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Beilstein @ GSU

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Beilstein @ GSU

  1. 1. <ul><li>Georgia State University </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Tomaszewski </li></ul><ul><li>Science Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Beilstein – Handbook of Organic Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>(1 st Ed. 1881) </li></ul><ul><li>Gmelin – Handbook of Inorganic & Organometallic Chemistry (1 st Ed. 1817) </li></ul><ul><li>MDL CrossFire Commander – One of interfaces to Beilstein & Gmelin. (STN, Dialog, other MDL) </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Today, &quot;Beilstein&quot; represents the Handbook, Beilstein Online, CrossFire, CrossFire plus Reactions, and CrossFire Gmelin, Autonom, Current Facts, and more. </li></ul><ul><li>Client software on all computers in the Library and Chemistry Department. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>On Desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Under Start Menu </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>Physical (Properties) </li></ul><ul><li>Reactions </li></ul><ul><li>Spectra </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>1881 - 1st Ed. Handbook of Organic Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>By Friedrich Konrad Beilstein (Russian chemist) </li></ul><ul><li>1885 - 2nd edition </li></ul><ul><li>1906 - 3rd Ed. and death of Beilstein </li></ul><ul><li>1918 - 4th Ed. by German Chemical Society </li></ul><ul><li>1984-1998 - Print 5th Supple./4th Ed. (covers 1960-1979). </li></ul><ul><li>Only v. 17-27 (heterocycles) published (English). Ceased publication in 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>1994 - Beilstein CrossFire introduced. </li></ul><ul><li>(Handbuch migrated to a database in 1980’s). </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>2007 Elsevier acquired Beilstein database from frankfurt-based Beilstein Institute (Full Ownership) </li></ul><ul><li>1 st major open access chemistry journal – Beilstein J. of Organic Chemistry </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Organics (<255 “heavy” atoms) </li></ul><ul><li>Organometallics with Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba central atoms </li></ul><ul><li>Organometallic carbides, cyanides, cyanates, and thiocyanates with C-metal bonds </li></ul><ul><li>Since 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Biomolecules e.g., hormones, enzymes, & carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><li>Mixtures & Polymers </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Only about 50% of the compounds have CAS Registry Numbers. </li></ul><ul><li>Name searching is unreliable since Beilstein has relatively few synonyms. </li></ul><ul><li>Only sure search is a “ Structure Search .” </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>1771-1959 - Comprehensive organic journal coverage. </li></ul><ul><li>1869-1959 – Comprehensive patent coverage. </li></ul><ul><li>1960-1979 - Patents & 2,000 journals selectively reviewed. </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>1980-1994 – Cut back to 80 prime journals increasing over time to 120 journals (no patents). </li></ul><ul><li>1980+ - Abstracts included. </li></ul><ul><li>1995 - Increased to 180 journals, adding ecotox & pharmacology coverage. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently ~220 journals covered. </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>Inorganics </li></ul><ul><li>Switched to English in ~1982 </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1971 </li></ul><ul><li>Organometallics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>except Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Mg, Ca, Sr, & Ba central atoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incl. metal-carbon bonds except carbides, cyanides, cyanates, and thiocyanates. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>1996 – Gmelin CrossFire introduced </li></ul><ul><li>1997 – Gmelin Inst. closed. Print version ceased </li></ul><ul><li>1995-1999 – Data gap: minimal coverage in online database </li></ul><ul><li>2000+ - Gmelin CrossFire produced by Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker and supplied by MDL </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>~10 million compounds </li></ul><ul><li>with up to ~425 properties (i.e., Fields) </li></ul><ul><li>~36 million “facts” </li></ul><ul><li>~18 million properties & spectra </li></ul><ul><li>~9 million eco-toxicological/pharmacology </li></ul><ul><li>~9 million reaction details (e.g., temperature, pressure, solvent, yield, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>~10 million reactions </li></ul><ul><li>~2 million literature references </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>2.1 million compounds with up to ~500 properties (fields) </li></ul><ul><li>1.6 million reactions </li></ul><ul><li>1.1 million literature references </li></ul>
  16. 22. <ul><li>By structure or sub-structure </li></ul><ul><li>By numerical values of properties </li></ul><ul><li>By text, e.g. bibliographic information </li></ul><ul><li>Predefined search forms </li></ul><ul><li>By browsing indexes </li></ul>

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