access model ” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Resources: Organizing and accessing Internet resources has been a problem despite sophisticated search engines, tools, and techniques/practices. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surfing is not searching </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. “ Not all the information that exists in the world is on the Internet-- <ul><li>Not all the information that is on the Internet is accurate.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mrs. Kotsch </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 8. An hour on the Web may not answer a question that you could find within two minutes of picking up a reference book.
  8. 9. 1. Main Points-Outlines <ul><ul><li>1.1 Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need of Accessing Internet Resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet growth </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search Tools-Directories, Search/meta engines, Virtual Libs, etc </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages-Internet Resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are e-resources ? ; Primary, secondary, tertiary-metadata , </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resource- Sharing an Digital World </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biomedical Users -Internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LISc Professionals -Internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poor Communication Behaviour (Attitude, Skill, Knowledge-ASK) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Finding Internet Resources <ul><li>Internet growth </li></ul><ul><li>Search tools </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Search tools </li></ul><ul><li>Current trends in Internet Searching </li></ul><ul><li>Steps in Internet searching </li></ul><ul><li>Before starting an Internet search </li></ul><ul><li>Related sources </li></ul>
  10. 11. … Main Points-Outlines <ul><li>Concept of the Best Practices: techniques and principles. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need of the best practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steps in Internet Searching </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main Search Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare, Organize, Combine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free Keywords; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Classified Directory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The Library web page - Provides second Front Door </li></ul><ul><li>More Items to Consider including </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Links to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study Skills and Tips- Integrate all resources, Speeding Up, Filtering, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NIV-ICL-The Best Practices-A Case Study </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  11. 12. …Main Points <ul><li>Document/Information - What? Where? Why, WHO?, How? </li></ul><ul><li>Users and their Needs, Information seeking behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>LISc Professional ; Know Yourselves-ASK=attitude, skill, knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Biomedical Resources on Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical Practices, Education, </li></ul><ul><li>research, evidence based Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>/decision making as a way of </li></ul><ul><li>improving allocation of scarce </li></ul><ul><li>resources to improve health-potential </li></ul><ul><li>of Internet to get digestible information </li></ul><ul><li>to right user, at right time in right form </li></ul><ul><li>and format even more apparent. </li></ul>
  12. 13. 1.2. Objective <ul><li>Its objective is to provide high quality structure and practices that can be routinely fed into the design, evaluation and auditing of Internet based information systems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irrespective of form, format and geographical location) needs will no longer prove to be the problem as it has been in the past. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Library web sites, online databases, wikis, blogs, resources, open sources, OPAC, and data mining.. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 14. 1.3. Need of Accessing Internet Resources <ul><li>Main reason to access the Internet resources is to get global overload information pinpointedly, exhaustively, and expeditiously at proper time in proper format/forms, irrespective of geographical location , and language barriers. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the advantages of the best practices are: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It improves the performance to increase the utilization of resources on Internet; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitates the round clock access for better decisions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Save the time and research potential of users </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Need of the Best Practices <ul><li>Availability of vast information on Internet </li></ul><ul><li>But reliability in most of cases doubtful, questionable and unauthentic </li></ul><ul><li>However, searching for information can be Wearisome and frustrating - Partly due to type and quality-dominated by search engines based on free key word searching. </li></ul><ul><li>Finding too much information/too little information or not being sure to get right information at right time in right form/ format </li></ul>
  15. 16. Need Best Practices - Access Systems for Internet Resources <ul><li>“ i. It is huge- Size is unknown/perhaps unknowable Document growth is at least double/year </li></ul><ul><li>The pouring information resources on the Internet is turning users away from electronic medium back to printed i.e. pre-internet resources. </li></ul><ul><li>, ii. It grows and obsoletes very fast - Contents are highly volatile- May be removes/shifted to new location </li></ul><ul><li>iii. Even the combined indexes of major search engines cover only a small fraction of resources available on Internet, </li></ul><ul><li>iv. Even the most dedicated suffer using the best practices/search systems would be able to barely one third of the pages” </li></ul>
  16. 17. Internet Growth <ul><li>Variety of information </li></ul><ul><li>resources- Heterogonous </li></ul><ul><li>- Form, format, geographical </li></ul><ul><li>location, languages </li></ul><ul><li>Various search engines are </li></ul><ul><li>available for Internet access but cover a very small fraction of web , </li></ul><ul><li>Furthermore, different search engines have their own style/systems of indexing and ranking their resources on the Internet.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is essential to know the availability of pinpointed information of our users irrespective of form, format, geographical location and language boundaries. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. … Contd <ul><li>“ Studies also indicate that poor search engines and information revolution are causing web-rage among the Internet users . </li></ul><ul><li>On average, users get angry and frustrated after 12 minutes of fruitless searching. </li></ul><ul><li>About seven percent of the respondents, it takes only three minutes before web-rage strikes. </li></ul><ul><li>There is neither simple way to index and organize the resources on the Internet nor central agencies to get a submission of the resources to grant copyright protection and also to assign an International Standard Identification Number (ISIN). </li></ul><ul><li>-----Various studies </li></ul>
  18. 19. … Contd <ul><li>Information and Information Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is important point to note that it is not only linking information but also linking users/peoples globally, which matters. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The desired information can be obtained from RSS, Wikis, blogs and blogging, advance portals and portlets, commentary and comment functionality -everywhere, personalization and My Profile features, Streaming multimedia, reviews and user driven ratings, personalized alerts-SDI and CAS, web services for enhancements, data mining, instant messaging and virtual references, folksonomies, tag clouds and taggings, Flicker/Picasa- Photos, social networking, Open-access, source, contents, social driven contents/book marking, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet based Library 2.0 is an exciting concept that creates next generation access to databases, OPACs, interactive and portals in a way that is allowed the end users to thrive and survive. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>we can provide pinpointed, expeditious and exhaustive information to users even without having our own resources but following the best practices of the Internet access . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>we can provide pinpointed, expeditious and exhaustive information to users even without having our own resources but following the best practices of the Internet access . </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Categories of Information on the Web- Before you begin searching, you first need a little understanding about how information is stored and accessed on the Web. There are basically three categories of information on the Web: <ul><ul><li>The Free, Visible Web . This category includes all the publicly mounted Web pages. These pages are indexed by search engines. To find information from this category, use a good search engine or directory. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Free, Invisible Web. This category includes the contents of sites that provide their articles or information free to users, but that content may be accessible only by going directly to the site. In other words, search engines cannot index it. Some magazines, newspapers, reference works, and other sites are in this category. Many databases such as legal, medical, and financial are here, too. To find information from this category, you must go to the appropriate database. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paid Databases over the Web. This category includes commercial databases that libraries subscribe to, containing scholarly journals, newspapers, court cases and the like. Providers like Lexis-Nexis, UMI Proquest, Infotrac, JSTOR and others are in this group. To find information from this category, you must have access to the database (through password or an on-campus computer) and search on the database directly. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. 1.4 Main Advantages-Internet Resources <ul><li>“ Accessible – can be accessed from any computer on campus and usually any computer off campus, any time of the day or night, so there is no need to make a visit to the library. </li></ul><ul><li>    Easily searchable - each e-books/ journals and other documents can be searched quick and easy often through the complete full text of articles and via online index. </li></ul><ul><li>    Speed - Articles/issues appear online before printed version is available now a day. </li></ul><ul><li>    Interactive - Rapid turnaround time means articles can be read, commented by the readers, amended quickly and greater feedback thru the web </li></ul><ul><li>   Links - Hypertext format should be exploited and links to related articles, information on other web sites, stable URLs for individual articles and email alerts when latest issue loaded. </li></ul><ul><li>    Added Value - Advantages taken on the web is to add value by using animation, virtual reality and interactive mathematical charts. </li></ul><ul><li>    Inexpensive - savings can be made over printing costs, distribution costs and extra costs by new features. </li></ul><ul><li>    Flexibility - E-journals evolved quickly. They are not tied to a format, printer, and distribution network ” </li></ul>
  21. 22. What are Internet E-Resources? <ul><li>Primary - Mainly journals articles, personal communication </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary -Indexing and Abstracting Services , </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary -metadata, </li></ul><ul><li>Online tools that index, abstract or provide electronic access to </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>articles, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>books, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>dissertations and theses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>other types of contents. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 23. 1.5. Biomedical Users <ul><li>Doctors, researchers, students, clinicians, pharmacists, other medical and Para-medical staff , </li></ul><ul><li>General Public, </li></ul><ul><li>Press/Media, </li></ul><ul><li>Patients, and their family/attendants, et c </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every thing is related to life and death, health and hygiene -expeditious, effective. pinpointed information is required- Internet Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The best Practices of Internet access </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Well prepared searches will eliminate useless hits wasted time </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 24. 1.5. Users … Contd <ul><li>A new generation of the Internet users is emerging- IT Literate . </li></ul><ul><li>The concept of use and user has been changed drastically and has been replaced with the new term-the I-player to describe digital information user needs and the best practices to access these </li></ul><ul><li>Firstly, one who communicates via a Facebook account and </li></ul><ul><li>Secondly , one that shares information/data/ knowledge via Flickr, MySpace, Second Life, Active Worlds, YouTube, Really, and Simple Syndication (RSS) and uses resource sharing feeds to keep him/her updated. </li></ul><ul><li>This new generation of users is not only expects to find his/her information/data/knowledge they need online, but also expects to be able to manipulate this piece of information to suit his/her useful needs. </li></ul><ul><li>If an ICL cannot provide the pinpointed information to suit users needs from its own resources, they will simply look somewhere else until they do find it especially Internet resources. </li></ul>
  24. 25. End Users <ul><li>Internet and Information Society </li></ul><ul><li>Users contribution and feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse: Share content and Meta data- for reuse in other services is a good practice for the Internet access. </li></ul><ul><li>Rethink digital library practices/services/databases </li></ul><ul><li>Go where user are-databases- primary - journals mainly, secondary -indexing and abstracting and tertiary /metadata-Wikis, weblogs, open sources, RSS Feeds4, Postcasts, social tagging, etc. </li></ul>
  25. 26. 1.6. LISc Professional <ul><li>LISc professionals must know themselves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attitudes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Search Tools-Getting Started <ul><li>One should know URL/address and very difficult to remember- the required sites/sources. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>retrieval is major concern hence, search various search tools have been developed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information retrieval becomes a major concern </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Search Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Search Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directories- General/Subject specific- ;, Medical search Tools, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Databases -Specialist- MEDLINE, Science Direct, Proquest, Ovid, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search engines /Meta Search Engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual libraries /subject gateway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 28. Types of Search Engines <ul><li>Yahoo, and Alta Vista </li></ul><ul><li>are the most useful search </li></ul><ul><li>engines for beginning searches. </li></ul><ul><li>Google , Northern Light, </li></ul><ul><li>and Snap access the greatest </li></ul><ul><li>percentage of the WWW </li></ul><ul><li>--only around 15-16%. </li></ul><ul><li>Dogpile will search through </li></ul><ul><li>several search engines at once. </li></ul><ul><li>A collection of search engine links is available at the OWL web site: </li></ul>
  28. 29. Use Search Engines to Advantage <ul><li>Pick the right search engine for your research needs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yahoo and AltaVista will help you to distinguish between different categories of web sites. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hotbot, however, locates information based upon the popularity of the site. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Refine your search whenever possible. Human, Sex, Age, date, form, language, etc. </li></ul>
  29. 30. Types Search Tool <ul><ul><li>Search Engines. A search engine consists of the interface you use to type in a query, an index of Web sites that the query is matched with, and a software program (called a spider or bot) that goes out on the Web and gets new sites for the index. The bot crawls the Web at certain intervals, in order to index new material. When you use a search engine, you are asking it to look in its index to find matches with the words you have typed in. Some search engines index not only the World Wide Web, but also Usenet newsgroups. Many search engines are now becoming reference sites which contain much more than just search capability. They may also have news, weather, free software, picture indexes, ratings of web sites, and other features. There are several hundred search engines, but they fall into a handful of types: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Global. This type of engine, typified by Google, Fast Search, Northern Light, HotBot, AltaVista, and others, reads pages from all over the world in many languages. These engines may index more than a billion pages. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regional. Some search engines are limited geographically. For example, only information on Web sites in Australia may be indexed. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Targeted. These search engines limit themselves to one subject, like biography, medicine, graphics, art, fishing, and so forth. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reference. These provide information from a set of reference works, such as an encyclopedia. Britannica, Bartleby and xrefer are examples. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directories. Directories are categorized lists of sites picked out by human editors. Directory databases are therefore much smaller than those of search engines. However, the fact that the sites are hand picked often means that you will find very high quality sites or articles in the results. Example directories are Yahoo, Look Smart, and Snap. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meta Search Engines and gateways </li></ul></ul>
  30. 31. Search Tools <ul><li>One can maximize the chances of finding the required information by understanding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How these databases are constructed, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How sites are indexed, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How best to query them, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How they report their findings. </li></ul></ul>
  31. 32. Combine key words with… for better results Search Engines generally supports- Stop words, Span blockers, Boolean- AND OR, NOT, + ,- Proximity searches- NEAR, ADJ, BEFORE ; Phase searches- “ ..” Studies have indicated that if we use above Boolean logic and Proximity/Phases searches- users get better hit/results
  32. 33. 2. Concept of the Best Practices: techniques and principles: <ul><li>The best practices have implications in every walk of life. The various other related terms used are: “ Bench Marking”, “Code of Conduct”, “Code of Practices , etc.” </li></ul><ul><li>The term best practices implies that some sources has final answer to a question and some well known authority has come up with a list/idea/practices to solve the task, product and/or goal. </li></ul><ul><li>In general it is a specific most effective/efficient trick, technique, process, or methodology to achieve a desired result/goal than any other technique, process, etc </li></ul>
  33. 34. 3. Two Main Search Strategies <ul><ul><li>Free Keywords -User can utilize a search engine to search by free keywords </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Very effective search for specific people, place, things that have unique names </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Classified Directory - Where documents are organized systematically to facilitate navigation . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Very useful search when concepts that can be express in multiple ways . A directory controls synonymous/homonymous and provided context for index terms by placing in hierarchical order </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, user can adopt either or/both search strategies </li></ul></ul>
  34. 35. 4.1. To Search- Type of search Tools <ul><li>Search engine- As index of a book -Alta Vista, Excite, Hotbot, Infoseek </li></ul><ul><li>Search directory-as table of content-book </li></ul><ul><li>Meta Searches </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual libraries </li></ul><ul><li>/Subject Gateways </li></ul>
  35. 36. There is no standard to access Internet-everybody is doing in her/his ownways <ul><li>Users are using I-Resources in completing their assignments even without cross checking </li></ul>
  36. 37. Current Trends in Internet Search <ul><li>Development of supplementary Browser Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent search filters/agents- (E.g.: Alexa: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offline/desktop browsers- (E.g.: Netferret: /spotlight/ferretsoft/) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic content delivery packages- (e.g.: Wingflier) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Page retrievers- (e.g.: WebWhacker: </li></ul></ul>
  37. 38. … contd Current Trends in Internet Search <ul><li>Improvement in quality and structure of information on the Web </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exhaustive coverage v/s Selected quality-oriented coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(E.g.: NorthernLight ( </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Standards for web documents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>XML </li></ul></ul>
  38. 39. 4.3 . Basics -The Best Practices <ul><li>Standard Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Software </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suitable Bandwidth-Broad band 2 G and 3 G, next 4 G </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secured Access- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Every user must has multi layer Password </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Antivirus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Installing appropriate software to avoid malicious attacks and hacking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use appropriate Firewalls-Web browser </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring and Filtering- Compile complete list of trusted sites/links </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To Provide Disastrous Recovery Solution </li></ul></ul>
  39. 40. 4.4. The Library web page- Provides second Front Door <ul><li>Open 24 X 7 X 365 </li></ul><ul><li>Check information against date of the last updated </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of sites biased </li></ul><ul><li>Check your authorizations to use materials </li></ul><ul><li>Links to full text e-documents and websites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research Guide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citation Guidelines </li></ul></ul>
  40. 41. 4.5. More Items to Consider including <ul><li>Links to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Careful Selection-Search Tools/ engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local OPAC and other library catalogues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Links to Web Page- indexes/ directories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metadata- database of databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online databases- Free/Subscribed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>List of periodicals- S ubs/Open Source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>News Sources-related </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading links, book reviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online tools to help research and clinical practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Directories/thesaurus/citation Guides </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Study Skills and Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Management of Internet Resources/ Relationship for- Designing, Management and Maintenance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Users-improve interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarians-Team Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library Staff-E-Participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public-Developing Self Reliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide shows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilize, Encourage Open Access Movement </li></ul></ul>
  41. 42. 4.6. Integrate All resources -current trends <ul><li>Interactive Portal- Access to many resources in different media from a single window/site- effective library web page pulls together all resources-Print/electronic </li></ul><ul><li>Catalogue , which indexes all the media-print/ non print, selected websites and e-documents. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide pages of links or document markers </li></ul><ul><li>Provide links to various related libraries </li></ul>
  42. 43. 4.7. Steps in Searching <ul><li>Users’ query  Analysis  Sources  I-Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Consider Ethical issues- Copyrights, Authorizations </li></ul><ul><li>Information within Intranets/Firewalls </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Resources Access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze the users information needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select the search engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Translate the concept into Syntactical Search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performing the Search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refining the Search based on the Results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surfing actual sites and saving/linking for future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Update regularly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MR Lalitha Courtesy “NSCI Site and Internet sites” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  43. 44. Before Search <ul><li>Prepare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know your topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>List of terms-RT, BT, NT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes-related names, Organizations, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organize- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make list of terms that are critical to search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Term Don’t want to appear and discard the rest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Combine- AND, OR, BUT NOT, “”, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use AND to connect the terms you want to see. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use NOT to exclude terms you don’t want. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use OR to include similar terms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use quotation marks around names or phrases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use lower case for all proper nouns, except for acronyms </li></ul></ul>
  44. 45. Limit your keyword search <ul><li>It is a good idea to read directions for each search engine </li></ul><ul><li>to get most out of your search. </li></ul><ul><li>Use words like AND and OR to limit your search and get more specified information. </li></ul>Cancer Or Lawsuit Smoking And Legislation Teenagers Advertising
  45. 46. Steps to Better Searching <ul><li>Evaluating Websites </li></ul><ul><li>Is the information prejudiced? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the author? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the information accurate? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the information current? When was the last time the website was updated? Are the links broken? </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright Issues </li></ul>
  46. 47. Identify the web site <ul><li>Whenever possible, try to locate the home page. </li></ul><ul><li>You can often do this by eliminating some information from the end of the URL. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the actual purpose of the web site may not be clearly articulated. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be difficult to separate advertising from accurate information. </li></ul><ul><li>Some marketing sites will offer misleading information in attempts to sell their products. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>.org .gov </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>.com .net </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>.edu .us </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>.au .uk </li></ul></ul>
  47. 48. <ul><li>Who is the creator of the site? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of the site? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the audience of this site? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you purchase products at this site? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the site affiliated with a research business or Education? </li></ul><ul><li>Does site offer idiosyncratic information about a particular person or group? </li></ul>Identify the web site
  48. 49. Evaluating web sources <ul><li>Use search engines to your advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the web site </li></ul><ul><li>Examine for credibility </li></ul><ul><li>Determine depth and scope of information </li></ul><ul><li>Assess date of information </li></ul>
  49. 50. Before Starting an Internet Search <ul><li>Consider what's Not included in Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content of Adobe PDF and formatted files </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The content in sites requiring a log in CGI output such as search results from a database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information within Intranets/Firewalls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional resources requiring membership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials protected by copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial resources with domain limitations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sites that use a robots.txt file to keep files and/or directories off limits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Web resources (E.g.: Text files) </li></ul></ul>
  50. 51. 4.7. Speeding Up <ul><li>Flush the Buffer </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Usage of Images </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid Caching on the Web Pages </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid any Redirection of URLS </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Number of DOM Elements </li></ul>
  51. 52. 4. 8 . Users - Finding Relevant Pages <ul><li>A system user has to perform- Summarize the document in terms of few words </li></ul><ul><li>Pose a query to a search engine using these words. </li></ul><ul><li>User can utilize a search engine to access for specific word e.g. keywords </li></ul><ul><li>User can employ a classified directory , where information is organized systematically to facilitate navigation; </li></ul><ul><li>Shift through results, searching for ones i.e. actually related </li></ul>
  52. 53. … contd <ul><li>Display retrieved records-a subject hierarchic order; </li></ul><ul><li>Recommend/add/update the new sites and resources in existing system- Routinely </li></ul><ul><li>Access original resources using links protocols provided in the retrieved records </li></ul><ul><li>Users Information Needs Evaluation- From time to time </li></ul>
  53. 54. 4. 9 . Information Filtering <ul><li>Search results are often redundant, containing copies of the same page from same server/More garbage/Unlimited links </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annoying users in place of helping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the search engines have provisions of filtering </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hence, system must filter the results to avoid information overload. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design prototype to collect search engine results and cluster similar page for user to browse. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove duplicates and mirrors. </li></ul></ul>
  54. 55. 5.1. Selected the Best Practices at NIV-ICL <ul><li>NIV-ICL has taken various major initiatives - the best practices to improve access Internet resources/facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Adding some more new facilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close to open to users’ desk/tabletops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To provide functional access to ever growing special collection/IT Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value added services </li></ul></ul>
  55. 56. 5.2. Vision-2015 <ul><li>To provide pinpointed, expeditious and exhaustive information to proper users, at proper time, related to human viral diseases and virology </li></ul><ul><li>Using modern and the latest information technology in digital form irrespective of geographical location, language &desired form . </li></ul><ul><li>Also to make web accessible from anywhere at any time (24x7 x 365 ) </li></ul>
  56. 57. 5.3. Objectives <ul><li>  To provide information through single window- Portal by developing digital information & library system </li></ul><ul><li>To have a separate functional new digital library building at MCC Pashan with provision of virtual ICL </li></ul><ul><li>To develop its services at par with international standard to get ISO by adopting standard operating procedure (SOP), and </li></ul><ul><li>To coordination with ICLs, Organizations, and individuals in field of Virology. </li></ul>
  57. 58. Virology and Allied Subjects Mycology Virology Study of viroids Molecular Biology Tumour Virology Immunology Biochemistry Genetics: Gene therapy, Genetic engineering Public Health and Hygiene Tissue Culture Cytology Pathology (General Medicine) Microbiology Bacteriology Medical Entomology Viral Diseases Biotechnology Biosafety Biological Warfare Medical Sciences Botanical Sciences Veterinary Sciences Bioinformatics (Viroinformatics) Nanotechnology Fig. 1: Virology and its Relationships with the Major Biological Disciplines
  58. 59. Relationship among Various Viral Information Systems NINVDI Psychological Information System (PsyIS) Metrological Information System (MIS) Full-Text Databases - Subscribed -Free -Internet NINVDI Geographical Information System (GIS) Biblio graphical Information System (BIS) Clinical Information System
  59. 60. ONLINE INFORMATION SERVICES: Overview <ul><li>NIV Web Site ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>Web OPAC (Online Public Access Catalogue) </li></ul><ul><li>Online Consortium, Journals & Database </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ERMED ( ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proquest Database (included in ERMED) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science Direct ( ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OVID Database ( ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DELNET ONLINE ( ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NIV Subscribed Journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reprints of NIV Scientists (PDF Format mostly scanned images of articles) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Important Virology websites ( </li></ul></ul>
  60. 61. Web OPAC <ul><li>LibSys Software : For library operation </li></ul><ul><li>Installed in all the sections of NIV. </li></ul><ul><li>Main functions: Searching documents available in databases of NIV-ICL (with details of documents: class no. of document, author, title, combinations, etc). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journals, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reprints, etc </li></ul></ul>(Online Public Access Catalogue)
  61. 62. Snapshot of Web OPAC Search books from this icon Search articles from this icon Search Journals available in Library from this icon
  62. 63. Searching Books from the WEB OPAC If you know the author, click on Author menu and type surname of Author If you know the title, click on Title menu and type the Title If you want to search the books on specific topic or subject, you just click on the Combination Search and type your keyword
  63. 64. Searching Journals from the WEB OPAC Type title of the journal in this bar & list will be displayed below. Select the journal from the list.
  64. 65. ERMED Consortium ( www. informindia .com/ ermed ) <ul><li>National Medical Library’s Electronic Resources in Medicine Consortium is an initiative taken by DGHS & MOHFW to develop nation wide electronic information resources in the field of medicine for delivering effective health care. </li></ul><ul><li>Member : Total 39 Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 DGHS libraries + 28 ICMR Libraries and AIIMS library </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total Journals : 2754+ free Titles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full Text: 1900+ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NML Print Journals: 655 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Publishers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ProQuest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cambridge University Press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Royal Society of Medicine Press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wiley InterScience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lippincott Williams & Wilkins </li></ul></ul>
  65. 66. How to Access ERMED Consortium Step 1: Type website address as In the address bar of Internet Explorer Step 2: Click on Search and Browse e-Journals Icon
  66. 67. How to Access ERMED Consortium Contd… Step 3: Click on User Icon Step 4: Click on By Journal Icon You can search with keywords among the whole database of ERMED by clicking on Search Database option
  67. 68. How to Access ERMED Consortium Contd… List of Online Journals will be displayed # Labeled journals available online * Labeled journal titles are subscribed by NML Click on the Journal title it will open new window & available issues will be displayed
  68. 69. How to Access ERMED Consortium Contd… Latest issue & its content will be displayed For earlier issues click on Archives Icon For full text article click on Full Text Icon
  69. 70. Science Direct Total online titles-90 +15
  70. 71. Science Direct <ul><li>Science Direct is one of the product of Elsevier Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Science Direct contains over 25% of the world's science, technology and medicine full text and bibliographic information. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 2500 Online Journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 6000 e-books </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NIV has subscribed 15 print journals of Elsevier, Inc </li></ul><ul><li>and has also paid additional cost for online access of these 15 journal titles. </li></ul><ul><li>Online access for 100 + journal titles (1995 to present including our subscribed 14 print journals.) </li></ul><ul><li>No login ID & password (IP Address based access) </li></ul>
  71. 72. How to Use Science Direct <ul><li>Open the website </li></ul><ul><li>Click on Browse module </li></ul><ul><li>Select options from left side corner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Full Text available </li></ul></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>- Journals & Book Series </li></ul><ul><li>Then click on Apply button. </li></ul><ul><li>Click on All button. </li></ul><ul><li>The alphabetical list of 90 journal titles will be displayed </li></ul><ul><li>Select the Journal of your interest. </li></ul><ul><li>- Green colour icon indicates we have online access of that journal </li></ul>
  72. 73. Science Direct List of full text online journal from ScienceDirect
  73. 74. OVID Database (166+ J Titles) <ul><li>We can also access the OVID full text database ( http://gateway. ovid .com ) for 166 online journals. </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure for accessing Ovid database is given below </li></ul><ul><li>Open the website http://gateway. ovid .com </li></ul><ul><li>Login ID- ermed27 </li></ul><ul><li>Password- rummage </li></ul><ul><li>Select online resources by clicking on “Your Journals@Ovid” icon </li></ul><ul><li>Then choose your option of browsing or searching database. </li></ul>
  74. 75. OVID DATABASE Type ID: ermed27 Type Password: rummage Click on Start OVID SP Button
  75. 76. OVID DATABASE Click on Your [email_address] icon
  76. 77. <ul><li>DELNET </li></ul><ul><li>DELNET is in operation since January 1988 and was registered as a society in 1992 . </li></ul><ul><li>Membership Total 1 781 Libraries Over the globe. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>India- 1 7 61 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International- 20 (major universities & research institutes: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> USA, UAE, Oman, Philippines, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Sri Lanka etc). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  77. 78. DELNET Statistics as on 31-3-2010 20,000 DEVINSA Database 9 44,304 Databases of Theses and Dissertations 8 748 Union List of Sound Recordings 7 5,000 Union List of Video Recordings 6 11, 715 CD-ROM Database 5 9,12, 042 Databases of Periodical Articles 4 20,235 Union Catalogue of Periodicals 3 33,541 Union List of Current Periodicals 2 8 3, 6 9,2 99 Union Catalogue of Books-CCF 1 Value Feature No
  78. 79. How to Access “DELNET Online” Step: 1 Type website address as Step: 2 Click on the “DELNET ONLINE” Icon
  79. 80. DELNET ONLINE Type User Name: mhniv Type Password: niv78
  81. 82. NIV SUBSCRIBED JOURNALS 2010-11 <ul><li>ERmed consortium 2 754 + </li></ul><ul><li>NIV Subscribed Print Journals: 7 9 </li></ul><ul><li>NIV Subscribed Print + Online Journals: 43 </li></ul><ul><li>( List of Online Journals) </li></ul>
  82. 83. National Library, Kolkatta Agreement yet to be signed
  83. 84. Others : Electronic Database Services <ul><li>Full Text of Books Available on CDs </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographical & Full Text on Floppies </li></ul><ul><li>Paper Published by NIV Scientists </li></ul><ul><li>NIV Publications </li></ul><ul><li>NIV Annual Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Local libraries- BCL , NCL, PU, MCs?,etc </li></ul><ul><li>National ICLs- NML, NIMHANS?, NISCAIR </li></ul><ul><li>International- Virtual libraries, NLM- USA </li></ul><ul><li>All Viruses- Free </li></ul><ul><li>Important sites- Virology & Viral diseases </li></ul>
  84. 85. Approaches and Strategies <ul><li>Ensure Support/ Developing of a Highly Motivated, Knowledgeable and IT Skilled LISc Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Developing of Virtual Library/Road Show </li></ul><ul><li>Developing E-DDS at Users’ desk/tabletop </li></ul><ul><li>To Conduct Regular Users’ feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Keep up to date- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-To Conduct Periodical - Review of HW/SW </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- Search Engine Watch LINK </li></ul><ul><li>-Search Engine Showdown LINK </li></ul><ul><li>-LLRX LINK </li></ul><ul><li>-Virtual Chase LINK </li></ul>
  85. 86. Search Tips <ul><li>1. Use several search tools. No engine has the entire Web indexed. Use several engines and several directories, and look at reference and targeted engines as well for the most thorough search. (And remember the Invisible Web!). See &quot; World Wide Web Research Tools &quot; for a list of good engines and other tools. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Read search tips/help information at each search engine. . For example, AltaVista, Excite, and InfoSeek allow the use of quotation marks to create an exact phrase search, a plus sign to indicate a word that must occur to yield a hit page, and a minus sign to exclude pages that include the word. By combining these items, you can create a very powerful and specific search: &quot;lesson plans&quot; +K-12 -science tells the engine to search for the exact phrase lesson plans (rather than just the two words anywhere in the document, on pages that must include the term K-12 and that must not include the word science. </li></ul><ul><li>3. For keyword searches, use several words. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Guess a location. The address or URL (uniform resource locator) of a web site is, surprisingly, often guessable. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Select the wheat from the chaff by thinking about what you want. What are you looking for? Facts, opinions (anyone's opinion or an expert's), statistics, narratives of personal experience, eyewitness descriptions, new ideas, proven solutions, reference material? See the companion article, &quot;Evaluating Internet Research Sources&quot; for more information. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Back up to find out where you are. When you click on a hit from a search engine, you are connected directly to the page where the search terms were matched. It is not always clear exactly where you have arrived. If you are doing research for a report or project, be sure to write down the URL and all pertinent information so that you can cite the source properly. (See below for example citation style for this page.) If you print directly from your browser, the URL will be printed for you in an upper or lower corner. But if you save the page to disk, the URL will not be included, so be sure to copy it down. </li></ul><ul><li>Lifesaver tip: If you accidentally neglect to write down the URL, but have a printed or disk copy of the article, you can either see the URL printed at the top of the page or you can use a search engine to locate the article for you again. To do this, type in from the article a four or five-word phrase that contains the most unusual words you can find. Then perform an exact phrase search for these words. The engine will almost always take you right to the article. </li></ul>
  86. 87. Seven Stages of Search Strategy <ul><li>Unpack your query </li></ul><ul><li>Phrase your query </li></ul><ul><li>Categorize your query </li></ul><ul><li>Match a tool to your query </li></ul><ul><li>Seek advise from relevant persons </li></ul><ul><li>Try again </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate your result </li></ul>
  87. 88. …Approaches and Strategies <ul><li>To provide Safe/Comfortable Environment to User/Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Regular Training programmes/calendars- users and staff- January and July + demand basis </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-lingual Support </li></ul><ul><li>Links to Course Materials- MScVirology </li></ul><ul><li>Links to important PPT presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain keyword bank/subject headings-MeSH </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of Portal </li></ul><ul><li>E-gate for online Journals E-consortium </li></ul>
  88. 89. Suggestions and Recommendations <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1. It is suggested to understand in detail the access processes by analyzing, comparing the practices of others and finally implementing the steps if necessary to fill in the gap. </li></ul><ul><li>2. It is now essential that LISc professionals should become Librarian 2.0, who has the ability, insight and knowledge to influence to cope with the future of profession, which includes the best practices of access of Internet resources. </li></ul>
  89. 90. Suggestions and Recommendations <ul><li>3. Consider the following criteria in selecting online databases: Contents, Cost, Bundling, Full text/abstract/citation, Coverage, Different versions, Currency, Reliability, Format, Ease of use, Support and back-up, Free trial, Terms of License, and User behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>4. We cannot have above changes without some improvements by adopting the best practices and also in the capacity, competencies, and behaviour i.e. attitudes, skills and knowledge of the users as well as LISc professionals. </li></ul>
  90. 91. Suggestions and Recommendations <ul><li>5. Above discussion point out that there is an urgent need for training and support in relation to Internet technology. About the new developments related to Internet resources based trainings to be organizes/added from time to time. </li></ul><ul><li>6. It is suggested to develop institutional portals based on Library 2.0 principles to enabled the library and information science professionals as well as users to access Internet resources from a single widow. </li></ul>
  91. 92. Related Resources <ul><li>Learning to search Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AskScott (/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Tutorial:Guide to effective searching on the Internet ( </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn the Net ( </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search engine tutorials ( </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terena guide to network resource tools ( </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kathy Schrock's Guide for Educators:Slide shows for learning & Training ( </li></ul></ul>
  92. 93. Where can you go for help with researching the Internet? <ul><li>Purdue University Writing Lab </li></ul><ul><li>Heavilon 226 </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar Hotline: (765) 494-3723 </li></ul><ul><li>Check our web site: http://owl. english . purdue . edu </li></ul><ul><li>Email brief questions: [email_address] </li></ul>
  93. 94. Keeping Current <ul><ul><li>SearchEngineWatch ( </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search Engine Forums ( </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A listserv is available for search engine developers at : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ResearchBuzz: Offers a free subscription based newsletter over email. </li></ul></ul>
  94. 95. Conclusions <ul><li>We have the ability, attitude, skills, insights and knowledge to cope with the new challenges arises due to Internet resources. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hence, it is essential that we should start preparing ourselves to become Librarian 2.0 now. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is true that we can not treat the patients but we can treat their information anxieties using the best practices of access to internet resources </li></ul>
  95. 96. Conclusions <ul><li>Use IT as a complement and supplement not a solution </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet is a not substitute to library but a library is substitute to the Internet </li></ul>
  96. 97. I am sure that this seminar would be benefited by vast and rich experiences of LISc Professionals. The deliberation and recommendations would be certainly prove useful to LISc professionals <ul><li>With these words, I extend best wishes and hearty welcome to all the guests and delegates of this seminar </li></ul>
  97. 98. Thank you Best of Luck- Pl supplement /share your experiences Questions Please…???